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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #380 - אִישׁוֹן

Root Word (Etymology)
diminutive from (H376)
Parts of Speech
masculine noun
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1) pupil of the eye

2) middle of the night (that is the deepest blackness)

Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
NAS (5)
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
CSB (5)
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
BSB (5)
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
ESV (6)
Deuteronomy 2
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Jeremiah 1
Micah 1
WEB (5)
Deuteronomy 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1021) sa (אסה ASh) AC: Press CO: Fire AB: Despair: The pictograph a represents strength. The s is a picture of teeth and imply pressing as one does with the teeth to chew food. Combined these pictures mean "a strong pressing down". A fire is made by firmly pressing a wooden rod down onto a wooden board and spinning the rod with a bow drill. Wood dust is generated from the two woods rubbing together and is heated by the friction creating a small ember in the dust. Small tinder is then placed on the ember and is blown ignited the tinder. (eng: ash - as the product of fire)

A) sa (אסה ASh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The pressing of wood together with a fire drill to produce fire through friction.

Nf) sa (אסה ASh) - Fire: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (380): fire, burning, fiery, flaming, hot - Strongs: H784 (אֵשׁ), H785 (אֶשָּׁא)

Nf1) esa (אסהה AShH) - Fire: A fire as well as an offering made by fire. KJV (1): fire - Strongs: H800 (אֵשׁ)

jm) nfsa (אסהונ AShWN) - Furnace: [Aramaic only] KJV (10): furnace - Strongs: H861 (אַתּוּן)

B) ssa (אסהסה AShSh) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

bf) sisa (אסהיסה AShYSh) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H808 (אָשִׁישׁ)

bf1) esisa (אסהיסהה AShYShH) - Raisin Cake: Dried raisins, a food staple, were pressed into cakes. KJV (4): flagon - Strongs: H809 (אֲשִׁישָׁה)

E) asa (אסהא AShA) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

om) asfa (אוסהא AWShA) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): foundation - Strongs: H787 (אשׁ)

H) esa (אסהה AShH) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?

em ) esia (איסהה AYShH) - Fire: A fire offering. KJV (65): offering - Strongs: H801 (אִשֶּׁה)

L) sai (יאסה YASh) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Despair: A strong pressing down on someone bringing despair or hopelessness.

V) sai (יאסה YASh) - Despair: A pressure of hopelessness. KJV (6): (vf: Niphal, Piel) despair, desperate, no hope - Strongs: H2976 (יָאַשׁ)

M) sia (איסה AYSh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The charred wood after being burned in the fire.

jm) nfsia (איסהונ AYShWN) - Black: The black of night or the pupil of the eye. In the sense of charring from a fire. KJV (6): apple, obscure, black - Strongs: H380 (אִישׁוֹן)

N) isa (אסהי AShY) AC: ? CO: Pillar AB: ?: A strong pressing down on something.

df1) eifsa (אסהויה AShWYH) - Pil KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H803 (אֲשׁוּיָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 אִישׁוֺן noun [masculine] pupil of eye (compare Dl HA 9 Prät LoPh, Feb. 1884, but also Arabic , & Nö ZMG 1886,739) — ׳א all construct — עַיִן׳א Deuteronomy 32:10; Proverbs 7:2; בַּתעַֿיִן׳א Psalm 17:8 (in all, simile of preciousness); = middle, midst of night לַיְלָה וַאֲפֵלָה׳בְּא Proverbs 7:9; חשֶׁח׳בְּא Proverbs 20:20 Kt i.e. in deep darkness (Qr בֶּאֱשׁוּן see Now).

אִישַׁי see יִשַׁי.

אֱשׁוּן Qr Proverbs 20:20 see אִישׁוֺן below אישׁ.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אִישׁוֹן (dimin. from אִישׁ) m.

(1)  a little man, and followed by עַיִן “little man of the eye,” i.e. pupil, in which as in a glass a little image of a man is seen, Deuteronomy 32:10; Proverbs 7:2. This pretty figure is used in many languages, as Arab. إِنْسَانُ اُلْعَيْنِ little man of the eye, Gr. κόρη, κοράσιον, κορασίδιον, Lat. pupa, pupula, pupilla, Pers. مردك, and compare the instances collected in Thes. p. 86; more fully, Psalms 17:8, אִישׁוֹן בַּת עַיִן “pupil daughter of the eye.” (See בַּת.)

(2) Metaph. the middle, midst of any thing (as Arab. بُوءْ بُوءُ pupil, for middle, summit). Hence Proverbs 7:9, “in the pupil of the night,” i.e. in the middle of the night; 20:20, “in the pupil of darkness,” i.e. in the middle of the darkness; which passage is in קרי, בֶּאֱשׁוּן ח׳ “in the darkness of the night.”

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List of Word Forms
בְּאִישׁ֥וֹן בֶּאֱשׁ֥וּן באישון באשון כְּאִישׁ֣וֹן כְּאִישׁ֥וֹן כאישון be’ĕšūn bə’îšōwn be·’ĕ·šūn bə·’î·šō·wn beeShun beiShon kə’îšōwn kə·’î·šō·wn keiShon
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