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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2658 - חָפַר

Transliteration
châphar
Phonetics
khaw-far'
Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
verb
TWOT
714
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חָפַר
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to dig, search for

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to dig

1a2) to search, search out, explore

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2212 ‑ ζητέω (dzay‑teh'‑o);  3736 ‑ ὀρύσσω (or‑oos'‑so);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (22)
Genesis 8
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Job 4
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 1
NAS (23)
Genesis 8
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Job 5
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 1
CSB (22)
Genesis 8
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Job 4
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 1
BSB (22)
Genesis 8
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Job 4
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 1
ESV (21)
Genesis 8
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Job 4
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 1
WEB (22)
Genesis 8
Exodus 1
Numbers 1
Deuteronomy 2
Joshua 2
Job 4
Psalms 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2192) rph (ההפר HhPR) AC: Dig CO: Mole AB: ?: A digging in the soil, as a mole, for a well or possibly a treasure. Also a digging into an incident for understanding. [from: pk]

V) rph (ההפר HhPR) - I. Dig:To dig in the ground, also to dig into something as if searching. II. Confuse:To be confused, in the sense of digging for understanding. KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) dig, search, paw, seek, confounded, ashamed, shame, confusion, reproach - Strongs: H2658 (חָפַר), H2659 (חָפַר)

cf) rfph (ההפור HhPWR) - Mole: A digger. KJV (1): mole - Strongs: H2661 (חַפַרְפֵּרָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. חָפַר verb dig, search for (Arabic id.; Aramaic חֲפַר, , id.; Late Hebrew חֵפֶר act of digging) —

Qal Perfect ׳ח Job 39:29; וְחָפַרְתָּ֫ Job 11:18; וְחָפַרְתָּ֫ה Deuteronomy 23:14; חָפַרְתִּי Genesis 21:30; חָֽפְרוּ Genesis 26:18 2t.; חָפָ֑רוּ Genesis 26:32; חֲפָרוּהָ Numbers 21:18; Imperfect וַיַּחְמֹּר Genesis 26:18,22; וַיַּחְמְּרֵהוּ Psalm 7:16; וָאֶחְמֹּר Jeremiah 13:7; יַחְמְּרוּ Job Job 39:21 (but read יַחְמֹּר so ᵐ5ᵑ9 ᵑ6 Di) Deuteronomy 1:22; וַיַּחְמְּרוּ Genesis 26:19 2t.; וַיַּחְמְּרֻהוּ Job 3:21; Infinitive construct לַחְמֹּר Joshua 2:2,3+ Isaiah 2:20 (compare below); Participle חֹפֵר Ecclesiastes 10:8; —

1 dig:

a. a well, with accusative בְּאֵר Genesis 21:30 (E), Genesis 26:15,18 (twice in verse); Genesis 26:19,21,22,32 (J), Numbers 21:18 (E); compare Exodus 7:24 (E); dig (a hole, implied as object) Deuteronomy 23:14; a pit, with hostile purpose, as snare or trap, figurative of malicious plan, with accusative בּוֺר Psalm 7:16 ("" כָּרָה); so with accusative גומץ Ecclesiastes 10:8, compare [שַׁחַת] לְנַפְשִׁי׳ח Psalm 35:7; of horse, dig, i.e. paw the ground, יַחְמֹּר בָּעֵמֶק Job 39:21 (so read, see above) he paweth in the valley (compare Arabic hoof).

b. dig for something hidden, with accusative Job 3:21 (figurative of longing for death), Jeremiah 13:7 (no object expressed)

2 search, search out, explore, with accusative הָאָרֶץ Joshua 2:3 (twice in verse) (JE), Deuteronomy 1:22; of eagle, search for food, with accusative אֹכֶל׳ח Job 39:29, with especially reference to keen vision ("" מֵרָחוֺק עֵינָיו יַבִּיטוּ); so = search or look carefully about before going to rest Job 11:18 (no object). — לַחְמֹּר Isaiah 2:20 see חֲפַרְמָּרָה below


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָפַר fut. יַחְפֹּר, Arabic جَفَرَ

(1)  to dig, as a well, a pit, Genesis 21:30, 26:15, seq.; Ecclesiastes 10:8 spoken of a horse, Job 39:21, יַחְפְּרוּ בָעֵמֶק “they dig in the valley.” Virg. Georg. 3:87, 88, “cavat tellurem.” (In the Western languages this power is found in the same letters transposed in the roots grf, glf, as γράφω, χρίμπτω; γλάφω, γλύφω; sCRiBo, sCaLPo, sCuLPo; graben.) Metaph. to dig a pit for, to lay snares, to plot, Psalms 35:7.

(2) to search out, to explore (comp. בָּקַר No. 3, and Sim. Arc. Form., page 62). Job 39:29, “from thence she seeketh the prey;” followed by an acc. to explore (a country), Deuteronomy 1:22; Joshua 2:2, Joshua 2:3. As to Isaiah 2:20, see חֲפַרְפֵּרָה.

II.


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List of Word Forms
וְ֝חָפַרְתָּ֗ וְחָפַרְתָּ֣ה וְיַחְפְּרוּ־ וַֽ֝יַּחְפְּרֻ֗הוּ וַֽיַּחְפְּרֵ֑הוּ וַֽיַּחְפְּרוּ֙ וַיַּחְפְּר֥וּ וַיַּחְפְּר֧וּ וַיַּחְפֹּ֣ר ׀ וַיַּחְפֹּר֙ וָאֶחְפֹּ֗ר ואחפר וחפרת וחפרתה ויחפר ויחפרהו ויחפרו ויחפרו־ חֲפָר֣וּהָ חָֽפְרוּ֙ חָֽפַר־ חָפְר֥וּ חָפַ֖רְתִּי חָפָ֑רוּ חֹפֵ֥ר חפר חפר־ חפרו חפרוה חפרתי יַחְפְּר֣וּ יחפרו לַחְפֹּ֥ר לחפר chafar chaFarti chaFaru chafaRuha chafeRu choFer ḥā·p̄ā·rū ḥă·p̄ā·rū·hā ḥā·p̄ar- ḥā·p̄ar·tî ḥā·p̄ə·rū ḥāp̄ar- ḥāp̄artî ḥāp̄ārū ḥăp̄ārūhā ḥāp̄ərū ḥō·p̄êr ḥōp̄êr lachPor laḥ·pōr laḥpōr vaechPor vaiyachpeRehu vaiyachpeRu vaiyachpeRuhu vaiyachPor vechafarta vechafarTah veyachperu wā’eḥpōr wā·’eḥ·pōr way·yaḥ·pə·rê·hū way·yaḥ·pə·rū way·yaḥ·pə·ru·hū way·yaḥ·pōr wayyaḥpərêhū wayyaḥpərū wayyaḥpəruhū wayyaḥpōr wə·ḥā·p̄ar·tā wə·ḥā·p̄ar·tāh wə·yaḥ·pə·rū- wəḥāp̄artā wəḥāp̄artāh wəyaḥpərū- yachpeRu yaḥ·pə·rū yaḥpərū
 
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