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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2889 - κόσμος

Transliteration
kósmos
Phonetics
kos'-mos  
Word Origin
probably from the base of (2865)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
3:868,459
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. an apt and harmonious arrangement or constitution, order, government
  2. ornament, decoration, adornment, i.e. the arrangement of the stars, 'the heavenly hosts', as the ornament of the heavens. 1 Pet. 3:
  3. the world, the universe
  4. the circle of the earth, the earth
  5. the inhabitants of the earth, men, the human family
  6. the ungodly multitude; the whole mass of men alienated from God, and therefore hostile to the cause of Christ
  7. world affairs, the aggregate of things earthly
    1. the whole circle of earthly goods, endowments riches, advantages, pleasures, etc, which although hollow and frail and fleeting, stir desire, seduce from God and are obstacles to the cause of Christ
  8. any aggregate or general collection of particulars of any sort
    1. the Gentiles as contrasted to the Jews (Rom. 11:12 etc)
    2. of believers only, John 1:29; 6:33; 12:47 1 Cor. 4:9; 2 Cor. 5:19
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 134 ‑ אֶדֶן (eh'‑den);  3627 ‑ כְּלִי (kel‑ee');  4639 ‑ מַעֲשֶׂה (mah‑as‑eh');  5716 ‑ עֲדִי (ad‑ee');  5716 ‑ עֲדִי (ad‑ee');  6635 ‑ צְבָאָה (tsaw‑baw', tseb‑aw‑aw');  8499 ‑ תְּכוּנָה (tek‑oo‑naw');  8597 ‑ תִּפְאֶרֶת (tif‑aw‑raw', tif‑eh'‑reth);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (187) NAS (186) HCS (186)
Matthew 9
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 58
Acts 1
Romans 9
1 Corinthians 17
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 2
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 3
1 Timothy 3
Hebrews 5
James 4
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 4
1 John 17
2 John 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 9
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 57
Acts 1
Romans 9
1 Corinthians 17
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 2
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 3
1 Timothy 3
Hebrews 5
James 4
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 4
1 John 17
2 John 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 9
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 78
Acts 1
Romans 9
1 Corinthians 21
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 3
Ephesians 3
Philippians 1
Colossians 4
1 Timothy 3
Hebrews 5
James 5
1 Peter 3
2 Peter 5
1 John 23
2 John 1
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASM 45
N-DSM 37
N-GSM 73
N-NSM 32
N-ASM 45
N-DSM 36
N-GSM 71
N-NSM 32
N-ASM 45
N-DSM 37
N-GSM 73
N-NSM 32
NA WH
N-ASM 46
N-DSM 36
N-GSF 1
N-GSM 71
N-NSM 31
T-NSM 1
N-ASM 47
N-DSM 38
N-GSM 77
N-NSM 39


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κόσμος, ὁ,

I

1. order, κατὰ κόσμον in order, duly, εὖ κατὰ κ. Il. 10.472, al.; οὐ κατὰ κ. shamefully, Od. 8.179; μὰψ ἀτὰρ οὐ κατὰ κ. Il. 2.214: freq. in dat., κόσμῳ καθίζειν to sit in order, Od. 13.77, cf. Hdt. 8.67; οὐ κ... ἐλευσόμεθα Il. 12.225; κ. θεῖναι τὰ πάντα Hdt. 2.52, cf. 7.36, etc.; διάθες τάδε κ. Ar. Av. 1331; κ. φέρειν bear becomingly, Pi. P. 3.82; δέξασθαί τινα κ. A. Ag. 521; σὺν κόσμῳ Hdt. 8.86, Arist. Mu. 398b23; ἐν κόσμῳ Hp. Mul. 1.3, Pl. Smp. 223b; κόσμῳ οὐδενὶ κοσμηθέντες in no sort of order, Hdt. 9.59; φεύγειν, ἀπιέναι οὐδενὶ κ., Id. 3.13, 8.60. γ, etc.; ἀτάκτως καὶ οὐδενὶ κ. Th. 3.108, cf. A. Pers. 400; οὐκέτι τὸν αὐτὸν κ. no longer in the same order, Hdt. 9.66; οὐδένα κ. ib. 65, 69; ἦν δ' οὐδεὶς κ. τῶν ποιουμένων Th. 3.77: generally, of things, natural order, γίνεται τῶν τεταρταίων ἡ κατάστασις ἐκ τούτου τοῦ κ. Hp. Prog. 20.

2. good order, good behaviour, = cross κοσμιότης Phld. Mus. p.43 K.; discipline, D. 18.216; οὐ κ., ἀλλ' ἀκοσμία S. Fr. 846.

