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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1884 - ἐπαρκέω

Word Origin
from (1909) and (714)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to avail or be strong enough for
    1. to ward off or drive away, a thing for another's advantage
      1. a thing from anyone, to defend
    2. to aid, give assistance, relieve
      1. to give aid from one's own resources
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
1 Timothy 2
1 Timothy 2
1 Timothy 3
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-PPM-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAS-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I fut. -έσω (v. infr.): aor. inf. ἐπαρκέσσαι A.R. 2.1161, cf. IG 5(1).730.18:

1. to be strong enough for a thing, in Hom. always of cases of danger or injury: 1. c. acc. rei et dat. pers., ward off something from one, οὐδέ τί οἱ τό γ' ἐπήρκεσε λυγρὸν ὄλεθρον Il. 2.873; οὔτε τι Τηλέμαχος τό γ' ἐπήρκεσεν Od. 17.568; οὐδὲν γὰρ αὐτῳ ταῦτ' ἐπαρκέσει τὸ μὴ οὐ πεσεῖν prohibebit quominus.., A. Pr. 918.

2. c. acc. rei, ward off, prevent, ἐπαρκέσσαι κακότητα A.R. 2.1161; σέ τοι μόνον δέδορκα πημονάν (Reiske for ποιμένων) ἐ. S. Aj. 360 (lyr.).

3. c. dat. pers. only, help, assist, Thgn. 871, Hdt. 1.91, Lys. 13.93, 1 Timothy 5:10, etc.: rarely c. acc. pers., E. Or. 803 (troch.): abs., τίς ἄρ' ἐπαρκέσει; who will aid? A. Th. 91 (anap.), cf. S. OC 777.

II supply, furnish, ἄκος δ' οὐδὲν ἐπἤρκεσαν, τὸ μὴ πόλιν.. παθεῖν A. Ag. 1170 (lyr.); ἐ. τινί τι Pl. Prt. 321a, cf. Ar. Pl. 830, LXX 1 Maccabees 11:35, etc.; also ἐ. τινὶ τῶν ἑαυτοῦ impart to him a share of.., X. Mem. 1.2.60: c. dat. rei, supply with, πέπλοις E. Cyc. 301.


1. abs., to be sufficient, enough, ὅσσον ἐπαρκεῖ Song of Solomon 5:1 (v.l. ἀπαρκεῖ) ; ἐπαρκέσει νόμος ὅδ' this law shall prevail, S. Ant. 612 (lyr.).

2. stand to the credit of, c. dat., γενεᾷ Pi. N. 6.60.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπαρκέω, ἐπάρκω; 1 aorist (ἐπηρκεσα), subjunctive ἐπαρκέσω; properly, to avail or be strong enough for ... (see ἀρκέω); hence,

a. to ward off or drive away, τί τίνι, a thing for another's advantage equivalent to a thing from anyone (Homer), to defend.

b. to aid, give assistance, relieve (Herodotus, Aeschyl, others): τίνι, 1 Timothy 5:10; middle, to give aid from one's own resources, 1 Timothy 5:16 according to the reading ἐπαρκείσθω (L text T Tr WH marginal reading) for ἐπαρκείτω (R G L marginal reading WH text); (κατά δύναμιν ἀλλήλοις ἐπάρκειν, Xenophon, mem. 2, 7, 1).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐπ -αρκέω , - ,

[in LXX: 1 Maccabees 8:26; 1 Maccabees 11:35 *;]

1. to be strong enough for.

2. to ward off.

3. to aid, relieve: c. dat. pers., 1 Timothy 5:10; 1 Timothy 5:16 (mid., WH, mg.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Par 46.5 (B.C. 153) εἰ ἔρρωσαι καὶ τὰ π ̣α ̣ρ ̣ ̣ τῶν θ ̣ε ̣ῶν κατὰ λόγον σοι χρηματίζεται, εἴη ἄν, ὡς βούλομαι, καὶ αὐτὸς δὲ μετ ̣ρίως ἐπ ̣[α ]ρ [κῶ —where however the reading is far from certain : see Witkowski .2, p. 86. See also Cagnat IV. 743 (Eumeneia—time of Alexander Severus = C. and B. ii. No. 232.18) τοῦτο γὰρ ἧν μοι τερπνὸν ἐπαρκεῖν εἴ τις ἔχρῃζε —a Jew speaks. In Polyb. i. 51, 10 the verb is used as nearly synonymous with ἐπιβοηθέω : cf. 1 Timothy 5:10; 1 Timothy 5:16.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επαρκειτω επαρκείτω ἐπαρκείτω επαρκεση επαρκέση ἐπαρκέσῃ επάρσεις έπαρσιν επαρσις έπαρσις επαρυστήρα επαρυστρίδας επαρυστρίδες επηρκεσεν επήρκεσεν ἐπήρκεσεν eparkeito eparkeitō eparkeíto eparkeítō eparkese eparkesē eparkései eparkésēi eperkesen epērkesen epḗrkesen
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