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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #2931 - טָמֵא

Transliteration
ṭâmêʼ
Phonetics
taw-may'
Root Word (Etymology)
from (H2930)
Parts of Speech
adjective
TWOT
809a
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טָמֵא
 
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טֻמְאָה
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) unclean, impure

1a) ethically and religiously

1b) ritually

1c) of places

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 167 ‑ ἀκαθαρσία (ak‑ath‑ar‑see'‑ah);  4509 ‑ ῥύπος (hroo'‑pos);  169 ‑ ἀκάθαρτος (ak‑ath'‑ar‑tos);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (84)
Leviticus 43
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Haggai 2
NAS (91)
Leviticus 48
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 1
Judges 2
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 6
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Haggai 2
HCS (88)
Leviticus 47
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Haggai 2
BSB (88)
Leviticus 47
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Haggai 2
ESV (86)
Leviticus 46
Numbers 11
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 5
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Haggai 2
WEB (87)
Leviticus 45
Numbers 12
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 1
Judges 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 6
Jeremiah 1
Lamentations 1
Ezekiel 5
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Haggai 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1197) mu (תהמ ThM) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or container, the m is a picture of water. Combined these mean "container of water". A bowl of water is used to wash dirt off.

C) mua (אתהמ AThM) AC: Shut CO: Shut AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]

V) mua (אתהמ AThM) - Shut: The closing of the eyes, ears or a window. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) narrow, stop, shut - Strongs: H331 (אָטַם)

E) amu (תהמא ThMA) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?

V) amu (תהמא ThMA) - Unclean: KJV (161): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) unclean, defile, pollute - Strongs: H2930 (טָמֵא)

Nm) amu (תהמא ThMA) - Unclean: KJV (87): unclean, defiled, infamous, polluted, pollution - Strongs: H2931 (טָמֵא)

of1) eamfu (תהומאה ThWMAH) - Unclean: KJV (37): uncleanness, filthiness, unclean - Strongs: H2932 (טֻמְאָה)

H) emu (תהמה ThMH) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?

V) emu (תהמה ThMH) - Unclean: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal) defile, vile - Strongs: H2933 (טָמָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 II. טָמֵא adjective unclean; — ׳ט Leviticus 5:2 58t.; construct טְמֵא Leviticus 22:4 3t.; feminine טְמֵאָה Leviticus 5:2 11t.; construct טְמֵאַת Ezekiel 22:5,10; plural טְמֵאִים Leviticus 11:8 10t.; — unclean,

1 ethically and religiouslyשׂפתים ׳ט Isaiah 6:5 (twice in verse) unclean of lips; השׁם׳ט Ezekiel 22:5 defiled of name, infamous; ׳טהור מִטּ Job 14:4.

2 ritually:

a. of persons, "" טהור Deuteronomy 12:15,22; Deuteronomy 15:22; Ecclesiastes 9:2; נפשׁ׳ט Leviticus 22:4 (H); (אדם) לנפשׁ׳ט unclean for a ( dead) person Numbers 5:2; Numbers 9:6,7,10 (P) = נפשׁ׳ט Haggai 2:13; elsewhere for various reasons Deuteronomy 26:14; Leviticus 5:2; Leviticus 13:11,16,44,45 (twice in verse); Leviticus 13:46; Leviticus 15:2,25,33; Numbers 19:13,17,19,20,22 (all P), 2 Chronicles 23:19; Isaiah 64:5; Ezekiel 4:13; Ezekiel 22:10; Lamentations 4:15.

b. of animals Leviticus 5:2 (4t. in verse); Leviticus 7:21 (twice in verse); Leviticus 11:4,5,6,7,8,26,27,28,29,31; Leviticus 27:11,27; Numbers 18:15 (all P), Leviticus 20:25 (twice in verse) (H), Deuteronomy 14:7,8,10,19.

c. of things in Gen. Leviticus 11:35 (twice in verse); Leviticus 11:38; Leviticus 15:26; Numbers 19:15 (all P), Isaiah 52:11; food Judges 13:4; Hosea 9:3; houses Jeremiah 19:13; leprosy Leviticus 13:15,51,55; Leviticus 14:44,57 (P); offering Haggai 2:14.

d. persons and things in General כל טמא Leviticus 7:19,21 (P); ובין הטהור׳הבדיל בין הט Leviticus 10:10; Leviticus 11:47; לטהור׳הודיע בין (ה)ט Ezekiel 22:26; Ezekiel 44:23; of aliens Isaiah 52:1 ("" עָרֵל), perhaps also Isaiah 35:8.

3 specifically of places: ׳מקום ט unclean place (place of refuse away from holy place and human habitation) Leviticus 14:40,41,45 (P); טמאה ארץ land on the east of the Jordan separated from the land of the tabernacle of ׳י Joshua 22:19 (P); so ׳אדמה ט a foreign land Amos 7:17.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

טָמֵא inf. טָמְאָה (Leviticus 15:32)

(1)  to be or to become unclean, to be polluted (Syr. ܛܰܡܰܐ, which follows the analogy of guttural verbs, to pollute, ܛܡܠܰܐ polluted, comp. Lat. contamino, attamino, intamino). Especially used of uncleanness in a Levitical sense both of persons and of animals (whose flesh was not to be eaten, see -Lev. 11:131 ); also of things, as of buildings, vessels. Opp. to טָהַד. Leviticus 11:24, seq. Followed by בְּ to be unclean by any thing. Levit. 15:32 18:20, 23 Leviticus 18:23. [“Also to defile oneself, followed by בְּ with any thing, Psalms 106:39; Ezekiel 22:4.”]

