Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #07673 - שָׁבַת

Transliteration
shâbath
Phonetics
shaw-bath'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2323, 2323c
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to cease, desist, rest

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to cease

1a2) to rest, desist (from labour)

1b) (Niphal) to cease

1c) (Hiphil)

1c1) to cause to cease, put an end to

1c2) to exterminate, destroy

1c3) to cause to desist from

1c4) to remove

1c5) to cause to fail

2) (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 142 ‑ αἴρω (ah'ee‑ro);  373 ‑ ἀναπαύω (an‑ap‑ow'‑o);  2270 ‑ ἡσυχάζω (hay‑soo‑khad'‑zo);  526 ‑ ἀπαλλοτριόω (ap‑al‑lot‑ree‑o'‑o);  654 ‑ ἀποστρέφω (ap‑os‑tref'‑o);  851 ‑ ἀφαιρέω (af‑ahee‑reh'‑o);  853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  2616 ‑ καταδυναστεύω (kat‑ad‑oo‑nas‑tyoo'‑o);  2618 ‑ κατακαίω (kat‑ak‑ah'ee‑o);  3870 ‑ παρακαλέω (par‑ak‑al‑eh'‑o);  622 ‑ ἀπόλλυμι (ap‑ol'‑loo‑mee);  4937 ‑ συντρίβω (soon‑tree'‑bo);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  3973 ‑ παύω (pow'‑o);  2647 ‑ καταλύω (kat‑al‑oo'‑o);  2664 ‑ καταπαύω (kat‑ap‑ow'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (73)
Genesis
3
Exodus
7
Leviticus
7
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
3
Ruth
1
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
4
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
6
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
13
Daniel
2
Hosea
3
Amos
2
HCS ( 0 )
HCS (71)
Genesis
3
Exodus
7
Leviticus
7
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
2
Ruth
1
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
4
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
6
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
13
Daniel
2
Hosea
3
Amos
1
BSB (74)
Genesis
6
Exodus
7
Leviticus
7
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
2
Ruth
1
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
4
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
6
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
13
Daniel
2
Hosea
3
Amos
1
ESV (60)
Genesis
3
Leviticus
7
Joshua
1
Ruth
1
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
4
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
9
Jeremiah
6
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
13
Daniel
1
Hosea
3
Amos
1
WEB (73)
Genesis
3
Exodus
7
Leviticus
7
Deuteronomy
1
Joshua
3
Ruth
1
2 Kings
2
2 Chronicles
2
Nehemiah
2
Job
1
Psalms
4
Proverbs
2
Isaiah
10
Jeremiah
6
Lamentations
2
Ezekiel
13
Daniel
2
Hosea
3
Amos
2
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2812) tbs (סהבת ShBT) AC: Cease CO: ? AB: ?: The ceasing of work or activity in order to rest. [from: bs- sitting to rest]

V) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Cease: To cease from an activity for the purpose or rest or celebration. KJV (71): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) cease, rest, away, fail, celebrate - Strongs: H7673 (שָׁבַת)

Nf) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Ceasing: A stopping of activity. Often used for the seventh day or special feast day as a day set aside for resting or celebrating. KJV (111): sabbath, another, lost time, still, cease - Strongs: H7674 (שֶׁבֶת), H7676 (שַׁבָּת)

hm) tbsm (מסהבת MShBT) - Ceasing: KJV (1): sabbath - Strongs: H4868 (מִשְׁבָּת)

jm) nftbs (סהבתונ ShBTWN) - Ceasing: KJV (11): rest, sabbath - Strongs: H7677 (שַׁבָּתוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁבַת fut. יִשְׁבֹּת and יִשְׁבַּת Leviticus 26:34.

(1)  to rest, to keep as a day of rest. (Arab. سبت IV. to take rest. The primary idea appears to be that of to sit down, to sit still; cognate on the one hand are יָשַׁב, inf. שֶׁבֶת, on the other to שׁוּת and שָׁפַת.) It is used of men (opp. to labour), Exodus 23:12, 34:21 of land which is not tilled, Leviticus 26:34, 35 Leviticus 26:35, compare 25:2. Followed by מִן to rest from labour, Genesis 2:2, Exodus 31:17.- Isaiah 33:8, שָׁבַת עֹבֵר אֹרַח “the traveller rests,” abstains from journeying; Isaiah 14:4; Lamentations 5:14, “the elders rest from the gate,” i.e. do not go to the forum.

(2) to cease, to desist, leave off, followed by מִן with an inf. (prop. to desist from doing any thing), Job 32:1; Jeremiah 31:36; Hosea 7:4 absol. to cease to be, to have an end, Genesis 8:22; Isaiah 24:8; Lamentations 5:15.

(3) to celebrate the sabbath, followed by שַׁבָּת Leviticus 23:32.

Niphal, i.q. Kal No. 2, prop. pass. of Hiphil, to have an end, Isaiah 17:3; Ezekiel 6:6, 30:18 33:28.

Hiphil

(1) to cause to rest, followed by מִן from work, Exodus 5:5, or to cause a work to cease, i.e. to interrupt, 2 Chronicles 16:5 to make an enemy to rest, i.e. to restrain, to still, Psalms 8:3.

(2) to cause to cease

(a) any person, followed by מִן before an inf. Ezekiel 34:10 followed by לְבִלְתִּי Joshua 22:25.

(b) any thing, i.e. to put an end to, e.g. war, Psalms 46:10 contention, Proverbs 18:18 exultation, Isaiah 16:10. Followed by לְ Jeremiah 48:35; Amos 8:4; Ruth 4:14, אֲשֶׁר הִשְׁבִּית לָךְ גֹּאֵל “who hath not left thee without a redeemer;” Leviticus 2:13.

