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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1572 - ἐκκαίω

from (G1537) and (G2545)
Parts of Speech
  1. to burn out
  2. to set on fire
  3. to be kindled, to burn
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 228 ‑ אֲזָה (az‑aw', az‑aw');  1197 ‑ בָּעַר (baw‑ar');  1814 ‑ דָּלַק (daw‑lak');  1846 ‑ דָּעַךְ (daw‑ak');  2308 ‑ חָדַל (khaw‑dal');  2554 ‑ חָמַס (khaw‑mas');  2556 ‑ חָמֵץ (khaw‑mates');  2734 ‑ חָרָה (khaw‑raw');  3341 ‑ יָצַת (yaw‑tsath');  5221 ‑ נָכָה (naw‑kaw');  5413 ‑ נָתַךְ (naw‑thak');  5782 ‑ עוּר (oor);  6226 ‑ עָשֵׁן (aw‑shane');  6315 ‑ פּוּחַ (poo'‑akh);  6605 ‑ פָּתַח (paw‑thakh');  6919 ‑ קָדַח (kaw‑dakh');  
Frequency Lists  
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KJV (1)
NAS (1)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Att. ἐκκάω, fut. -καύσω: aor. I ἐξέκαυσα Hdt. 4.134, but part. ἐκκέαντες E. Rh. 97:

I. burn out, τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς τινος Hdt. 7.18; τὸ φῶς Κύκλωπος E. Cyc. 633, cf. 657 (anap.): Pass., ἐκκάεσθαι τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς to have one's eyes burnt out, Pl. Grg. 473c.


1. light up, kindle, τὰ πυρά Hdt. 4.134, cf. E. Rh. l.c.; ἐκκέας τῶν ξύλων ἅττ' ἂν ᾖ δανότατα Ar. Pax 1133 (lyr.): metaph., ἐ. πόλεμον, ἐλπίδα, Plb. 3.3.3, 5.108.5; τοὺς θυμούς D.H. 7.35; τὴν πρὸς αὐτὸν ὀργήν Plu. Fab. 7; provoke to anger, ἔκ με κάεις Herod. 4.49; inflame with curiosity, excite, τινά Luc. Alex. 30; ἴσῃ φιλοτιμίᾳ πρός τε τὸν δῆμον ἑαυτοὺς καὶ τὸν δῆμον πρὸς ἑαυτοὺς ἐκκαύσαντες Plu. Agis 2: Pass., to be kindled, burn up, τὸ πῦρ ἐκκάεται Eup. 340; ἐ. τὸ κακόν Pl. R. 556a; ὀργὴν ἐκκαῆναι LXX 2 Samuel 24:1; ὁ δῆμος ἐξεκάετο Plu. TG 13, cf. Luc. Cal. 3, etc.; ἐ. εἰς ἔρωτα Alciphr. 3.67, cf. Charito I.I; ὑπὸ μέθης Parth. 24.2.

2. stimulate, τὴν βλάστησιν Thphr. CP 2.1.3.

III scorch, ἐκκαίων ὁ ἥλιος Arist. Pr. 867a20; of thirst, parch, Luc. Dips. 4.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐκ -καίω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1197;]

1. to burn up.

2. to kindle. Pass., to burn: metaph., of the passions (cf. Sirach 16:6, Job 3:17), Romans 1:27.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the metaphorical use of this verb in Romans 1:27 we may cite the new Menander fragment, Menandrea p. 64.42 πάντα δ᾽ ἐξεκάετο ταῦθ᾽ ἕνεκα τοῦ μέλλοντος, ";all these feelings were fanned into flame for the sake of the plot."; See also Herodas iv. 49 where a slave is rebuked for her slowness—ὡς ἔκ με κάεις οὐ θέλουσαν οἰδῆσαι, ";how you set me on fire with fury, little as I wish to rage.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έκαυσαν εκκαή εκκαήναι εκκαίει εκκαυθή εκκαυθήσεται εκκαυθήσονται εκκαύσαι εκκαύσας εκκαύσει εκκαύσω εκκεκαυμένη εκκέκαυται εξεκαύθη εξεκαυθησαν εξεκαύθησαν ἐξεκαύθησαν εξέκαυσα εξέκαυσαν εξεκαύσατε εξέκαυσε καύσονται exekauthesan exekauthēsan exekaúthesan exekaúthēsan
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2022. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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