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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1572 - ἐκκαίω

from (G1537) and (G2545)
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  1. to burn out
  2. to set on fire
  3. to be kindled, to burn
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 228 ‑ אֲזָה (az‑aw', az‑aw');  1197 ‑ בָּעַר (baw‑ar');  1814 ‑ דָּלַק (daw‑lak');  1846 ‑ דָּעַךְ (daw‑ak');  2308 ‑ חָדַל (khaw‑dal');  2554 ‑ חָמַס (khaw‑mas');  2556 ‑ חָמֵץ (khaw‑mates');  2734 ‑ חָרָה (khaw‑raw');  3341 ‑ יָצַת (yaw‑tsath');  5221 ‑ נָכָה (naw‑kaw');  5413 ‑ נָתַךְ (naw‑thak');  5782 ‑ עוּר (oor);  6226 ‑ עָשֵׁן (aw‑shane');  6315 ‑ פּוּחַ (poo'‑akh);  6605 ‑ פָּתַח (paw‑thakh');  6919 ‑ קָדַח (kaw‑dakh');  
Frequency Lists
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ASV (1)
Romans 1
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CSB (1)
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ESV (1)
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KJV (1)
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LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
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LSB (1)
Romans 1
N95 (1)
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NAS (1)
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NLT (1)
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WEB (1)
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Romans 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Att. ἐκκάω, fut. -καύσω: aor. I ἐξέκαυσα Hdt. 4.134, but part. ἐκκέαντες E. Rh. 97:

I. burn out, τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς τινος Hdt. 7.18; τὸ φῶς Κύκλωπος E. Cyc. 633, cf. 657 (anap.): Pass., ἐκκάεσθαι τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς to have one's eyes burnt out, Pl. Grg. 473c.


1. light up, kindle, τὰ πυρά Hdt. 4.134, cf. E. Rh. l.c.; ἐκκέας τῶν ξύλων ἅττ' ἂν ᾖ δανότατα Ar. Pax 1133 (lyr.): metaph., ἐ. πόλεμον, ἐλπίδα, Plb. 3.3.3, 5.108.5; τοὺς θυμούς D.H. 7.35; τὴν πρὸς αὐτὸν ὀργήν Plu. Fab. 7; provoke to anger, ἔκ με κάεις Herod. 4.49; inflame with curiosity, excite, τινά Luc. Alex. 30; ἴσῃ φιλοτιμίᾳ πρός τε τὸν δῆμον ἑαυτοὺς καὶ τὸν δῆμον πρὸς ἑαυτοὺς ἐκκαύσαντες Plu. Agis 2: Pass., to be kindled, burn up, τὸ πῦρ ἐκκάεται Eup. 340; ἐ. τὸ κακόν Pl. R. 556a; ὀργὴν ἐκκαῆναι LXX 2 Samuel 24:1; ὁ δῆμος ἐξεκάετο Plu. TG 13, cf. Luc. Cal. 3, etc.; ἐ. εἰς ἔρωτα Alciphr. 3.67, cf. Charito I.I; ὑπὸ μέθης Parth. 24.2.

2. stimulate, τὴν βλάστησιν Thphr. CP 2.1.3.

III scorch, ἐκκαίων ὁ ἥλιος Arist. Pr. 867a20; of thirst, parch, Luc. Dips. 4.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκκαίω: 1 aorist passive ἐξεκαυθην;

1. to burn out.

2. to set on fire. passive to be kindled, to burn (Herodotus and following; often in the Sept.): properly, of fire; metaphorically, of the fire and glow of the passions (of anger, Job 3:17; Sir. 16:6, and often in Plutarch); of lust, Romans 1:27 (Alciphron 3, 67 οὕτως ἐξεκαυθην εἰς ἐρωτᾷ).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐκ -καίω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1197;]

1. to burn up.

2. to kindle. Pass., to burn: metaph., of the passions (cf. Sirach 16:6, Job 3:17), Romans 1:27.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the metaphorical use of this verb in Romans 1:27 we may cite the new Menander fragment, Menandrea p. 64.42 πάντα δ᾽ ἐξεκάετο ταῦθ᾽ ἕνεκα τοῦ μέλλοντος, ";all these feelings were fanned into flame for the sake of the plot."; See also Herodas iv. 49 where a slave is rebuked for her slowness—ὡς ἔκ με κάεις οὐ θέλουσαν οἰδῆσαι, ";how you set me on fire with fury, little as I wish to rage.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έκαυσαν εκκαή εκκαήναι εκκαίει εκκαυθή εκκαυθήσεται εκκαυθήσονται εκκαύσαι εκκαύσας εκκαύσει εκκαύσω εκκεκαυμένη εκκέκαυται εξεκαύθη εξεκαυθησαν εξεκαύθησαν ἐξεκαύθησαν εξέκαυσα εξέκαυσαν εξεκαύσατε εξέκαυσε καύσονται exekauthesan exekauthēsan exekaúthesan exekaúthēsan
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