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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2691 - חָצֵר

Transliteration
châtsêr
Phonetics
khaw-tsare'
Root Word (Etymology)
from (H2690) in its original sense
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
TWOT
722a,723a
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חֲצֹרֵר
 
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חֲצַר־אַדָּר
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) court, enclosure

1a) enclosures

1b) court

2) settled abode, settlement, village, town

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 833 ‑ αὐλή (ow‑lay');  1857 ‑ ἐξώτερος (ex‑o'‑ter‑os);  1886 ‑ ἔπαυλις (ep'‑ow‑lis);  2968 ‑ κώμη (ko'‑may);  4633 ‑ σκηνή (skay‑nay');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (185)
Genesis 1
Exodus 29
Leviticus 3
Numbers 6
Joshua 32
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 6
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 9
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 8
Esther 8
Psalms 9
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 44
Zechariah 1
HCS (0)
HCS (188)
Genesis 1
Exodus 29
Leviticus 3
Numbers 6
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 32
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 6
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 9
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 9
Esther 8
Psalms 9
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 45
Zechariah 1
BSB (189)
Genesis 1
Exodus 29
Leviticus 3
Numbers 6
Joshua 32
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 6
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 9
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 9
Esther 8
Psalms 9
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 48
Zechariah 1
ESV (156)
Genesis 1
Leviticus 3
Numbers 6
Joshua 32
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 6
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 9
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 9
Esther 8
Psalms 9
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 44
Zechariah 1
WEB (188)
Genesis 1
Exodus 28
Leviticus 3
Numbers 6
Joshua 32
2 Samuel 1
1 Kings 6
2 Kings 3
1 Chronicles 9
2 Chronicles 7
Nehemiah 10
Esther 8
Psalms 9
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 15
Ezekiel 46
Zechariah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2197) ryh (ההתסר HhTsR) AC: Blow CO: Yard AB: ?: When the trumpets from the city are sounded as an alarm of invasion, the inhabitants of the surrounding fields and villages, or yards, go to the protection of the walled city. [from: yh- enclosing]

V) ryh (ההתסר HhTsR) - Blow: To blow trumpets. KJV (11): (vf: Hiphil, Piel, Participle) sound, blow, trumpeter - Strongs: H2690 (חֲצֹרֵר)

Nm) ryh (ההתסר HhTsR) - Yard: The villages outside of the larger cities as the yard of the city. Also a courtyard as outside the house. KJV (189): court, village, town - Strongs: H2691 (חָצֵר)

Nf1) eryh (ההתסרה HhTsRH) - Yard: The villages outside of the larger cities as the yard of the city. Also a courtyard as outside the house. [df: hrze] KJV (9): settle, court - Strongs: H5835 (עֲזָרָה)

bm ) riyh (ההתסיר HhTsYR) - I. Yard:The villages outside of the larger cities as the yard of the city. Also a courtyard as outside the house. II. Grass:A plant used as food for men and animals as grown in the yard. KJV (22): court, grass, hay, herb, leeks - Strongs: H2681 (חָצִיר), H2682 (חָצִיר)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. חָצֵר145 noun masculine Ezekiel 40:23 and (oftener) feminine 1 Kings 6:36 enclosure, court — absolute ׳ח 1 Kings 7:8 +, חָצֵרָה Jeremiah 36:20; construct חֲצַר Exodus 27:9 +; suffix חֲצֵרוֺ 2 Samuel 17:18; חֲצֵרוֺת Exodus 8:9 4t.; construct חַצְרֵי Nehemiah 13:7, הַצְרוֺת 2 Kings 21:5 10t.; suffix חֲצֵרָ֑י Isaiah 1:12; Zechariah 3:7; חֲצֵרֶיךָ Psalm 65:5; Psalm 84:11; חֲצֵרוֺתָ֑י 1 Chronicles 28:6; חֲצֵרֹתָיו Psalm 100:4, לְחַצְרוֺתָ֑יו Psalm 96:8, וּבְחַצְרֹתֵיהֶם Nehemiah 8:16; —

1 enclosures (in Egypt),perhaps court-yards, or cattle-yards, distinct from houses and from fields Exodus 8:9 (J).

