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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7779 - שׁוּף

a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to bruise, crush, gape upon, desire?, seize?, strike out?

1a) (Qal) to fall upon, bruise

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2918 ‑ κρίνον (kree'‑non);  2662 ‑ καταπατέω (kat‑ap‑at‑eh'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
NAS (4)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
HCS (4)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
BSB (6)
Genesis 4
Job 1
Psalms 1
ESV (4)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
WEB (4)
Genesis 2
Job 1
Psalms 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1477) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: Strike CO: Serpent AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth, the p is a picture of the mouth. Combined these mean "sharp teeth in the mouth". A serpent (סנאכ snake) has sharp fangs in the mouth. Its prey is taken into the mouth swallowed by drawing down into the belly. (eng: sharp - with the additional r; serpent - with the exchange of the s and sh and the additional r and nt; jasper)

A) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?

Nf ) eps (סהפה ShPH) - Milk: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): cheese - Strongs: H8194 (שְׁפוֹת)

fm) ips (סהפי ShPY) - High place: In the sense of the serpent lifting its head to strike. KJV (10): high place - Strongs: H8205 (שְׁפִי)

B) pps (סהפפ ShPP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

bjm ) nfpips (סהפיפונ ShPYPWN) - Shephiyphon: An unknown species of viper. KJV (1): adder - Strongs: H8207 (שְׁפִיפֹן)

C) psa (אסהפ AShP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

Nm ) psa (אסהפ AShP) - Enchanter: From their hissing. [Aramaic only] KJV (8): astrologer - Strongs: H825 (אַשָּׁף), H826 (אָשַׁף)

Nf1) epsa (אסהפה AShPH) - Quiver: A pouch with a mouth for sharp arrows. KJV (6): quiver - Strongs: H827 (אַשְׁפָּה)

D) pas (סהאפ ShAP) AC: Swallow CO: ? AB: ?: A drawing in by swallowing as the snake swallows its prey.

V) pas (סהאפ ShAP) - I. Swallow: II. Draw:To draw water from a well. [df: bas] KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Participle) swallow, snuff, pant, desire, devour, draw, drawer - Strongs: H7579 (שָׁאַב), H7602 (שָׁאַף)

am ) pasm (מסהאפ MShAP) - Well: A place for drawing water. [df: basm] KJV (1): draw - Strongs: H4857 (מַשְׁאָב)

H) eps (סהפה ShPH) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?: The serpent lifts its head up high to strike.

V) eps (סהפה ShPH) - High: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal, Pual) stick out, high - Strongs: H8192 (שָׁפָה)

J) pfs (סהופ ShWP) AC: Strike CO: ? AB: ?: A striking of the serpent.

V) pfs (סהופ ShWP) - Strike: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) bruise, break, cover - Strongs: H7779 (שׁוּף)

L) psi (יסהפ YShP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning]

Nf1) psi (יסהפ YShP) - Jasper: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (3): jasper - Strongs: H3471 (יָשְׁפֶה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שׁוּף] verb bruise (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic שׁוּף, שְׁפַף, rub off, away, grind ( Exodus 32:20 ᵑ7ᵑ9 for טָחַן); see especially Dr Gn; > Di and others think "" form of I. שׁאף); —

Qal Imperfect 3 masculine singular + 2 masculine singular הוּא יְשׁוּפְךָראֹשׁ וְּאַתָּה תְּשׁוּפֶנּוּ עָקֵב Genesis 3:15; אֲשֶׁרבִּֿשְׂעָרָה יְשׁוּפֵנִי Job 9:17; אַךְ השֶׁךְ יְשׁוּפֵנִי Psalm 139:11 meaning unsuitable, read perhaps with Ew and others יְשׂוּבֵּנִי cover, screen, me.

שׁוֺפַךְ see שׁוֺבַךְ. שׁוּפָמִי see שְׁפוּפָם below שׁפף.

I. שׁוּק (√ of following, meaning dubious; Arabic is drive beast etc., carry on affairs; Ethiopic sustain; compare Arabic leg, especially shank, Aramaic שׁוֺקָא leg (rare), leg, thigh; connection dubious with Assyrian su‡u, street, Aramaic שׁוּקָא, , street, market-place (whence Arabic loan-word according to Frä187; but then = שׁ?), Palmyrene שוק id., Lzb373).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) pr. (as was first seen by Umbreit on Job 9:17), i.q. שָׁאַף to gape upon [see note], hence to lie in wait for any thing, Genesis 3:15, הוּא יְשׁוּפְךָ רֹאשׁ וְאַתָּה תְּשׁוּפֶנּוּ עָקֵב “he (the seed of the woman, man) shall lie in wait for thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for his heel,” he shall endeavour to crush thy head, and thou shalt endeavour to crush his heel. Hence

(2) to attack, to fall upon any one, Job 9:17, “who falls upon me in a tempest.” Metaph. Psalms 139:11, השֶׁךְ יְשׁוּפֵנִי “darkness shall fall upon me,” shall overwhelm me.

[Note. The above explanation of Genesis 3:15, is purely neologian; the passage applies not to man generally, but to Christ the seed of the woman; bruise is the simple meaning in each part of the verse.]

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
יְשׁוּפְךָ֣ יְשׁוּפֵ֑נִי ישופך ישופני תְּשׁוּפֶ֥נּוּ תשופנו tə·šū·p̄en·nū teshuFennu təšūp̄ennū yə·šū·p̄ə·ḵā yə·šū·p̄ê·nî yeshufeCha yeshuFeni yəšūp̄əḵā yəšūp̄ênî
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