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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1199 - δεσμόν

Transliteration
desmón
Phonetics
des-mon', des-mos'  
Word Origin
neuter and masculine respectively from (1210)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
2:43,*
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a band or bond
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 631 ‑ אָסַר (aw‑sar');  2336 ‑ חוֹחַ (kho'‑akh);  4133 ‑ מוֹטָה (mo‑taw');  4525 ‑ מַסְגֵּר (mas‑gare');  4770 ‑ מַרְבֵּק (mar‑bake');  5688 ‑ עֲבֹתָה (ab‑oth', ab‑oth', ab‑oth‑aw');  5730 ‑ עֶדְנָה (ay'‑den, ed‑naw');  6781 ‑ צְמִד (tsaw‑meed', tsaw‑meed');  6872 ‑ צְרֹר (tser‑ore', tser‑ore');  7195 ‑ קֶשֶׁר (keh'‑sher);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (20) NAS (18) HCS (18)
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 6
Philippians 4
Colossians 1
2 Timothy 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 2
Jude 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 5
Philippians 4
Colossians 1
2 Timothy 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
Acts 5
Philippians 4
Colossians 1
2 Timothy 1
Philemon 2
Hebrews 1
Jude 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APM 1
N-APN 1
N-DPM 7
N-GPM 4
N-GPN 3
N-GSM 1
N-NPN 2
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-APN 1
N-DPM 6
N-GPM 4
N-GPN 2
N-GSM 1
N-NPN 2
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-APN 1
N-DPM 7
N-GPM 4
N-GPN 3
N-GSM 1
N-NPN 2
N-NSM 1
NA WH
N-APM 1
N-APN 1
N-DPM 6
N-GPM 6
N-NPN 2
N-NSM 1
N-APM 1
N-APN 1
N-DPM 7
N-GPM 4
N-GPN 2
N-GSM 1
N-NPN 2
N-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

δεσμός, ὁ,

pl. δεσμά h.Merc. 157, al., Thgn. 459, Hdt. 6.91, and so mostly in Trag., A. Pr. 513, etc., and Pl. Euthphr. 9a; but δεσμοί A. Pr. 525, E. Ba. 518, 634, usu. in Pl., as Lg. 793b, al.: both forms in Att. Inscrr., δεσμοί IG 2.678 B 48, δεσμά ib.791.31, the latter preferred by Thom. Mag. p.79R. (sg. δεσμόν SIG 246 ii 36 (Delph.), Att. acc. to Hsch.): (δέω A):

I

1. band, bond, anything for tying and fastening, as halter, Il. 6.507; mooring-cable, Od. 13.100, etc.; door-latch, 21.241; yoke-strap, X. An. 3.5.10: metaph., any bond of union or connexion, Pl. Ti. 31c, etc.; of the vowels, Id. Sph. 253a; δεσμοὶ πολιτείας, of the laws, Id. Lg. 793b; εἰς τὰ δεσμοῦ for binding material, PTeb. 120.70 (i B. C.).

2. in pl. (never δεσμά in this sense), bonds, chains, ἐκ δεσμῶν λυθῆναι A. Pr. 509, 770; πρὶν ἂν ἐξ ἀγρίων δ. χαλάσῃ ib. 177; ἐν δεσμοῖσι S. Fr. 63; εἰς δεσμοὺς ἄγειν E. Ba. 518; δεσμοῖς Th. 7.82; ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν δ., = cross δεσμοφύλαξ, Luc. Tox. 29: in sg., collectively, bonds, imprisonment, δ. ἀχλυόεις Epigr. ap. Hdt. 5.77 (= IG 12.394); οὐδὲν ἄξιον δεσμοῦ Hdt. 3.145; ἐν. δ. S. Ant. 958; ἐν δημοσίῳ δ. δεθείς Pl. Lg. 864e; ἔδησεν ἑαυτὸν τιμησάμενος δεσμοῦ Lys. 6.21: metaph. of moral bondage, Porph. Abst. 1.38, al.

3. ligature, Arist. HA 495b13, al.

4. δ. ἄρθρου in Hp. Fract. 37 is expld. by Gal. adloc. as ankylosIsa

5. spell, charm, Iamb. Myst. 3.27.

