the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #269 - אָחוֹת
1a) sister (same parents)
1b) half-sister (same father)
1c1) (metaphorically) of Israel’s and Judah’s relationship
1e) (figuratively) of intimate connection
1008) ha (אהה AHh) AC: Protect CO: Hearth AB: Brotherhood: The pictograph a represents strength. The h is a wall. Combined these pictographs mean "strong wall". In Hebrew thought, a wall is more than a vertical barrier but anything that separates or divides. The hearth around the fire protected the house from the heat and embers of the fire.
Nf ) ha (אהה AHh) - I. Hearth:A dividing wall that protects the family from the fire. II. Brother:One who stands between the enemy and the family, a protector. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (634): brethren, brother, another, brotherly, kindred, hearth - Strongs: H251 (אָח), H252 (אַח), H254 (אַח)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 sister Genesis 4:22; Genesis 12:13,19; Genesis 20:2,5,12 (same father, different mother) so Leviticus 18:11 compare Ezekiel 22:11; Genesis 24:30 (twice in verse) +, Exodus 2:4,7; Leviticus 18:9 (either parent same) so Deuteronomy 27:22; Numbers 6:7; 2 Samuel 13:1,2,4 +, Song of Solomon 8:8 (twice in verse); called upon, in mourning for dead Jeremiah 22:18; = near relative Genesis 24:59,60 (or because Laban prominent ? so Di); /man of same nationality Numbers 25:18 compare Hosea 2:3.
2 = beloved Song of Solomon 4:9,10,12; Song of Solomon 5:12 (4t. "" כַּלָּה bride; phrase originally implying that marriage with half-sister — of same father — was allowed? compare Nö ZMG 1886, 150 & Genesis 20:12).
3 symbolic of Judah, Samaria, Sodom & Jerusalem Jeremiah 3:7,8,10; Ezekiel 16:45,52 (twice in verse) (strike out Co) +, Ezekiel 23:4,11 +.
4 figurative of intimate connectionקָרָאתִי ֗֗֗ אִמִּי וַאֲחֹתִי לָרִמָּה Job 17:14; אֱמֹר לַחָכְמָהאֲחֹתִי אַתְּ Proverbs 7:4.
5. another, אִשָּׁה אֶלאֲֿחֹתָהּ, of curtains of tabernacle Exodus 26:3 (twice in verse); Exodus 26:6; loops Exodus 26:5, tenons Exodus 26:17; of wings of living creatures, Ezekiel's vision Ezekiel 1:9,23; Ezekiel 3:13; not of persons, but see רְעוּת.
אָחוֹת f. (for אֲתֹוֶת, from the masc. אֲחוּ, which in Arab. and Chald. is the same as אֲחִי), pl. with suff. אֲחוֹתַיִךְ Ezekiel 16:55 (sing. אָחָה), and אַחְיוֹחֵךְ Ezekiel 16:52 (sing. אַחְיָה, which is from the masc. אֲחִי), comp. Lehrg. p. 602.
A sister (Arab. أُخْتُ, Syr. ܚܳܬܳܐ for ܐ̱ܚܳܬܳܐ, Ch. אֲחָת id.). It properly signifies an own sister, born of the same parents, but (where accuracy of expression is not important) used also of a sister, ὁμοπατρία, Genesis 20:12; 2 Samuel 13:2, 2 Samuel 13:5, or ὁμομητρία, uterine, Leviticus 18:9, 11 Leviticus 18:11, 20:17. The Hebrews also called sister
(1) a female relative, kinswoman, Job 42:11; Genesis 24:60, where the mother and brother say to Rebecca, אֲחוֹחֵנוּ אַתְּ “thou art our sister.”
(2) one of the same tribe or people, Numbers 25:18.
(3) an ally, a confederate city or state, Ezekiel 16:46, 23:31.
(4) after אִשָּׁה, one … another; used also of inanimate things of the feminine gender, Exodus 26:3, “five curtains shall be joined אִשָּׁה אֶל אֲחוֹתָהּ one to another;” verses Exodus 26:5, Exodus 26:6, 17 Exodus 26:17; Ezekiel 1:9, 3:13.
(5) metaph. sister is used of anything very closely connected with us; Proverbs 7:4, “say to wisdom: thou art my sister;” Job 17:14. Compare the rest of the words which bear the signification of propinquity, especially אָב No. 6, אָח No. 7.
(6) a spouse is lovingly so called, Song of Solomon 4:9, seq. Compare Tibull. iii. 1, 26.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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