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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #3898 - לָחַם

Transliteration
lâcham
Phonetics
law-kham'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
1104,1105
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לָחַךְ
 
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לֶחֶם
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to fight, do battle, make war

1a) (Qal) to fight, do battle

1b) (Niphal) to engage in battle, wage war

2) (Qal) to eat, use as food

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1035 ‑ βρῶσις (bro'‑sis);  1172 ‑ δειπνέω (dipe‑neh'‑o);  4776 ‑ συγκαθίζω (soong‑kath‑id'‑zo);  1264 ‑ διαμάχομαι (dee‑am‑akh'‑om‑ahee);  2186 ‑ ἐφίστημι (ef‑is'‑tay‑mee);  3164 ‑ μάχομαι (makh'‑om‑ahee);  3960 ‑ πατάσσω (pat‑as'‑so);  4160 ‑ ποιέω (poy‑eh'‑o);  4170 ‑ πολεμέω (pol‑em‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (177)
Exodus 6
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 17
Judges 31
1 Samuel 21
2 Samuel 9
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 15
Nehemiah 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 16
Daniel 2
Zechariah 4
N95 (0)
CSB (177)
Exodus 6
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 17
Judges 31
1 Samuel 21
2 Samuel 9
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 15
Nehemiah 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 16
Daniel 2
Zechariah 4
BSB (177)
Exodus 6
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 17
Judges 31
1 Samuel 21
2 Samuel 9
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 15
Nehemiah 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 16
Daniel 2
Zechariah 4
ESV (169)
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 17
Judges 31
1 Samuel 21
2 Samuel 9
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 14
Nehemiah 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 16
Daniel 2
Zechariah 4
WEB (176)
Exodus 6
Numbers 4
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 17
Judges 30
1 Samuel 21
2 Samuel 9
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 12
1 Chronicles 3
2 Chronicles 15
Nehemiah 3
Psalms 6
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 7
Jeremiah 16
Daniel 2
Zechariah 4
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2305) mhl (לההמ LHhM) AC: Fight CO: Bread AB: ?: Flour an water are mixed together and kneaded. Also war in the sense of fighting with the bread when kneading. [from: mh- food]

V) mhl (לההמ LHhM) - I. Eat: II. Fight:KJV (177): (vf: Paal, Niphal) fight, war, eat, overcome, devour, prevail - Strongs: H3898 (לָחַם)

Nm) mhl (לההמ LHhM) - I. Bread:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. |kjv: bread, food, meat, loaves, shewbread, victuals, feast, fruit, provision - Strongs: H3899 (לֶחֶם), H3900 (לְחֵם), H3901 (לָחֶם)

dm ) mfhl (לההומ LHhWM) - Meat: KJV (2): eating, flesh - Strongs: H3894 (לָחֻם)

hf1) emhlm (מלההמה MLHhMH) - |kjv: battle, war, fight - Strongs: H4421 (מִלְחָמָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [לָחַם]171 verb fight, do battle (Late Hebrew Hithpa`el; ואלתחם MI11.15.19 perhaps = order the battle, compare Nö ZMG xl. 1886,721; Arabic fit close together, so Late Hebrew לחם Pi`el, Syriac Pa`el unite, fit also threaten; Gerber Verb. Denom. 59 thinks verb in Hebrew denominative from מִלְחָמָה battle-line, but dubious); —

Qal (poetry) only Imperative masculine singular and Participle active — fight, do battle with, rare, only Psalm , apparently later usage: — לְחַם אֶתלֹֿחֲמָ֑י Psalm 35:1 do battle with those battling with me (dubious whether את is accusative sign compare preposition with, compare Ol; "" רִיבָה אֶתיְֿרִיבַי); לֹחֲמִים לִי Psalm 56:3 doing battle against me; לֹחֵם Psalm 56:2 as substantive fighter.