II = cross δέσμη, Pap. in Philol. 80.341, Poll. 2.135, Eust. 862.27; ἀσπαράγου δ. BGU 1120.14 (i B. C.); δ. ἀργυρίου LXX Genesis 42:27; cf. δέσις 111.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

δεσμός, δεσμοῦ, (δέω) (from Homer down), a band or bond: Mark 7:35 (ἐλύθη δεσμός τῆς γλώσσης αὐτοῦ, i. e. the impediment in his speech was removed); Luke 13:16 (λυθῆναι ἀπό τοῦ δεσμοῦ, of a woman bowed together, held fasces it were by a bond). The plural form τά δεσμά the more common form in Greek writers (Winers Grammar, 63 (62) (cf. Buttmann, 23 (21); see below)), is found in Luke 8:29; Acts 16:26; Acts 20:23; the other form οἱ δεσμοί in Philippians 1:13 (ὥστε τούς δεσμούς μου φανερούς ἐν Χριστῷ γενέσθαι, so that my captivity became manifest as made for the cause of Christ) ("δεσμά sunt vincula quibus quis constringitur,sed δεσμός est in carcerem conjectio et captivitas in vinculis ...Utraque forma et ceteri Graeci omnes et Attici utuntur,sed non promiscue ut inter se permutari possint." Cobet as quoted in Rutherford, New Phryn., p. 353); the genitive and dative in Acts 22:30 Rec.; ; Philippians 1:7, 14, 16 (); Colossians 4:18; 2 Timothy 2:9; Philemon 1:10; Hebrews 10:34 R Tr marginal reading; Hebrews 11:36; Jude 1:6; ἐν τοῖς δεσμοῖς τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, in the captivity into which the preaching of the gospel has thrown me, Philemon 1:13 (Winer's Grammar, 189 (178); cf. reference under the word δέσμιος, at the end).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δεσμός , -οῦ ,

(< δέω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H631;]

a band, bond: metaph., Luke 13:16; ὁ δεσμὸς τ . γλώσοης , Mark 7:35 (for this expression in Papyri, v. Deiss., LAE, 306 ff.; of actual bonds, v. Ruth., Gr., 9). Pl., δεσμοί , Philippians 1:13; δεσμά (as also in cl.), Luke 8:29, Acts 16:26; Acts 20:23; gen., dat., Acts 23:29; Acts 26:29; Acts 26:31 Philippians 1:7; Philippians 1:14; Philippians 1:17, Colossians 4:18, 2 Timothy 2:9, Philemon 1:10, Hebrews 11:36, Judges 1:6; ἐν τοῖς δ . τοῦ εὐαγγελίου Philemon 1:13,†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the full force of ὁ δεσμὸς τῆς γλώσσης , ";the bond of the tongue,"; in Mark 7:35, reference may be made to Deissmann LAE, p. 306 ff., where it is shown that the expression has a ";technical"; meaning derived from the old belief that a man was ";bound"; by daemonic influences. The man was not merely made to speak, but daemonic fetters were broken, and Satan’s work undone. The plur. τὰ δεσμά , which in the NT is characteristic of the Lucan writings, would seem to be more literary than οἱ δεσμοί , the general LXX form : see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 154. According to Mayser Gr. p. 285 the neuter plur. is never found in the Ptolemaic papyri, nor can we supply any instance from a later period. In the Attic inscriptions both forms are found (see Meisterhans Gr. p. 143) with apparently no distinction of meaning, so that Cobet’s distinction (Mnemosyne, 1858, p. 74 ff.) that the neuter refers to actual bonds, the masculine to the imprisonment, cannot be maintained : cf. Kennedy on Philippians 1:13 in EGT. By origin, δεσμά should be collective and δεσμοί individualizing, which would be the very opposite of Cobet’s dictum; but usage may well have introduced a new differentia. A spell for loosing bonds (δυσμολύτον , sic) may be cited from P Leid Wvii. 30 (ii/iii A.D.) λυθήτω πᾶς δεσμώς , πᾶσα βία , ῥαγήτω πᾶς σίτηρω (i.e. σίδηρος ) κτλ . A curiously close parallel for Hebrews 11:36 ( . . . πεῖραν ἔλαβον , ἔτι δὲ δεσμῶν καὶ φυλακῆς ) occurs in Vettius Valens p. 68.17 δεσμῶν πεῖραν ἐπὶ χρόνον ἱκανὸν λαμβάνοντας , ἕως συμπληρώσωσι τοὺς χρόνους τοῦ ἀστέρος .

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
δεσμα δεσμά δεσμὰ δεσμοί δεσμοις δεσμοίς δεσμοῖς δεσμόν δεσμος δεσμός δεσμὸς δεσμου δεσμού δεσμοῦ δεσμους δεσμούς δεσμώ δεσμων δεσμών δεσμῶν desma desmà desmois desmoîs desmon desmôn desmōn desmō̂n desmos desmòs desmou desmoû desmous desmoús
Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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