Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #631 - אָסַר

Transliteration
'âsar
Phonetics
aw-sar'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
141
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to tie, bind, imprison

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to tie, bind

1a2) to tie, harness

1a3) to bind (with cords)

1a4) to gird (rare and late)

1a5) to begin the battle, make the attack

1a6) of obligation of oath (figurative)

1b) (Niphal) to be imprisoned, bound

1c) (Pual) to be taken prisoner

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 4024 ‑ περιζώννυμι (per‑id‑zone'‑noo‑mee);  1195 ‑ δεσμεύω (des‑myoo'‑o);  1198 ‑ δέσμιος (des'‑mee‑os);  1199 ‑ δεσμός (des‑mon', des‑mos');  1202 ‑ δεσμώτης (des‑mo'‑tace);  2172 ‑ εὔχομαι (yoo'‑khom‑ahee);  2224 ‑ ζώννυμι (dzone'‑noo‑mi);  3724 ‑ ὁρίζω (hor‑id'‑zo);  3811 ‑ παιδεύω (pahee‑dyoo'‑o);  4019 ‑ περιδέω (per‑ee‑deh'‑o);  4921 ‑ συνίστημι (soon‑is‑tah'‑o, soon‑is‑tah'‑an'‑o, soon‑is‑tah'‑ay‑mee);  520 ‑ ἀπάγω (ap‑ag'‑o);  2722 ‑ κατέχω (kat‑ekh'‑o);  1210 ‑ δέω (deh'‑o);  586 ‑ ἀποδεκατόω (ap‑od‑ek‑at‑o'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (73)
Genesis
8
Exodus
1
Numbers
11
Judges
17
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
7
2 Chronicles
4
Nehemiah
1
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
4
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
NAS (73)
Genesis
8
Exodus
2
Numbers
11
Judges
15
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
9
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
1
Job
3
Psalms
4
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
5
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
HCS (66)
Genesis
8
Exodus
1
Numbers
7
Judges
16
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
6
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
1
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
4
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
BSB (70)
Genesis
9
Exodus
1
Numbers
11
Judges
15
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
7
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
1
Job
3
Psalms
4
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
4
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
ESV (64)
Genesis
8
Numbers
11
Judges
13
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
7
2 Chronicles
3
Nehemiah
1
Job
3
Psalms
4
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
WEB (73)
Genesis
7
Exodus
1
Numbers
11
Judges
17
1 Samuel
2
2 Samuel
1
1 Kings
2
2 Kings
7
2 Chronicles
5
Nehemiah
1
Job
3
Psalms
4
Ecclesiastes
1
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
4
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1342) rx (סר SR) AC: Rule CO: Ruler AB: Noble: The pictograph x is a picture of a thorn representing a turning, the r is a picture of a head. Combined these mean "turn the head". The turning of the head to another direction. One who rules turns the people to his direction. The turning the head of the child or student into a particular direction.

A) rx (סר SR) AC: Turn CO: Ruler AB: ?: The turning of another toward a direction.

Nm) rx (סר SR) - I. Noble:One who has authority. [df: rV]II. Heavy:The weight of responsibility on one in authority. KJV (424): prince, captain, chief, ruler, governor, keeper, principal, general, lord, heavy, sad - Strongs: H5620 (סַר), H8269 (שַׂר)

Nf1) erx (סרה SRH) - I. Noblewoman:A female of authority. [df: hrV]II. Turning:Usually as a revolt. KJV (13): lady, princess, queen - Strongs: H5627 (סָרָה), H8282 (שָׂרָה)

hf1) erxm (מסרה MSRH) - Government: A body of people who turns the head of the people through power and legislation. [df: hrVm] KJV (2): government - Strongs: H4951 (מִשְׂרָה)

mm ) nrx (סרנ SRN) - I. Lord:One who has authority. II. Axle:For the turning wheel. KJV (22): lord, axle - Strongs: H5633 (סֶרֶן)

acm) rfxm (מסור MSWR) - Saw: An instrument that cuts with a back and forth action. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): saw - Strongs: H4883 (מַשּׂוֹר)

B) rrx (סרר SRR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?