Niph`al167 Perfect נִלְחַם Judges 9:17 +, וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֫ Judges 11:8; 1 Samuel 15:18, וְנִלְחַמְנוּ Deuteronomy 1:41 consecutive, etc.; Imperfect יִלָּהֵם Exodus 14:14; Deuteronomy 1:30; יִלָּ֫חֶם לָ֑נוּ Nehemiah 4:14, וַיִּלָּ֫חֶם Exodus 17:8 19t.; 3 feminine singular תִּלָּחֵם Zechariah 14:14; 3 masculine plural תִּיִּלָּֽחֲמוּ Judges 1:5 13t.; suffix וַיִּלָּֽחֲמוּנִי Psalm 109:3; 2 masculine plural תִּלָּֽחֲמוּ 1 Kings 22:31 4t.; תִּלָּֽחֲמוּן 1 Kings 12:24.; etc.; Imperative הִלָּחֵם Exodus 17:9; 1 Samuel 18:17; הִלָּ֫חֶם בּוֺ Judges 9:38; plural הִלָּֽחֲמוּ 2 Kings 10:3; Nehemiah 4:8; Infinitive absolute נִלְחֹם Judges 11:25; construct הִלָּחֵם Judges 1:9 35t.; הִלָּ֫חֶם בּוֺ etc., Numbers 22:11 6t.; suffix הִלָּחֲמוֺ 2 Kings 8:29 3t.; Participle נִלְחָם Exodus 14:24 10t.; plural נִלְחָמִים Joshua 10:25 10t. (but 1 Samuel 31:1 read rather נִלְחֲמוּ, so "" 1 Chronicles 10:1 We Klo Bu, compare Dr); — engage in battle (reciprocal), sometimes wage war ( Joshua 10:5; Judges 11:5; 1 Kings 14:19; 1 Kings 22:46; 2 Kings 6:8; 2 Kings 14:28 etc.), often with בְּ of enemy (60t.) Exodus 1:10; Exodus 17:9,10; Numbers 21:23,26; Numbers 22:11 (all E), Judges 11:8,25; 1 Samuel 15:18; 2 Samuel 8:10 + (49t.); less often with בְּ of city attacked or besieged Judges 9:45; 1 Samuel 23:1; 2 Samuel 12:26,27,29; Isaiah 20:1; Joshua 10:31 (D), 1 Kings 20:1; Nehemiah 4:2; of tower Judges 1:52; followed by בְּאַרְצִי Judges 11:12; also with עִם of enemy (26t.): Judges 5:20; Judges 11:4,5,20; Joshua 11:5 (JE), 1 Samuel 13:5; 1 Samuel 17:19, also 1 Samuel 17:32,33 (of single combat), Deuteronomy 20:4; Joshua 9:2 (both D), 2 Kings 13:12; 2 Kings 14:15; 2 Chronicles 11:1; 17:10; 27:5; Daniel 10:20; Daniel 11:11 +; with עִם of city Joshua 10:29 (D), Joshua 19:47 (JE); c אֶתֿ = with, of enemy, Joshua 24:8 (E), 1 Samuel 17:9 (single combat), Jeremiah 21:5; 1 Kings 20:23; 2 Kings 19:9 = Isaiah 37:9; Jeremiah 37:10; also Judges 12:4; 2 Samuel 11:17; 2 Samuel 21:15; 1 Kings 22:31; 2 Kings 8:2; 2 Kings 9:15; Jeremiah 21:4; Jeremiah 32:5; Jeremiah 33:5; 2 Chronicles 18:30; 22:6, and with אוֺתָם (= אִתָּם) Joshua 10:25 (D), 1 Kings 20:25 (Kö Lgb. ii, 296); with עִל, against, of enemy only Jeremiah 21:2; elsewhere (16t.) of city: Joshua 10:5 (JE), Isaiah 7:1; 2 Kings 12:18; 2 Kings 19:8 = Isaiah 37:8; especially D and Je: Deuteronomy 20:10,19; Joshua 10:34,36,38 (all D), Jeremiah 32:24,29; Jeremiah 34:1,7,8,22; with אֶלֿ of enemy Jeremiah 1:19; Jeremiah 15:20; with suffix וַיִּלָּֽחֲמוּנִי Psalm 109:3 and they have fought against me; with יָ֑חַד i.e. fight together = with (against) one another 1 Samuel 17:10; absolute with accusative of congnate meaning with verb מִלְחָמוֺת fight battles 1 Samuel 8:20; 1 Samuel 18:17; 1 Samuel 25:28; 2 Chronicles 32:8; absolute elsewhere Judges 5:19 (twice in verse); Judges 5:20; Deuteronomy 1:41; Zechariah 10:5 26t. + וַיָּסֻרוּ עָלָיו לְהִלָּחֵ֑ם 1 Kings 22:32; with עַל for, in behalf of, Judges 9:17; 2 Kings 10:3; Nehemiah 4:8; with לְ = id., Exodus 14:14 (J), Exodus 14:25 (J; + בְּ of enemy), Deuteronomy 1:30; Deuteronomy 3:22; Deuteronomy 20:4 (+ עִם of enemy, see above), Joshua 10:14,42; Joshua 23:3,10 (all D), Nehemiah 4:14 ׳יָכֹל לְהִלּ be able to fight, with את of enemy 1 Samuel 17:9, with בְּ of enemy Numbers 22:11, = be successful in fighting, prevail against; so with עַל of city Isaiah 7:1, and absolute 2 Kings 16:5 (after וַיָּצֻרוּ עָל besiege).

