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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1135 - γυνή

Transliteration
gynḗ
Phonetics
goo-nay'
Root Word (Etymology)
probably from the base of (G1096)
Parts of Speech
feminine noun
TDNT
1:776,134
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γυναικεῖος
 
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Definition   
Thayer's
  1. a woman of any age, whether a virgin, or married, or a widow
  2. a wife
    1. of a betrothed woman
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 802 ‑ אִשָּׁה (ish‑shaw', naw‑sheem');  954 ‑ בּוֹשׁ (boosh);  1323 ‑ בַּת (bath);  2114 ‑ זוּר (zoor);  2860 ‑ חָתָן (khaw‑thawn');  2994 ‑ יְבָמָה (yeb‑ay'‑meth);  2994 ‑ יְבָמָה (yeb‑ay'‑meth);  3205 ‑ יָלַד (yaw‑lad');  4436 ‑ מַלְכָּה (mal‑kaw');  5039 ‑ נְבָלָה (neb‑aw‑law');  5291 ‑ נַעֲרָה (nah‑ar‑aw');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  6370 ‑ פִּלֶגֶשׁ (pee‑leh'‑ghesh, pee‑leh'‑ghesh);  7468 ‑ רְעוּת (reh‑ooth');  8198 ‑ שִׁפְחָה (shif‑khaw');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (221)
Matthew 30
Mark 19
Luke 43
John 23
Acts 19
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 41
Galatians 1
Ephesians 9
Colossians 2
1 Timothy 9
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 3
Revelation 19
NAS (214)
Matthew 31
Mark 15
Luke 39
John 21
Acts 19
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 43
Galatians 1
Ephesians 9
Colossians 2
1 Timothy 9
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 3
Revelation 19
HCS (209)
Matthew 28
Mark 17
Luke 39
John 19
Acts 19
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 41
Galatians 1
Ephesians 9
Colossians 2
1 Timothy 9
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 3
Revelation 19
BSB (216)
Matthew 30
Mark 17
Luke 41
John 22
Acts 19
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 41
Galatians 1
Ephesians 9
Colossians 2
1 Timothy 9
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 3
Revelation 19
ESV (189)
Matthew 22
Mark 11
Luke 33
John 21
Acts 18
1 Corinthians 40
Galatians 1
Ephesians 9
Colossians 2
1 Timothy 9
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 2
Revelation 19
WEB (221)
Matthew 30
Mark 21
Luke 44
John 21
Acts 19
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 41
Galatians 1
Ephesians 9
Colossians 2
1 Timothy 9
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 3
Revelation 18
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γῠνή,

Dor. γυνά, Boeot. βανά (v. sub voce), , gen. γυναικός, acc. γυναῖκα, voc. γύναι (γυνή Alc.Com. 32): dual γυναῐκε S. Ant. 61: pl. γυναῖκες, γυναικῶν, etc. (as if from γύναιξ wh. is only found in Gramm., cf. Hdn.Gr. 2.643): gen. γυναικείων Phoc. 3 (s. v.l.): Aeol. dat. pl. γυναίκεσσι Sapph. Supp. 7.6: Com. acc. γυνήν Pherecr. 91: pl. nom. γυναί Philippid. 2, Men. 484, acc. γυνάς Com.Adesp. 1336, cf. EM 243.24, AB 86:

I

1. woman, opp. man, Il. 15.683, etc.: with a second Subst., γ. ταμίη housekeeper, 6.390; δέσποινα Od. 7.347; γρηΰς (q. v.), ἀλετρίς (q. v.), δμῳαὶ γυναῖκες Il. 9.477,al.; Περσίδες γ. Hdt. 3.3: voc., as a term of respect or affection, mistress, lady, E. Med. 290, Theoc. 15.12, etc.; φαντὶ γυναῖκες the lasses say, Id. 20.30; πρὸς γυναικός like a woman, A. Ag. 592: prov., γ. μονωθεῖσ' οὐδέν Id. Supp. 749; ὅρκους γυναικὸς εἰς ὕδωρ γράφω (cf. γράφω 11) S. Fr. 811; γυναιξὶ κόσμον ἡ σιγὴ φέρει Id. Aj. 293.

II wife, spouse, Il. 6.160, Od. 8.523, Hdt. 1.34, etc.; γ. καὶ παρθένοι X. An. 3.2.25; opp. ἑταίρα, Isaiah 3:13; γ. γνησία, PEleph. 1.3 (iv B. C.); also, concubine, Il. 24.497.