V) rrx (סרר SRR) - I. Rule:To make others turn in the direction of the ruler. [df: rrV]II. Turn:To turn away from the correct path toward another direction. KJV (22): (vf: Paal) rule, prince, altogether, rebellious, stubborn, revolter, revolting, backslide, away, withdrew - Strongs: H5637 (סָרַר), H8323 (שָׂרַר)

C) rxa (אסר ASR) AC: Bind CO: ? AB: ?: The yoke is bound to the neck of the oxen and used by the driver to turn the head of the oxen. A yoke was also used for prisoners. A binding of someone or something to move it by force.

V) rxa (אסר ASR) - Bind: KJV (72): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) bind, prison, tie, prisoner - Strongs: H631 (אָסַר)

Nm) rxa (אסר ASR) - Decree: A decree that binds others to the will of the ruler. [Aramaic only] KJV (7): decree - Strongs: H633 (אֱסָר)

bm) rixa (אסיר ASYR) - Prison: On who is bound. KJV (15): prisoner, bound - Strongs: H615 (אָסִיר), H616 (אַסִּיר)

cm) rfxa (אסור ASWR) - Bonds: A device for restraining a prisoner. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (6): band, prison, imprisonment - Strongs: H612 (אֵסוּר), H613 (אֱסוּר)

em) rxia (איסר AYSR) - Bond: KJV (11): bond, binding - Strongs: H632 (אֱסָר)

D) rax (סאר SAR) AC: Knead CO: Bread AB: ?: The twisting and turning of the bread.

cm) rfax (סאור SAWR) - Leaven: [df: raV] KJV (5): leaven - Strongs: H7603 (שְׂאֹר)

hf2 ) traxm (מסארת MSART) - Kneading-bowl: [df: trasm] KJV (4): kneadingtrough, store - Strongs: H4863 (מִשְׁאֶרֶת)

G) rex (סהר SHR) AC: ? CO: Ornament AB: ?

Nm ) rex (סהר SHR) - Round: Something that is round. KJV (1): round - Strongs: H5469 (סַהַר)

jm) nfrex (סהרונ SHRWN) - Ornament: A round object. [df: NrhV] KJV (3): ornament, moon - Strongs: H7720 (שַׂהֲרֹנִים)

H) erx (סרה SRH) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?

V) erx (סרה SRH) - Turn: To turn toward another direction, usually in a negative sense. [df: hrV] KJV (2): (vf: Paal) revolt, rebellion, turn away, wrong, stroke - Strongs: H8280 (שָׂרָה)

J) rfx (סור SWR) AC: Rule CO: ? AB: ?: One who turns the head of the people through power and legislation.

V) rfx (סור SWR) - I. Remove:In the sense of turning something away. [df: rwV]II. Rule:To turn the heads of the people. KJV (305): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal) away, depart, remove, aside, take, turn, take, go, put, eschew, reign, power, prince - Strongs: H5493 (שׂוּר), H7786 (שׂוּר), H7787 (שׂוּר)

Nm) rfx (סור SWR) - Degenerate: Something that is turned away. KJV (1): degenerate - Strongs: H5494 (סוּר)

af2) trfxm (מסורת MSWRT) - Bond: What binds one to someone or something. KJV (1): bond - Strongs: H4562 (מָסֹרֶת)

kf1) erfxm (מסורה MSWRH) - Quantity: A large amount. [Unknown connection to root;] [df: hrwVm] KJV (4): measure - Strongs: H4884 (מְשׂוּרָה)

L) rxi (יסר YSR) AC: Correct CO: ? AB: Instruction: The turning the head, through instruction or force, of the child or student into a particular direction.

