the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2691 - חָצֵר
1) court, enclosure
2) settled abode, settlement, village, town
2197) ryh (ההתסר HhTsR) AC: Blow CO: Yard AB: ?: When the trumpets from the city are sounded as an alarm of invasion, the inhabitants of the surrounding fields and villages, or yards, go to the protection of the walled city. [from: yh- enclosing]
Nf1) eryh (ההתסרה HhTsRH) - Yard: The villages outside of the larger cities as the yard of the city. Also a courtyard as outside the house. [df: hrze] KJV (9): settle, court - Strongs: H5835 (עֲזָרָה)
bm ) riyh (ההתסיר HhTsYR) - I. Yard:The villages outside of the larger cities as the yard of the city. Also a courtyard as outside the house. II. Grass:A plant used as food for men and animals as grown in the yard. KJV (22): court, grass, hay, herb, leeks - Strongs: H2681 (חָצִיר), H2682 (חָצִיר)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 enclosures (in Egypt),perhaps court-yards, or cattle-yards, distinct from houses and from fields Exodus 8:9 (J).
2 court of private house 2 Samuel 17:18 (containing well), compare Nehemiah 8:16; of a palace, חָצֵר הָאַחֶרֶת 1 Kings 7:8 the other court, immediately surrounding palace, so called in distinct. from הַגְּדוֺלָה׳(הֶ)ח 1 Kings 7:9; 1 Kings 7:12 the great court, including ׳הא׳ח and הַמְּנִימִית׳הֶח of temple (see
3 b) in one great enclosure (see Sta Salomos Bauten, ZAW 1883. 152f.); 2 Kings 20:4 (Qr Vrss The Kmp Klo and others; Kt Ke and others הָעִיר), Jeremiah 36:20; Esther 1:5; Esther 2:11; Esther 4:11; Esther 5:1,2; Esther 6:4 (twice in verse); Esther 6:5; מַטָּרָה׳ח court of guard, place of (honourable) confinement Jeremiah 32:2 (in king's house), Jeremiah 32:8; Jeremiah 32:12; Jeremiah 33:1; Jeremiah 37:21 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 38:6,13,28; Jeremiah 39:14,15. Especially
3. a. court of tabernacle חֲצַר הַמִּשְׁכָּן Exodus 27:9, compare Exodus 27:9; Exodus 27:12; Exodus 27:13 24t. Exodus (all P; ׳שַׁעַר הֶח gate of the court Exodus 35:17; Exodus 38:15,18,31; Exodus 39:40; Exodus 40:8,33); Leviticus 6:9; Leviticus 6:19; Numbers 3:26 (twice in verse) (מֶּתַח׳הֶח), Numbers 3:37; Numbers 4:26 (twice in verse) (׳מֶּתַח שַׁעַר הֶח), Numbers 4:32; courts of house of ׳י 1 Chronicles 23:28.
b. court(s) of Solomon's temple, inner with הַמְּנִימִית׳הֶח 1 Kings 6:36; 1 Kings 7:12 (but on text see Sta l. c.) Ezekiel 8:16; Ezekiel 10:3 compare Ezekiel 10:4; = upper with הָעֶלְיוֺן׳הֶח Jeremiah 36:10 (see Gf), and הַכֹּהֲנִים׳ח 2 Chronicles 4:9 (where also הָעֲזָרָה הַגְּדוֺלָה, as often Ezekiel , also דְּלָתוֺת לָעֲזָרָה); outer court ׳הֶחהַחִיצֹנָה Ezekiel 10:5 = הַחֲדָשָׁה׳הֶח 2 Chronicles 20:5; see further 1 Kings 8:64 2 Chronicles 7:7; 24:21; 29:16; Jeremiah 19:14; Jeremiah 26:2; Ezekiel 8:7; two courts 2 Kings 21:5 2 Chronicles 33:5; 2 Kings 23:12; courts Ezekiel 9:7; 1 Chronicles 28:12; 2 Chronicles 23:5; Nehemiah 8:1,6; Nehemiah 13:7; often in poetry, courts of ׳י Isaiah 1:12; Isaiah 62:9 (קדשׁי׳ח), Zechariah 3:7; Psalm 65:5; Psalm 84:3; Psalm 84:11; Psalm 96:8; Psalm 100:4; Psalm 116:19; Psalm 135:2
c. courts of Ezekiel's temple Ezekiel 40:14 38t. Ezekiel 40-46 (of these read הַשַּׁעַר for החצר Ezekiel 40:19,32with ᵐ5 Hi Co; and החיצון for החצר Ezekiel 41:15 with ᵐ5 Ew Co). ** Ezekiel 42:6 הַחִיצֹנוֺת for הַחֲצֵרוֺת.
II. חצר (√ of following; compare Arabic be present, settle or dwell, see Lag BN 47f.; Sabean חצֿר fixed abode Os (Levy) ZMG 1865,185 CIS iv, 1. 2, No. 79. 82).