3. form, fashion, ιππου κόσμον ἄεισον δουρατέου Od. 8.492; κ. ἐπέων ἀπατηλός Parm. 8.52; ἐξηγεομένων.. τὸν κ. αὐτοῦ the fashion of it, Hdt. 3.22; κ. τόνδε.. ὁ καταστησάμενος who established this order or from, Id. 1.99.

4. of states, order, government, μεταστῆσαι τὸν κ. Th. 4.76, cf. 8.48, 67; μένειν ἐν τῷ ὀλιγαρχικῷ κ. 8.72, etc.; esp. of the Spartan constitution, Hdt. 1.65, Clearch. 3: pl., πόλεων κόσμοι Pl. Prt. 322c.

II

1. ornament, decoration, esp. of women, Il. 14.187, Hes. Op. 76, Hdt. 5.92. ή; γυναικεῖος κ. Pl. R. 373c, etc.; of a horse, Il. 4.145; of men, Hdt. 3.123, A. Th. 397, etc.; γλαυκόχροα κόσμον ἐλαίας, of an olive-wreath, Pi. O. 3.13, cf. 8.83, P. 2.10, etc.; κ. κυνῶν X. Cyn. 6.1; κ. καὶ ἔπιπλα Lys. 12.19; κ. ἀργυροῦς a service of plate, Ath. 6.231b; ἱερὸς κ. OGI 90.40 (Rosetta, ii B. C.): pl., ornaments, A. Ag. 1271; οἱ περὶ τὸ σῶμα κ. Isoc. 2.32: metaph., of ornaments of speech, such as epithets, Id. 9.9 (pl.), Arist. Rh. 1408a14, Po. 1457b2, 1458a33; ἁδυμελῆ κ. κελαδεῖν to sing sweet songs of praise, Pi. O. 11 (10). 13 (s.v.l.).

2. metaph., honour, credit, Id. N. 2.8, I. 6(5).69; κόσμον φέρει τινί it does one credit, Hdt. 8.60, 142; γύναι, γυναιξὶ κόσμον ἡ σιγὴ φέρει S. Aj. 293; κ. τοῦτ' ἐστὶν ἐμοί Ar. Nu. 914; οἷς κόσμος [ἐστὶ] καλῶς τοῦτο δρᾶν Th. 1.5; ἐν κόσμῳ καὶ τιμῇ εἶναί τινι D. 60.36; of persons, σὺ ἔμοιγε μέγιστος κ. ἔσει X. Cyr. 6.4.3; ἡ μεγαλοψυχία οἷον κ. τις τῶν ἀρετῶν Arist. EN 1124a1.

III

1. ruler, regulator, title of chief magistrate in Crete, SIG 712.57, etc.; collectively, body of κόσμοι, ib.524.1; τοῦ κ. τοῖς πλίασι ib.527.74: also freq. in pl., ib.528.1, al., Arist. Pol. 1272a6, Str. 10.4.18, 22; cf. κόρμος. Philos., world-order, universe, first in Pythag., acc.to Placit. 2.1.1, D.L. 8.48 (cf. [ Philol. ] 21), or Parm., acc. to Thphr. ap. D.L.l.c.; κόσμον τόνδε οὔτε τις θεῶν οὔτε ἀνθρώπων ἐποίησεν, ἀλλ' ἦν ἀεὶ καὶ ἔστιν καὶ ἔσται πῦρ Heraclit. 30; ὁ καλούμενος ὑπὸ τῶν σοφιστῶν κ. X. Mem. 1.1.11: freq. in Pl., Grg. 508a, Ti. 27a, al.; ἡ τοῦ ὅλου σύστασίς ἐστι κ. καὶ οὐρανός Arist. Cael. 280a21, cf. Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.37U., Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.168, etc.; ὁ κ. ζῷον ἔμψυχον καὶ λογικόν Posidon. ap. D.L. 7.139, cf. Pl. Ti. 30b: sts. of the firmament, γῆς ἁπάσης τῆς ὑπὸ τῷ κόσμῳ κειμένης Isoc. 4.179; ὁ περὶ τὴν γῆν ὅλος κ. Arist. Mete. 339a20; μετελθεῖν εἰς τὸν ἀέναον κ., of death, OGI 56.48 (Canopus, iii B. C.); but also, of earth, as opp. heaven, ὁ ἐπιχθόνιος κ. Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.44; or as opp. the underworld, ὁ ἄνω κ. Iamb. VP 27.123; of any region of the universe, ὁ μετάρσιος κ. Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.44; of the sphere whose centre is the earth's centre and radius the straight line joining earth and sun, Archim. Aren. 4; of the sphere containing the fixed stars, Pl. Epin. 987b: in pl., worlds, coexistent or successive, Anaximand. et alii ap. Placit. 2.1.3, cf. Epicur.l.c.; also, of stars, Νὺξ μεγάλων κ. κτεάτειρα A. Ag. 356 (anap.), cf. Heraclid.et Pythagorei ap. Placit. 2.13.15 (= Orph. Fr. 22); οἱ ἑπτὰ κ. the Seven planets, Corp.Herm. 11.7.

