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Tuesday, May 28th, 2024
the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #8173 - שָׁעַע

Root Word (Etymology)
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
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1) to stroke, be smeared over, be blinded

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be smeared over, be blinded

1a2) to smear eyes shut

1b) (Hiphil) to besmear (of eyes), smear over eyes

1c) (Hithpalpel) to blind oneself, be blinded

2) to sport, take delight in

2a) (Pilpel) to sport, delight in, take delight in, delight oneself

2b) (Palpal) to be fondled

2c) (Hithpalpel) to delight oneself

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2576 ‑ καμμύω (kam‑moo'‑o);  25 ‑ ἀγαπάω (ag‑ap‑ah'‑o);  3870 ‑ παρακαλέω (par‑ak‑al‑eh'‑o);  3191 ‑ μελετάω (mel‑et‑ah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (9)
Psalms 4
Isaiah 5
HCS (0)
HCS (10)
Psalms 4
Isaiah 6
BSB (9)
Psalms 4
Isaiah 5
ESV (5)
Psalms 4
Isaiah 1
WEB (9)
Psalms 4
Isaiah 5
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1476) os (סהאה ShAh) AC: Watch CO: Shepherd AB: Delight: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth used for devouring or destruction, the o is a picture of the eye. Combined these mean "destroyer watches". The shepherd carefully watches over the flock and the surrounding area always on the lookout for danger. When a predator comes to attack, the shepherd destroys the enemy.

A) os (סהאה ShAh) AC: Watch CO: ? AB: Delight: The shepherd watches over and cares for and delights in his sheep.

Nf1) eos (סהאהה ShAhH) - Hour: The watching of the arch of the sun to determine the hour of the day. [Aramaic only] KJV (5): hour - Strongs: H8160 (שָׁעָה)

im/f) ost (תסהאה TShAh) - Nine: [Unknown connection to rootAlso meaning ninety when written in the plural form - miost] KJV (78): nine, ninth, ninety - Strongs: H8672 (תִּשְׁעָה), H8673 (תִּשְׁעִים)

ldm ) ofsos (סהאהסהואה ShAhShWAh) - Delight: KJV (9): delight, pleasant - Strongs: H8191 (שַׁעֲשֻׁעִים)

bfm) ioist (תסהיאהי TShYAhY) - Ninth: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (18): ninth - Strongs: H8671 (תְּשִׁיעִי)

hff) iosm (מסהאהי MShAhY) - Cleanse: As a preparation for inspection. KJV (1): supple - Strongs: H4935 (מִשְׁעִי)

B) oos (סהאהאה ShAhAh) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Delight: The shepherd takes delight in his sheep.

V) oos (סהאהאה ShAhAh) - Delight: KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Pilpel) delight, cry, play, dandle, shut - Strongs: H8173 (שָׁעַע)

H) eos (סהאהה ShAhH) AC: Watch CO: ? AB: ?: The shepherd inspects and watches over the flock with compassion and protection.

V) eos (סהאהה ShAhH) - Watch: Also to look upon with respect. KJV (15): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) look, respect, dismay, turn, regard, spare, dim, depart - Strongs: H8159 (שָׁעָה)

J) ofs (סהואה ShWAh) AC: Cry CO: ? AB: Trouble: When the sheep are in trouble they will cry out and the shepherd will deliver them.

V) ofs (סהואה ShWAh) - Cry: To shout or cry out from a burden. KJV (21): (vf: Piel) cry, aloud, shout - Strongs: H7768 (שָׁוַע)

Nm) ofs (סהואה ShWAh) - I. Cry: II. Rich:In the sense of a carefully watching ones possessions. KJV (6): cry, riches - Strongs: H7769 (שׁוּעַ), H7771 (שׁוֹעַ), H7773 (שֶׁוַע)

Nf1) eofs (סהואהה ShWAhH) - Cry: KJV (11): cry - Strongs: H7775 (שַׁוְעָה)

L) osi (יסהאה YShAh) AC: Rescue CO: ? AB: ?: When one of the flock is in trouble, the shepherd rescues it.

V) osi (יסהאה YShAh) - Rescue: KJV (205): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) save, saviour, deliver, help, preserved, salvation, avenge, defend, rescue, safe, victory - Strongs: H3467 (יָשַׁע)

Nm) osi (יסהאה YShAh) - Rescue: A deliverance or freedom from a trouble. KJV (36): salvation, safety, saving - Strongs: H3468 (יֶשַׁע)

af1) eosfm (מוסהאהה MWShAhH) - Rescue: A deliverance or freedom from a trouble. KJV (1): salvation - Strongs: H4190 (מוֹשָׁעָה)

df1) eofsi (יסהואהה YShWAhH) - Rescue: A deliverance or freedom from a trouble. KJV (78): salvation, help, deliverance, health, save, saving, welfare - Strongs: H3444 (יְשׁוּעָה)

if1) eosft (תוסהאהה TWShAhH) - Rescue: A deliverance or freedom from a trouble. [df: hest hewst] KJV (34): salvation, deliverance, help, safety, victory - Strongs: H8668 (תְּשֻׁעָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. [שָׁעַע] verb be smeared over, blinded (Aramaic שְׁעַע smear (akin to שׁוּעַ id.), to smooth, שָׁעִיעַ smooth (of words), flattering, smooth (compare also , smear over, close up); —

