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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2348 - θνήσκω

Transliteration
thnḗskō
Phonetics
thnay'-sko  
Word Origin
a strengthened form of a simpler primary thano {than'-o} (which is used for it only in certain tenses)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:7,312
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to die, to be dead
  2. metaph. to be spiritually dead
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2026 ‑ הָרַג (haw‑rag');  2490 ‑ חָלַל (khaw‑lal');  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (13) NAS (9) HCS (9)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 6
Acts 2
1 Timothy 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 2
1 Timothy 1
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 2
1 Timothy 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2RAN 1
V-LAI-3S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 3
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 2
V-RAP-NSM 4
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 3
V-RAN 1
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 1
V-RAP-NSM 2
V-2RAN 1
V-LAI-3S 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 3
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 2
V-RAP-NSM 4
NA WH
V-XAI-3S 1
V-XAN 1
V-RAI-3P 1
V-RAI-3S 3
V-RAN 1
V-RAP-ASM 1
V-RAP-GSM 1
V-RAP-NSM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

θνῄσκω

(with ι IG 2.2477.7, 10,2494, Ἀρχ.Ἐφ.1910.73; θνείσκ- IG 2.4040b; [ ἀποθν]ήισκειν Pl. Phdr. in PPetr. 1p.18 (iii B.C.), but θνήσκω Did. ap. EM 452.29, freq. in codd.), Aeol. θναίσκω Hdn.Gr. 2.79, Dor. θνᾴσκω Sammelb. 6754.22 (iii B.C.): fut. θᾰνοῦμαι Simon. 85.9, S. Ant. 462, etc.; inf. -έεσθαι Il. 4.12; later θνήξομαι AP 9.354 (Leon.), Polyaen. 5.2.22 codd.: aor. 2 ἔθᾰνον, θάνον Od. 11.412, al.; inf. and Ion. θανέειν, as always in Hom., exc. Il. 7.52, θανέμεν Pi. P. 4.72: pf. τέθνηκα Il. 18.12, etc.; subj. τεθνήκω Th. 8.74: plpf. ἐτεθνήκειν Antipho 5.70, Lys. 19.48; 3 pl. -ήκεσαν And. 1.52: short forms of pf., 3 dual τέθνᾰτον X. An. 4.1.19, 1 pl. τέθνᾰμεν Pl. Grg. 493a, 3 pl. τεθνᾶσι Il. 22.52, etc.; 3 pl. plpf. ἐτέθνᾰσαν Antipho 5.70, And. 1.59, X. HG 6.4.16; imper. τέθνᾰθι Il. 22.365, τεθνάτω 15.496, IG 12.10, Pl. Lg. 933e, etc.; opt. τεθναίην Il. 18.98, etc.; inf. τεθνάναι [ ] Semon. 3, Hdt. 1.31, Ar. Ra. 1012, Pl.Com. 68, Th. 8.92, etc., τεθνᾶναι dub.l. in Mimn. 2.10, A. Ag. 539; τεθνάμεναι, -άμεν, Il. 24.225, 15.497, etc.; Aeol. τεθνάκην Sapph. 2.15; part. τεθνεώς Hdt. 9.120, Ar. Av. 476, etc., fem. τεθνεῶσα Lys. 31.22, D. 40.27 (τεθνηκυῖα Hippon. 29, E. Or. 109), neut. τεθνεός Hdt. 1.112, Hp. Nat.Mul. 32 (τεθνηκός Pl. Phd. 71d, pl. τεθνεῶτα 72c); gen. τεθνεῶτος, etc., Hdt. 5.68, etc. (once in Hom., dat. τεθνεῶτι Od. 19.331); poet. τεθνεότος Archel. ap. Antig. Mir. 89, Q.S. 7.65; Dor. τεθνᾰότα Pi. N. 10.74; τεθνηώς (v.l. -ειώς) Il. 17.161, -ηυῖα Od. 4.734, (κατα-) 11.141; gen. τεθνηῶτος Il. 9.633, etc.; also τεθνηότος 17.435, Od. 15.23, al. [ τεθνεῶτι is trisyll. Od. 19.331, τεθνεώτων E. Supp. 272 (hex.): disyll. forms are written in later Gr., nom. τεθνώς BCH 18.438 (Argilus); gen. sg. τεθνῶτος SIG 799.13 (Cyzicus, i A.D.); dat. sg. τεθνῶτι Papers of the Amer. School 3.334 (Pisid.); fem. τεθνώσῃ (and gen. pl. τεθνήτων) Ath.Mitt. 50.134(Macedonia); acc. pl. fem. τεθνώσας Babr. 45.9 ]: from τέθνηκα arose fut. τεθνήξω Ar. Ach. 325, A. Ag. 1279 (censured as archaic by Luc. So 7), later τεθνήξομαι Diogenian.Epicur. 1.28, 3.52, Luc. Pisc. 10, Ael. NA 2.46; part. τεθνηξόμενος Lib. 438.7.

