the Fourth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #331 - אָטַם
1) to shut, shut up, close
1a) (Qal) to shut, stop (of lips)
1b) (Hiphil) of the wicked stopping their ears (figuratively)
1197) mu (תהמ ThM) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or container, the m is a picture of water. Combined these mean "container of water". A bowl of water is used to wash dirt off.
C) mua (אתהמ AThM) AC: Shut CO: Shut AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root]
V) mua (אתהמ AThM) - Shut: The closing of the eyes, ears or a window. KJV (8): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) narrow, stop, shut - Strongs: H331 (אָטַם)
E) amu (תהמא ThMA) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?
V) amu (תהמא ThMA) - Unclean: KJV (161): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hitpael, Pual, Piel) unclean, defile, pollute - Strongs: H2930 (טָמֵא)
Nm) amu (תהמא ThMA) - Unclean: KJV (87): unclean, defiled, infamous, polluted, pollution - Strongs: H2931 (טָמֵא)
of1) eamfu (תהומאה ThWMAH) - Unclean: KJV (37): uncleanness, filthiness, unclean - Strongs: H2932 (טֻמְאָה)
H) emu (תהמה ThMH) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?
V) emu (תהמה ThMH) - Unclean: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal) defile, vile - Strongs: H2933 (טָמָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Participle active אֹטֵם Proverbs 17:28 2t.; passive אֲטֻמִים 1 Kings 6:4; אֲטֻמוֺת Ezekiel 40:16 2t.; — shut, stop, object lips Proverbs 17:28; ears Proverbs 21:13; Isaiah 33:15; passive = closed (i.e. narrowed, narrowing, compare ᵑ6 in Co) ׳חַלּוֺנוֺת א Ezekiel 40:16; Ezekiel 41:16,26; compare חַלּוֺנֵי שְׁקֻפִים אֲטֻמִים 1 Kings 6:4.
Hiph`il Imperfect id quod Qal יַאְטֵם Psalm 58:5 (jussive with sense of indicative, compare Dr§ 173obs.) of adder, stopping ears, simile of wicked.
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אָטַם to shut, to close up, to stop, e.g. the mouth, the ears, Proverbs 17:28, 21:13 חַלּוֹנוֹת אֲטֻמוֹת, Ezekiel 40:16, 41:16, 26 Ezekiel 41:26, “closed windows, with shut lattices,” the bars of which being let into the wall and planks, could not be opened and shut at pleasure. LXX. θυρίδες δικτυωταί. Symm. τοξικαί. Comp. 1 Kings 6:4. Comp. Arab. أَطِمَ, to put a curtain over a window.
Hiphil id., Psalms 58:5.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.