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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #154 - αἰτέω

Transliteration
aitéō
Phonetics
ahee-teh'-o
Origin
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:191,30
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to ask, beg, call for, crave, desire, require
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  1156 ‑ בְּעָא (beh‑aw', beh‑aw');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  7592 ‑ שָׁאֵל (shaw‑al', shaw‑ale');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (71)
Matthew
14
Mark
10
Luke
11
John
11
Acts
10
1 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
2
Colossians
1
James
5
1 Peter
1
1 John
5
NAS (71)
Matthew
15
Mark
9
Luke
11
John
11
Acts
10
1 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
2
Colossians
1
James
5
1 Peter
1
1 John
5
HCS (69)
Matthew
13
Mark
9
Luke
11
John
11
Acts
10
1 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
2
Colossians
1
James
5
1 Peter
1
1 John
5
BSB (70)
Matthew
14
Mark
9
Luke
11
John
11
Acts
10
1 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
2
Colossians
1
James
5
1 Peter
1
1 John
5
ESV (69)
Matthew
12
Mark
10
Luke
11
John
11
Acts
10
1 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
2
Colossians
1
James
5
1 Peter
1
1 John
5
WEB (68)
Matthew
14
Mark
8
Luke
11
John
11
Acts
9
1 Corinthians
1
Ephesians
2
Colossians
1
James
5
1 Peter
1
1 John
5
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἰτ-έω

(Aeol. αἴτημι Pi. Fr. 155, Theoc. 28.5), Ion. impf. αἴτεον Hdt.: fut. αἰτήσω: aor. ᾔτησα: pf. ᾔτηκα 1 John 5:15 : plpf. ᾐτήκει Arr. An. 6.15.5: pf. Pass. ᾔτημαι, etc.:

I

1. ask, beg, abs., Od. 18.49, A. Supp. 341.

2. mostly c. acc. rei, ask for, demand, Il. 5.358, Od. 17.365, etc.; ὁδὸν αἰ. ask leave to depart, Od. 10.17; αἰ. τινί τι to ask something for one, 20.74, Hdt. 5.17: c. acc. pers. et rei, ask a person for a thing, Il. 22.295, Od. 2.387, Hdt. 3.1, etc.; δίκας αἰ. τινὰ φόνου to demand satisfaction from one for.., Hdt. 8.114; αἰ. τι πρός τινος Thgn. 556; παρά τινος X. An. 1.3.16; τὰ αἰτήματα ἃ τήκαμεν παρ' αὐτοῦ 1 John 5:15.

3. c. acc. pers. et inf., ask one to do, Od. 3.173, S. OC 1334, Ant. 65, etc.; αἰ. παρά τινος δοῦναι Pl. Erx. 398e.

4. c. acc. only, beg of, D.L. 6.49.

5. in Logic, postulate, assume, Arist. APr. 41b9 (Pass.), Top. 163a6, etc.

II Med., ask for one's own use, claim, Λύσανδρον ἄρχοντα Lys. 12.59; freq. almost = the Act., and with the same construct., first in Hdt. 1.90 (παρ-), 9.34, A. Pr. 822, etc.; αἰτεῖσθαί τινα ὅπως.. Antiphol. 12 codd.; πάλαισμα μἠποτε λῦσαι θεὸν αἰτοῦμαι S. OT 880; freq. abs. in part., αἰτουμένψ μοι δός A. Ch. 480, cf. 2, Th. 260, S. Ph. 63; αἰτουμένη που τεύξεται Id. Ant. 778; αἰτησάμενος ἐχρήσατο Lys. 19.27; οὐ πῦρ γὰρ αἰτῶν, οὐδὲ λοπάδ' αἰτούμενος Men. 476; αἰτεῖσθαι ὑπέρ τινος to beg for one, Lys. 14.22.

III Pass., of persons,

1. have a thing begged of one, αἰτηθέντες χρήματα Hdt. 8.111, cf. Th. 2.97, etc.; αἰτεύμενος Theoc. 14.63: c. inf., to be asked to do a thing, Pi. I. 8(7).5.

2. of things, to be asked, τὸ αἰτεόμενον Hdt. 8.112; ἵπποι ᾐτημένοι borrowed horses, Lys. 24.12.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἰτέω , - ,,

[in LXX chiefly for H7592;]

to ask, request: absol., Matthew 7:7, James 1:6; c. acc pers., Matthew 5:42, Luke 6:20; c. acc rei, seq. ἀπό , Matthew 20:20, 1 John 5:15; id. seq. παρά , Acts 3:2, James 1:5; c. dupl. acc, Matthew 7:9, Mark 6:22, John 16:23. Mid. (on the distinction bet, mid, and act., v. M, Pr., 160): absol., Mark 15:8, John 16:26, James 4:3; c. acc rei, Matthew 14:7, Mark 6:24, al.; c. acc pers., Matthew 27:20, Luke 23:25; c. acc rei, seq. παρά , Acts 9:2; c. acc inf., Luke 23:23; c. inf., Acts 7:46, Ephesians 3:13 (cf. ἀπ -, ἐξ -, ἐπ -, παρ -, προσ -αιτέω ).

