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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #0914 - בָּדַל
1) to divide, separate
1a1) to divide, separate, sever
1a2) to separate, set apart
1a3) to make a distinction, difference
1a4) to divide into parts
1b1) to separate oneself from (reflexive of 1a2)
1b2) to withdraw from
1b3) to separate oneself unto
1b4) to be separated
1b5) to be excluded
1b6) to be set apart
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
בָּדַל not used in Kal, kindred to the root בָּתַל بتل to separate, to distinguish.
(1) to separate, to disjoin, Leviticus 1:17 as two places by a veil, fence, wall. Exodus 26:33; Ezekiel 42:20; Genesis 1:6, things previously mixed together; Genesis 1:4.
(2) Figuratively applied to the mind, to separate, to distinguish diverse things, Levit. 10:9, 10; “ye shall not drink wine nor strong drink … that ye may distinguish the clean and unclean;” 11:47; 20:25. In both these significations (No. 1, 2) there follows בֵּין … וּבֵין Genesis 1:4, Exodus 26:33 בֵּין … לְבֵין Isaiah 59:2 בֵּין … לְ Genesis 1:6.
(3) to separate from the rest, to select out of them, in a good sense; followed by מִן Numbers 8:14, 16:9 Leviticus 20:24, 26 Leviticus 20:26 also followed by לְ of that to which any thing is destined, 1 Kings 8:53 also without מִן Deuteronomy 4:41, 10:8 1 Chronicles 25:1 absol. Deuteronomy 19:7; Ezekiel 39:14.
(4) to separate, to shut out, as a mixed multitude from a people; followed by מִן Nehemiah 13:3 מֵעַל Isaiah 56:3. With the addition of לְרָעָה Deuteronomy 29:20 as is often the case in medial phrases [i.e. those which may be taken in either a good or a bad sense].
(1) pass. of Hiph. No. 3, to be separated, to separate oneself; followed by מִן Ezra 6:21, 9:1 10:11 also to be selected, Ezra 10:16 followed by לְ to or for any thing, 1 Chronicles 23:13.
(2) pass. of Hiph. No. 4, to be secluded, shut out.
(3) to depart from a place, followed by מִן of the place, Numbers 16:21 followed by אֶל [of pers.], to depart to some one, 1 Chronicles 12:8.
Derivative nouns are בְּדִיל, מִבְדָּלוֹת, and
the Second Week after Epiphany