2 court of private house 2 Samuel 17:18 (containing well), compare Nehemiah 8:16; of a palace, חָצֵר הָאַחֶרֶת 1 Kings 7:8 the other court, immediately surrounding palace, so called in distinct. from הַגְּדוֺלָה׳(הֶ)ח 1 Kings 7:9; 1 Kings 7:12 the great court, including ׳הא׳ח and הַמְּנִימִית׳הֶח of temple (see

3 b) in one great enclosure (see Sta Salomos Bauten, ZAW 1883. 152f.); 2 Kings 20:4 (Qr Vrss The Kmp Klo and others; Kt Ke and others הָעִיר), Jeremiah 36:20; Esther 1:5; Esther 2:11; Esther 4:11; Esther 5:1,2; Esther 6:4 (twice in verse); Esther 6:5; מַטָּרָה׳ח court of guard, place of (honourable) confinement Jeremiah 32:2 (in king's house), Jeremiah 32:8; Jeremiah 32:12; Jeremiah 33:1; Jeremiah 37:21 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 38:6,13,28; Jeremiah 39:14,15. Especially

3. a. court of tabernacle חֲצַר הַמִּשְׁכָּן Exodus 27:9, compare Exodus 27:9; Exodus 27:12; Exodus 27:13 24t. Exodus (all P; ׳שַׁעַר הֶח gate of the court Exodus 35:17; Exodus 38:15,18,31; Exodus 39:40; Exodus 40:8,33); Leviticus 6:9; Leviticus 6:19; Numbers 3:26 (twice in verse) (מֶּתַח׳הֶח), Numbers 3:37; Numbers 4:26 (twice in verse) (׳מֶּתַח שַׁעַר הֶח), Numbers 4:32; courts of house of ׳י 1 Chronicles 23:28.

b. court(s) of Solomon's temple, inner with הַמְּנִימִית׳הֶח 1 Kings 6:36; 1 Kings 7:12 (but on text see Sta l. c.) Ezekiel 8:16; Ezekiel 10:3 compare Ezekiel 10:4; = upper with הָעֶלְיוֺן׳הֶח Jeremiah 36:10 (see Gf), and הַכֹּהֲנִים׳ח 2 Chronicles 4:9 (where also הָעֲזָרָה הַגְּדוֺלָה, as often Ezekiel , also דְּלָתוֺת לָעֲזָרָה); outer court ׳הֶחהַחִיצֹנָה Ezekiel 10:5 = הַחֲדָשָׁה׳הֶח 2 Chronicles 20:5; see further 1 Kings 8:64 2 Chronicles 7:7; 24:21; 29:16; Jeremiah 19:14; Jeremiah 26:2; Ezekiel 8:7; two courts 2 Kings 21:5 2 Chronicles 33:5; 2 Kings 23:12; courts Ezekiel 9:7; 1 Chronicles 28:12; 2 Chronicles 23:5; Nehemiah 8:1,6; Nehemiah 13:7; often in poetry, courts of ׳י Isaiah 1:12; Isaiah 62:9 (קדשׁי׳ח), Zechariah 3:7; Psalm 65:5; Psalm 84:3; Psalm 84:11; Psalm 96:8; Psalm 100:4; Psalm 116:19; Psalm 135:2

c. courts of Ezekiel's temple Ezekiel 40:14 38t. Ezekiel 40-46 (of these read הַשַּׁעַר for החצר Ezekiel 40:19,32with ᵐ5 Hi Co; and החיצון for החצר Ezekiel 41:15 with ᵐ5 Ew Co). ** Ezekiel 42:6 הַחִיצֹנוֺת for הַחֲצֵרוֺת.

II. חצר (√ of following; compare Arabic be present, settle or dwell, see Lag BN 47f.; Sabean חצֿר fixed abode Os (Levy) ZMG 1865,185 CIS iv, 1. 2, No. 79. 82).

