Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1885 - ἐπαρχία
- the office of a governor or prefect
- the region subject to a prefect
- a province of the Roman empire, either a larger province, or an appendage to a larger province, as Palestine was to that of Syria
I the government of an ἔπαρχος, or the district governed by him, = Lat. provincia, Plb. 2.19.2, SIG 888.45 (Scaptopara, iii A. D.), Str. 3.4.20, 17.3.25 (pl.), D.S. 37.10, 38.8, al., Acts 23:34, Plu. Caes. 4; of Carthage, empire, Phleg. Mir. 18.
II military 'command', force occupying a district, Ph. Bel. 96.49 (pl.).
(Rec. -χία , ν . Bl., § 3, 5), -ας , ἡ
(< ἔπαρχος , a prefect),
[in LXX: Ezra 4:11 (H4082), Judith 3:6 A*;]
the jurisdiction of a prefect, a province: Acts 23:3; Acts 23:34; Acts 25:1.†
*†ἐπάρχεισς , -ον ,
of a prefect: ἡ ἐ . (sc. ἐξουσία ) = ἐπαρχεια , q.v., Acts 25:1 (WH, mg.).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
ἐπαρχεία, which is used, like the Lat. provincia, in Acts 23:34; Acts 25:1, to denote ";province,"; ";sphere of duty,"; is restored by the editors in P Par 17.2 (B.C. 154) ἐπαρχίας Θη ]βαΐδος, τοῦ περὶ Ἐλεφαντίνην νομοῦ. They also remark in connexion with this document on the interest of finding a contract of sale drawn in official form and in the Greek language in this remote province at such an early date. See also P Qxy III. 471.22 (ii/A.D.) ἀπαλ [λ ]αγῆι τ ̣η ̣̑ς ἐ ̣[π ]α ̣ρχ ̣είας, and ib. XII. 1410.3 (early iv/A.D.) ἐξ αὐθεντείας Μα ̣γ ̣[νί ]ο ̣[υ ] Ῥούφου τοῦ διασημ (οτάτου) καθολ (ικοῦ) ἐπαρχείας Αἰγύπτου καὶ Λιβύης, where ";the addition of Libya to Egypt in the title of the catholicus is new"; (Edd.).
The title ἔπαρχος is found in the interesting order to return home for the approaching census—P Lond 904.1 (A.D. 104) (= III. p. 125, Selections, p. 73) Γ ̣[άΐος Οὐί ]βι ̣ο ̣[ς Μάξιμος ἔπα ]ρχ [ος ] Αἰγύπτ [ου λέγει κτλ. : cf. P Oxy X. 1271.1 (A.D. 246), a petition addressed Οὐαλερίῳ Φίρμῳ ἐπάρχῳ Αἰγύπτου. In P Lond 904.38 (as above) the enrolment is to be made by a certain Festus who is described as ἐπάρχ ̣ω [ι ] ε ̣ι ̣̀λ ̣ης (l. ἴλης); cf. P Gen I. 47.1 (A.D. 346) φλαουίῳ Ἀβιννείῳ ἐπάρχῳ εἴλης στρατιωτῶν κάστρων Διο [ν ]υσιάδος. A number of exx. of the title are classified in P Oxy XII. Index VIII. s.v.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany