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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1135 - γυνή

Transliteration
gynḗ
Phonetics
goo-nay'
Origin
probably from the base of (G1096)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:776,134
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a woman of any age, whether a virgin, or married, or a widow
  2. a wife
    1. of a betrothed woman
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 802 ‑ אִשָּׁה (ish‑shaw', naw‑sheem');  954 ‑ בּוֹשׁ (boosh);  1323 ‑ בַּת (bath);  2114 ‑ זוּר (zoor);  2860 ‑ חָתָן (khaw‑thawn');  2994 ‑ יְבָמָה (yeb‑ay'‑meth);  2994 ‑ יְבָמָה (yeb‑ay'‑meth);  3205 ‑ יָלַד (yaw‑lad');  4436 ‑ מַלְכָּה (mal‑kaw');  5039 ‑ נְבָלָה (neb‑aw‑law');  5291 ‑ נַעֲרָה (nah‑ar‑aw');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  6370 ‑ פִּלֶגֶשׁ (pee‑leh'‑ghesh, pee‑leh'‑ghesh);  7468 ‑ רְעוּת (reh‑ooth');  8198 ‑ שִׁפְחָה (shif‑khaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (221)
Matthew
30
Mark
19
Luke
43
John
23
Acts
19
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
41
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
9
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
3
Revelation
19
NAS (214)
Matthew
31
Mark
15
Luke
39
John
21
Acts
19
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
43
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
9
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
3
Revelation
19
HCS (209)
Matthew
28
Mark
17
Luke
39
John
19
Acts
19
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
41
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
9
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
3
Revelation
19
BSB (216)
Matthew
30
Mark
17
Luke
41
John
22
Acts
19
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
41
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
9
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
3
Revelation
19
ESV (189)
Matthew
22
Mark
11
Luke
33
John
21
Acts
18
1 Corinthians
40
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
9
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
2
Revelation
19
WEB (221)
Matthew
30
Mark
21
Luke
44
John
21
Acts
19
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
41
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
9
Titus
1
Hebrews
1
1 Peter
3
Revelation
18
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

γῠνή,

Dor. γυνά, Boeot. βανά (v. sub voce), , gen. γυναικός, acc. γυναῖκα, voc. γύναι (γυνή Alc.Com. 32): dual γυναῐκε S. Ant. 61: pl. γυναῖκες, γυναικῶν, etc. (as if from γύναιξ wh. is only found in Gramm., cf. Hdn.Gr. 2.643): gen. γυναικείων Phoc. 3 (s. v.l.): Aeol. dat. pl. γυναίκεσσι Sapph. Supp. 7.6: Com. acc. γυνήν Pherecr. 91: pl. nom. γυναί Philippid. 2, Men. 484, acc. γυνάς Com.Adesp. 1336, cf. EM 243.24, AB 86:

I

1. woman, opp. man, Il. 15.683, etc.: with a second Subst., γ. ταμίη housekeeper, 6.390; δέσποινα Od. 7.347; γρηΰς (q. v.), ἀλετρίς (q. v.), δμῳαὶ γυναῖκες Il. 9.477,al.; Περσίδες γ. Hdt. 3.3: voc., as a term of respect or affection, mistress, lady, E. Med. 290, Theoc. 15.12, etc.; φαντὶ γυναῖκες the lasses say, Id. 20.30; πρὸς γυναικός like a woman, A. Ag. 592: prov., γ. μονωθεῖσ' οὐδέν Id. Supp. 749; ὅρκους γυναικὸς εἰς ὕδωρ γράφω (cf. γράφω 11) S. Fr. 811; γυναιξὶ κόσμον ἡ σιγὴ φέρει Id. Aj. 293.

II wife, spouse, Il. 6.160, Od. 8.523, Hdt. 1.34, etc.; γ. καὶ παρθένοι X. An. 3.2.25; opp. ἑταίρα, Isaiah 3:13; γ. γνησία, PEleph. 1.3 (iv B. C.); also, concubine, Il. 24.497.

III mortal woman, opp. goddess, 14.315, Od. 10.228, etc. female, mate of animals, Arist. Pol. 1262a22 (dub. sens.), Xenarch. 14, etc. Not to be taken as Adj. in γυναῖκα θήσατο μαζόν Il. 24.58. (Cf. Ved. gnâ- (freq. disyll.), Skt. janIsa)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

γυνή , -αικός , ,

[in LXX for H802;]

1. a woman, married or unmarried: Matthew 11:11; Matthew 14:21, al.; ὕπανδρος γ ., Romans 7:2; γ . χήρα , Luke 4:26; in vocat., γύναι implies neither reproof nor severity, but is used freq. as a term of respect and endearment, Matthew 15:28, John 2:4; John 4:21; John 19:26.

2. a wife: Matthew 1:20, 1 Corinthians 7:3-4, al.; γ . ἀπολύειν , Mark 10:2, al.; γ . ἔχειν , Mark 6:18; γ . λαβεῖν , Mark 12:19; γ . γαμεῖν , Luke 14:20.

3. a deaconess, 1 Timothy 3:11 (CGT, in l).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This old noun retains from Homer down to MGr—where it has only changed its declension (ἡ γυναῖκα )—the two meanings of ";woman"; and ";wife"; : it is superfluous to illustrate the one or the other, as we should get no light on the only questions that arise in NT, such as which word to use in rendering Matthew 5:28. The meeting of two words characteristic of that passage does, however, make it worth while to quote Wünsch AF 5.45 (iii/A.D.), where Domitiana prays that her lover may be wholly devoted to her, μηδεμίαν ἄλλην γυναῖκα μήτε παρθένον ἐπιθυμοῦντα . That γυναῖκα = ";married woman"; in Mt l.c. is anyhow probable. The phrase of Mark 12:19 f. etc., may be paralleled in the oldest extant Greek papyrus, P Eleph 1.8 (B.C. 311) (= Selections, p. 2) λαμβάνει Ἡρακλείδης Δημητρίαν Κώιαν γυναῖκα γνησίαν παρὰ τοῦ πατρός κτλ .

The irregularity of the word’s flexion naturally produced some levelling. In general, as MGr shows, the single nom. sing. yielded to the oblique cases; but sometimes we find the reverse. Thus in Cagnat IV. 833 (Hierapolis, ii/A.D. or later) Αὐρ . Ἀζείου (οὐ )αιτρανοῦ καὶ τῆς γυνῆς αὐτοῦ Σεραπίας .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
γυναι γύναι γυναικα γυναίκα γυναίκά γυναῖκα γυναῖκά γυναικας γυναίκας γυναίκάς γυναῖκας γυναικες γυναίκες γυναίκές γυναῖκες γυναῖκές γυναικι γυναικί γυναικὶ γυναικος γυναικός γυναικὸς γυναικων γυναικών γυναικῶν γυναιξι γυναιξί γυναιξὶ γυναιξιν γυναιξίν γυναιξὶν γυνη γυνή γυνὴ γύπα γυπός γύρον γυψ γυψίν εγύρωσεν gunai gunaika gunaikas gunaikes gunaiki gunaikon gunaikōn gunaikos gunaixi gunaixin gune gunē gynai gýnai gynaika gynaîka gynaîká gynaikas gynaîkas gynaikes gynaîkes gynaîkés gynaiki gynaikí gynaikì gynaikon gynaikôn gynaikōn gynaikō̂n gynaikos gynaikós gynaikòs gynaixi gynaixì gynaixin gynaixín gynaixìn gyne gynē gynḗ gynḕ
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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