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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1838 - ἕξις

Word Origin
from (2192)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a habit whether of body or mind
  2. a power acquired by custom, practice, use
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS ( 0 )
Hebrews 1
Hebrews 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἕξις, εως, ἡ, (ἔχω):


1. (ἔχω trans.) having, being in possession of, possession, ἐπιστήμης ἕ., opp. κτῆσις, Pl. Tht. 197b; νοῦ Id. Cra. 414b; ἡ τῶν ὅπλων Id. Lg. 625c, cf. R. 433e, Sph. 247a, al., Arist. Metaph. 1022b4; opp. στέρησις, ib. 1055b13, S.E. P. 3.49.

2. in surgery, posture, Hp. Off. 3; ἕ. ἢ θέσις ib. 15.

II (ἔχω intr.) a being in a certain state, a permanent condition as produced by practice (πρᾶξις), diff. from σχέσις (which is alterable) (v. infr.):

1 state or habit of body, Id. Aph. 2.34, cf. Pl. Tht. 153b; ἕ. ὑγιεινή (so also X. Mem. 1.2.4), opp. διάθεσις ἀθλητική, Hp. Alim. 34; σχέσις καὶ ἕ. καὶ ἡλικίη Id. Mochl. 41; ἡ φύσις καὶ ἡ ἕ. Id. Acut. 43: pl., Thphr. Sens. 69: generally, condition, ἐν ἕξει τοῦ δρᾶν D.H. Comp. 25; ἕ. λεπτὴ κατὰ τοῦτο τὸ μέρος Hp. Art. 12; τῷ θερμὴν ἕ. ἔχοντι Polystr. p.26W.; outward appearance, ἡ ἕ. τοῦ σώματος κρείσσων LXX Daniel 1:15, cf. 1 Samuel 16:7, Sm. La. 4.7; habit of a vine, Thphr. CP 3.14.5; of material objects, ὑπὸ μιᾶς ἕξεως συνέχεσθαι S.E. M. 7.102, cf. Ph. 2.511, Stoic. 2.124,al. medic., the system, Ath. 2.45e, Mnesith. ib. 54b, Paul.Aeg. 3.59.

2. state or habit of mind, ἕ. κακίης Democr. 184; τὰς φύσεις τε καὶ ἕξεις τῶν ψυχῶν Pl. Lg. 650b, etc.; ἡ ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ ἕ., opp. ἡ τῶν σωμάτων ἕ., Id. Tht. l.c.; πονηρᾶς ψυχῆς ἕξει ib. 167b; λαμβάνειν ἕξιν τιμιωτέραν Id. R. 591b. esp. acquired habit, opp. ἐνέργεια, Arist. EN 1098b33,al.

3. trained habit, skill, Pl. Phdr. 268e, Arist. Pr. 955b1, Plb. 10.47.7, D.S. 2.29; τέχνη defined as ἕ. ἢ διάθεσις ἀπὸ παρατηρήσεως Phld. Rh. 1.69S.; ἄκρα ἕ. D.H. Comp. 11: c. gen., τὴν τῶν Ἰουδαϊκῶν γραμμάτων ἕξιν Aristeas 121; ἕ. πολιτικῶν λόγων Phld. Rh. 2.35 S. (Almost confined to Prose, but cf. Orph. A. 391.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἕξις, ἕξεως, (ἔχω, future ἕξω), a habit, whether of body or of mind (Xenophon, Plato, Aristotle, others); a power acquired by custom, practice, use ("firma quaedam facilitas, quae apud Graecos ἕξις nominatur," Quintilian 10, 1 at the beginning); so Hebrews 5:14 (ἐν τούτοις ἱκανήν ἕξιν περιποιησάμενος, Sir. prol. 7; ἕξιν ἔχειν γραμματικης, Polybius 10, 47, 7; ἐν τοῖς πολεμικοῖς, 21, 7, 3; ἐν ἀστρολογία μεγίστην, Diodorus 2, 31; λογικήν ἕξιν περιποιουμενος, Philo, aleg. legg. 1, 4).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐξις , -εως ,

(< ἔχω ),

[in LXX, cf. Sir, prol.9;]

habit, use, experience: Hebrews 5:14.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
έξει έξεως εξιν έξιν ἕξιν έξις εξισούμενον exin hexin héxin
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Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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