II. [לָחַם] verb use as food, eat, poetic (so Thes Buhl, compare Frä30 Guidi Della Sede 33; this would explain different between לֶחֶם and ; yet verb rare and chiefly late); —

Qal Perfect 3 plural לָֽחֲמוּ Proverbs 4:17; Imperfect 2 masculine singular תִּלְחַם Proverbs 23:6,1singular אֶלְחַם Psalm 141:4; Imperative masculine plural לַחֲמוּ Proverbs 9:5; Infinitive construct לְחוֺם Proverbs 23:1; Passive participle plural construct לְחֻמֵי Deuteronomy 32:24; eat (mostly Proverbs), absolute Proverbs 23:1; followed by accusative of congnate meaning with verb לֶחֶם Proverbs 4:17; Proverbs 23:6; followed by בְּלַחְמִי Proverbs 9:5; followed by בְּמַנְעַמֵּיהֶם Psalm 141:4 eat of their dainties; לְחֻמֵי רֶשֶׁף Deuteronomy 32:24 (poem) eaten up with the Fire-bolt, figurative of pestilence (Dr).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

לָחַם fut. יִלְחַם

(1)  to eat (kindred to לָהַם, see under the root לוּעַ ), i.q. אָכַל, but only used poetically, Proverbs 23:1 followed by an acc. of the food, Proverbs 4:17, 23:6 followed by בְּ to eat of anything (an, von etwas effen), Proverbs 9:5; Psalms 141:4. Metaph. Deuteronomy 32:24, לְחוּמֵי רֶשֶׁף “consumed with pestilence.”

(2) to fight, to war, followed by אֶת Psalms 35:1 and לְ of pers. 56:2, Psalms 35:3 more used in Niph. Fierce soldiers are hyperbolically said to devour their enemies, as Joshua says of the Canaanites. Numbers 14:9, לַחמֵנוּ הֵם “they shall be our bread;” Luth. denn wir wollen fie wie Brot freffen; compare Arab. مضغ to eat; Conj. II. to fight; Pers. مردن خور anthropophagus, spoken of a fierce soldier; compare also Hom. πτολέμοιο μέγα στόμα, Il. 10:8.

Niphal, נִלְחַם inf. absol. נִלְחֹם i.q. Kal No. 2, to fight, to wage war (with a recipr. signif. like the Gr. μάχεσθαι). 1 Samuel 17:10, נִלָּֽחֲמָה יַחַד “let us fight together;” followed by an acc. of one’s opponent, Joshua 10:25; Psalms 109:3; 1 Kings 20:25 followed by בְּ Exodus 1:10 עִם 2 Kings 13:12, 14:15 אֶל Jeremiah 1:19, 15:20 עַל Nehemiah 4:8 also followed by לְ Exodus 14:14, 25 Exodus 14:25; Deuteronomy 1:30 and by עַל of that for which one fights, Judges 9:17; 2 Kings 10:3 נִלְחַם בָּעִיר Judges 9:45 and עַל עִיר to fight against a city, to besiege it, Isaiah 7:1; 2 Kings 16:5; Jeremiah 34:22, 37:8.

Derivatives לֶחֶם, לָחֵם, לְחוּם, מִלְחָמָה.


