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Tuesday, May 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 2 / Ordinary 7
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #8192 - שָׁפָה

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to sweep bare, scrape

1a) (Niphal) to be wind-swept, be bare, be scraped barren (by wind)

1b) (Pual) to be bare, be laid bare

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3977 ‑ πεδινός (ped‑ee‑nos');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
NAS (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
HCS (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
BSB (1)
Isaiah 1
ESV (1)
Isaiah 1
WEB (2)
Job 1
Isaiah 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1477) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: Strike CO: Serpent AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth, the p is a picture of the mouth. Combined these mean "sharp teeth in the mouth". A serpent (סנאכ snake) has sharp fangs in the mouth. Its prey is taken into the mouth swallowed by drawing down into the belly. (eng: sharp - with the additional r; serpent - with the exchange of the s and sh and the additional r and nt; jasper)

A) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?

Nf ) eps (סהפה ShPH) - Milk: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): cheese - Strongs: H8194 (שְׁפוֹת)

fm) ips (סהפי ShPY) - High place: In the sense of the serpent lifting its head to strike. KJV (10): high place - Strongs: H8205 (שְׁפִי)

B) pps (סהפפ ShPP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

bjm ) nfpips (סהפיפונ ShPYPWN) - Shephiyphon: An unknown species of viper. KJV (1): adder - Strongs: H8207 (שְׁפִיפֹן)

C) psa (אסהפ AShP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

Nm ) psa (אסהפ AShP) - Enchanter: From their hissing. [Aramaic only] KJV (8): astrologer - Strongs: H825 (אַשָּׁף), H826 (אָשַׁף)

Nf1) epsa (אסהפה AShPH) - Quiver: A pouch with a mouth for sharp arrows. KJV (6): quiver - Strongs: H827 (אַשְׁפָּה)

D) pas (סהאפ ShAP) AC: Swallow CO: ? AB: ?: A drawing in by swallowing as the snake swallows its prey.

V) pas (סהאפ ShAP) - I. Swallow: II. Draw:To draw water from a well. [df: bas] KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Participle) swallow, snuff, pant, desire, devour, draw, drawer - Strongs: H7579 (שָׁאַב), H7602 (שָׁאַף)

am ) pasm (מסהאפ MShAP) - Well: A place for drawing water. [df: basm] KJV (1): draw - Strongs: H4857 (מַשְׁאָב)

H) eps (סהפה ShPH) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?: The serpent lifts its head up high to strike.

V) eps (סהפה ShPH) - High: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal, Pual) stick out, high - Strongs: H8192 (שָׁפָה)

J) pfs (סהופ ShWP) AC: Strike CO: ? AB: ?: A striking of the serpent.

V) pfs (סהופ ShWP) - Strike: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) bruise, break, cover - Strongs: H7779 (שׁוּף)

L) psi (יסהפ YShP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning]

Nf1) psi (יסהפ YShP) - Jasper: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (3): jasper - Strongs: H3471 (יָשְׁפֶה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [שָׁפָה] verb sweep bare (Arabic (), of wind, raise and carry off dust, of horse, scanty in hair of forelock; Late Hebrew Pi`el plane off; Aramaic Passive participle level ( Isaiah 40:4 = מִישׁוֺר), smooth, limpid, make level, smooth (and derivatives)); —

Niph`al be wind-swept, bare; Participle הַרנִֿשְׁמֶּה Isaiah 13:2 a bare mountain;

Pu`al Perfect consecutive וְשֻׁפוּ עַצְמֹתָיו Job 33:21 Qr his bones are laid bare (so lean is he; Kt וּשְׁפִי bareness are his bones).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1) prop. to scratch, to scrape; hence to scrape off, to pare off. Aram. ܫܦܐܳ to file, prop. to make smooth, bald, ܫܘܽܦܝܺܢܐܳ a file, ܫܳܦܝܺܬܐܳ a filing, a paring.

(2) i.q. Syr. Pa. to purge, to cleanse from dregs, compare Talmud. שׁפה to filter. Hence שָׁפָה.

Niphal, part. bare, bald, naked (used of a mountain), Isaiah 13:2. LXX. ὄρος πεδινόν.

Pual, Job 33:21 קרי, שֻׁפּוּ עַצמוֹתָיו “his bones become naked,” naked of flesh.

Derivatives, שָׁפָה, שְׁפִי and the pr.n. שְׁפוֹ, יִשְׁפָּה.

שָׁפָה or שֵׁפָה only in pl. 2 Samuel 17:29, שְׁפוֹת בָּקָר according to Targ., Syr., and the Hebrews, cheeses of kine, so called from the idea of filtering and cleansing from dregs, see the root No. 2. Abulwalid explains it to mean, slices of curdled milk.

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List of Word Forms
נִשְׁפֶּה֙ נשפה niš·peh nishPeh nišpeh
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