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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #1820 - דָּמָה

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to cease, cause to cease, cut off, destroy, perish

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to cease

1a2) to cause to cease, destroy

1b) (Niphal)

1b1) to be cut off

1b2) to be undone, be cut off at sight of the theophany

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (16)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Hosea 5
Obadiah 1
Zephaniah 1
NAS (18)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 4
Hosea 7
Obadiah 1
Zephaniah 1
CSB (16)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Hosea 5
Obadiah 1
Zephaniah 1
BSB (15)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 2
Lamentations 1
Hosea 5
Obadiah 1
Zephaniah 1
ESV (15)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Hosea 5
Zephaniah 1
WEB (16)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 3
Lamentations 1
Hosea 5
Obadiah 1
Zephaniah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1082) md (דמ DM) AC: ? CO: Blood AB: Likeness: The pictograph d is a door representing the idea of moving back and forth. The m is a picture of water and can represent any liquid especially blood. Combined these pictures mean "the moving back and forth of water" or the "flowing of blood". Similarly, the grape plant takes water from the ground and moves it to the fruit where the water becomes the blood of the grape. (eng: dumb)

A) md (דמ DM) AC: ? CO: Blood AB: ?: The blood of man is also water, which moves through the body. When the blood is shed, the man or animal becomes silent. A son from the blood of his father resembles his father.

Nm) md (דמ DM) - Blood: KJV (361): blood, bloody, bloodguilt - Strongs: H1818 (דָּם)

B) mmd (דממ DMM) AC: Silent CO: ? AB: ?: When the blood is shed, the man or animal becomes silent and still.

Nm) mmd (דממ DMM) - Silent: KJV (30): silence, still, silent, cut off, cut down, rest, cease, forbear, peace, quieted, tarry, wait - Strongs: H1826 (דָּמַם)

Nf1) emmd (דממה DMMH) - Silent: KJV (3): still, silence, calm - Strongs: H1827 (דְּמָמָה)

om) mmfd (דוממ DWMM) - Silent: KJV (3): silent, quietly wait, dumb - Strongs: H1748 (דּוּמָם)

C) mda (אדמ ADM) AC: ? CO: Red AB: ?: The color red, the color of blood, man and the earth.

V) mda (אדמ ADM) - Red: To be red as a color or through the shedding of blood. KJV (10): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Pual) dyed red, red, ruddy, man, Adam, person - Strongs: H119 (אָדֵם)

Nm) mda (אדמ ADM) - Man: From the reddish skin. KJV (552): dyed red, red, ruddy, man, Adam, person - Strongs: H120 (אָדָם)

Nf1) emda (אדמה ADMH) - Ground: From its red color. KJV (225): land, earth, ground, country, husbandman - Strongs: H127 (אֲדָמָה)

cm) mfda (אדומ ADWM) - Red: KJV (9): red, ruddy - Strongs: H122 (אָדֹם)

gf) mdfa (אודמ AWDM) - Ruby: A red precious stone. KJV (3): sardius - Strongs: H124 (אֹדֶם)

lm) mdmda (אדמדמ ADMDM) - Reddish: KJV (6): reddish - Strongs: H125 (אֲדַמְדָּם)

jfm) infmda (אדמוני ADMWNY) - Red: KJV (3): red, ruddy - Strongs: H132 (אַדְמוֹנִי)

F) mde (הדמ HDM) AC: ? CO: Pieces AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nm) mde (הדמ HDM) - Pieces: Something cut into pieces. [Aramaic only] KJV (2): pieces - Strongs: H1917 (הַדָּם)

cm) mfde (הדומ HDWM) - Stool: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (6): stool - Strongs: H1916 (הֲדֹם)

G) med (דהמ DHM) AC: Dumb CO: ? AB: ?: When excited or scared ones blood pressure increases and is unable to speak.

V) med (דהמ DHM) - Dumb: To be speechless. KJV (1): (vf: Niphal, Participle) astonied - Strongs: H1724 (דָּהַם)

H) emd (דמה DMH) AC: ? CO: Likeness AB: Compare: A son from the blood of his father resembles his father.

