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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2347 - θλῖψις

Transliteration
thlîpsis
Phonetics
thlip'-sis  
Word Origin
from (2346)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
3:139,334
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. a pressing, pressing together, pressure
  2. metaph. oppression, affliction, tribulation, distress, straits
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 343 ‑ אֵיד (ade);  1674 ‑ דְּאָגָה (deh‑aw‑gaw');  3906 ‑ לַחַץ (lakh'‑ats);  4035 ‑ מְגוּרָה (meg‑oo‑raw');  4157 ‑ מוּעָקָה (moo‑aw‑kaw');  4689 ‑ מָצוֹק (maw‑tsoke');  6040 ‑ עֳנִי (on‑ee');  6115 ‑ עֹצֶר (o'‑tser);  6125 ‑ עָקָה (aw‑kaw');  6233 ‑ עֹשֶׁק (o'‑shek);  6862 ‑ צָר (tsar, tsawr);  6869 ‑ צָרָה (tsaw‑raw');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7722 ‑ שֹׁאָה (sho, sho‑aw', sho‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (45) NAS (45) HCS (45)
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 2
Acts 5
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 1
Philippians 2
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 2
Acts 5
Romans 4
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 8
Ephesians 1
Philippians 2
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 4
Mark 3
John 2
Acts 5
Romans 5
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 9
Ephesians 1
Philippians 2
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 5
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASF 10
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 9
N-GPF 3
N-GSF 9
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 7
N-ASF 10
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 9
N-GPF 3
N-GSF 9
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 6
N-ASF 10
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 9
N-GPF 3
N-GSF 9
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 7
NA WH
N-ASF 10
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 9
N-GPF 3
N-GSF 9
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 6
N-ASF 12
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 10
N-GPF 3
N-GSF 11
N-NPF 1
N-NSF 7


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θλῖψις, εως, ἡ,

1. pressure, Arist. Mete. 382a13, Pr. 890a2; τῶν νεφῶν Epicur. Ephesians 1 P. 49 U.; ἀντέρεισις καὶ θ. Str. 1.3.6; of the pulse, Ruf. ap. Orib. 8.24.61, cf. Gal. 7.306; θ. στομάχου Orib. Fr. 42; ὑστερικαὶ θ. Sor. 1.42.

2. crushing, castration, πώλων Hippiatr. 20.

3. metaph., oppression, affliction, LXX Genesis 35:3, al., BGU 1139.4 (i B.C.), Acts 14:22 (pl.), al., Vett.Val. 71.16 (pl.), POxy. 939.13 (iv A.D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θλῖψις, or θλῖψις (so L Tr) (cf. Winers Grammar, § 6, 1 e.; Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 35), θλίψεως, (θλίβω), properly, a pressing, pressing together, pressure (Strabo, p. 52; Galen); in Biblical and ecclesiastical writings, a Greek metaphor, oppression, affliction, tribulation, distress, straits; Vulg. tribulatio, also pressura (2 Corinthians 1:4b; John 16:(21),33; (Philippians 1:16 (17); and in Colossians 1:24 passio)); (the Sept. for צָרָה, also for צַר, לַחַץ, etc.): Matthew 24:9; Acts 7:11; Acts 11:19; Romans 12:12; 2 Corinthians 1:4, 8; 2 Corinthians 4:17; 2 Corinthians 6:4; 2 Corinthians 7:4; 2 Corinthians 8:2; 2 Thessalonians 1:6; Revelation 1:9; Revelation 2:9, 22; Revelation 7:14; joined with στενοχωρία (cf. Trench, § lv.), Romans 2:9; Romans 8:35 (Deuteronomy 28:53f; Isa. (); ); with ἀνάγκη, 1 Thessalonians 3:7; with διωγμός, Matthew 13:21; Mark 4:17; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; of the afflictions of those hard pressed by siege and the calamities of war, Matthew 24:21, 29; Mark 13:19, 24; of the straits of want, 2 Corinthians 8:13; Philippians 4:14 (here others give the word a wider reference); James 1:27; of the distress of a woman in childbirth; John 16:21. θλῖψιν ἔχω (equivalent to θλίβομαι), John 16:33; 1 Corinthians 7:28; Revelation 2:10; θλῖψις ἐπί τινα ἔρχεται, Acts 7:11; ἐν θλίψει, 1 Thessalonians 1:6. plural: Acts 7:10; Acts 14:22; Acts 20:23; Romans 5:3; Ephesians 3:13; 1 Thessalonians 3:3; Hebrews 10:33; τοῦ Χριστοῦ, the afflictions which Christ had to undergo (and which, therefore, his followers must not shrink from), Colossians 1:24 (see ἀνταναπληρόω); θλῖψις τῆς καρδίας (καί συνοχή), anxiety, burden of heart, 2 Corinthians 2:4; θλῖψιν ἐπιφέρειν (L T Tr WH ἐγείρειν, see ἐγείρω, 4 c.) τοῖς δεσμοῖς τίνος, to increase the misery of my imprisonment by causing me anxiety, Philippians 1:16 (17).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θλίψις