SYN.: ἐρωτάω G2065, q.v., πυνθάνόμαι G4441. On the proper distinction between these words, v. Tr., Syn., § xl, Thayer, s.v. αἰ . In late Gk., however, αἰ . and . seem to have become practically synonymous (cf. Acts 3:2-3; v. Field, Notes, 101 f.; Μ , Th., I, 4:1; M, Pr., 6611; MM, VGT, s.v.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The ordinary meaning of this word ";to make a request,"; ";to ask for something"; is borne out by the papyri, e.g. P Fay 109.12 (early i/A.D.) αἴτησον Σάραν τὰς τοῦ (δραχμὰς) ι ̄β ̄, ";ask Saras for the twelve (silver) drachmae."; In ib. 121.12 ff. (c. A.D. 100) it is construed with the accusative of the thing and παρά, τὸ δ ̣[έρ ] μ ̣α τοῦ μόσχου οὗ ἐθ ̣υ ̣[σ ]αμεν αἴτησον πα ̣[ρὰ τοῦ ] κύρτου βυρσέως, ";ask the hunchbacked tanner for the hide of the calf that we sacrificed"; (Edd.) : cf. Acts 3:2. See further s.v. ἐρωτάω, and for the distinction between active and middle Proleg., p. 160 f. If the middle connotes a greater degree of earnestness, it is natural that it should be more frequent than the active, as for example in the phrases αἰτούμενος λόγον δηλῶ. . . (P Hamb I. 6.8 (A.D. 129), αἰτούμενος. . . ὀνόματα. . . δίδομει (BGU I. 91.5 ff. A.D. 170–1), and see the list of passages in the index to Syll (iii. p. 245). The verbal occurs negatived in P Ryl II. 163.4 (A.D. 139) γῆς κατοικικῆς ἀναιτήτου, ";not subject to demand"; (Edd.—see the note on 164.4).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αιτεί αιτειν αιτείν αἰτεῖν αιτεις αιτείς αἰτεῖς αιτεισθαι αιτείσθαι αἰτεῖσθαι αιτεισθε αιτείσθε αἰτεῖσθε αιτείται Αιτειτε αιτείτε αίτειτε Αἰτεῖτε αιτειτω αιτείτω αἰτείτω αιτησαι αιτήσαι αίτησαι αίτησαί αἰτῆσαι αιτήσαντες αιτησας αιτήσας αἰτήσας αιτήσασθαι αιτησασθε αἰτήσασθε αιτησάτω αιτησει αιτήσει αἰτήσει αιτησεσθε αιτήσεσθε αἰτήσεσθε αιτηση αιτήση αἰτήσῃ αιτησης αιτήσης αἰτήσῃς αιτησηται αιτήσηται αἰτήσηται αιτησητε αιτήσητε αἰτήσητε αἰτήσητέ αιτήσομαι Αιτησον αίτησόν Αἴτησόν αιτησουσιν αιτήσουσιν αἰτήσουσιν αιτήσω αιτησωμαι αἰτήσωμαι αιτησωμεν αιτήσωμεν αἰτήσωμέν αιτησωνται αιτήσωνται αἰτήσωνται αιτήσωσιν αιτουμαι αιτούμαι αιτούμαί αἰτοῦμαι αιτουμεθα αιτούμεθα αἰτούμεθα αιτουμενοι αιτούμενοι αἰτούμενοι αιτούντας αιτουντι αιτούντι αιτούντί αἰτοῦντι αἰτοῦντί αιτουσα αιτούσά αἰτοῦσά αιτούσι αιτούσί αιτουσιν αιτούσιν αἰτοῦσιν αιτωμεθα αιτώμεθα αἰτώμεθα αιτωμεν αιτώμεν αἰτῶμεν αιτων αιτών αἰτῶν ἀπαιτοῦσιν ητηκαμεν ητήκαμεν ᾐτήκαμεν ήτησα ήτησαι ητησάμην ήτησαν ητησαντο ητήσαντο ᾐτήσαντο ητησας ήτησας ᾔτησας ητησασθε ητήσασθε ᾐτήσασθε ητησατε ᾐτήσατε ητησατο ητήσατο ητήσατό ᾐτήσατο ήτησεν ητήσω ητουντο ητούντο ᾐτοῦντο aitein aiteîn aiteis aiteîs aiteisthai aiteîsthai aiteisthe aiteîsthe Aiteite Aiteîte aiteito aiteitō aiteíto aiteítō aitesai aitêsai aitēsai aitē̂sai aitesas aitēsas aitḗsas aitesasthe aitēsasthe aitḗsasthe aitese aitēsē aitesei aitēsei aitḗsei aitḗsēi aitḗseis aitḗsēis aiteses aitēsēs aitesesthe aitēsesthe aitḗsesthe aitesetai aitēsētai aitḗsetai aitḗsētai aitesete aitēsēte aitḗsete aitḗseté aitḗsēte aitḗsēté aitesomai aitēsōmai aitḗsomai aitḗsōmai aitesomen aitēsōmen aitḗsomén aitḗsōmén Aiteson Aitēson Aítesón Aítēsón aitesontai aitēsōntai aitḗsontai aitḗsōntai aitesousin aitēsousin aitḗsousin aitomen aitômen aitōmen aitō̂men aitometha aitōmetha aitṓmetha aiton aitôn aitōn aitō̂n aitoumai aitoûmai aitoumenoi aitoúmenoi aitoumetha aitoúmetha aitounti aitoûnti aitoûntí aitousa aitoûsá aitousin aitoûsin apaitousin apaitoûsin eitḗkamen ēitḗkamen eitḗsanto ēitḗsanto ḗitesas ḗitēsas eitḗsasthe ēitḗsasthe eitḗsate ēitḗsate eitḗsato ēitḗsato eitoûnto ēitoûnto etekamen ētēkamen etesanto ētēsanto etesas ētēsas etesasthe ētēsasthe etesate ētēsate etesato ētēsato etounto ētounto
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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