II. [חָצֵר]46 noun masculine Nehemiah 11:25 settled abode, settlement, village (Lag l. c.) — always plural, absolute חֲצֵרִים Joshua 19:8 5t.; construct חַצְרֵי 1 Chronicles 9:16; Nehemiah 12:28; suffix חֲצֵרֶיהָ Joshua 21:12 4t.; חַצְרֵיהֶם 1 Chronicles 4:33 6t.; חַצְרֵיהֶן Joshua 13:23 24t. Joshua; —

a. settlements of Ishmaelites Genesis 25:16 (P; "" טִירוֺת circles of tents); of עַוִּים Deuteronomy 2:23; of Kedar Isaiah 42:11 ("" עָרִים); בָּתֵּיהַחֲצֵרִים אֲשֶׁר אֵיןלָֿהֶם חֹמָה סָבִיב Leviticus 25:31 (H), houses of the villages which have no wall about them; מַאֲרַב חֲצֵרִים Psalm 10:8 lurking-place(s) of villages (i.e. where oppressor, as a wild beast, watches his opportunity to attack the defenceless). Usu.

b. as dependencies of cities Joshua 15:46, with בְּנֹתֶיהָ (see above בַּת

4 p. 123) Joshua 15:45,47 (twice in verse) (all J E ?); אֲשֶׁר סְבִיבוֺת הֶעָרִים׳וְכָלהַֿח Joshua 19:8 (P), also Joshua 21:12 (P), = 1 Chronicles 6:41; Nehemiah 12:29; also Joshua 13:23,28; Joshua 15:32 23t. Joshua (all P), Nehemiah 11:25,30 ("" בָּנוֺת Nehemiah 11:25; Nehemiah 11:27 etc.), Nehemiah 12:28.

c. villages, not contrasted with cities (compare Isaiah 42:11 above) 1 Chronicles 9:16,22,25 (all of Levites).

d.׳ח apparently including all settlements outside of Jerusalem ׳הַחבִּשְׂדֹתָם Nehemiah 11:25. — ׳ח in proper name, of a location see below (and see Bla on Joshua 15:20-32).


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָצֵר an unused root, i.q. حَضَر to be green, whence חָצִיר grass, which see. [The identity of this root with the preceding is maintained in Thes. “Etymologists have usually assumed here two different roots. But the connection of the ideas is shewn in the Greek χόρτος, which, like חָצִיר, signifies first an enclosure, court, specially for cattle, and then a pasture, and by meton. pasturage; i.e. grass, green herbage, etc. See Passow, h. v.”]

[III. חָצֵר (ק׳) Piel, 2 Chronicles 5:13 Hiphil, 1 Chronicles 15:24; 2 Chronicles 5:12, 7:6 13:4 29:28, to blow with a trumpet; see כ׳ חֲצֹרֵר and חֲצֹצֵר.]

חָצֵר constr. חֲצַר with suff. חֲצֵרִי, pl. חֲצֵרִים constr. חַצְרֵי and חֲצֵרוֹת const. חַצְרוֹת comm. an enclosure, a place surrounded by a fence, specially

(1) a court, an enclosure before a building, Nehemiah 8:16; Esther 5:2 especially before the holy tabernacle and temple, Exodus 27:9, seq. הֶהָצֵר הַפּנִימִית the inner court, or court of the priests. 1 Kings 6:36, חָצֵר הַגְּדֹלָה the great court, 1 Kings 7:12.

(2) a village, hamlet, country village, such as are elsewhere called בְּנוֹת הָעִיר, Joshua 13:23, 28 Joshua 13:28, 15:32, seq.; Levit. 25:31. Also used of the moveable villages of Nomade tribes, consisting of tents, Genesis 25:16; Isaiah 42:11 (compare Song of Solomon 1:5).

Hence are the following names of towns or villages:

(1) חֲצַר־אַדָּר (“the village of Addar”), [Hazar-addar], a town on the borders of the tribe of Judah, Numbers 34:4 more briefly called אַדָּר, Joshua 15:3.

[“(2*) חֲצַר גַּדָּה (‘village of good fortune’), [Hazar-gaddah], in the southern part of the tribe of Judah, Joshua 15:27.”]

(2) חֲצַר סוּסָה, Joshua 19:5, and חֲצַר סוּסִים (“the village of horses”), [Hazar-susah, Hazar-susim], 1 Chronicles 4:31, in the tribe of Simeon.

