Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #07673 - שָׁבַת
1) to cease, desist, rest
1a1) to cease
1a2) to rest, desist (from labour)
1b) (Niphal) to cease
1c1) to cause to cease, put an end to
1c2) to exterminate, destroy
1c3) to cause to desist from
1c4) to remove
1c5) to cause to fail
2) (Qal) to keep or observe the sabbath
Nf) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Ceasing: A stopping of activity. Often used for the seventh day or special feast day as a day set aside for resting or celebrating. KJV (111): sabbath, another, lost time, still, cease - Strongs: H7674 (שֶׁבֶת), H7676 (שַׁבָּת)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁבַת fut. יִשְׁבֹּת and יִשְׁבַּת Leviticus 26:34.
(1) to rest, to keep as a day of rest. (Arab. سبت IV. to take rest. The primary idea appears to be that of to sit down, to sit still; cognate on the one hand are יָשַׁב, inf. שֶׁבֶת, on the other to שׁוּת and שָׁפַת.) It is used of men (opp. to labour), Exodus 23:12, 34:21 of land which is not tilled, Leviticus 26:34, 35 Leviticus 26:35, compare 25:2. Followed by מִן to rest from labour, Genesis 2:2, Exodus 31:17.- Isaiah 33:8, שָׁבַת עֹבֵר אֹרַח “the traveller rests,” abstains from journeying; Isaiah 14:4; Lamentations 5:14, “the elders rest from the gate,” i.e. do not go to the forum.
(2) to cease, to desist, leave off, followed by מִן with an inf. (prop. to desist from doing any thing), Job 32:1; Jeremiah 31:36; Hosea 7:4 absol. to cease to be, to have an end, Genesis 8:22; Isaiah 24:8; Lamentations 5:15.
(3) to celebrate the sabbath, followed by שַׁבָּת Leviticus 23:32.
Niphal, i.q. Kal No. 2, prop. pass. of Hiphil, to have an end, Isaiah 17:3; Ezekiel 6:6, 30:18 33:28.
(1) to cause to rest, followed by מִן from work, Exodus 5:5, or to cause a work to cease, i.e. to interrupt, 2 Chronicles 16:5 to make an enemy to rest, i.e. to restrain, to still, Psalms 8:3.
(2) to cause to cease
(a) any person, followed by מִן before an inf. Ezekiel 34:10 followed by לְבִלְתִּי Joshua 22:25.
(b) any thing, i.e. to put an end to, e.g. war, Psalms 46:10 contention, Proverbs 18:18 exultation, Isaiah 16:10. Followed by לְ Jeremiah 48:35; Amos 8:4; Ruth 4:14, אֲשֶׁר הִשְׁבִּית לָךְ גֹּאֵל “who hath not left thee without a redeemer;” Leviticus 2:13.
(3) to remove, to take away, followed by מִן from any person or thing, i.q. הֵסִיר, Exodus 12:15 Levit. 26:6 Ezekiel 34:25, 23:27, 48 Ezekiel 23:48, 30:13 Isaiah 30:11; Jeremiah 7:34; Psalms 119:119.
Derivatives, שֶׁבֶת No. I, שַׁבָּת, שַׁבָּתוֹן, שַׁבְּתַי, מַשְׁבָּת.
I. שֶׁבֶת with suff. שִׁבְתִּי (from the root שָׁבַת), cessation, a ceasing, Proverbs 20:3 (compare 18:18 22:10 ); hence idleness, inactivity, Isaiah 30:7.
(2) interruption of work, time lost, Exodus 21:19.
II. שֶׁבֶת f. inf. from the root יָשַׁב to dwell, which see. [“Used as a subst. sitting, seat, 1 Kings 10:19; Amos 6:3 also place, 2 Samuel 23:7.”]
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