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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #7602 - שָׁאַף

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to gasp, pant, pant after, long for, breathe heavily

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to gasp, pant after, snuff up

1a2) to gasp or pant (with desire), pant after, be eager for

1a3) to thirst for one’s blood (from actions of animals) (figuratively)

2) to crush, trample, trample upon

2a) (Qal) to trample upon, crush

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1670 ‑ ἑλκύω (hel‑koo'‑o, hel'‑ko);  1828 ‑ ἐξέλκω (ex‑el'‑ko);  2662 ‑ καταπατέω (kat‑ap‑at‑eh'‑o);  3404 ‑ μισέω (mis‑eh'‑o);  3583 ‑ ξηραίνω (xay‑rah'ee‑no);  4151 ‑ πνεῦμα (pnyoo'‑mah);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (14)
Job 3
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
HCS (0)
HCS (14)
Job 3
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
BSB (14)
Job 3
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
ESV (13)
Job 3
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
WEB (14)
Job 3
Psalms 4
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
Ezekiel 1
Amos 2
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1477) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: Strike CO: Serpent AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth, the p is a picture of the mouth. Combined these mean "sharp teeth in the mouth". A serpent (סנאכ snake) has sharp fangs in the mouth. Its prey is taken into the mouth swallowed by drawing down into the belly. (eng: sharp - with the additional r; serpent - with the exchange of the s and sh and the additional r and nt; jasper)

A) ps (סהפ ShP) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?

Nf ) eps (סהפה ShPH) - Milk: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): cheese - Strongs: H8194 (שְׁפוֹת)

fm) ips (סהפי ShPY) - High place: In the sense of the serpent lifting its head to strike. KJV (10): high place - Strongs: H8205 (שְׁפִי)

B) pps (סהפפ ShPP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

bjm ) nfpips (סהפיפונ ShPYPWN) - Shephiyphon: An unknown species of viper. KJV (1): adder - Strongs: H8207 (שְׁפִיפֹן)

C) psa (אסהפ AShP) AC: ? CO: Serpent AB: ?

Nm ) psa (אסהפ AShP) - Enchanter: From their hissing. [Aramaic only] KJV (8): astrologer - Strongs: H825 (אַשָּׁף), H826 (אָשַׁף)

Nf1) epsa (אסהפה AShPH) - Quiver: A pouch with a mouth for sharp arrows. KJV (6): quiver - Strongs: H827 (אַשְׁפָּה)

D) pas (סהאפ ShAP) AC: Swallow CO: ? AB: ?: A drawing in by swallowing as the snake swallows its prey.

V) pas (סהאפ ShAP) - I. Swallow: II. Draw:To draw water from a well. [df: bas] KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Participle) swallow, snuff, pant, desire, devour, draw, drawer - Strongs: H7579 (שָׁאַב), H7602 (שָׁאַף)

am ) pasm (מסהאפ MShAP) - Well: A place for drawing water. [df: basm] KJV (1): draw - Strongs: H4857 (מַשְׁאָב)

H) eps (סהפה ShPH) AC: ? CO: High AB: ?: The serpent lifts its head up high to strike.

V) eps (סהפה ShPH) - High: KJV (2): (vf: Niphal, Pual) stick out, high - Strongs: H8192 (שָׁפָה)

J) pfs (סהופ ShWP) AC: Strike CO: ? AB: ?: A striking of the serpent.

V) pfs (סהופ ShWP) - Strike: KJV (4): (vf: Paal) bruise, break, cover - Strongs: H7779 (שׁוּף)

L) psi (יסהפ YShP) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning]

Nf1) psi (יסהפ YShP) - Jasper: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (3): jasper - Strongs: H3471 (יָשְׁפֶה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. שָׁאַף verb gasp, pant, pant after, long for (so ᵑ7 Job 7:2); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular וְשָׁאַף consecutive Job 5:5,3feminine singular שָֽׁאֲפָה Jeremiah 2:24,3plural שָֽׁאֲפוּ Jeremiah 14:6; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יִשְׁאַף Job 7:2, etc.; Participle active שׁוֺאֵף Ecclesiastes 1:5; —

1 gasp, as a woman in travail, figurative of ׳י, Isaiah 42:14 ("" נָשַׁם); pant after, snuff up the wind (accusative), of wild ass Jeremiah 2:24; Jeremiah 14:6; construction praegn.׳וְאֶלמְֿקוֺמוֺ שׁ Ecclesiastes 1:5 unto his place he panteth (comes panting), of sun under figure of racer.