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List of Word Forms
אֶ֝לְחַ֗ם אלחם בְּהִלָּ֣חֲמ֔וֹ בהלחמו הִֽלָּחֲמ֖וֹ הִלָּחֵ֣ם הַנִּלְחָ֣ם הַנִּלְחָ֥ם הַנִּלְחָמִ֣ים הַנִּלְחָמִים֙ הלחם הלחמו הנלחם הנלחמים וְהִֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ וְהִֽלָּחֲמ֗וּ וְהִלָּ֥חֶם וְהִלָּחֵ֖ם וְנִ֨לְחֲמ֔וּ וְנִֽלָּחֲמָ֖ה וְנִֽלָּחֲמָ֤ה וְנִֽלָּחֲמָה֙ וְנִלְחֲמ֖וּ וְנִלְחֲמ֣וּ וְנִלְחֲמ֥וּ וְנִלְחַ֔מְנוּ וְנִלְחַ֔מְתִּי וְנִלְחַ֖ם וְנִלְחַ֥ם וְנִלְחַם־ וְנִלְחַמְתִּ֤י וְנִלְחַמְתֶּֽם׃ וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֖ וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֣ וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֥וּנִי וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם וַיִּלָּ֙חֶם֙ וַיִּלָּ֣חֶם וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם וַיִּלָּחֲמ֖וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֣וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֤וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֥וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֨וּ וּלְהִלָּחֵ֖ם וּלְחֻ֥מֵי והלחם והלחמו וילחם וילחמו וילחמוני ולהלחם ולחמי ונלחם ונלחם־ ונלחמה ונלחמו ונלחמנו ונלחמת ונלחמתי ונלחמתם׃ יִלָּ֥חֶם יִלָּחֵ֣ם ילחם לְ֝חַ֗ם לְֽהִלָּחֵ֧ם לְהִלָּ֣חֶם לְהִלָּ֥חֶם לְהִלָּחֵ֑ם לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם לְהִלָּחֵ֗ם לְהִלָּחֵ֛ם לְהִלָּחֵ֣ם לְהִלָּחֵ֤ם לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם לְהִלָּחֵֽם־ לְהִלָּחֵֽם׃ לְהִלָּחֵם֙ לִלְח֣וֹם לַחֲמ֣וּ לָ֭חֲמוּ לֹֽחֲמָֽי׃ לֹחֲמִ֖ים לֹחֵ֥ם להלחם להלחם־ להלחם׃ לחם לחמו לחמי׃ לחמים ללחום נִלְחֲמ֖וּ נִלְחֲמ֣וּ נִלְחֲמ֥וּ נִלְחֲמוּ֙ נִלְחַ֔ם נִלְחַ֖ם נִלְחַ֗ם נִלְחַ֞ם נִלְחַ֣ם נִלְחַ֣מְתִּי נִלְחַ֤ם נִלְחַ֥ם נִלְחַם־ נִלְחָ֑ם נִלְחָ֑מוּ נִלְחָ֔ם נִלְחָ֔מוּ נִלְחָ֖ם נִלְחָ֣ם נִלְחָ֥ם נִלְחָמִ֖ים נִלְחָמִ֣ים נִלְחָמִ֥ים נִלְחָמִ֧ים נִלְחָמִים֙ נִלְחֹ֥ם נִלָּחֵ֤ם נלחם נלחם־ נלחמו נלחמים נלחמתי תִּלְחַ֗ם תִּלָּ֣חֲמ֔וּ תִּלָּֽחֲמ֛וּ תִּלָּחֵ֖ם תִֽלָּחֲמ֛וּ תִלָּ֣חֲמ֔וּ תִלָּ֨חֲמ֜וּ תִלָּ֨חֲמ֜וּן תלחם תלחמו תלחמון ’el·ḥam ’elḥam bə·hil·lā·ḥă·mōw behilLachaMo bəhillāḥămōw elCham han·nil·ḥā·mîm han·nil·ḥām hannilCham hannilchaMim hannilḥām hannilḥāmîm hil·lā·ḥă·mōw hil·lā·ḥêm hillachaMo hillaChem hillāḥămōw hillāḥêm la·ḥă·mū lā·ḥă·mū Lachamu laḥămū lāḥămū lə·ḥam lə·hil·lā·ḥem lə·hil·lā·ḥêm lə·hil·lā·ḥêm- leCham ləḥam lehillaChem ləhillāḥem ləhillāḥêm ləhillāḥêm- lil·ḥō·wm lilChom lilḥōwm lō·ḥă·māy lō·ḥă·mîm lō·ḥêm LochaMai lochaMim loChem lōḥămāy lōḥămîm lōḥêm nil·ḥā·mîm nil·ḥă·mū nil·ḥā·mū nil·ḥam nil·ḥām nil·ḥam- nil·ḥam·tî nil·ḥōm nil·lā·ḥêm nilCham nilchaMim nilChamti nilChamu nilChom nilḥam nilḥām nilḥam- nilḥāmîm nilḥamtî nilḥămū nilḥāmū nilḥōm nillaChem nillāḥêm til·ḥam til·lā·ḥă·mū ṯil·lā·ḥă·mū ṯil·lā·ḥă·mūn til·lā·ḥêm tilCham tilḥam tilLachaMu tilLachaMun tillaChem tillāḥămū ṯillāḥămū ṯillāḥămūn tillāḥêm ū·lə·hil·lā·ḥêm ū·lə·ḥu·mê uleChumei ulehillaChem ūləhillāḥêm ūləḥumê vaiyillachaMu vaiyillachaMuni vaiyilLachem vehillachaMu vehilLachem venilcham venilChamnu venilchamTa venilchamTem venilChamti venilchaMu venillachaMah way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū·nî way·yil·lā·ḥem wayyillāḥămū wayyillāḥămūnî wayyillāḥem wə·hil·lā·ḥă·mū wə·hil·lā·ḥem wə·hil·lā·ḥêm wə·nil·ḥă·mū wə·nil·ḥam wə·nil·ḥam- wə·nil·ḥam·nū wə·nil·ḥam·tā wə·nil·ḥam·tem wə·nil·ḥam·tî wə·nil·lā·ḥă·māh wəhillāḥămū wəhillāḥem wəhillāḥêm wənilḥam wənilḥam- wənilḥamnū wənilḥamtā wənilḥamtem wənilḥamtî wənilḥămū wənillāḥămāh yil·lā·ḥem yil·lā·ḥêm yillaChem yillāḥem yillāḥêm
 
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