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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #662 - אָפַק

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to hold, be strong, restrain, hold back

1a) (Hithpael)

1a1) to restrain oneself, refrain

1a2) to force, compel oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1467 ‑ ἐγκρατεύομαι (eng‑krat‑yoo'‑om‑ahee);  430 ‑ ἀνέχω (an‑ekh'‑om‑ahee);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (7)
Genesis 2
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Isaiah 3
NAS (7)
Genesis 2
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Isaiah 3
CSB (7)
Genesis 2
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Isaiah 3
BSB (7)
Genesis 2
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Isaiah 3
ESV (7)
Genesis 2
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Isaiah 3
WEB (7)
Genesis 2
1 Samuel 1
Esther 1
Isaiah 3
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1387) qp (פק PQ) AC: Crumble CO: Riverbank AB: ?: The riverbank restrains the river but the force of the river also eats away at the bank causing it to erode and collapse. (eng: peek -see adopted roots)

C) qpa (אפק APQ) AC: ? CO: Riverbank AB: ?

V) qpa (אפק APQ) - Restrain: KJV (7): (vf: Hitpael) refrain, force, restrain - Strongs: H662 (אָפַק)

bm) qipa (אפיק APYQ) - Riverbank: KJV (19): river, channel, stream, brook, mighty, scales, strong - Strongs: H650 (אָפִיק)

J) qfp (פוק PWQ) AC: Crumble CO: ? AB: ?: The crumbling of the riverbank by the force of the river.

V) qfp (פוק PWQ) - I. Crumble: II. Advance:The advancing water from the crumbling riverbank causing it to become wider. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) stumble, move - Strongs: H6328 (פּוּק), H6329 (פּוּק)

M) qip (פיק PYQ) AC: Crumble CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) qip (פיק PYQ) - Crumble: KJV (1): smite - Strongs: H6375 (פִּק)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [אָפַק] verb hold, be strong (so Thes who compare Arabic excel = multum valuit; MV compare also ) — only

Hithpa`el Perfect 3 plural הִתְאַמָּ֑קוּ Isaiah 63:15; Imperfect וַיִּתְאַפַק Genesis 43:21; Esther 5:10; 2 masculine singular תִּתְאַמַּק Isaiah 64:11; אֶתְאַמָּ֑ק Isaiah 42:14; וָאֶתְאַמַּק 1 Samuel 13:12

1 force, compel oneself 1 Samuel 13:12.

2 restrain oneself, refrain Genesis 43:31; Genesis 45:1; Isaiah 42:14; Esther 5:10; of ׳י Isaiah 64:11; of Yahweh's compassion Isaiah 63:15, מֵעֶיךָ וְרַחֲמֶיךָאֵלַי הִתְּאַמָּ֑קוּ (almost passive).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָפַק a root not used in Kal.

(1)  to hold, to hold fast, i.q. חָזַק, הֶחֱזִיק, see אָפִיק No. 1, and Hithpael.

(2) to be strong, mighty, see אָפִיק No. 2. For the signification of holding, especially holding firmly is often applied to strength. Arab. أَفَقَ is to overcome, to conquer; أَفِقَ to excel (prop. to be very strong) in liberality, eloquence; آفِقُ excellent, surpassing.

Hithpael, to hold oneself fast, to restrain oneself from giving way to the impulses of love, Genesis 43:31, 45:1 grief, Isaiah 42:14 anger, Esther 5:10 conscience, 1 Samuel 13:12. Genesis 45:1, “and Joseph could no longer restrain himself;” Isaiah 63:15, רַחֲמֶיךָ אֵלַי הִתְאַפָּֽקוּ “thy love towards me restrains itself;” 1 Sa. loc. cit. of Saul, “I forced myself, and offered the burnt offering” (although I knew that I was forbidden so to do). Besides the derivatives which immediately follow, see אָפִיק.

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List of Word Forms
אֶתְאַפָּ֑ק אתאפק הִתְאַפָּֽקוּ׃ התאפקו׃ וַיִּ֨תְאַפַּ֔ק וַיִּתְאַפַּ֣ק וָֽאֶתְאַפַּ֔ק ואתאפק ויתאפק לְהִתְאַפֵּ֗ק להתאפק תִתְאַפַּ֖ק תתאפק ’eṯ’appāq ’eṯ·’ap·pāq etapPak hiṯ’appāqū hiṯ·’ap·pā·qū hitapPaku lə·hiṯ·’ap·pêq ləhiṯ’appêq lehitapPek ṯiṯ’appaq ṯiṯ·’ap·paq titapPak vaetapPak vaiYitapPak wā’eṯ’appaq wā·’eṯ·’ap·paq way·yiṯ·’ap·paq wayyiṯ’appaq
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