Niphal נִמְמָא part. plur. נִטְמְאִים Ezekiel 20:30, 31 Ezekiel 20:31, pass. of Piel, to pollute one’s self, as a woman by adultery, Numbers 5:13, 14, 20, 27, 28 a people by whoredom or idolatry, Hosea 5:3, 6:10. Followed by בְּ of the thing with which any one is defiled, as with idols, Ezekiel 20:43, 23:7, 30 Ezekiel 23:30.

Piel טִמֵּא

(1) to pollute, to defile, Leviticus 15:31, hence

(a) to profane a land with wickedness, Leviticus 18:28, 20:3 the temple, Psalms 79:1 the high places (בָּמוֹת) i.e. to destroy them, to take them away, 2 Kings 23:8, 10 2 Kings 23:10, 13 2 Kings 23:13.

(b) to violate a woman, or virgin, Genesis 34:5, 13 Genesis 34:13, 27 Genesis 34:27; Ezekiel 18:6, 15 Ezekiel 18:15.

(2) to declare any one unclean, as was done by the priest, Leviticus 13:3, Leviticus 13:8, 11 Leviticus 13:11, seq.

(3) to make be polluted, to cause to pollute one’s self, Ezekiel 20:36.

Pual part. polluted, Ezekiel 4:14.

Hithpael fut. יִטַּמָּא i.q. Niph. to pollute one’s self, followed by בְּ (Leviticus 11:43, 18:30 ) and לְ (Leviticus 11:24, 21:11 ) of the thing with which any one is polluted.

Hothpael הֻטַּמָּא id. Deuteronomy 24:4.

[Derivatives the following words.]

טָמֵא f. טְמֵאָה adj. impure, unclean

(a) in a Levitical sense as to persons, animals, and things, Leviticus 5:2; Deuteronomy 14:19.

(b) in a moral sense, Job 14:4. טְמֵאַת הַשֵּׁם polluted of name, infamous, Ezekiel 22:5.


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List of Word Forms
בְּטָמֵ֔א בטמא הַטְּמֵאִ֑ים הַטְּמֵאִ֥ים הַטְּמֵאָ֖ה הַטְּמֵאָה֙ הַטָּמֵ֔א הַטָּמֵ֖א הַטָּמֵ֤א הַטָּמֵ֥א הַטָּמֵא֙ הטמא הטמאה הטמאים וְטָמֵ֥א ׀ וְטָמֵֽא׃ וְלַטָּמֵ֔א וּטְמֵאִ֖ים וטמא וטמא׃ וטמאים ולטמא טְמֵ֣א טְמֵֽא־ טְמֵאִ֖ים טְמֵאִ֣ים טְמֵאִ֥ים טְמֵאִים֙ טְמֵאַ֣ת טְמֵאַ֥ת טְמֵאָ֔ה טְמֵאָ֗ה טְמֵאָ֜ה טְמֵאָ֥ה טְמֵאָֽה׃ טְמֵאָה֙ טְמֵא־ טָמֵ֑א טָמֵ֔א טָמֵ֖א טָמֵ֗א טָמֵ֞א טָמֵ֣א טָמֵ֣א ׀ טָמֵ֥א טָמֵֽא׃ טָמֵא֒ טָמֵא֙ טמא טמא־ טמא׃ טמאה טמאה׃ טמאים טמאת כַטָּמֵא֙ כטמא לַטְּמֵאָ֔ה לַטָּמֵ֔א לטמא לטמאה מִטָּמֵ֗א מטמא bə·ṭā·mê betaMe bəṭāmê chattaMe haṭ·ṭā·mê haṭ·ṭə·mê·’āh haṭ·ṭə·mê·’îm hattaMe haṭṭāmê haṭṭəmê’āh haṭṭəmê’îm hattemeAh hattemeIm ḵaṭ·ṭā·mê ḵaṭṭāmê laṭ·ṭā·mê laṭ·ṭə·mê·’āh lattaMe laṭṭāmê laṭṭəmê’āh lattemeAh miṭ·ṭā·mê mittaMe miṭṭāmê ṭā·mê taMe ṭāmê ṭə·mê ṭə·mê- ṭə·mê·’āh ṭə·mê·’aṯ ṭə·mê·’îm teme ṭəmê ṭəmê- ṭəmê’āh ṭəmê’aṯ ṭəmê’îm temeAh temeAt temeIm ū·ṭə·mê·’îm ūṭəmê’îm utemeIm velattaMe vetaMe wə·laṭ·ṭā·mê wə·ṭā·mê wəlaṭṭāmê wəṭāmê
 
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