(LTr., θλῖψις ), -εως ,

(< θλίβω ),

[in LXX for H6869, etc.;]

pressure (Arist.). In LXX and NT metaph., tribulation, affliction, distress: Matthew 24:9; Matthew 24:21; Matthew 24:29, Mark 13:19; Mark 13:24, John 16:21, Acts 7:11; Acts 11:19, Romans 12:12, 2 Corinthians 1:4; 2 Corinthians 1:8; 2 Corinthians 4:17; 2 Corinthians 6:4; 2 Corinthians 7:4; 2 Corinthians 8:2; 2 Corinthians 8:13, Philippians 4:14, 2 Thessalonians 1:6, James 1:27, Revelation 1:9; Revelation 2:9; Revelation 2:22; Revelation 7:14; c. ἀνάγκη (q.v.), 1 Thessalonians 3:7; στενοχωρία (which from the order of the words would appear to be the stronger term), Romans 2:9; Romans 8:35; διωγμός , Matthew 13:21, Mark 4:17, 2 Thessalonians 1:4; θ . ἔχω , John 16:33, 1 Corinthians 7:23, Revelation 2:10; ἔρχεσθαι ἐπί , Acts 7:11; ἐν θλίψει 1 Thessalonians 1:6; pl., Acts 7:10; Acts 14:22; Acts 20:28, Romans 5:3, Ephesians 3:13, 1 Thessalonians 3:3, Hebrews 10:33; τ . Χριστοῦ , Colossians 1:24; θ . τῆς καρδίας , 2 Corinthians 2:4; θ . ἐγείρειν , Philippians 1:17.†

SYN.: ἀνάγκη G318, διωγμός G1375, στενοχωρία G4730 (v. supr., and cf. Tr., Syn, iv; Lft., Notes, 45).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The metaphorical meaning of θλῖψις (for accent, see W.-Schm. Gr. p. 68) is generally thought to be confined to Bibl. and eccles. Greek (cf. Milligan on 1 Thessalonians 1:6), but the beginning of the later usage may be traced in OGIS 444.15 (B.C.125 or 77) διὰ τὰς τῶν πόλεων θλίψεις, apparently = ";because of the straits of the cities,"; and perhaps in BGU IV. 1139.4 (B.C. 5) χάρν (l. χάριν) τῆς ἐσχηκυίας ἡμᾶς [[κ ̣ο ̣ι ̣ν ̣κ ̣η ̣]] β ̣ι ̣ . . . η ̣ς ̣ θλε [ίψ ]εως, where, however, the meaning is not clear. See also the exx. which ";Boll (Offenbarung, p. 134 f.) quotes from Hellenistic astrology in illustration of Matthew 24:21, Mark 13:19, e.g. Catal. VIII. 3, 175, 5 ἔννοιαι <ἔσονται > καὶ θλῖψις, VII. 169, 12. λύπαι καὶ πένθη καὶ κλαυθμοὶ ἔσονται ἐν ἐκείνῳ τῷ τόπῳ καὶ στοναχαὶ καὶ θλίψεις. The NT usage may be further illustrated from two Christian papyrus letters—P Oxy VI. 939.18 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 129) τὰ μὲν γὰρ πρῶτα ἐν θλίψει αὐτῆς [πολλῇ οὔ ]σ ̣ης οὐκ ὢν ἐν ἐμαυτῷ ἀπέστειλα, ";for my first messages I despatched when she was in great affliction, not being master of myself,"; P Amh II . 144.18 (V/A.D.) καὶ γὰρ ἐγὼ ἐν πολλῇ μέρμνῃ (l. μερίμνῃ) καὶ θλείψει ὑπάρχω, ";for I am in much anxiety and trouble"; (Edd.). MGr θλῖψι (χλῖψι), ";affliction.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
θλιψει θλίψει θλιψεις θλίψεις θλίψεσι θλίψεσί θλιψεσιν θλίψεσιν θλίψεσίν θλιψεων θλίψεων θλιψεως θλιψεώς θλίψεως θλίψεώς θλιψιν θλίψιν θλῖψιν θλιψις θλίψις θλῖψις θνησιμαία θνησιμαίοις θνησιμαίον θνησιμαίου θνησιμαίων thlipsei thlípsei thlipseis thlípseis thlipseon thlipseōn thlípseon thlípseōn thlipseos thlipseōs thlípseos thlípseōs thlipsesin thlípsesin thlípsesín thlipsin thlípsin thlipsis thlípsis
Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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