III mortal woman, opp. goddess, 14.315, Od. 10.228, etc. female, mate of animals, Arist. Pol. 1262a22 (dub. sens.), Xenarch. 14, etc. Not to be taken as Adj. in γυναῖκα θήσατο μαζόν Il. 24.58. (Cf. Ved. gnâ- (freq. disyll.), Skt. janIsa)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

γυνή, γυναικός, ;

1. universally, a woman of any age, whether a virgin, or married, or a widow: Matthew 9:20; Matthew 13:33; Matthew 27:55; Luke 13:11; Acts 5:14, etc.; μεμνηστευμένῃ τίνι γυνή, Luke 2:5 R G; ὕπανδρος γυνή, Romans 7:2; γυνή χήρα, Luke 4:26 (1 Kings 7:2 (); ;femina vidua, Nepos, praef. 4). 2. a wife: 1 Corinthians 7:3f, 10, 18; Ephesians 5:22, etc.; γυνή τίνος, Matthew 5:31; Matthew 19:3, 5; Acts 5:1, 7; 1 Corinthians 7:2; Ephesians 5:28; Revelation 2:20 (G L WH marginal reading), etc. of a betrothed woman: Matthew 1:20, 24. γυνή τοῦ πατρός his step-mother: 1 Corinthians 5:1 (אָב אֵשֶׁת, Leviticus 18:8). ἔχειν γυναῖκα: Matthew 14:4; Matthew 22:28; Mark 6:18; Mark 12:23; Luke 20:33; see ἔχω, I. 2 b. at the end γύναι, as a form of address, may be used — either in indignation, Luke 22:57; or in admiration, Matthew 15:28; or in kindness and favor, Luke 13:12; John 4:21; or in respect, John 2:4; John 19:26 (as in Homer, Iliad 3, 204; Odyssey 19, 221; Josephus, Antiquities 1, 16, 3).


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γυνή , -αικός , ,

[in LXX for H802;]

1. a woman, married or unmarried: Matthew 11:11; Matthew 14:21, al.; ὕπανδρος γ ., Romans 7:2; γ . χήρα , Luke 4:26; in vocat., γύναι implies neither reproof nor severity, but is used freq. as a term of respect and endearment, Matthew 15:28, John 2:4; John 4:21; John 19:26.

2. a wife: Matthew 1:20, 1 Corinthians 7:3-4, al.; γ . ἀπολύειν , Mark 10:2, al.; γ . ἔχειν , Mark 6:18; γ . λαβεῖν , Mark 12:19; γ . γαμεῖν , Luke 14:20.

3. a deaconess, 1 Timothy 3:11 (CGT, in l).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This old noun retains from Homer down to MGr—where it has only changed its declension (ἡ γυναῖκα )—the two meanings of ";woman"; and ";wife"; : it is superfluous to illustrate the one or the other, as we should get no light on the only questions that arise in NT, such as which word to use in rendering Matthew 5:28. The meeting of two words characteristic of that passage does, however, make it worth while to quote Wünsch AF 5.45 (iii/A.D.), where Domitiana prays that her lover may be wholly devoted to her, μηδεμίαν ἄλλην γυναῖκα μήτε παρθένον ἐπιθυμοῦντα . That γυναῖκα = ";married woman"; in Mt l.c. is anyhow probable. The phrase of Mark 12:19 f. etc., may be paralleled in the oldest extant Greek papyrus, P Eleph 1.8 (B.C. 311) (= Selections, p. 2) λαμβάνει Ἡρακλείδης Δημητρίαν Κώιαν γυναῖκα γνησίαν παρὰ τοῦ πατρός κτλ .

The irregularity of the word’s flexion naturally produced some levelling. In general, as MGr shows, the single nom. sing. yielded to the oblique cases; but sometimes we find the reverse. Thus in Cagnat IV. 833 (Hierapolis, ii/A.D. or later) Αὐρ . Ἀζείου (οὐ )αιτρανοῦ καὶ τῆς γυνῆς αὐτοῦ Σεραπίας .

 

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γυναι γύναι γυναικα γυναίκα γυναίκά γυναῖκα γυναῖκά γυναικας γυναίκας γυναίκάς γυναῖκας γυναικες γυναίκες γυναίκές γυναῖκες γυναῖκές γυναικι γυναικί γυναικὶ γυναικος γυναικός γυναικὸς γυναικων γυναικών γυναικῶν γυναιξι γυναιξί γυναιξὶ γυναιξιν γυναιξίν γυναιξὶν γυνη γυνή γυνὴ γύπα γυπός γύρον γυψ γυψίν εγύρωσεν gunai gunaika gunaikas gunaikes gunaiki gunaikon gunaikōn gunaikos gunaixi gunaixin gune gunē gynai gýnai gynaika gynaîka gynaîká gynaikas gynaîkas gynaikes gynaîkes gynaîkés gynaiki gynaikí gynaikì gynaikon gynaikôn gynaikōn gynaikō̂n gynaikos gynaikós gynaikòs gynaixi gynaixì gynaixin gynaixín gynaixìn gyne gynē gynḗ gynḕ
 
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