Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2556 - חָמֵץ
1) to be leavened, be sour
1a) (Qal) to be leavened
1b) (Hiphil) to taste something leavened
1c) (Hithpael) to be embittered, grieved
2) to be cruel, oppress, be ruthless
3) to be red
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
חָמֵץ fut. יֶחֱמַץ, inf. חֻמְצָה to be sharp, eager. Used with regard
(1) to taste, hence to be sour, of leavened bread, Exodus 12:39, of vinegar (חֹמֶץ), also to be salted (see חָמִיץ ). Arab. حَمُضَ, Syr. ܚܡܰܨ. When used with reference to sight
(2) to be of a bright (i.e. a splendid) colour, such as dazzles the eyes; especially used of a bright red. Part. pass. חָמוּץ splendid, of the scarlet mantle of a ruler, Isaiah 63:1 [But it here means blood-stained; see the context, and Revelation 19:15 ]; compare verse, and LXX. Syr. Similarly the Greeks say, χρῶμα ὀξύ, i.e. κόκκινον, πορφύραι ὀξύταται, ὀξυφέγγη ῥόδα; see Bochart, Hieroz. i. p. 114; Simonis Arc. formarum, p. 66, 120.
(3) figuratively of the mind
(a) to act violently, like the kindred word חָמַס, whence part. חֹמֵץ violent, Psalms 71:4 comp. חָמוֹץ and חָמֵץ No. 2. (Eth. ዐመፀ፡ to be unjust, violent, to injure.)
(b) to be bitter, spoken of pain, see Hithpael.
Hiphil, to be embittered, i.e. to be affected with anger, pain., Psalms 73:21. (Chald. Pa. id.)
Hence חָמוֹץ, חָמִיץ and the following words.
(1) that which is leavened, Exodus 12:15, 13:3, Exodus 13:7, etc.
(2) probably that which is gained by violence and wrong, i.q. חָמָס Amos 4:5 see the root No. 3. So Chaldee. The ordinary signification of something leavened is not amiss in this passage, but that now given is preferable [?].
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