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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2930 - טָמֵא
1) to be unclean, become unclean, become impure
1a) (Qal) to be or become unclean
1b1) to defile oneself, be defiled
1b1b) by idolatry
1b2) to be regarded as unclean
1c1) to defile
1c2) to pronounce unclean, declare unclean (ceremonially)
1c3) to profane (God’s name)
1d) (Pual) to be defiled
1e) (Hithpael) to be unclean
1f) (Hothpael) to be defiled
1197) mu (תהמ ThM) AC: ? CO: Unclean AB: ?: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket or container, the m is a picture of water. Combined these mean "container of water". A bowl of water is used to wash dirt off.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
טָמֵא inf. טָמְאָה (Leviticus 15:32)
(1) to be or to become unclean, to be polluted (Syr. ܛܰܡܰܐ, which follows the analogy of guttural verbs, to pollute, ܛܡܠܰܐ polluted, comp. Lat. contamino, attamino, intamino). Especially used of uncleanness in a Levitical sense both of persons and of animals (whose flesh was not to be eaten, see -Lev. 11:131 ); also of things, as of buildings, vessels. Opp. to טָהַד. Leviticus 11:24, seq. Followed by בְּ to be unclean by any thing. Levit. 15:32 18:20, 23 Leviticus 18:23. [“Also to defile oneself, followed by בְּ with any thing, Psalms 106:39; Ezekiel 22:4.”]
Niphal נִמְמָא part. plur. נִטְמְאִים Ezekiel 20:30, 31 Ezekiel 20:31, pass. of Piel, to pollute one’s self, as a woman by adultery, Numbers 5:13, 14, 20, 27, 28 a people by whoredom or idolatry, Hosea 5:3, 6:10. Followed by בְּ of the thing with which any one is defiled, as with idols, Ezekiel 20:43, 23:7, 30 Ezekiel 23:30.
(1) to pollute, to defile, Leviticus 15:31, hence
(a) to profane a land with wickedness, Leviticus 18:28, 20:3 the temple, Psalms 79:1 the high places (בָּמוֹת) i.e. to destroy them, to take them away, 2 Kings 23:8, 10 2 Kings 23:10, 13 2 Kings 23:13.
(b) to violate a woman, or virgin, Genesis 34:5, 13 Genesis 34:13, 27 Genesis 34:27; Ezekiel 18:6, 15 Ezekiel 18:15.
(2) to declare any one unclean, as was done by the priest, Leviticus 13:3, Leviticus 13:8, 11 Leviticus 13:11, seq.
(3) to make be polluted, to cause to pollute one’s self, Ezekiel 20:36.
Pual part. polluted, Ezekiel 4:14.
Hithpael fut. יִטַּמָּא i.q. Niph. to pollute one’s self, followed by בְּ (Leviticus 11:43, 18:30 ) and לְ (Leviticus 11:24, 21:11 ) of the thing with which any one is polluted.
Hothpael הֻטַּמָּא id. Deuteronomy 24:4.
[Derivatives the following words.]
טָמֵא f. טְמֵאָה adj. impure, unclean
(a) in a Levitical sense as to persons, animals, and things, Leviticus 5:2; Deuteronomy 14:19.
(b) in a moral sense, Job 14:4. טְמֵאַת הַשֵּׁם polluted of name, infamous, Ezekiel 22:5.
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