(3) חֲצַר עֵינוֹן Ezekiel 47:17, and חֲצַר עֵינָן (“the village of fountains”), [Hazar-Enan], Ezekiel 48:1; Numbers 34:9, 10 Numbers 34:10, on the northern borders of Palestine.

(4) חֲצַר שׁוּעָל (“the fox’s village”), [Hazar-shual], Joshua 15:28, 19:3 1 Chronicles 4:28; Nehemiah 11:27, in the tribe of Simeon.

(5) חָצַר הַתִּיכוֹן (“the middle village”), [Hazar-hatticon], Ezekiel 47:16, on the borders of Auranitis.

(6) plur. חֲצֵרוֹת [Hazeroth], a station of the Israelites in Arabia Petræa, Numbers 11:35, 12:16 33:17 Deuteronomy 1:1.

[חֶצְרוֹ see חֶצְרַי.]


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List of Word Forms
בְּ֝חַצְר֗וֹת בְּחַצְר֖וֹת בְּחַצְר֤וֹת ׀ בְּחַצְר֥וֹת בְּחַצְרֵ֖י בְּחַצְרֵ֥י בְּחַצְרֵיהֶ֖ם בְּחַצְרֵיהֶ֜ם בְחַצְרֵיהֶם֙ בֶּֽחָצֵ֔ר בֶּחָצֵ֑ר בֶּחָצֵ֣ר בֶּחָצֵ֤ר בֶחָצֵ֑ר בַּחֲצֵר֖וֹ בַּחֲצֵרֶ֗יךָ בַּחֲצַ֕ר בַּחֲצַ֖ר בַּחֲצַ֣ר בַּחֲצַ֤ר בַּחֲצַ֥ר בחצר בחצרו בחצרות בחצרי בחצריהם בחצריך הֶֽחָצֵ֑ר הֶֽחָצֵ֔ר הֶֽחָצֵ֖ר הֶֽחָצֵ֗ר הֶֽחָצֵ֜ר הֶֽחָצֵ֤ר הֶֽחָצֵר֙ הֶֽחָצֵר֩ הֶחָצֵ֑ר הֶחָצֵ֔ר הֶחָצֵ֖ר הֶחָצֵ֗ר הֶחָצֵ֛ר הֶחָצֵ֜ר הֶחָצֵ֣ר הֶחָצֵ֤ר הֶחָצֵ֥ר הֶחָצֵ֧ר הֶחָצֵ֨ר הֶחָצֵֽר׃ הֶחָצֵר֙ הַֽחֲצֵרִ֗ים הַחֲצֵר֑וֹת הַחֲצֵר֛וֹת הַחֲצֵרִ֖ים הַחֲצֵרִ֗ים הַחֲצֵרֹ֖ת הַחֲצֵרוֹת֙ החצר החצר׃ החצרות החצרים החצרת וְהֶֽחָצֵר֙ וְחַצְרֵיהֶ֑ן וְחַצְרֵיהֶ֔ם וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽם׃ וְחַצְרֵיהֶֽן׃ וְחַצְרֵיהֶם֙ וְחָצֵ֨ר וְלֶחָצֵ֛ר וְלַחֲצַ֧ר וַחֲצֵרֶ֖יהָ וַחֲצֵרֶ֗יהָ וַחֲצֵרֶֽיהָ׃ וַחֲצֵרוֹתָ֑י וּבְחַצְר֖וֹת וּבְחַצְרֹ֣תֵיהֶ֔ם ובחצרות ובחצרתיהם והחצר וחצר וחצרותי וחצריה וחצריה׃ וחצריהם וחצריהם׃ וחצריהן וחצריהן׃ ולחצר חֲצֵ֫רֶ֥יךָ חֲצֵר֣וֹת חֲצֵרִ֖ים חֲצֵרִ֗ים חֲצֵרֶ֑יהָ חֲצֵרָ֑י חֲצֵרָֽי׃ חֲצֵרֹתָ֥יו חֲצַ֣ר