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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7845 - שַׁחַת
1468) hs (סההה ShHh) AC: Sink CO: Pit AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing sharpness, the h is a picture of wall. Combined these mean "sharp walls". A pit dug into the ground for the purpose of trapping someone or something. To go down or sink down as going into the pit.
V) ehs (סהההה ShHhH) - Bow: To pay homage to another one by bowing low or getting on the knees with the face to the ground. KJV (172): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) worship, bow, obeisance, reverence, fall stoop, crouch - Strongs: H7812 (שָׁחָה)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שַׁחַת f. with suff. שַׁחְתָּם Ezekiel 19:4, Ezekiel 19:8 (from the root שׁוּהַ, like נַהַת, from the root נוּחַ), a pit
(a) in which snares are laid for wild beasts, and metaph. used of snares, Psalms 7:16, 9:16 35:7 94:13 Proverbs 26:27 Eze. loc. cit.
(b) a cistern, in which there is mud, Job 9:31.
(c) an underground prison, Isaiah 51:14.
(d) especially the sepulchre, Psalms 30:10; Job 17:14 [?]; 33:18, 30 Job 33:30. יָרַד שַׁחַת to go down into the grave, Job 33:24 Psalm 55:24 עָבַר בַּשַּׁחַת to perish in the grave, Job 33:28. רָאָה שַׁחַת see (i.e. to experience) the sepulchre, Psalms 16:10 [see below]; 49:10.-LXX. often render שַׁחַת by διαφθορά (as if it were from שָׁחַת διαφθείρω), but not with the signification of corruption but of destruction (see the instances in Kircher and Trommius) [see below]. The Greek word has been taken in the signification of corruption by Luke [i.e. by the Holy Ghost, who inspired him], Acts 2:27, 13:35, seqq.; but it would be difficult to prove that the Hebrew word שַׁחַת should be taken in the sense of corruption, from שָׁחַת, even in a single passage [?]. Some may cite Job 17:14, where in the other hemistich there is רִמָּה, and שַׁחַת is called pater, which may seem to be only suitable to a masculine noun; but the sacred writers are not accustomed to regard the etymology or sex of nouns in such cases, comp. אִישׁוֹן בַּת עַיִן Psalms 17:8.
[Note. It is clear from the authority of the New Test. that there is a שַׁחַת m. signifying corruption, from שָׁחַת; perhaps it is only found in the cited places, Psalms 16:10, and Job 17:14.]
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