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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6231 - עָשַׁק
1) to press upon, oppress, violate, defraud, do violence, get deceitfully, wrong, extort
1a1) to oppress, wrong, extort
1a2) to oppress
1b) (Pual) to be exploited, be crushed
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
עָשַׁק fut. יַעֲשֹׁק, Arab. عسق.
(1) to oppress, to act towards, or treat any one unjustly or violently, e.g. the needy, helpless, Proverbs 14:31, 22:16 28:3 Ecclesiastes 4:1 a king his subjects, 1 Samuel 12:3, 1 Samuel 12:4 a victor, the vanquished, Isaiah 52:4; Jeremiah 50:33; Psalms 105:14; Hosea 5:11 God, a man, Job 10:3. Metaph. Proverbs 28:17, אָדָס עָשׁוּק בְּדַס־נֶפֶשׁ “a man oppressed with life blood” (which he has shed), i.e. bowed down under this guilt as a burden.
(2) to defraud, any one, to extort from him by fraud and violence, with an acc. of pers. Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14 and of the thing, Malachi 3:5, עשְׁקֵי שְׂכַר שָׂכִיר “who extort the wages of the hireling.”-Both constructions (Nos. 1 and 2) are found together in Micah 2:2, עָֽשְׁקוּ גֶּבֶר וּבֵיתוֹ “they oppress a man and wrest away his house,” i.e. act both with fraud and violence, compare גָּזַל.
(3) to be proud, insolent, metaph. of a river overflowing its banks, Job 40:23 (compare syn. بغا, ظلم, فجر).
Pual, part. מְעֻשָּׁקָה (virgin) violated forcibly, metaph. of a captured city, Isaiah 23:12.
Derivatives, מַעֲשַׁקּוֹת, עָשׁוֹק, עֲשׁוּקִיס, עשֶׁק, עָשְׁקָה pr.n. עֵשֶׁק.
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