V) rxi (יסר YSR) - Correct: To make a change in direction through instruction or chastisement. KJV (9): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) chastise, instruct, correct, taught, bound, punish, reform, reprove - Strongs: H3256 (יָסַר)

am) rxfm (מוסר MWSR) - I. Instruction: II. Bond:What binds and restricts. KJV (62): instruction, band, bond - Strongs: H4561 (מֹסָר), H4147 (מֹסְרָה), H4148 (מוּסָר)

cm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Reprover: As a turning. KJV (1): instruct - Strongs: H3250 (יִסּוֹר)

dm) rfxi (יסור YSWR) - Depart: As a turning. KJV (1): depart - Strongs: H3249 (יָסוּר)

M) rix (סיר SYR) AC: ? CO: Pot AB: ?: [Unknown connection to root;]

Nm) rix (סיר SYR) - Pot: KJV (34): pot, caldron, thorn, pan - Strongs: H5518 (סִרָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

אָסַר future יֶאְסֹר and יֶאֱסֹר with suffix וַיַאַסְרֵהוּ, וַיַּאַסְרֻהוּ

(1)  to bind, to make fast, to bind to any thing, cognate to the root אָזַר and other verbs of binding which are collected under that root. (Ch. אֲסַר Syr. ܐܶܣܰܪ, Arab. أَسَرَ. Eth. አሰረ፡ and አሠረ፡ id.) Ex. gr. a beast of burden, Genesis 49:11 a sacrifice, Psalms 118:27 a sword to the thigh, Nehemiah 4:12 any one with cords, Ezekiel 3:25. Hence

(2) to bind, put in bonds, Genesis 42:24, viz. with fetters, Psal. 149:8 Jeremiah 40:1; 2 Kings 25:7. Part. אָסוּר bound, Psalms 146:7 metaph. used of a man taken with the love of a woman, Song of Solomon 7:6.

(3) to make captive, to hold in prison, although not bound, 2 Kings 17:4, 23:33. Part. אָסוּר a prisoner, Genesis 40:3, Genesis 40:5; Isaiah 49:9. בֵּית הָאֲסוּרִים “house of prisoners,” i.e. prison, Judges 16:21, 25 Judges 16:25 contr, בֵּית הָסוּרִים Ecclesiastes 4:14. (Arab. أَسَرَ id., أُسْرُ captivity.)

(4) to bind, or fasten animals to a vehicle. 1 Samuel 6:7, וַאֲסַרַתֶּס אֶת־הַפָּרוֹת בָּעֲגָלָה “and bind the kine to the cart;” verse 10 1 Samuel 6:10 either with an acc. of the vehicle, to harness a chariot, Genesis 46:29, or else absol. 1 Kings 18:44, אֱסֹר וָרֵר “bind (the chariot to the horses) and go down.”

(5) [“properly to bind on, to join, hence אָסַר אֶת־הַמִּלְחָמָה”], to join battle, den Streit anfädeln, mit jemandem anbinden, to begin the fight; 1 Kings 20:14; 2 Chronicles 13:3.

(6) אָסַר אִסָּר עַל־נַפְשׁוֹ to bind a bond, or prohibition upon oneself, i.e. to bind oneself with a vow of abstinence, promising to abstain from certain things otherwise permitted; Numbers 30:3, seq. It differs from נָדַר נֶדֶר, which is to vow to do or to perform something. (Ch. אֲסַר to prohibit, to forbid; Syr. ܐܣܪ ܘܫܪܐ to bind and to loose, also to prohibit and to permit.)

Niphal

(1) to be bound, Judges 16:6, 13 Judges 16:13.

(2) to be kept in prison, Genesis 42:16, 19 Genesis 42:19.

Pual, to be taken in war, made captive, Isaiah 22:3.