(3) to remove, to take away, followed by מִן from any person or thing, i.q. הֵסִיר, Exodus 12:15 Levit. 26:6 Ezekiel 34:25, 23:27, 48 Ezekiel 23:48, 30:13 Isaiah 30:11; Jeremiah 7:34; Psalms 119:119.

Derivatives, שֶׁבֶת No. I, שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּתוֹן, שַׁבְּתַי, מַשְׁבָּת.

I. שֶׁבֶת with suff. שִׁבְתִּי (from the root שָׁבַת), cessation, a ceasing, Proverbs 20:3 (compare 18:18 22:10 ); hence idleness, inactivity, Isaiah 30:7.

(2) interruption of work, time lost, Exodus 21:19.

II. שֶׁבֶת f. inf. from the root יָשַׁב to dwell, which see. [“Used as a subst. sitting, seat, 1 Kings 10:19; Amos 6:3 also place, 2 Samuel 23:7.”]

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List of Word Forms
אַשְׁבִּ֥יתָה אשביתה הִשְׁבִּ֥ית הִשְׁבַּ֔תִּי הִשְׁבַּ֙תִּי֙ הִשְׁבַּ֥תָּ הִשְׁבַּֽתִּי׃ הַשְׁבִּ֥יתוּ השבית השביתו השבת השבתי השבתי׃ וְ֝יִשְׁבֹּ֗ת וְהִ֨שְׁבַּתִּ֔י וְהִשְׁבִּ֣ית וְהִשְׁבִּ֤יתוּ וְהִשְׁבִּ֥ית וְהִשְׁבִּ֨ית וְהִשְׁבַּ֖תְנוּ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֖י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֞י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֣י ׀ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֤י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּ֥י וְהִשְׁבַּתִּי֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּיךְ֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתִּים֙ וְהִשְׁבַּתֶּ֥ם וְלַשְׁבִּ֖ית וְנִשְׁבְּתוּ֙ וְנִשְׁבַּ֖ת וְנִשְׁבַּ֤ת וְנִשְׁבַּת־ וְשָׁבְתָ֣ה וַֽיִּשְׁבְּת֡וּ וַיִּשְׁבְּת֥וּ וַיִּשְׁבֹּ֨ת וַיִּשְׁבֹּת֙ וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֖ת וַיַּשְׁבֵּ֣ת והשבית והשביתו והשבתי והשבתיך והשבתים והשבתם והשבתנו וישבת וישבתו ולשבית ונשבת ונשבת־ ונשבתו ושבתה יִשְׁבְּת֗וּ יִשְׁבֹּֽתוּ׃ יִשְׁבּ֣וֹת יַשְׁבִּ֣ית יַשְׁבִּ֣ית ׀ ישבות ישבית ישבתו ישבתו׃ לְהַשְׁבִּ֥ית להשבית מַשְׁבִּ֜ית מַשְׁבִּ֥ית משבית שָׁבְתָ֖ה שָׁבְתָ֛ה שָׁבַ֖ת שָׁבַ֣ת שָׁבַת֙ שָׁבָ֔תָה שָׁבָ֔תוּ שבת שבתה שבתו תִּשְׁבְּת֖וּ תִּשְׁבַּ֣ת תִּשְׁבֹּ֑ת תִּשְׁבֹּֽת׃ תִשְׁבַּ֤ת תַּשְׁבִּ֥יתוּ תַשְׁבִּ֗ית תשבית תשביתו תשבת תשבת׃ תשבתו ’aš·bî·ṯāh ’ašbîṯāh ashBitah haš·bî·ṯū hašbîṯū hashBitu hiš·ba·tā hiš·bat·tî hiš·bîṯ hišbatā hišbattî hišbîṯ hishBata hishBatti hishBit lə·haš·bîṯ ləhašbîṯ lehashBit maš·bîṯ mašbîṯ mashBit šā·ḇā·ṯāh šā·ḇā·ṯū šā·ḇaṯ šā·ḇə·ṯāh šāḇaṯ šāḇāṯāh šāḇāṯū šāḇəṯāh shaVat shaVatah shaVatu shaveTah shavTah taš·bî·ṯū ṯaš·bîṯ ṯašbîṯ tašbîṯū tashBit tashBitu tiš·baṯ ṯiš·baṯ tiš·bə·ṯū tiš·bōṯ tišbaṯ ṯišbaṯ tišbəṯū tišbōṯ tishBat tishbeTu tishBot vaiyashBet vaiyishbeTu vaiyishBot vehishBatnu vehishbatTem vehishbatTi vehishbattiCh vehishbatTim vehishBit vehishBitu velashBit venishBat venishbeTu veshavTah veyishBot way·yaš·bêṯ way·yiš·bə·ṯū way·yiš·bōṯ wayyašbêṯ wayyišbəṯū wayyišbōṯ wə·hiš·baṯ·nū wə·hiš·bat·tem wə·hiš·bat·tî wə·hiš·bat·tîḵ wə·hiš·bat·tîm wə·hiš·bî·ṯū wə·hiš·bîṯ wə·laš·bîṯ wə·niš·baṯ wə·niš·baṯ- wə·niš·bə·ṯū wə·šā·ḇə·ṯāh wə·yiš·bōṯ wəhišbaṯnū wəhišbattem wəhišbattî wəhišbattîḵ wəhišbattîm wəhišbîṯ wəhišbîṯū wəlašbîṯ wənišbaṯ wənišbaṯ- wənišbəṯū wəšāḇəṯāh wəyišbōṯ yaš·bîṯ yašbîṯ yashBit yiš·bə·ṯū yiš·bō·ṯū yiš·bō·wṯ yišbəṯū yišbōṯū yišbōwṯ yishbeTu yishBot yishBotu
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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