חַצְר֥וֹת חַצְרֵ֖י חַצְרֵיהֶ֗ם חָצֵ֔רָה חָצֵ֖ר חָצֵ֣ר חָצֵ֥ר חָצֵר֙ חצר חצרה חצרות חצרי חצרי׃ חצריה חצריהם חצריך חצרים חצרתיו לְחַצְר֧וֹת לְחַצְר֪וֹת לְחַצְרוֹתָֽיו׃ לֶֽחָצֵר֙ לֶחָצֵ֖ר לֶחָצֵ֜ר לֶחָצֵ֣ר לֶחָצֵ֥ר לַחֲצַ֖ר לַחֲצַ֣ר לַחֲצַ֤ר לחצר לחצרות לחצרותיו׃ מֵֽהֶחָצֵ֖ר מֵחֲצַ֣ר מהחצר מחצר ba·ḥă·ṣar ba·ḥă·ṣê·re·ḵā ba·ḥă·ṣê·rōw bachaTzar bachatzeReicha bachatzeRo baḥăṣar baḥăṣêreḵā baḥăṣêrōw be·ḥā·ṣêr ḇe·ḥā·ṣêr bə·ḥaṣ·rê bə·ḥaṣ·rê·hem ḇə·ḥaṣ·rê·hem bə·ḥaṣ·rō·wṯ bechaTzer bechatzRei bechatzreiHem bechatzRot beḥāṣêr ḇeḥāṣêr bəḥaṣrê bəḥaṣrêhem ḇəḥaṣrêhem bəḥaṣrōwṯ chaTzar chaTzer chaTzerah chatzeRai chaTzeReicha chatzeReiha chatzeRim chatzeRot chatzeroTav chatzRei chatzreiHem chatzRot ha·ḥă·ṣê·rîm ha·ḥă·ṣê·rō·wṯ ha·ḥă·ṣê·rōṯ ḥă·ṣar ḥā·ṣê·rāh ḥă·ṣê·rāy ḥă·ṣê·re·hā ḥă·ṣê·re·ḵā ḥă·ṣê·rîm ḥă·ṣê·rō·ṯāw ḥă·ṣê·rō·wṯ ḥā·ṣêr hachatzeRim hachatzeRot haḥăṣêrîm haḥăṣêrōṯ haḥăṣêrōwṯ ḥaṣ·rê ḥaṣ·rê·hem ḥaṣ·rō·wṯ ḥăṣar ḥāṣêr ḥāṣêrāh ḥăṣêrāy ḥăṣêrehā ḥăṣêreḵā ḥăṣêrîm ḥăṣêrōṯāw ḥăṣêrōwṯ ḥaṣrê ḥaṣrêhem ḥaṣrōwṯ he·ḥā·ṣêr hechaTzer heḥāṣêr la·ḥă·ṣar lachaTzar laḥăṣar le·ḥā·ṣêr lə·ḥaṣ·rō·w·ṯāw lə·ḥaṣ·rō·wṯ lechaTzer lechatzRot lechatzroTav leḥāṣêr ləḥaṣrōwṯ ləḥaṣrōwṯāw mê·ḥă·ṣar mê·he·ḥā·ṣêr mechaTzar mêḥăṣar mehechaTzer mêheḥāṣêr ū·ḇə·ḥaṣ·rō·ṯê·hem ū·ḇə·ḥaṣ·rō·wṯ ūḇəḥaṣrōṯêhem ūḇəḥaṣrōwṯ uvechatzRot uvechatzRoteiHem vachatzeReiha vachatzeroTai vechaTzer vechatzreiHem vechatzreiHen vehechaTzer velachaTzar velechaTzer wa·ḥă·ṣê·re·hā wa·ḥă·ṣê·rō·w·ṯāy waḥăṣêrehā waḥăṣêrōwṯāy wə·ḥā·ṣêr wə·ḥaṣ·rê·hem wə·ḥaṣ·rê·hen wə·he·ḥā·ṣêr wə·la·ḥă·ṣar wə·le·ḥā·ṣêr wəḥāṣêr wəḥaṣrêhem wəḥaṣrêhen wəheḥāṣêr wəlaḥăṣar wəleḥāṣêr
 
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