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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #6658 - צָדָה

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

  1. (Qal) to lie in wait
  2. to lay waste
    1. (Niphal) to be laid waste

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1195 ‑ δεσμεύω (des‑myoo'‑o);  1587 ‑ ἐκλείπω (ek‑li'‑po);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (3)
Exodus 1
1 Samuel 1
Zephaniah 1
N95 (0)
CSB (3)
Exodus 1
1 Samuel 1
Zephaniah 1
BSB (3)
Exodus 1
1 Samuel 1
Zephaniah 1
ESV (2)
1 Samuel 1
Zephaniah 1
WEB (3)
Exodus 1
1 Samuel 1
Zephaniah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1395) dy (תסד TsD) AC: Hide CO: Side AB: Stronghold: The pictograph y is a picture of the side of a man. One lies down to sleep, hide or ambush. (eng: side)

A) dy (תסד TsD) AC: ? CO: Side AB: Stronghold

Nm ) dy (תסד TsD) - I. Side: II. Concerning:On the side of something. [Aramaic only] KJV (35): side, beside, another, concerning, against - Strongs: H6654 (צַד), H6655 (צַד)

km) dym (מתסד MTsD) - Stronghold: A hiding place surrounded by sides. KJV (11): stronghold, hold, castle, fort, munition - Strongs: H4679 (מְצָדָה)

adf1) edfym (מתסודה MTsWDH) - Stronghold: A hiding place surrounded by sides. KJV (22): fortress, hold, snare, stronghold, castle, fort, defense - Strongs: H4686 (מְצֻדָה)

H) edy (תסדה TsDH) AC: Lay down CO: ? AB: ?

V) edy (תסדה TsDH) - Lay-down: KJV (3): (vf: Paal, Niphal) wait, hunt, destroy - Strongs: H6658 (צָדָה)

Nm) edy (תסדה TsDH) - True: Posed as a question, "is it true", as if laying something down for investigation. [Aramaic only] KJV (1): - Strongs: H6656 (צְדָא)

ff1) eidy (תסדיה TsDYH) - Ambush: A laying down in wait. KJV (2): lay - Strongs: H6660 (צְדִיָּה)

J) dfy (תסוד TsWD) AC: Hunt CO: Snare AB: ?

V) dfy (תסוד TsWD) - Hunt: To hunt in the sense of laying in ambush. KJV (18): (vf: Paal, Hitpael) hunt, take, chase, provision, sore - Strongs: H6679 (צִיד)

am) dfym (מתסוד MTsWD) - Snare: A tool used for trapping animals while the hunter lies in wait. KJV (6): net, snare, bulwark - Strongs: H4685 (מְצֹדָה)

af1) edfym (מתסודה MTsWDH) - Snare: A tool used for trapping animals while the hunter lies in wait. KJV (6): net, munition, hold - Strongs: H4685 (מְצֹדָה)

M) diy (תסיד TsYD) AC: Hunt CO: Meat AB: ?

Nm ) diy (תסיד TsYD) - I. Hunter:One who lays in ambush. II. Meat:The produce of the hunt. KJV (20): venison, hunter, victuals, provision, hunting, catch, food, hunting - Strongs: H6718 (צַיִד), H6719 (צַיָּד)

Nf1) ediy (תסידה TsYDH) - Meat: The produce of the hunt. KJV (10): venison, victuals, provision, meat - Strongs: H6720 (צֵדָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. צָדָה verb lie in wait (Late Hebrew id., rare; compare (si vera lectio) Biblical Aramaic צְדָא Daniel 3:14) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳צ Exodus 21:13 (E; absolute); Participle with accusative וְאַתָּה צֹדֶהאֶתנַֿפְשִׁי לְקִחְתָּהּ 1 Samuel 24:11 (Gi; v. 1 Samuel 24:12 van d. H. Baer).

II. [צָדָה] verb lay waste (Late Hebrew id. (rare), Aramaic צְדִי, , id.); —

Niph`al Perfect 3 plural נִצְדּוּעָרֵיהֶם Zephaniah 3:6 their cities are laid waste.

צֵדָה see צֵידָה, below II. צוד. צֵדְנִיֹּת see צִידֹנִי.

צדק (√of following; Late Hebrew, Aramaic in derivatives; compare Arabic speak the truth (also hard, even, straight, perfect); Sabean צדק just, epithet of king Mordtm ZMG xxx (1876), 37 Hom Chrest. 125; usually excellent DHM ZMG xxix (1875), 595,590 CIS iv. p. 176; also verb favour, endow (one with something) CIS iv. No. 198l. 4 DHM l.c. Mordtm Him. Inschr. 70f.; Phoenician צדק adjective just, right, Tel Amarna (Canaanite) ƒaduk, innocent Old Aramaic צדק noun righteousness, loylty, Nabataean אצדק adjective authorized, Palmyrene זדקתא εὐσεβής; Saho sada‡, be true, clear Reinisch Saho Spr, (1890) 312; Ethiopic be just, righteous, so Late Hebrew צדק Pi`el Hiph`il, Aramaic צְדֵיק, ; compare Kau der. d. St. צדק (1881) HPSצדק etc. Presb. Revelation , 1882,165 ff. Gerber206ff.).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

צָדָה [see below] (kindred to the verb צוּד), to lie in wait for any one, followed by an acc. Exodus 21:13 followed by נֶפֶשׁ to lie in wait for life, 1 Samuel 24:12.

Derivatives, צְדִיָה, Ch. צְדָא.

Niphal, according to the Chaldee and Syriac use, to be desolated (perhaps prop. to be taken by lying in wait), Zephaniah 3:6.

[In Thes.



(1)  to cut down, to mow, whence the name of the letter צ. Hence

(2) to lay waste a country or city; so Ch. etc.”

“Niphal, to be laid waste, used of cities, Zephaniah 3:6. Parall. נָשַׁמּוּ. Jerome, desolatœ sunt.”



(1) prop. to fix the eyes on any thing. So Syr.” Hence

“(2) to fix the mind on anything, to search for; followed by an acc. 1 Samuel 24:12. Absol. Exodus 21:13.”]

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List of Word Forms
נִצְדּ֧וּ נצדו צָדָ֔ה צֹדֶ֥ה צדה niṣ·dū niṣdū nitzDu ṣā·ḏāh ṣāḏāh ṣō·ḏeh ṣōḏeh tzaDah tzoDeh
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