2 gasp or pant with desire Psalm 119:131 ("" יָאַב); pant after, be eager for, with accusative Job 5:5 (compare צַמִּים p. 855:b), Job 7:2 ("" יְקַוֶּה), Job 36:20 (but obscure in context).

II. [שָׁאַף] verb crush, trample upon ("" form of שׁוּף (q. v.), if pointing right, compare Kö i. 439; We Now read שָׁאפִים, etc., from שׁוּף, compare Ges§ 72 p; perhaps originally pulverize by rubbing, but also apparently by pounding, stamping, treading, Levy ChWB שׁוּף, Jastr Dict.שׁוּף, שׁאף; — most make = I. שׁאף, but Vrss render as above); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular suffix שְׁאָפַ֫נִי Psalm 56:2,3plural שָֽׁאֲפוּ Psalm 56:3; , Infinitive absolute שָׁאֹף Ezekiel 36:3; Participle suffix שֹׁאֲפִי Psalm 57:4; plural שֹׁאֲפִים Amos 2:7; Amos 8:4; — trample upon, crush (the poor, etc.), figurative, with accusative of person Amos 8:4; strangely Amos 2:7 (We Now Marti strike out לְַעֲֿפַראֶֿרֶץ, which Torrey JBL xv (1896), 152explained as old doublet, compare ᵐ5ᵑ6; AV RV pant after the dust, etc., hyperb. for extreme avarice, compare Hi Dr; but Dr thinks ᵑ9 possibly original: crush the heads of the poor upon the dust [compare Isaiah 3:15], in any case strike out בְּ after ׳שׁ crush); אֶתְכֶם מִסָּבִיב׳שַׁמּוֺת וְשׁ Ezekiel 36:3; Psalm 56:2; Psalm 57:4 and (accusative omitted) Psalm 56:3.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition


(1)  to breathe hard, to pant (fchnauben), spoken of an enraged person, Isaiah 42:14 of one in haste; hence to hasten, Ecclesiastes 1:5. Compare הֵפִיחַ No. 4. Roots of the same stock are שׁוּף, נָשַׁף, נָשַׁב, שָׁבַב No. I.; and kindred to these is the syllable הַב, אַו, which has the sense both of blowing and desiring. In the Indo-Germanic languages it is found with a sibilant, fchnauben, fchnappen, to snap, with an aspirate, happen (jappen), etc.

(2) to pant after (fchnappen), to catch at with open mouth, as the air, Jeremiah 2:24, 14:6 a shadow, Job 7:2 the night (i.e. death), Job 36:20. Poet. it is ascribed to a noose or trap lying in wait for any one, Job 5:5 (see צַמִּים ). Followed by עַל Amos 2:7, “who pant after the dust of the earth on the head of the poor,” they are urgent that dust may be on the head of the poor, as a mark of oppression or mourning. Elsewhere to pant after any one is i.q. to thirst for his blood, a metaphor taken from wild beasts, Psalms 56:2, Psalms 56:3, 57:4 Amos 8:4; Ezekiel 36:3.


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List of Word Forms
הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֖ים הַשֹּׁאֲפִ֤ים השאפים וְאֶשְׁאַ֖ף וְשָׁאַ֖ף וְשָׁאֹ֨ף וָאֶשְׁאָ֑פָה ואשאף ואשאפה ושאף יִשְׁאַף־ ישאף־ שְׁאָפַ֣נִי שָׁאֲפ֣וּ שָׁאֲפ֥וּ שָׁאֲפָ֣ה שֹׁאֲפִ֣י שׁוֹאֵ֛ף שאפה שאפו שאפי שאפני שואף תִּשְׁאַ֥ף תשאף haš·šō·’ă·p̄îm hashshoaFim haššō’ăp̄îm šā’ăp̄āh šā’ăp̄ū šā·’ă·p̄āh šā·’ă·p̄ū šə’āp̄anî šə·’ā·p̄a·nî shaaFah shaaFu sheaFani shoaFi shoEf šō’ăp̄î šō·’ă·p̄î šō·w·’êp̄ šōw’êp̄ tiš’ap̄ tiš·’ap̄ tishAf vaeshAfah veeshAf veshaAf veshaOf wā’eš’āp̄āh wā·’eš·’ā·p̄āh wə’eš’ap̄ wə·’eš·’ap̄ wə·šā·’ap̄ wə·šā·’ōp̄ wəšā’ap̄ wəšā’ōp̄ yiš’ap̄- yiš·’ap̄- yishaf
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