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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1607 - גָּעַשׁ

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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  1. to shake, quake
    1. (Qal) to shake
    2. (Pual) to be shaken up, convulsed
    3. (Hithpael) to shake back and forth, toss or reel to and fro
    4. (Hithpoel) to reel to and fro
Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4682 ‑ σπαράσσω (spar‑as'‑so);  4531 ‑ σαλεύω (sal‑yoo'‑o);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 4
NAS (9)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 4
CSB (9)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 4
BSB (9)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 4
ESV (8)
2 Samuel 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 4
WEB (9)
2 Samuel 2
Job 1
Psalms 2
Jeremiah 4
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2077) soc (גאהסה GAhSh) AC: Shake CO: ? AB: ?

V) soc (גאהסה GAhSh) - Shake: KJV (10): (vf: Paal, Hitpael, Pual) shake, move, trouble, toss - Strongs: H1607 (גָּעַשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [גָּעַשׁ] verb shake, quake (Late Hebrew id.) —

Qal Imperfect וַתִּגְעַשׁ Psalm 18:8 a = 2 Samuel 22:8 a Kt (Qr Hithpa`el); — quake of earth at theoph., Psalm 18:8 = 2 Samuel 22:8 (read Kt; "" רעשׁ).

Pu`al Imperfect be shaken up, convulsed יְגֹעֲשׁוּעַֿם Job 34:20 a people are convulsed.

Hithpa`el shake back and forth, toss or reel to and fro וַיִּתְגָּעַשׁ Qr 2 Samuel 22:8 a (< Kt Qal); יִתְגָָּֽעֲשׁוּ Jeremiah 46:7, וַיִּתְגָָּֽעֲשׁוּ Psalm 18:8b + 2t.; — of mountains Psalm 18:8b = 2 Samuel 22:8 b; of waves of sea, Jeremiah 5:22; of waters of Nile Jeremiah 46:7 (compare Jeremiah 46:8).

Hithpo`el Perfect וְהִתְגֹּעֲשׁוּ consecutive Jeremiah 25:16; Imperfect יִתְגֹּעֲשׁוּ Jeremiah 46:8; id. of waters of Nile Jeremiah 46:8; of drunken men, reel to and fro, Jeremiah 25:16 (figurative of nations confounded by ׳י).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גָּעַשׁ prop. to push, to thrust, Germ. ftoßen. (Syr. ܓܥܰܫ to push with the horn, ftoßen.) Hence in the passive conjugations, to be concussed, moved, prop. hin= und hergeftoßen werden; and once also in Kal, Psalms 18:8, וַתִּגְעַשׁ וַתִּרְעַשׁ הָאָרֶץ “and the earth shook and trembled.” In the parallel place, 2 Samuel 22:8, it is Hithpael [כ׳ Kal], in which this signification is more frequent; the writer however appears to have used Kal intransitively, on account of the paronomasia of the verbs תִּגְעַשׁ, תִּרְעַשׁ.

Pual גֹּעַשׁ id.; Job 34:20, יְגֹעֲשׁוּ עָם וְיַעֲבֹ֑רוּ “the people shall be moved,” (i.e. shall totter) “and perish.”

Hithpael, to be moved, used of the earth, Psalms 18:8, and 2 Samuel 22:8, fin.; of the waves, Jeremiah 5:22, 46:7, Jeremiah 46:8.

Hithpoel, to stagger, to reel, as a drunken man, Jeremiah 25:16.

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List of Word Forms
וְהִֽתְגֹּֽעֲשׁ֖וּ וַ֝יִּתְגָּֽעֲשׁ֗וּ וַיִּֽתְגָּעֲשׁ֖וּ וַיִּֽתְגָּעֲשׁוּ֙ וַיִּתְגָּעַ֤שׁ וַתִּגְעַ֬שׁ והתגעשו ויתגעש ויתגעשו ותגעש יְגֹעֲשׁ֣וּ יִֽתְגָּעֲשׁ֖וּ יִתְגֹּ֣עֲשׁוּ יגעשו יתגעשו vaiyitgaAsh vaiyitgaaShu vattigAsh vehitgoaShu wat·tiḡ·‘aš wattiḡ‘aš way·yiṯ·gā·‘ă·šū way·yiṯ·gā·‘aš wayyiṯgā‘aš wayyiṯgā‘ăšū wə·hiṯ·gō·‘ă·šū wəhiṯgō‘ăšū yə·ḡō·‘ă·šū yəḡō‘ăšū yegoaShu yiṯ·gā·‘ă·šū yiṯ·gō·‘ă·šū yiṯgā‘ăšū yitgaaShu yiṯgō‘ăšū yitGoashu
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