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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2346 - θλίβω

Transliteration
thlíbō
Phonetics
thlee'-bo
Origin
akin to the base of (G5147)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:139,334
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θλῖψις
Definition   
Thayer's
  1. to press (as grapes), press hard upon
  2. a compressed way
    1. narrow straitened, contracted
  3. metaph. to trouble, afflict, distress
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 340 ‑ אָיַב (aw‑yab');  2502 ‑ חָלַץ (khaw‑lats');  3228 ‑ יָמִינִי (yem‑ee‑nee');  3805 ‑ כֹּתֶרֶת (ko‑theh'‑reth);  3944 ‑ לָצוֹן (law‑tsone');  4900 ‑ מָשַׁךְ (maw‑shak');  6231 ‑ עָשַׁק (aw‑shak');  6687 ‑ צוּף (tsoof);  6862 ‑ צָר (tsar, tsawr);  6887 ‑ צָרַר (tsaw‑rar');  7492 ‑ רָעַץ (raw‑ats');  7665 ‑ שָׁבַר (shaw‑bar');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
2 Corinthians 3
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (12)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
2 Corinthians 3
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
HCS (10)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
2 Corinthians 3
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (10)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
2 Corinthians 3
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (10)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
2 Corinthians 3
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (11)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
2 Corinthians 3
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 2
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θλῐβ-ω [],

Ar. Pax 1239, etc.: fut. θλίψω (ἀπο-) E. Cyc. 237: aor. ἔθλιψα Pl. Ti. 60c, Call. Del. 35: pf. τέθλῐφα Crobyl. 4 (cj.), Plb. 18.24.3: Med., fut. θλίψομαι (v. infr.): Pass., fut. θλῐβήσομαι v.l. in Sor. 1.33: aor. 1 ἐθλίφθην Pl. Ti. 91a, Arist. Pr. 925b20: aor. 2 part. θλῐβείς ib. 13, v.l. in Dsc. 3.7 (cf. subj. ἐκφλῐβῇ Hp. Loc.Hom. 9): pf. τέθλιμμαι Arist. Pr. 925b14, AP 7.472.5 (Leon.):

1. squeeze, chafe, θλίβει τὸν ὄρρον [ὁ θώραξ ] Ar. Pax 1239, cf. Lys. 314; τοὺς ὄφεις θλίβων D. 18.260; ὅπου με θλίβει where [the shoe] pinches, Plu. 2.141a: metaph., δούλης ὦτα νωθρίη θλίβει Herod. 4.53: abs., exercise pressure, Plot. 3.6.6: Pass., of a person heavy-laden, ὡς θλίβομαι ! Ar. Ra. 5, cf. V. 1289: Med., πολλῇς φλιῇσι παραστὰς θλίψεται (v.l. φλίψεται) ὤμους he will rub his shoulders against many doorposts, of a beggar, Od. 17.221: χείλεα θλίβειν, of kissing, Theoc. 20.4.

II compress, straiten, Pl. Ti. 60c; reduce, compress, εἰς τὸ μὴ ὂν τὰ ὄντα θλίβοντες Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.16U.: Pass., to be compressed, Pl. Ti. 91a; ὥστε ἐξωθεῖσθαι τὸ ἧσσον θλιβόμενον ὑπὸ τοῦ μᾶλλον θλιβομένου Archim. Fluit. 1 Prooem.; θλιβομένα καλύβα a small, close hut, Theoc. 21.18; ὁδὸς τεθλιμμένη, opp. εὐρύχωρος, Matthew 7:14; βίος τεθλ. a scanty subsistence, D.H. 8.73, cf. AP 7.472.5 (Leon.).

2. metaph., oppress, afflict, distress, ἀνάγκη ἔθλιψέ τινα Call. Del. 35; θ. καὶ λυμαίνεσθαι τὸ μακάριον Arist. EN 1100b28; θ. τὰς πόλεις τοῖς ὀψωνίοις SIG 700.25 (Macedonia, ii B.C.); press hard in battle, Plb. 18.24.3: Pass., θ. διὰ τὸν πόλεμον Arist. Pol. 1307a1; ὑπό τινων SIG 685.39 (ii B.C.); ὑπὸ τῆς ἀδοξίας Phld. Lib. p.61 O. Once in Hom., never in Trag.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θλίβω; passive, present θλίβομαι; perfect participle τεθλιμμενος; (allied with flogrum, affliction; from Homer down); to press (as grapes), press hard upon: properly, τινα (A. V. throng), Mark 3:9; ὁδός τεθλιμμένη a compressed way, i. e. narrow, straitened, contracted, Matthew 7:14; metaphorically, to trouble, afflict, distress (Vulg., tribulo): τινα, 2 Thessalonians 1:6; passive (Vulg. tribulor (also augustior); tribulationem patior): 2 Corinthians 1:6; 2 Corinthians 4:8; 2 Corinthians 7:5; (1 Thessalonians 3:4; 2 Thessalonians 1:7); 1 Timothy 5:10; Hebrews 11:37. (οἱ θλίβοντες for צָרִים in the Sept.) (Compare: ἀποθλίβω, συνθλίβω.)


Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θλίβω ,

[in LXX chiefly (ὁ θλίβων , ) for H6697;]

to press: c. acc pers., Mark 3:9; ὁδὸς τεθλιμμένη , a narrow (compressed) way, Matthew 7:14. Metaph. (as freq. in LXX), to oppress, afflict, distress: c. acc pers., 2 Thessalonians 1:6; pass. (Vg., tribulor, tribulation em patior), 2 Corinthians 1:6; 2 Corinthians 4:8; 2 Corinthians 7:5, 1 Thessalonians 3:4, 2 Thessalonians 1:7, 1 Timothy 5:10, Hebrews 11:37 (cf. ἀπο -, συν -θλίβω ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The varied usage of this common verb may be illustrated by the following passages—P Petr II. 4 (1).7 (B.C.. 255–4) ἵνα μὴ ἡμεῖς θλιβώμεθα, P Par 26.22 (B.C. 163–2) (= Selections, p. 15) ἡμῶυ δὲ τοῖς δέουσι θλιβομένων, P Oxy VI. 898.33 (A.D. 123) ἐκ παντὸς θλείβουσά με εἰς τὸ μὴ δύνασθαι κατ᾽ αὐτῆς προελθεῖν, ";using every means of oppressing me so as to render me incapable of proceeding against her"; (Edd.), P Ryl II. 116.9 (A.D. 194) θλειβομένη τῇ συνειδήσει περὶ ὦν ἐνοσφίσατο κτλ., of a woman ";oppressed by the consciousness"; that she had wrongfully appropriated certain articles, P Tebt II. 423.8 (early iii/A.D.) περὶ τῶν βοῶν μὴ ἀμελὴς (l. ἀμελήσῃς) μηδὲ θλεῖβε αὐτά, ";do not neglect the oxen or work them hard"; (Edd.), P Oxy I. 123.8 (iii/iv A.D.) πάνυ γὰρ θλείβομαι διότι οὐκ ἐδεξάμην σου γράμματα, ib. 120 verso.7 (iv/A.D.) ἀλ᾽ (l. ἀλλ᾽ ὅρα μὴ καταλίψῃς μαι (l. με) θλιβόμενον, and ib. VI. 903.33 (iv/A.D.) where a wife complains of her husband—καὶ περὶ Ἀνίλλας τῆς δούλης αὐτοῦ ἔμεινεν θλίβων τὴν ψυχήν μου, ";he also persisted in vexing my soul about his slave Anilla"; (Edd.). Cf. MGr θλιβερός, ";sad,"; ";perplexed."; The literal sense of the verb in Matthew 7:14 may be illustrated from Apoc. Petr. 10 καὶ τοὺς φονεῖς ἔβλεπον καὶ τοὺς συνειδότας αὐτοῖς βεβλημένους ἔν τινι τόπῳ τεθλιμμένῳ καὶ πεπληρωμένῳ ἑρπετῶν πονηρῶν.

 


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εθλίβετο εθλίβη εθλίβησαν εθλίβητε έθλιψαν έθλιψε έθλιψέ έθλιψεν θλιβεσθαι θλίβεσθαι θλίβεσθαί θλιβέτω θλιβήναι θλιβήσεται θλίβομαι θλιβομεθα θλιβόμεθα θλιβομενοι θλιβόμενοι θλιβομενοις θλιβομένοις θλίβοντας θλίβοντάς θλίβοντες θλίβοντές θλίβοντος θλίβοντός θλιβόντων θλιβουσιν θλίβουσιν θλιβουσών θλίβων θλιβωσιν θλίβωσιν θλιμμόν θλίψαι θλίψαντές θλιψάντων θλίψει θλίψεις θλίψετε θλίψη θλίψητε θλίψωσί θλίψωσιν τεθλιμμενη τεθλιμμένη τεθλιμμένοι τεθλιμμένου tethlimmene tethlimmenē tethlimméne tethlimménē thlibesthai thlíbesthai thlibomenoi thlibómenoi thlibomenois thliboménois thlibometha thlibómetha thlibosin thlibōsin thlíbosin thlíbōsin thlibousin thlíbousin
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