the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #748 - אָרַךְ
1) to be long, prolong
1a) (Qal) to be long
1b1) to prolong (days)
1b2) to make long (tent cords)
1b3) to grow long, continue long
1448) kr (רכ RK) AC: ? CO: Loins AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head of a man, the k is a picture of the palm representing a covering. Combined these mean "man covered". The reproductive organs of the male including the lower abdomen which are always covered.
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect אָֽרְכוּ Genesis 26:8; Imperfect יַאַרְכוּ Ezekiel 12:22; 3 feminine plural וַתֶּאֱרַכְנָה Ezekiel 31:5 (strike out B Co) — be long, subject הַיָמִים (i.e. a long time passed Genesis 26:8 (J); compare Assyrian urriku ûmî, days grew long, Creation Tablet a see COT Genesis 1:1); of delayed fulfillment of prophecy Ezekiel 12:22; subject מּאֹרֹת Ezekiel 31:5 (but compare above)
Hiph`il Perfect הֶאֱרִיךְ Proverbs 19:11; וְהַאֲרַכְתָּ֫ Deuteronomy 22:7, etc.; Imperfect יַאֲרִיךְ Deuteronomy 17:20 +; יַאֲרִיכוּ Deuteronomy 25:15; יַאֲרִכוּן Exodus 20:12 compare Deuteronomy 5:16; Deuteronomy 6:2; תַּאֲרִיכֻן Deuteronomy 4:26; Deuteronomy 30:18, etc.; Imperative feminine singular הַאֲרִיכִי Isaiah 54:2: Infinitive construct הַאֲרִיךְ Numbers 9:19,22; Participle מַאֲרִיךְ Ecclesiastes 7:15; Ecclesiastes 8:12; —
1 transitive prolong, ( a) object יָמִים (i.e. live long) Deuteronomy 4:26,40; Deuteronomy 5:30; Deuteronomy 11:9; Deuteronomy 17:20; Deuteronomy 22:7; Deuteronomy 30:18; Deuteronomy 32:47; Joshua 24:31= Judges 2:7 (with אַחֲרֵי = survive), Proverbs 28:16; Isaiah 53:10; Ecclesiastes 8:13; also (late) without ימים Ecclesiastes 7:15; Ecclesiastes 8:12; ( b) id. 1 Kings 3:14 ׳י subject וְהַאֲרַכְתִּי אֶתיָֿמֶיךָ I will prolong thy days; (c) postpone anger Isaiah 48:9 compare Proverbs 19:11 (i.e. shew oneself slow to anger); see also Job 6:11 אַאֲרִיךְ נַפְשִׁי i.e. be patient; ( d) literal (but in figure) make long furrows (with ל) Psalm 129:3; tentcords Isaiah 54:2; tongue Isaiah 57:4 (stretch out in mockery).
2 intransitive grow long, continue long (i.e. display length or continuance), subject יָמִים Exodus 20:12 = Deuteronomy 5:16; Deuteronomy 6:2; Deuteronomy 25:15; tarry long Numbers 9:19,22 (subject הֶעָנָן), last (continue) long, (subject כֵּן Proverbs 28:2; be long (literally) of staves of ark 1 Kings 8:8; 2 Chronicles 5:9.
I. ארך (√ of following; Biblical Hebrew [ אָרַךְ, אָרֵךְ]).
(1) pr. trans. to make long, to extend, to stretch out, kindred to the root עָרַךְ which see. Hence אֲרוּכָה a long bandage; Syr. ܐܶܪܰܟ to prolong, Arab. أَرَكَ to tarry, to delay in a matter.
(2) Med. E. fut. יֶאֱרַךְ; pl. יַאַרְכוּ intransit. to be long. (Syr., Arab., Sam. id.; Aph. אוֹרִיךְ, ܐܰܘܪܶܟ to prolong.) Ezekiel 31:5; Genesis 26:8, וַיְהִי בִּי אָֽרְכוּ־לוֹ שָׁם הַיָּמִים “and it came to pass when days were prolonged to him there,” i.e. when he had lived there long; Ezekiel 12:22.
(1) to make long, lengthen, prolong, Psalms 129:3 “to put forth the tongue,” Isaiah 57:4 הֶאֱרִיךְ יְמֵי פ׳ “to prolong any one’s life,” to grant him long life, 1 Kings 3:14 on the other hand ה׳ יָמָיו “to prolong one’s own life,” to be long-lived, Deuteronomy 4:26, 40 5:30 17:20 22:7 Isaiah 53:10 also without יָמִים Proverbs 28:2; Ecclesiastes 7:15, 8:12.
(2) intrans. to be long, 1 Kings 8:8, especially used of time; הֶאֱרִיכוּ יָמָיו “to be long-lived,” Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16, 6:2 25:15 compare No.1.
(3) to retard, to delay, to defer; הֶאֱרִיךְ אַפּוֹ Isaiah 48:9; Proverbs 19:11, to defer anger, to be patient, and μακρόθυμος. [“So too הֶאֱרִיךְ נַפְשׁוֹ id., Job 6:11.” Ges. add.]. Compare אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם under אָרֵךְ.
(4) to delay, to tarry (prop. es lange machen), Numbers 9:19, 22.
The derivatives, except אֲרוּכָה, immediately follow.