V) emd (דמה DMH) - I. Compare:To perceive something like something else. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Silence:To become silent as one dead. KJV (47): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Piel) like, liken, thought, compared, devised, mean, similitude - Strongs: H1819 (דָּמָה), H1820 (דָּמָה), H1821 (דְּמָה)

Nf3) tfmd (דמות DMWT) - Likeness: Likeness A son from the blood of his father resembles his father. KJV (25): likeness, similitude, like, manner, fashion - Strongs: H1823 (דְּמוּת)

fm) imd (דמי DMY) - Silent: When the blood is shed, the man or animal becomes silent. KJV (4): silence, cut off, rest - Strongs: H1824 (דְּמִי)

fjm) nfimd (דמיונ DMYWN) - Likeness: A son from the blood of his father resembles his father. KJV (1): like - Strongs: H1825 (דִּמְיֹן)

J) mfd (דומ DWM) AC: Silent CO: ? AB: ?: When the blood is shed, the man or animal becomes silent.

Nf1) emfd (דומה DWMH) - Silent: KJV (3): silence, destroyed - Strongs: H1745 (דּוּמָה), H1822 (דֻּמָה)

N) imd (דמי DMY) AC: Silent CO: ? AB: ?: When the blood is shed, the man or animal becomes silent.

gf1) eimfd (דומיה DWMYH) - Silence: KJV (4): wait, silent, silence - Strongs: H1747 (דּוּמִיָּה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. [דָּמָה] verb cease, cause to cease, cut off, destroy

Qal Perfect 1 singular דָּמִיתִי Jeremiah 6:2, וְדָמִ֫יתִי consecutive Hosea 4:5; Imperfect 3 feminine singular תִּדְמֶה Lamentations 3:49; 3 feminine plural jussive תִּדְמֶינָה Jeremiah 14:17; —

1 intransitive cease Jeremiah 14:17 (eyes from weeping) Lamentations 3:49 ( id.)

2 cause to cease, cut off, destroy, with accusative Israel (under figure of בתצֿיון) Jeremiah 6:2; (under figure of אִמֶּ֑ךָ) Hosea 4:5.

Niph`al Perfect נִדְמָה Isaiah 15:1 (twice in verse) +; 3 feminine singular נִדְמְתָה Jeremiah 47:15; 2 masculine singular נִדְמֵיתָה Obadiah 5, נִדְמֵיתָ Ezekiel 32:2; 1 singular נִדְמֵיתִי Isaiah 6:5; 3 plural נִדְמוּ Hosea 4:6 +; Infinitive absolute נִדְמֹה Hosea 10:15; Participle נִדְמֶה Hosea 10:7; be cut off, destroyed, ruined, of a city Isaiah 15:1 (twice in verse) ("" שֻׁדַּד) Jeremiah 47:5; of people Hosea 4:6; Zephaniah 1:11; Obadiah 5; of king Hosea 10:7,15 (twice in verse) compare Ezekiel 32:2; of beasts Psalm 49:13; Psalm 49:21; be ruined, undone, prophet at sight of Yahweh Isaiah 6:5.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

דָּמָה (Aram. דְּמָא, ܕܡܐܳ), [fut. יִדְמֶה], to be like, to become like, followed by לְ, Psalms 102:7, 144:4 Song of Solomon 2:9, 7:8 אֶל Ezekiel 31:8. With a pleonast. dat. Song of Solomon 2:17, דְּמֵה־לךָ דוֹדִי לִצְבִי “be thou like, my love, to a hart.” Song of Solomon 8:14.

Niphal, to become like, followed by כְּ, Psalms 49:13, 21 Ps4 9:21, acc. Ezekiel 32:2. [In Thes. all the occurrences in Niphal, except the last cited, are referred to No. II.]

