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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #156 - αἰτία

Transliteration
aitía
Phonetics
ahee-tee'-a  
Word Origin
from the same as (154)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. cause, reason
  2. cause for which one is worthy of punishment, crime
  3. charge of crime, accusation
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5771 ‑ עָווֹן (aw‑vone', aw‑vone');  6231 ‑ עָשַׁק (aw‑shak');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (20) NAS (20) HCS (20)
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
Acts 8
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
Acts 8
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
Matthew 3
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
Acts 8
2 Timothy 2
Titus 1
Hebrews 1
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 1
N-ASF 16
N-GSF 1
N-NSF 2
N-APF 1
N-ASF 16
N-GSF 1
N-NSF 2
N-APF 1
N-ASF 16
N-GSF 1
N-NSF 2
NA WH
N-APF 1
N-ASF 14
N-GSF 1
N-NSF 2
R-ASF 2
N-APF 1
N-ASF 17
N-GSF 1
N-NSF 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἰτί-α, ἡ,

responsibility, mostly in bad sense, guilt, blame, or the imputation thereof, i.e. accusation, first in Pi. O. 1.35 and Hdt., v. infr. (Hom. uses αἴτιος): Phrases: αἰτίαν ἔχειν bear responsibility for, τινός A. Eu. 579, S. Ant. 1312; but usu. to be accused, τινός of a crime, φόνου Hdt. 5.70: c. inf., Ar. V. 506; foll. by ὡς.., Pl. Ap. 38c; by ὡς c. part., Id. Phdr. 249d; ὑπό τινος by some one, A. Eu. 99, Pl. R. 565b: reversely, αἰτία ἔχει τινά Hdt. 5.70, 71; αἰ. φεύγειν τινός S. Ph. 1404; ἐν αἰτίᾳ εἶναι or γίγνεσθαι, Hp. Art. 67, X. Mem. 2.8.6; αἰτίαν ὑπέχειν lie under a charge, Pl. Ap. 33b, X. Cyr. 6.3.16; ὑπομεῖναι Aeschin. 3.139; φέρεσθαι Th. 2.60; λαβεῖν ἀπό τινος ib. 18; αἰτίαις ἐνέχεσθαι Pl. Cri. 52a; αἰτίαις περιπίπτειν Lys. 7.1; εἰς αἰτίαν ἐμπίπτειν Pl. Tht. 150a; αἰτίας τυγχάνειν D. Ephesians 2:2; ἐκτὸς αἰτίας κυρεῖν A. Pr. 332; ἐν αἰτίῃ ἔχειν hold one guilty, Hdt. 5.106; δι' αἰτίας ἔχειν Th. 2.60, etc.; ἐν αἰτίᾳ βάλλειν S. OT 656; τὴν αἰτίαν ἐπιφέρειν τινί impute the fault to one, Hdt. 1.26; αἰτίαν νέμειν τινί S. Aj. 28; ἐπάγειν D. 18.283; προσβάλλειν τινί Antipho 3.2.4; ἀνατιθέναι, προστιθέναι, Hp. VM 21, Ar. Pax 640, etc.; ἀπολύειν τινὰ τῆς αἰτίης to acquit of guilt, Hdt. 9.88, etc.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αἰτία, (ας, ;

1. cause, reason: Acts 10:21; Acts 22:24; Acts 28:20; κατά πᾶσαν αἰτίαν for every cause, Matthew 19:3; δἰ ἥν αἰτίαν for which cause, wherefore, Luke 8:47; 2 Timothy 1:6, 12; Titus 1:13; Hebrews 2:11; cf. Grimm on 2 Macc. 4:28.

2. cause for which one is worthy of punishment; crime of which one is accused: Matthew 27:37; Mark 15:26; John 18:38; John 19:4 (6; Acts 23:28); αἰτία θανάτου (A. V. cause of death) crime deserving the punishment of death, Acts 13:28; Acts 28:18.

