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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #5640 - שָׂתַם
1) to stop up, shut up, keep close
1a1) to stop up
1a2) to shut up, keep close
1a3) secret (participle)
1b) (Niphal) to be stopped up
1c) (Piel) to stop up
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳ס 2 Chronicles 32:30; Imperfect 2 masculine plural תִּסְתֹּ֑מוּ 2 Kings 3:19; 3 masculine plural יִסְתֹּ֑מוּ 2 Kings 3:25, וַיִּסְתְּמוּ 2 Chronicles 32:4; Imperative masculine singular סְתֹם Daniel 8:26; Daniel 12:4; Infinitive construct לִסְתּוֺם 2 Chronicles 32:3; Passive participle סָתוּם Ezekiel 28:3, סָתֻם Psalm 51:8, plural סְתֻמִים Daniel 12:9; —
1 stop up springs of water 2 Kings 3:19,25; 2 Chronicles 32:3,4, compare 2 Chronicles 32:30.
2 shut up, keep close, prophetic words Daniel 8:26; Daniel 12:4,9; בְּסָתֻם Psalm 51:8 in (the) closed (chamber of the breast; "" טֻחוֺת). — כָּלסָֿתוּם Ezekiel 28:3 usually no secret is too dark for thee, but doubtful (see II. עמם); ᵐ5 σοφοί, Co חַרְטֻמִּים < Toy חֲכָמִים, or Berthol. קֹסְמִים.
Niph`al Infinitive construct לְהִסָּתֵם Nehemiah 4:1 the breaches [in the walls] had begun to be stopped up.
Pi`el Perfect 3 plural suffix סִתְּמוּם Genesis 26:16; Imperfect 3 masculine plural suffix וַיְסַתְּמוּם Genesis 26:18, both of stopping wells quite up (R JE).
שָׂתַם verb usually stop up, in sense of shut out, shut ears against (late "" form of סָתַם; yet awkward; Ba Esther 9 compare Arabic frustrate, disappoint); —
Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular תְּפִלָּתִי׳שׂ Lamentations 3:8 (> van d. H. שָׂתָם) he (׳י) hath shut out my prayer (Bu ׳מתּ׳שׂ shut up [himself] from).
שָׂתַם i.q. סָתַם to stop, to obstruct. Lamentations 3:9, שָׂתַם תְּפִלָּתִי “he obstructeth my prayers,” that they do not come to God. Comp. Lamentations 3:44.