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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #662 - אָפַק
1387) qp (פק PQ) AC: Crumble CO: Riverbank AB: ?: The riverbank restrains the river but the force of the river also eats away at the bank causing it to erode and collapse. (eng: peek -see adopted roots)
V) qfp (פוק PWQ) - I. Crumble: II. Advance:The advancing water from the crumbling riverbank causing it to become wider. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) stumble, move - Strongs: H6328 (פּוּק), H6329 (פּוּק)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
אָפַק a root not used in Kal.
(1) to hold, to hold fast, i.q. חָזַק, הֶחֱזִיק, see אָפִיק No. 1, and Hithpael.
(2) to be strong, mighty, see אָפִיק No. 2. For the signification of holding, especially holding firmly is often applied to strength. Arab. أَفَقَ is to overcome, to conquer; أَفِقَ to excel (prop. to be very strong) in liberality, eloquence; آفِقُ excellent, surpassing.
Hithpael, to hold oneself fast, to restrain oneself from giving way to the impulses of love, Genesis 43:31, 45:1 grief, Isaiah 42:14 anger, Esther 5:10 conscience, 1 Samuel 13:12. Genesis 45:1, “and Joseph could no longer restrain himself;” Isaiah 63:15, רַחֲמֶיךָ אֵלַי הִתְאַפָּֽקוּ “thy love towards me restrains itself;” 1 Sa. loc. cit. of Saul, “I forced myself, and offered the burnt offering” (although I knew that I was forbidden so to do). Besides the derivatives which immediately follow, see אָפִיק.
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