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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #380 - אִישׁוֹן
1) pupil of the eye
2) middle of the night (that is the deepest blackness)
1021) sa (אסה ASh) AC: Press CO: Fire AB: Despair: The pictograph a represents strength. The s is a picture of teeth and imply pressing as one does with the teeth to chew food. Combined these pictures mean "a strong pressing down". A fire is made by firmly pressing a wooden rod down onto a wooden board and spinning the rod with a bow drill. Wood dust is generated from the two woods rubbing together and is heated by the friction creating a small ember in the dust. Small tinder is then placed on the ember and is blown ignited the tinder. (eng: ash - as the product of fire)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אִישׁוֹן (dimin. from אִישׁ) m.
(1) a little man, and followed by עַיִן “little man of the eye,” i.e. pupil, in which as in a glass a little image of a man is seen, Deuteronomy 32:10; Proverbs 7:2. This pretty figure is used in many languages, as Arab. إِنْسَانُ اُلْعَيْنِ little man of the eye, Gr. κόρη, κοράσιον, κορασίδιον, Lat. pupa, pupula, pupilla, Pers. مردك, and compare the instances collected in Thes. p. 86; more fully, Psalms 17:8, אִישׁוֹן בַּת עַיִן “pupil daughter of the eye.” (See בַּת.)
(2) Metaph. the middle, midst of any thing (as Arab. بُوءْ بُوءُ pupil, for middle, summit). Hence Proverbs 7:9, “in the pupil of the night,” i.e. in the middle of the night; 20:20, “in the pupil of darkness,” i.e. in the middle of the darkness; which passage is in קרי, בֶּאֱשׁוּן ח׳ “in the darkness of the night.”
the Second Week of Advent