the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2860 - חָתָן
1) son-in-law, daughter’s husband, bridegroom, husband
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 in relation to a father, daughter's husband, or bridegroom Genesis 19:12,14 (לֹקְחֵי בְּנֹתָיו׳ח), Genesis 19:14 (all J), Judges 15:6; Judges 19:5; 1 Samuel 18:18; 1 Samuel 22:14; Nehemiah 6:18; Nehemiah 13:28; see also חֲתַן בֵּית אַחְאָב 2 Kings 8:27 Song of Solomon -in-law of the house of Ahad, said of Ahaziah, whose mother Athaliah was the daughter of Ahab.
2 in relation to the bride, bridegroom דָּמִים אַתָּה לִי׳ח Exodus 4:25 a bloody bridegroom art thou to me, compare Exodus 4:26 (J; on this see We Prol. 1886,355); "" כַּלָּה Jeremiah 7:34; Jeremiah 16:9; Jeremiah 25:10; Jeremiah 33:11; Joel 2:16; in simile of ׳י's work for and delight in his people Isaiah 61:10; Isaiah 62:5; of sun Psalm 19:6.
חָתָן m. he who takes any one’s daughter in marriage, Gr. γαμβρός, hence with regard to the bride
(1) a bridegroom, Psalms 19:6; Isaiah 62:5. It is not easy to explain now in what sense the new-born child, Exodus 4:25, should, when circumcised, have been called by its mother חֲתַן דָּמִים bridegroom of blood [see note above]. It seems to me that in this metaphorical appellation is contained a comparison of circumcision, as the sign of the covenant between God and the new-born child (Genesis 17:10, 13 Genesis 17:13), with marriage; and for the same reason the Arabic verb ختن to contract affinity, has also the signification of circumcising, no doubt a secondary sense, derived from the former. [But see above]. Aben Ezra says, “It is customary for women to call a son when he is circumcised, bridegroom.” Those who apply these words to Moses and not to the child, seem to have made a great mistake; see the observations of Pococke in Not. Miscell. ad portam Mosis, p. 52. Rosenm. on Ex. loc. cit.
(2) with regard to parents, a son-in-law, Genesis 19:12; Judges 15:6.
(3) a connection by marriage, 2 Kings 8:27.