Derivatives, besides those that follow, אֵסוּר, אָסִיר, אַסִּיר, מָסֹרֶת, מוֹסֵרִים.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אֱסֹ֔ר אֱסֹ֣ר אֲסִירֵ֥י אֲסָרָֽם׃ אֲסֻר֗וֹת אֲסוּרִ֑ים אֲסוּרִ֖ים אֲסוּרִ֥ים אֲסוּרִֽים׃ אִסְר֣וּ אִסְרוּ־ אָֽסְרָ֣ה אָס֔וּר אָס֤וֹר אָס֤וּר אָס֥וּר אָסְרָ֖ה אָסְרָ֥ה אָסֹ֤ר אָסוּר֙ אֹסְרִ֤י אֻסְּר֣וּ אֻסָּ֑רוּ אסור אסורים אסורים׃ אסירי אסר אסרה אסרו אסרו־ אסרות אסרי אסרם׃ בְּאָסְרָ֖ם באסרם הֵאָ֣סְר֔וּ האסרו וְאָסְרָ֥ה וְלַאֲסוּרִ֖ים וַֽאֲסָר֖וּךָ וַאֲסַרְנֻ֖הוּ וַאֲסַרְתֶּ֤ם וַיֶּאְסֹ֖ר וַיֶּאְסֹ֤ר וַיֶּאְסֹ֥ר וַיֶּאְסֹ֨ר וַיֶּאֱסֹ֥ר וַיַּֽאַסְרֵ֙הוּ֙ וַיַּֽאַסְרֻ֙הוּ֙ וַיַּאַסְר֖וּם וַיַּאַסְר֙וּהוּ֙ וַיַּאַסְרֵ֖הוּ וַיַּאַסְרֵ֙הוּ֙ וַיַּאַסְרֵ֣הוּ וַיַּאַסְרֵהוּ֩ וַיַּאַסְרֻ֗הוּ וַתַּאַסְרֵ֖הוּ וַתַּאַסְרֵ֣הוּ ואסרה ואסרוך ואסרנהו ואסרתם ויאסר ויאסרהו ויאסרוהו ויאסרום ולאסורים ותאסרהו יֵאָסֵ֖ר יֶאְסֹ֥ר יַאַסְר֙וּנִי֙ יַאַסְרֻ֗נִי יאסר יאסרוני יאסרני לֶאְסֹ֣ר לֶאְסֹ֤ר לֶאֱס֤וֹר לֶאֱסָרְךָ֣ לַֽאֲסוּרִים֙ לאסור לאסורים לאסר לאסרך נֶֽאֱסָרְךָ֙ נאסרך תֵּאָסֵ֑ר תֵּאָסֵֽר׃ תֵאָסֵ֖ר תאסר תאסר׃ ’ă·sā·rām ’ā·sə·rāh ’ă·sî·rê ’ā·sō·wr ’ā·sōr ’ă·sū·rîm ’ă·su·rō·wṯ ’ā·sūr ’ăsārām ’āsərāh ’ăsîrê ’āsōr ’āsōwr ’āsūr ’ăsūrîm ’ăsurōwṯ ’ĕ·sōr ’ĕsōr ’is·rū ’is·rū- ’isrū ’isrū- ’ō·sə·rî ’ōsərî ’us·sā·rū ’us·sə·rū ’ussārū ’ussərū asaRam aseRah asiRei aSor aSur asuRim asuRot bə’āsərām bə·’ā·sə·rām beaseRam eSor hê’āsərū hê·’ā·sə·rū heAseRu isru la’ăsūrîm la·’ă·sū·rîm laasuRim le’·sōr le’ĕsārəḵā le’ĕsōwr le’sōr le·’ĕ·sā·rə·ḵā le·’ĕ·sō·wr leesareCha leeSor leSor ne’ĕsārəḵā ne·’ĕ·sā·rə·ḵā neesareCha oseRi tê’āsêr ṯê’āsêr tê·’ā·sêr ṯê·’ā·sêr teaSer usSaru usseRu vaasarNuhu vaasarTem vaasaRucha vaiyaasRehu vaiyaasRuhu vaiyaasRum vaiyeeSor vaiyeSor vattaasRehu veaseRah velaasuRim wa’ăsarnuhū wa’ăsartem wa’ăsārūḵā wa·’ă·sā·rū·ḵā wa·’ă·sar·nu·hū wa·’ă·sar·tem wat·ta·’as·rê·hū watta’asrêhū way·ya·’as·rê·hū way·ya·’as·ru·hū way·ya·’as·rū·hū way·ya·’as·rūm way·ye’·sōr way·ye·’ĕ·sōr wayya’asrêhū wayya’asruhū wayya’asrūhū wayya’asrūm wayye’ĕsōr wayye’sōr wə’āsərāh wə·’ā·sə·rāh wə·la·’ă·sū·rîm wəla’ăsūrîm ya’asrunî ya’asrūnî ya·’as·ru·nî ya·’as·rū·nî yaasRuni ye’·sōr yê’āsêr ye’sōr yê·’ā·sêr yeaSer yeSor
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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אֱסָר