the Week of Proper 21 / Ordinary 26
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #2976 - יָאַשׁ
1) to despair
1a) (Niphal) to be despaired, be desperate
1b) (Piel) to cause to despair
2) it is hopeless!
1021) sa (אסה ASh) AC: Press CO: Fire AB: Despair: The pictograph a represents strength. The s is a picture of teeth and imply pressing as one does with the teeth to chew food. Combined these pictures mean "a strong pressing down". A fire is made by firmly pressing a wooden rod down onto a wooden board and spinning the rod with a bow drill. Wood dust is generated from the two woods rubbing together and is heated by the friction creating a small ember in the dust. Small tinder is then placed on the ember and is blown ignited the tinder. (eng: ash - as the product of fire)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal) (Late Hebrew Hithpa`el despair of, יֵאוּשׁ desperation; Aramaic Pa`el יָאֵשׁ, etc., make despair (so ᵑ7 Ecclesiastes 2:20); Arabic despair) —
Niph`al Perfect וְנוֺאַש consecutive 1 Samuel 27:1; Participle נוֺאָשׁ Jeremiah 2:25 3t.; — despair, מִמֶּנִּי שָׁאוּל׳וְנ לְבַקְּשֵׁנִי 1 Samuel 27:1 and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me; participle desperate, despairing, of Job , Job 6:26; elsewhere נוֺאָ֑שׁ (following אמר) desperate! = there is no hope! Jeremiah 2:25; Jeremiah 18:12; Isaiah 57:10.
Pi`el Infinitive לְיַאֵשׁאֶתלִֿבִּי עַל כָּלהֶֿעָמָל Ecclesiastes 2:20 to make my heart despair, concerning all the toil.
יאֹשִׁיָּ֫הוּ, יאֹשִׁיָּה see below אשׁה above
יָאַשׁ unused in Kal. Arabic يَأَسَ and transp. اُيِسَ to despair, to be cast down in spirit.
Niphal id., followed by מִן to desist from any person on thing. 1 Samuel 27:1, וְנוֹאַשׁ מִמֶּנִּי שָׁאוּל לְבַקְּשֵׁנִי עוֹד “Saul will desist from me to seek me any more.” Part. נוֹאָשׁ void of hope, Job 6:26. Neutr. to be without hope, to be in vain, Isaiah 57:10; Jeremiah 2:25, 18:12.
Piel inf. יָאֵשׁ, followed by לִבּוֹ to give over to despair Ecclesiastes 2:20.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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