II. [חָצֵר]46 noun masculine Nehemiah 11:25 settled abode, settlement, village (Lag l. c.) — always plural, absolute חֲצֵרִים Joshua 19:8 5t.; construct חַצְרֵי 1 Chronicles 9:16; Nehemiah 12:28; suffix חֲצֵרֶיהָ Joshua 21:12 4t.; חַצְרֵיהֶם 1 Chronicles 4:33 6t.; חַצְרֵיהֶן Joshua 13:23 24t. Joshua; —
a. settlements of Ishmaelites Genesis 25:16 (P; "" טִירוֺת circles of tents); of עַוִּים Deuteronomy 2:23; of Kedar Isaiah 42:11 ("" עָרִים); בָּתֵּיהַחֲצֵרִים אֲשֶׁר אֵיןלָֿהֶם חֹמָה סָבִיב Leviticus 25:31 (H), houses of the villages which have no wall about them; מַאֲרַב חֲצֵרִים Psalm 10:8 lurking-place(s) of villages (i.e. where oppressor, as a wild beast, watches his opportunity to attack the defenceless). Usu.
b. as dependencies of cities Joshua 15:46, with בְּנֹתֶיהָ (see above בַּת
4 p. 123) Joshua 15:45,47 (twice in verse) (all J E ?); אֲשֶׁר סְבִיבוֺת הֶעָרִים׳וְכָלהַֿח Joshua 19:8 (P), also Joshua 21:12 (P), = 1 Chronicles 6:41; Nehemiah 12:29; also Joshua 13:23,28; Joshua 15:32 23t. Joshua (all P), Nehemiah 11:25,30 ("" בָּנוֺת Nehemiah 11:25; Nehemiah 11:27 etc.), Nehemiah 12:28.
c. villages, not contrasted with cities (compare Isaiah 42:11 above) 1 Chronicles 9:16,22,25 (all of Levites).
d.׳ח apparently including all settlements outside of Jerusalem ׳הַחבִּשְׂדֹתָם Nehemiah 11:25. — ׳ח in proper name, of a location see below (and see Bla on Joshua 15:20-32).
חָצֵר an unused root, i.q. حَضَر to be green, whence חָצִיר grass, which see. [The identity of this root with the preceding is maintained in Thes. “Etymologists have usually assumed here two different roots. But the connection of the ideas is shewn in the Greek χόρτος, which, like חָצִיר, signifies first an enclosure, court, specially for cattle, and then a pasture, and by meton. pasturage; i.e. grass, green herbage, etc. See Passow, h. v.”]
[III. חָצֵר (ק׳) Piel, 2 Chronicles 5:13 Hiphil, 1 Chronicles 15:24; 2 Chronicles 5:12, 7:6 13:4 29:28, to blow with a trumpet; see כ׳ חֲצֹרֵר and חֲצֹצֵר.]
חָצֵר constr. חֲצַר with suff. חֲצֵרִי, pl. חֲצֵרִים constr. חַצְרֵי and חֲצֵרוֹת const. חַצְרוֹת comm. an enclosure, a place surrounded by a fence, specially
(1) a court, an enclosure before a building, Nehemiah 8:16; Esther 5:2 especially before the holy tabernacle and temple, Exodus 27:9, seq. הֶהָצֵר הַפּנִימִית the inner court, or court of the priests. 1 Kings 6:36, חָצֵר הַגְּדֹלָה the great court, 1 Kings 7:12.
(2) a village, hamlet, country village, such as are elsewhere called בְּנוֹת הָעִיר, Joshua 13:23, 28 Joshua 13:28, 15:32, seq.; Levit. 25:31. Also used of the moveable villages of Nomade tribes, consisting of tents, Genesis 25:16; Isaiah 42:11 (compare Song of Solomon 1:5).
Hence are the following names of towns or villages:
(1) חֲצַר־אַדָּר (“the village of Addar”), [Hazar-addar], a town on the borders of the tribe of Judah, Numbers 34:4 more briefly called אַדָּר, Joshua 15:3.
[“(2*) חֲצַר גַּדָּה (‘village of good fortune’), [Hazar-gaddah], in the southern part of the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:27.”]
(2) חֲצַר סוּסָה, Joshua 19:5, and חֲצַר סוּסִים (“the village of horses”), [Hazar-susah, Hazar-susim], 1 Chronicles 4:31, in the tribe of Simeon.
(3) חֲצַר עֵינוֹן Ezekiel 47:17, and חֲצַר עֵינָן (“the village of fountains”), [Hazar-Enan], Ezekiel 48:1; Numbers 34:9, 10 Numbers 34:10, on the northern borders of Palestine.
(4) חֲצַר שׁוּעָל (“the fox’s village”), [Hazar-shual], Joshua 15:28, 19:3 1 Chronicles 4:28; Nehemiah 11:27, in the tribe of Simeon.
(5) חָצַר הַתִּיכוֹן (“the middle village”), [Hazar-hatticon], Ezekiel 47:16, on the borders of Auranitis.
(6) plur. חֲצֵרוֹת [Hazeroth], a station of the Israelites in Arabia Petræa, Numbers 11:35, 12:16 33:17 Deuteronomy 1:1.
[חֶצְרוֹ see חֶצְרַי.]
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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