Qal Imperative +

Hithpalpel Imperative masculine plural הִשְׁתַּעַשְׁעוּ וָשֹׁ֑עוּ Isaiah 29:9 blind yourselves and be blind ! ("" הִתְמַהְמְהוּ וּתְמָהוּ); > Buhl הִשְׁתָּעוּ וּשְׁעוּ, √שׁעה look about ( 2 Samuel 22:42); Isaiah 32:3 read probably 3 feminine plural תְּשֹׁעֶינָה, of eyes, be blinded (see שׁעה).

Hiph`il Imperative masculine singular וְעֵינָיו הָשַׁ֑ע Isaiah 6:10 and its eyes besmear ! — So perhaps הָשַׁע Psalm 39:14 (עֵינֶיךָ omitted) was intended by Masoretes (but wrongly, see Ol and others); see שָׁעָה.

II. [שָׁעַע] verb Pilpel, etc., sport, take delight in, delight (usually made = I. ׳שׁ smooth over, please; Buhl compare Aramaic , Ithpe`el sport, trifle, Vulgar Arabic (loan-word ?) Vollers ZMG xiv (1891), 86,1. 3); —

Pilpel Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וְשִׁעֲשַׁע Isaiah 29:9 the suckling shall sport on (עַל) the cobra's hole; 1 singular שִׁעֲשָׁ֑עְתִּי Psalm 119:70 I take delight in thy law (accusative; but ? read שַׁעֲשֻׁעָ֑י, Psalm 119:77); Imperfect transitive 3 masculine plural יְשַׁעַשְׁעוּ Psalm 94:19 thy consolations delight my soul (accusative).

Palpel Imperfect 2 masculine plural תְּשָֽׁעֳשָׁ֑עוּ Isaiah 66:12 upon (עַל) the knees shall ye be fondled.

Hithpalpel Imperfect 1 singular אֶשְׁתַּעֲשָׁ֑ע Psalm 119:16 in (ב) thy statutes will I delight myself, compare Psalm 119:47.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁעַע prop. to stroke; also to overspread, to smear (Chald. and Syr. שְׁעַע and שׁוּעַ compare שָׁעָה NO. II.). In Kal once intrans., to be smeared over (used of the eye), to be blinded, Isaiah 29:9 as to this passage see Hithpael.

Hiphil, imp. הָשַׁע smear, blind (the eyes), Isaiah 6:10.

Pilpel שִׁעֲשַׁע

(1) to delight (prop. to stroke, to smooth), Psalms 94:19.

(2) intrans. to delight oneself, Isaiah 11:8 followed by an acc. (in any thing), Psalms 119:70.

Pulpal שָֽׁעֳשַׁע to be smoothed, to be caressed (geliebkoft werden), Isaiah 66:12.

Hithpalpel הִשְׁתַּעֲשַׁע to delight oneself. Isaiah 29:9, הִשְׁתַּעַשְׁעוּ וָשֹׁעוּ “delight yourselves and be blind,” i.e. indulge freely in your own delights and pleasures, presently, however you will be blinded, i.e. ye shall be amazed at the sight of those things which will happen. As to this use of two imperatives, one of them concessive, the other asserting and threatening, see Hebr. Gramm. § 127, 2 (§ 99, ed. 9). Followed by בְּ in anything, Psalms 119:16, 47 Psalms 119:47.

Derivative, שַׁעֲשֻׁעִים.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אֶֽשְׁתַּעֲשָׁ֑ע אשתעשע הִשְׁתַּֽעַשְׁע֖וּ הָשַׁ֑ע השע השתעשעו וְאֶשְׁתַּֽעֲשַׁ֥ע וְשִֽׁעֲשַׁ֥ע וָשֹׁ֑עוּ ואשתעשע ושעו ושעשע יְֽשַׁעַשְׁע֥וּ ישעשעו שִֽׁעֲשָֽׁעְתִּי׃ שעשעתי׃ תְּשָׁעֳשָֽׁעוּ׃ תשעשעו׃ ’eš·ta·‘ă·šā‘ ’ešta‘ăšā‘ eshtaaSha hā·ša‘ hāša‘ haSha hiš·ta·‘aš·‘ū hishtaashU hišta‘aš‘ū ShiaShaeti ši‘ăšā‘ətî ši·‘ă·šā·‘ə·tî tə·šā·‘o·šā·‘ū təšā‘ošā‘ū teshooShau vaShou veeshtaaSha veshiaSha wā·šō·‘ū wāšō‘ū wə’ešta‘ăša‘ wə·’eš·ta·‘ă·ša‘ wə·ši·‘ă·ša‘ wəši‘ăša‘ yə·ša·‘aš·‘ū yəša‘aš‘ū yeshaashU
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