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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3898 - לָחַם

Transliteration
lâcham
Phonetics
law-kham'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
1104,1105
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to fight, do battle, make war

1a) (Qal) to fight, do battle

1b) (Niphal) to engage in battle, wage war

2) (Qal) to eat, use as food

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1035 ‑ βρῶσις (bro'‑sis);  1172 ‑ δειπνέω (dipe‑neh'‑o);  4776 ‑ συγκαθίζω (soong‑kath‑id'‑zo);  1264 ‑ διαμάχομαι (dee‑am‑akh'‑om‑ahee);  2186 ‑ ἐφίστημι (ef‑is'‑tay‑mee);  3164 ‑ μάχομαι (makh'‑om‑ahee);  3960 ‑ πατάσσω (pat‑as'‑so);  4160 ‑ ποιέω (poy‑eh'‑o);  4170 ‑ πολεμέω (pol‑em‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (177)
Exodus
6
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
17
Judges
31
1 Samuel
21
2 Samuel
9
1 Kings
9
2 Kings
12
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
15
Nehemiah
3
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
16
Daniel
2
Zechariah
4
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (177)
Exodus
6
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
17
Judges
31
1 Samuel
21
2 Samuel
9
1 Kings
9
2 Kings
12
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
15
Nehemiah
3
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
16
Daniel
2
Zechariah
4
BSB (177)
Exodus
6
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
17
Judges
31
1 Samuel
21
2 Samuel
9
1 Kings
9
2 Kings
12
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
15
Nehemiah
3
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
16
Daniel
2
Zechariah
4
ESV (169)
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
7
Joshua
17
Judges
31
1 Samuel
21
2 Samuel
9
1 Kings
9
2 Kings
12
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
14
Nehemiah
3
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
16
Daniel
2
Zechariah
4
WEB (176)
Exodus
6
Numbers
4
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
17
Judges
30
1 Samuel
21
2 Samuel
9
1 Kings
9
2 Kings
12
1 Chronicles
3
2 Chronicles
15
Nehemiah
3
Psalms
6
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
16
Daniel
2
Zechariah
4
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2305) mhl (לההמ LHhM) AC: Fight CO: Bread AB: ?: Flour an water are mixed together and kneaded. Also war in the sense of fighting with the bread when kneading. [from: mh- food]

V) mhl (לההמ LHhM) - I. Eat: II. Fight:KJV (177): (vf: Paal, Niphal) fight, war, eat, overcome, devour, prevail - Strongs: H3898 (לָחַם)

Nm) mhl (לההמ LHhM) - I. Bread:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. |kjv: bread, food, meat, loaves, shewbread, victuals, feast, fruit, provision - Strongs: H3899 (לֶחֶם), H3900 (לְחֵם), H3901 (לָחֶם)

dm ) mfhl (לההומ LHhWM) - Meat: KJV (2): eating, flesh - Strongs: H3894 (לָחֻם)

hf1) emhlm (מלההמה MLHhMH) - |kjv: battle, war, fight - Strongs: H4421 (מִלְחָמָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

לָחַם fut. יִלְחַם

(1)  to eat (kindred to לָהַם, see under the root לוּעַ ), i.q. אָכַל, but only used poetically, Proverbs 23:1 followed by an acc. of the food, Proverbs 4:17, 23:6 followed by בְּ to eat of anything (an, von etwas effen), Proverbs 9:5; Psalms 141:4. Metaph. Deuteronomy 32:24, לְחוּמֵי רֶשֶׁף “consumed with pestilence.”

(2) to fight, to war, followed by אֶת Psalms 35:1 and לְ of pers. 56:2, Psalms 35:3 more used in Niph. Fierce soldiers are hyperbolically said to devour their enemies, as Joshua says of the Canaanites. Numbers 14:9, לַחמֵנוּ הֵם “they shall be our bread;” Luth. denn wir wollen fie wie Brot freffen; compare Arab. مضغ to eat; Conj. II. to fight; Pers. مردن خور anthropophagus, spoken of a fierce soldier; compare also Hom. πτολέμοιο μέγα στόμα, Il. 10:8.