3. charge of crime, accusation: Acts 25:18, 27. (All these meanings are in secular writings also; (but Liddell and Scott now make meaning 3 the primary one).) In Matthew 19:10 the words εἰ οὕτως ἐστιν αἰτία τοῦ ἀνθρώπου μετά τήν γυναικός find a simple explanation in a Latinism (causa equivalent tores:si ita res se habet, etc.) if the case of the man with his wife is so.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἰτία , -ας , ,

[in LXX: Genesis 4:13 (H5771), Proverbs 28:17 (H6231), and freq. in Wis, 2,3Mac ;]

1. cause, reason, occasion, case: Matthew 19:3, Luke 8:47, Acts 10:21; Acts 22:24; Acts 28:20, 2 Timothy 1:6; 2 Timothy 1:12, Titus 1:13, Hebrews 2:11; εἰ οὕτως ἐστὶν ἡ αἰ . al. (cf. Lat. Sir ita res se habet, and v. MM. VGT, s.v.), Matthew 19:10.

2. In forensic sense,

(a) accusation: Acts 25:18; Acts 25:27;

(b) cause for punishment, crime: Matthew 27:37 Mark 15:26, John 18:38; John 19:4; John 19:6, Acts 13:28; Acts 23:28; Acts 8:18.†

SYN.: ἔλεγχος G1650, a charge, whether moral or judicial, which has been proven. αἰ . is an accusation simply, false or true.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Petr III. 53 (n) (iii/B.C.) ἀπέσταλται εἰς Ἀλεξανδρείαν πρὸς αἰτίαν ὑπὲρ ἧς [ἀπ ]ολογίζεται α ̣̓[λ ]λ᾽ οὐ τυχὼν ἐπιδείξειν (? for -δεῖξαι) [π ]ρὸς βίαν ἔχετ ̣α ̣ι ̣, ";he was sent to Alexandria to meet a charge against him and make his defence; but since he did not succeed in clearing himself he is forcibly detained"; (Edd.). So BGU I. 267.8 (A.D. 199) τοῖς δικαία ̣[ν ] αι ̣̓τ ̣[ ]αν ἐσχηκόσι, and so identically P Strass I. 22.3 f. (iii/AD.)—it was a legal formula. Note P Ryl II. 144.22 (A.D. 38) ἐτόλμησεν πθόνους ( = φθόνου) μοι ἐπαγαγεῖν αἰτίας τοῦ μὴ ὄντος ";to bring baseless accusations of malice"; (Edd.). In ib. 63.2 (iii/AD.—an astronomical dialogue) τίς δὲ ἡ αἰτία τούτων [τ ] [ν ] [εἰ ]δώλων (";What is the cause of these images?";—Edd.) we might possibly render ";case"; : Prof. Hunt paraphrases ";What is the meaning?"; If so, it comes fairly near Matthew 19:10 εἰ οὕτως ἐστὶν ἡ αἰτία τοῦ ἀνθρώπου μετὰ τῆς γυναικός. Cf. P Par 49.27 (B.C. 164–58) εἴπερ οὖν ἐστὶν αὕτη ἡ αἰτία. A more general use in P Hib I. 43.7 (B.C. 261 (260)) ἵνα μὴ αἰτίας ἔχῃς, ";lest you be blamed."; P Giss I. 40i. 2 (A.D. 212) joined with λ ̣[ιβ ]έλλου [ς ] in the sense of querellae (Ed.). The more ordinary meaning ";reason,"; ";excuse,"; like Matthew 19:3, etc., hardly needs illustration, but cf. BGU I. 136.25 f. (A.D. 135) κατὰ ταύτην [τὴν αἰ ]τίαν, P Oxy III. 472.5 (c. A.D. 130) εἶχεν μὲν οὖν αἰτίας, and frequently in the inscriptions, e.g. Michel 456.14 (ii/B.C.) διὰ ταύτας τὰς αἰτίας. BGU IV. 1205.7 (B.C. 28) τὴν αἰτίαν τοῦ φακοῦ has an insufficiently clear context. Ἄνευ αἰτίας, sine caussa, appears in PSI 41.16 (iv/A.D.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αιτια αιτία αἰτία αιτιαν αιτίαν αίτιαν αἰτίαν αιτιας αιτίας αἰτίας aitia aitía aitian aitían aitias aitías
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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