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Monday, June 17th, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2556 - חָמֵץ

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to be leavened, be sour

1a) (Qal) to be leavened

1b) (Hiphil) to taste something leavened

1c) (Hithpael) to be embittered, grieved

2) to be cruel, oppress, be ruthless

3) to be red

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 91 ‑ ἀδικέω (ad‑ee‑keh'‑o);  1572 ‑ ἐκκαίω (ek‑kah'‑yo);  2220 ‑ ζυμόω (dzoo‑mo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
Exodus 4
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Hosea 1
N95 (0)
CSB (6)
Exodus 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Hosea 1
BSB (6)
Exodus 2
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Hosea 1
ESV (4)
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Hosea 1
WEB (8)
Exodus 4
Psalms 2
Isaiah 1
Hosea 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2173) ymh (ההמתס HhMTs) AC: ? CO: Sour AB: ?: The harsh taste of something that has fermented or soured. [from: mh- processing a food through heat or fermentation]

V) ymh (ההמתס HhMTs) - Sour: To be sour by adding leaven to bread. Also to sour in taste, thought or action. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) leaven, cruel, dye, grieve - Strongs: H2556 (חָמֵץ)

Nm) ymh (ההמתס HhMTs) - Leaven: Used for souring bread, also the bread that has been leavened. KJV (11): leaven - Strongs: H2557 (חָמֵץ)

bm) yimh (ההמיתס HhMYTs) - Soured: KJV (1): clean - Strongs: H2548 (חָמִיץ)

cm) yfmh (ההמותס HhMWTs) - Soured: KJV (1): oppressed - Strongs: H2541 (חָמוֹץ)

gm) ymfh (ההומתס HhWMTs) - Vine KJV (6): vinegar - Strongs: H2558 (חֹמֶץ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. חָמֵץ verb be sour, leavened (Late Hebrew id., Pi`el Hiph`il make sour, leaven; Arabic be sour; Aramaic חֲמַע be sour, leavened, be leavened) —

Qal Perfect חָמֵץ Exodus 12:39; Imperfect יֶחְמָ֑ץ Exodus 12:34; Infinitive suffix חֻמְצָתוֺ Hosea 7:4 +; — be leavened, of dough (בָּצֵק), Exodus 12:34,39 (E), compare Hosea 7:4.

Hitph. be soured, embittered, Psalm 73:21 ("" כִּלְיוֺתַי אֶשְׁתּוֺנָן).

II. [חמץ] verb be red (? compare Aramaic Ethpa`al blush, be ashamed, possibly originally be red); —

Qal Passive participle construct חֲמוּץ בְּגָדִים red of garments Isaiah 63:1; possibly also Imperfect 3 feminine singular תֶּחֱמַץ Psalm 68:24 that thy foot may be red with blood (for ᵑ0תמחץ; so Krochm Hi Gr; most, however, read תרחץ see רחץ).

III. [חמץ] verb be ruthless (dubious √; perhaps by-form of חמס; perhaps erroneous for it; identification by most with I. חמץ, be sour, hence sharp, violent, but connection improbable) — only

Qal Participle active מִכַּף מְעַוֵּל וְחוֺמֵץ Psalm 71:4 from the hand of the unjust and ruthless ("" מִיַּד רָשָׁע).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָמֵץ fut. יֶחֱמַץ, inf. חֻמְצָה to be sharp, eager. Used with regard

(1) to taste, hence to be sour, of leavened bread, Exodus 12:39, of vinegar (חֹמֶץ), also to be salted (see חָמִיץ ). Arab. حَمُضَ, Syr. ܚܡܰܨ. When used with reference to sight

(2) to be of a bright (i.e. a splendid) colour, such as dazzles the eyes; especially used of a bright red. Part. pass. חָמוּץ splendid, of the scarlet mantle of a ruler, Isaiah 63:1 [But it here means blood-stained; see the context, and Revelation 19:15 ]; compare verse, and LXX. Syr. Similarly the Greeks say, χρῶμα ὀξύ, i.e. κόκκινον, πορφύραι ὀξύταται, ὀξυφέγγη ῥόδα; see Bochart, Hieroz. i. p. 114; Simonis Arc. formarum, p. 66, 120.

(3) figuratively of the mind

(a) to act violently, like the kindred word חָמַס, whence part. חֹמֵץ violent, Psalms 71:4 comp. חָמוֹץ and חָמֵץ No. 2. (Eth. ዐመፀ፡ to be unjust, violent, to injure.)

(b) to be bitter, spoken of pain, see Hithpael.

Hiphil, to be embittered, i.e. to be affected with anger, pain., Psalms 73:21. (Chald. Pa. id.)

Hence חָמוֹץ, חָמִיץ and the following words.

חָמֵץ m.

(1)  that which is leavened, Exodus 12:15, 13:3, Exodus 13:7, etc.

(2) probably that which is gained by violence and wrong, i.q. חָמָס Amos 4:5 see the root No. 3. So Chaldee. The ordinary signification of something leavened is not amiss in this passage, but that now given is preferable [?].

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List of Word Forms
וְחוֹמֵץ׃ וחומץ חֲמ֤וּץ חָמֵ֑ץ חֻמְצָתֽוֹ׃ חמוץ חמץ חמצתו׃ יִתְחַמֵּ֣ץ יֶחְמָ֑ץ יחמץ יתחמץ chaMetz chaMutz chumtzaTo ḥā·mêṣ ḥă·mūṣ ḥāmêṣ ḥămūṣ ḥum·ṣā·ṯōw ḥumṣāṯōw vechometz wə·ḥō·w·mêṣ wəḥōwmêṣ yechMatz yeḥ·māṣ yeḥmāṣ yiṯ·ḥam·mêṣ yitchamMetz yiṯḥammêṣ
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