I

1. The simple Verb is regularly used in early Prose in pf. and plpf.; for pres., fut., and aor. the compd. ἀποθνῄσκω is substituted: θνῄσκει v.l. in Hp. Mul. 1.9, σάρκες θνῄσκουσι Art. 69, ἔθνῃσκον Th. 2.47, al., θνῃσκόντων ib. 53, θνῄσκοι Pl. Phd. 72d, θνῄσκομεν Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.20U.: aor. part. θανών, subj. θάνῃ, IG 12(5).593.2,20,23 (Iulis, v B.C.), Berl.Sitzb. 1927.166 (Cyrene), Phld. Herc. 1649.4: aor. inf. θανεῖν ib.1418.13: in pres. and impf., die, as well of natural as of violent death; in aor. and pf., to be dead (cf. τί τοὺς θανὅντας οὐκ ἐᾷς τεθνηκέναι; Eup. 12.3 D.; τέθνηκ' ἔγωγε πρὶν θανεῖν κακῶν ὕπο E. Hec. 431), θανεῖν καὶ πότμον ἐπισπεῖν Il. 7.52, etc.; ζωὸς ἠὲ θανών alive or dead, Od. 4.553, cf. 15.350; ἦ ἤδη τέθνηκε 4.834; ὡς ἄμεινον εἴη τεθνάναι μᾶλλον ἢ ζώειν Hdt. 1.31, cf. 7.46; τεθνάναι κρεῖττον ἤ.. D. 9.65, cf. 10.25; ἄξιος τεθνάναι Ar. Ra. 1012, etc.; τεθνάτω let him be put to death, IG 12.10.29; ἄτιμος τεθ. Lex ap. D. 9.44: freq. in part., νέκυος πέρι τεθνηῶτος Il. 18.173; νεκρὸν.. τεθνηῶτα a dead corpse, Od. 12.10; οἱ τεθνηκότες, οἱ θανόντες, the dead, E. Hec. 278, Eup. l.c., etc.; οὔτε τεθνεῶτα οὔτε ζῶντα Hdt. 4.14; οἴχεται θανών (v. οἴχομαι) ; θανὼν φροῦδος (v. φροῦδος) ; θανόντι συνθανεῖν S. Tr. 798, Fr. 953, cf. E. Supp. 1007 (lyr.); ὁ θανών, opp. ὁ κτανών, S. Ph. 336: pres. with pf. sense, θνῄσκουσι γάρ, for τεθνήκασι, Id. OT 118, cf. E. Hec. 695 (lyr.), Ba. 1041 (lyr.), etc.

2. used like a pass. Verb, χερσὶν ὑπ' Αἴαντος θανέειν to fall by his hand, Il. 15.289; θ. ὑπό τινος Pl. 329c, Arist. HA 625a16; ἔκ τινος Pi. P. 4.72, S. OT 1454; πρός τινος ib. 292, E. Hec. 773; θεοῖς τέθνηκε S. Aj. 970: freq. c. dat. instrumenti, θ. χερί, δορί, Id. OC 1388, A. Th. 959 (lyr.); φαρμάκοισι E. Fk. 464; also ἐν βρόχῳ A. Ch. 558; τεθνάναι τῷ δέει, τ. τῷ φόβῳ, c. acc., to be in mortal fear of, D. 4.45, 19.81, cf. Arr. An. 7.9.4; προοίμιον σκοτεινὸν καὶ τεθνηκὸς δειλίᾳ Aeschin. 2.34; θ. ἐπί τινι to die leaving one as heir, Luc. DMort. 7.1.

II metaph., of things, perish, θνᾴσκει σιγαθὲν καλὸν ἔργον Pi. Fr. 121; ἐσλῶν ὑπὸ χαρμάτων πῆμα θνᾴσκει.. δαμασθέν Id. O. 2.19; λόγοι θνῄσκοντες μάτην A. Ch. 846; θ. πίστις S. OC 611; τὸ τρύβλιον τέθνηκέ μοι Ar. Ra. 986 (lyr.): in Prose, τέθνηκε τὸ τοὺς ἀδικοῦντας μισεῖν D. 19.289; τεθνηκός τι φθέγξασθαι D.C. 40.54; τεθνηκὸς ὁρᾶν Callistr. Stat. 14; τὸ τεθνηκὸς ὁ λίθος ὑπεδύετο ib. 2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

θνῄσκω: perfect τέθνηκα, infinitive τεθνάναι and L T Tr WH τεθνηκέναι (in Acts 14:19), participle τεθνηκώς; pluperfect 3 person singular ἐτεθνήκει (John 11:21 Rec.); (from Homer down); the Sept. for מוּת; to die; perfect to be dead: Matthew 2:20; Mark 15:44; Luke 7:12 (L brackets); ; John 11:21, Rec. in and ; John 12:1 (T WH omit; L Tr brackets); John 19:33; Acts 14:19; Acts 25:19; metaph, of the loss of spiritual life: ζῶσα τέθνηκε, i. e. κἄν δοκῇ ζῆν ταύτην τήν αἰσθητην ζωήν, τέθνηκε κατά πνεῦμα (Theoph.): 1 Timothy 5:6 (Philo de secular § 10 ζῶντες ἔνιοι τεθνήκασι καί τεθνηκότες ζῶσι). (Compare: ἀποθνῄσκω, συναποθνῄσκω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

θνήσκω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4191;]

to die; pf. (M, Pr., 114), to be dead: Matthew 2:20, Mark 15:44, Luke 7:12; Luke 8:49, John 11:44; John 19:33, Acts 14:19; Acts 25:19; metaph., of spiritual death, 1 Timothy 5:6 (cf. ἀπο -, συν -απο -θνήσκω ).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
ετεθνήκει θανείται τεθνάναι τεθνήκασι τεθνηκασιν τεθνήκασιν τέθνηκε τεθνήκει τεθνηκεν τέθνηκεν τεθνηκεναι τεθνηκέναι τεθνηκός τεθνηκοτα τεθνηκότα τεθνηκότας τεθνηκότες τεθνηκότι τεθνηκοτος τεθνηκότος τεθνηκότων τεθνηκως τεθνηκώς τεθνηκὼς τενηκώς tethnekasin tethnēkasin tethnḗkasin tethneken tethnēken téthneken téthnēken tethnekenai tethnekénai tethnēkenai tethnēkénai tethnekos tethnekṑs tethnēkōs tethnēkṑs tethnekota tethnekóta tethnēkota tethnēkóta tethnekotos tethnekótos tethnēkotos tethnēkótos
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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