Niphal, נִלְחַם inf. absol. נִלְחֹם i.q. Kal No. 2, to fight, to wage war (with a recipr. signif. like the Gr. μάχεσθαι). 1 Samuel 17:10, נִלָּֽחֲמָה יַחַד “let us fight together;” followed by an acc. of one’s opponent, Joshua 10:25; Psalms 109:3; 1 Kings 20:25 followed by בְּ Exodus 1:10 עִם 2 Kings 13:12, 14:15 אֶל Jeremiah 1:19, 15:20 עַל Nehemiah 4:8 also followed by לְ Exodus 14:14, 25 Exodus 14:25; Deuteronomy 1:30 and by עַל of that for which one fights, Judges 9:17; 2 Kings 10:3 נִלְחַם בָּעִיר Judges 9:45 and עַל עִיר to fight against a city, to besiege it, Isaiah 7:1; 2 Kings 16:5; Jeremiah 34:22, 37:8.

Derivatives לֶחֶם, לָחֵם, לְחוּם, מִלְחָמָה.

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List of Word Forms
אֶ֝לְחַ֗ם אלחם בְּהִלָּ֣חֲמ֔וֹ בהלחמו הִֽלָּחֲמ֖וֹ הִלָּחֵ֣ם הַנִּלְחָ֣ם הַנִּלְחָ֥ם הַנִּלְחָמִ֣ים הַנִּלְחָמִים֙ הלחם הלחמו הנלחם הנלחמים וְהִֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ וְהִֽלָּחֲמ֗וּ וְהִלָּ֥חֶם וְהִלָּחֵ֖ם וְנִ֨לְחֲמ֔וּ וְנִֽלָּחֲמָ֖ה וְנִֽלָּחֲמָ֤ה וְנִֽלָּחֲמָה֙ וְנִלְחֲמ֖וּ וְנִלְחֲמ֣וּ וְנִלְחֲמ֥וּ וְנִלְחַ֔מְנוּ וְנִלְחַ֔מְתִּי וְנִלְחַ֖ם וְנִלְחַ֥ם וְנִלְחַם־ וְנִלְחַמְתִּ֤י וְנִלְחַמְתֶּֽם׃ וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֖ וְנִלְחַמְתָּ֣ וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֖וּ וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֥וּנִי וַיִּלָּ֖חֶם וַיִּלָּ֙חֶם֙ וַיִּלָּ֣חֶם וַיִּלָּ֥חֶם וַיִּלָּחֲמ֖וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֣וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֤וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֥וּ וַיִּלָּחֲמ֨וּ וּלְהִלָּחֵ֖ם וּלְחֻ֥מֵי והלחם והלחמו וילחם וילחמו וילחמוני ולהלחם ולחמי ונלחם ונלחם־ ונלחמה ונלחמו ונלחמנו ונלחמת ונלחמתי ונלחמתם׃ יִלָּ֥חֶם יִלָּחֵ֣ם ילחם לְ֝חַ֗ם לְֽהִלָּחֵ֧ם לְהִלָּ֣חֶם לְהִלָּ֥חֶם לְהִלָּחֵ֑ם לְהִלָּחֵ֖ם לְהִלָּחֵ֗ם לְהִלָּחֵ֛ם לְהִלָּחֵ֣ם לְהִלָּחֵ֤ם לְהִלָּחֵ֥ם לְהִלָּחֵֽם־ לְהִלָּחֵֽם׃ לְהִלָּחֵם֙ לִלְח֣וֹם לַחֲמ֣וּ לָ֭חֲמוּ לֹֽחֲמָֽי׃ לֹחֲמִ֖ים לֹחֵ֥ם להלחם להלחם־ להלחם׃ לחם לחמו לחמי׃ לחמים ללחום נִלְחֲמ֖וּ נִלְחֲמ֣וּ נִלְחֲמ֥וּ נִלְחֲמוּ֙ נִלְחַ֔ם נִלְחַ֖ם נִלְחַ֗ם נִלְחַ֞ם נִלְחַ֣ם נִלְחַ֣מְתִּי נִלְחַ֤ם נִלְחַ֥ם נִלְחַם־ נִלְחָ֑ם נִלְחָ֑מוּ נִלְחָ֔ם נִלְחָ֔מוּ נִלְחָ֖ם נִלְחָ֣ם נִלְחָ֥ם נִלְחָמִ֖ים נִלְחָמִ֣ים נִלְחָמִ֥ים נִלְחָמִ֧ים נִלְחָמִים֙ נִלְחֹ֥ם נִלָּחֵ֤ם נלחם נלחם־ נלחמו נלחמים נלחמתי תִּלְחַ֗ם תִּלָּ֣חֲמ֔וּ תִּלָּֽחֲמ֛וּ תִּלָּחֵ֖ם תִֽלָּחֲמ֛וּ תִלָּ֣חֲמ֔וּ תִלָּ֨חֲמ֜וּ תִלָּ֨חֲמ֜וּן תלחם תלחמו תלחמון ’el·ḥam ’elḥam bə·hil·lā·ḥă·mōw behilLachaMo bəhillāḥămōw elCham han·nil·ḥā·mîm han·nil·ḥām hannilCham hannilchaMim hannilḥām hannilḥāmîm hil·lā·ḥă·mōw hil·lā·ḥêm hillachaMo hillaChem hillāḥămōw hillāḥêm la·ḥă·mū lā·ḥă·mū Lachamu laḥămū lāḥămū lə·ḥam lə·hil·lā·ḥem lə·hil·lā·ḥêm lə·hil·lā·ḥêm- leCham ləḥam lehillaChem ləhillāḥem ləhillāḥêm ləhillāḥêm- lil·ḥō·wm lilChom lilḥōwm lō·ḥă·māy lō·ḥă·mîm lō·ḥêm LochaMai lochaMim loChem lōḥămāy lōḥămîm lōḥêm nil·ḥā·mîm nil·ḥă·mū nil·ḥā·mū nil·ḥam nil·ḥām nil·ḥam- nil·ḥam·tî nil·ḥōm nil·lā·ḥêm nilCham nilchaMim nilChamti nilChamu nilChom nilḥam nilḥām nilḥam- nilḥāmîm nilḥamtî nilḥămū nilḥāmū nilḥōm nillaChem nillāḥêm til·ḥam til·lā·ḥă·mū ṯil·lā·ḥă·mū ṯil·lā·ḥă·mūn til·lā·ḥêm tilCham tilḥam tilLachaMu tilLachaMun tillaChem tillāḥămū ṯillāḥămū ṯillāḥămūn tillāḥêm ū·lə·hil·lā·ḥêm ū·lə·ḥu·mê uleChumei ulehillaChem ūləhillāḥêm ūləḥumê vaiyillachaMu vaiyillachaMuni vaiyilLachem vehillachaMu vehilLachem venilcham venilChamnu venilchamTa venilchamTem venilChamti venilchaMu venillachaMah way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū·nî way·yil·lā·ḥem wayyillāḥămū wayyillāḥămūnî wayyillāḥem wə·hil·lā·ḥă·mū wə·hil·lā·ḥem wə·hil·lā·ḥêm wə·nil·ḥă·mū wə·nil·ḥam wə·nil·ḥam- wə·nil·ḥam·nū wə·nil·ḥam·tā wə·nil·ḥam·tem wə·nil·ḥam·tî wə·nil·lā·ḥă·māh wəhillāḥămū wəhillāḥem wəhillāḥêm wənilḥam wənilḥam- wənilḥamnū wənilḥamtā wənilḥamtem wənilḥamtî wənilḥămū wənillāḥămāh yil·lā·ḥem yil·lā·ḥêm yillaChem yillāḥem yillāḥêm
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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