Piel דִּמָּה

(1) to compare, to liken, followed by אֶל Isaiah 40:18, 25 Isaiah 40:25לְ 46:4 Song of Solomon 1:9; Lamentations 2:13, מָה אֲרַמֶּה־לָךְ “what shall I compare to thee?” Hence to use parables, i.q. מָשׁל, מִשֵּׁל. Hosea 12:11, בְּיַד הַנְּבִיאִים אֲדַמֶּה “through the prophets I have used parables” (it is better to take it thus as required by the context, than “I have destroyed,” i.e. announced destruction).

(2) to liken in one’s mind, to imagine, to think. Psalms 50:21, דִּמִּיתָ הֱוֹת־אֶהְיֶה כָמוֹךָ “thou thoughtest I was altogether such a one as thyself,” Esther 4:13; Isaiah 10:7.

(3) to think, to purpose, to meditate doing something, Numbers 33:56; Judges 20:5, אֹתִי דִּמּוּ לַהֲרֹג “they thought to have slain me.” Isaiah 14:24; 2 Samuel 21:5, הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר כִּלָּנוּ וַאֲשֶׁר דִּמָּה לָנוּ “the man who destroyed us and who meditated (evil) against us.”

(4) to remember, Psalms 48:10, דִּמִּינוּ אֱלֹהִים חַםְדְּךָ “we have remembered, O God, thy loving kindness.”

Hithpael, 1 fut. אֶדַּמֶּה Isaiah 14:14, to make oneself like.

Derivatives דָּם No. II, דְּמוּת, דִּמְיוֹן.

This signification of resemblance appears to be proper to this root; but it has another borrowed from the cognate stock דָּמָם, דּוּם namely



(1)  to be silent, to be quiet, to rest, to cease; Jeremiah 14:17, “my eyes are poured out in tears, day and night, and they do not cease;” Lamentations 3:49.

(2) causat. to make an end of any thing, hence to destroy (compare הֵדֵם, הִכְחִיד, הִשְׁבִּית, כִּלָּה No.4), especially to lay waste, to desolate, Hosea 4:5, דָּמִיתִי אִמֶּךָ “I destroy thy mother,” that is, lay waste thy country; Jeremiah 6:2, דָּמִיתִי בַת־צִיּוֹן “I lay waste the daughter of Zion,” i.e. thee.

Niphal, to be cut off, to perish, used of men; Hosea 10:15, בַּשַּׁהַר נִדְמֹה נִדְמָה מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל “to-morrow shall the king of Israel be cut off;” Isaiah 6:5, אוֹי־לי כִּי־נִדְמֵיתִי “alas for me! for I perish;” used of nations, Zephaniah 1:11; Hosea 4:6 of cities, countries, Isaiah 15:1; Jeremiah 47:5; Hosea 10:7. [See also Psalms 49:13, 21 Ps4 9:21.] (In all these examples the preterite occurs, in the future the forms used are יִדַּמּוּ, תִּדַּמּוּ from syn. דָּמַם). Hence דְּמִי, דֳּמִי.

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List of Word Forms
וְדָמִ֖יתִי ודמיתי נִדְמ֥וּ נִדְמְתָ֥ה נִדְמֵ֔יתָה נִדְמֵ֗יתִי נִדְמֶ֥ה נִדְמָ֔ה נִדְמָ֖ה נִדְמָֽה׃ נִדְמָה֙ נִדְמֹ֥ה נִדְמֽוּ׃ נדמה נדמה׃ נדמו נדמו׃ נדמיתה נדמיתי נדמתה תִּדְמֶ֑ינָה תִדְמֶ֖ה תדמה תדמינה niḏ·māh niḏ·mê·ṯāh niḏ·mə·ṯāh niḏ·mê·ṯî niḏ·meh niḏ·mōh niḏ·mū nidMah niḏmāh nidMeh niḏmeh nidMeitah nidMeiti nidmeTah niḏmêṯāh niḏməṯāh niḏmêṯî nidMoh niḏmōh nidMu niḏmū tiḏ·me·nāh ṯiḏ·meh tidMeh ṯiḏmeh tidMeinah tiḏmenāh vedaMiti wə·ḏā·mî·ṯî wəḏāmîṯî
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