2. metaph., microcosm, ἄνθρωπος μικρὸς κ. Democr. 34; ἄνθρωπος βραχὺς κ. Ph. 2.155; of living beings in general, τὸ ζῷον οἷον μικρόν τινα κ. εἶναί φασιν ἄνδρες παλαιοί Gal. UP 3.10.

3. in later Gr., = cross οἰκουμένη, the known or inhabited world, OGI 458.40 (9 B.C.), Romans 1:8, etc.; ὁ τοῦ παντὸς κ. κύριος, of Nero, SIG 814.31, cf. IGRom. 4.982 (Samos); ἐὰν τὸν κ. ὅλον κερδήσῃ Matthew 16:26.

4. men in general, φανέρωσον σεαυτὸν τῷ κ. John 7:4; cf. John 12:19; esp. of the world as estranged from God by sin, ib. 16.20, 17.9, al., 1 Corinthians 1:21, etc.

5. οὗτος ὁ κ. this present world, i.e. earth, opp. heaven, John 13:1; regarded as the kingdom of evil, ὁ ἄρχων τοῦ κ. τούτου ib. 12.31. Pythag.name for six, Theol.Ar. 37; for ten, ib.59.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 κόσμος, κόσμου, ;

1. in Greek writings from Homer down, an apt and harmonious arrangement or constitution, or der.

2. as in Greek writings from Homer down, ornament, decoration, adornment: ἐνδύσεως ἱματίων, 1 Peter 3:3 ( Sirach 6:30 Sirach 21:21; 2 Maccabees 2:2; the Sept. for צָבָא of the arrangement of the stars, 'the heavenly hosts,' as the ornament of the heavens, Genesis 2:1; Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 17:8; Isaiah 24:21; Isaiah 40:26; besides occasionally for עֲדִי; twice for תִּפְאֶרֶת, Proverbs 20:29; Isaiah 3:19).

3. the world, i. e. the universe ( quem κόσμον Graeci nomine ornamenti appellarunt, eum nos a perfecta absolutaque elegantia mundum, Pliny, h. n. 2,3; in which sense Pythagoras is said to have been the first to use the word, Plutarch, de plac. philos. 2,1, 1, p. 886c.; but according to other accounts he used it of the heavens, ( Diogenes Laërtius 8,48, of which it is used several times also by other Greek writers (see Menag. on ( Diogenes Laërtius, the passage cited; Bentley, Epistles of Phalaris, vol. i., 391 (Lond. 1886); M. Anton. 4,27 and Gataker's notes; cf. Liddell and Scott, under the word, IV.)): Acts 17:24; Romans 4:13 (where cf. Meyer, Tholuck, Philippi); 1 Corinthians 3:22; 1 Corinthians 8:4; Philippians 2:15; with a predominant notion of space, in hyperbole, John 21:25 ( Wisdom of Solomon 7:17 Wisdom of Solomon 9:3; 2 Maccabees 8:18; κτίζειν τόν κόσμον, Wisdom of Solomon 11:18; τοῦ κόσμου κτίστης, 2 Maccabees 7:23; 4 Maccabees 5:25 (24); — a sense in which it does not occur in the other O. T. books, although there is something akin to it in Proverbs 17:6, on which see 8 below); in the phrases πρό τοῦ τόν κόσμον εἶναι, John 17:5; ἀπό καταβολῆς κόσμου ( Matthew 13:35 R G; Matthew 25:34>; Luke 11:50; Hebrews 4:3; Hebrews 9:26; Revelation 13:8; Revelation 17:8) and πρό καταβολῆς κόσμου ( John 17:21; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:20) (on which see καταβολή, 2); ἀπό κτίσεως κόσμου, Romans 1:20; ἀπ' ἀρχῆς κόσμου, Matthew 24:21; (on the omission of the article, cf. Winer s Grammar, p. 123 (117); Buttmann, § 124,8b.; (cf. Ellicott on Galatians , 6:14)).

4. the circle of the earth, the earth (very rarely so in Greek writings until after the age of the Ptolemies; so in Boeckh, Corpus inscriptions i., pp. 413,643, nos. 334,1306): Mark 16:15; ( John 12:25); 1 Timothy 6:7; βασιλεία τοῦ κόσμου, Revelation 11:15; βασιλεῖαι (plural) τοῦ κόσμου, Matthew 4:8 (for which Luke 4:5 τῆς οἰκουμένης); τό φῶς τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, of the sun, John 11:9; ἐν ὅλῳ τῷ κόσμῳ, properly, Matthew 26:13; hyperbolically, equivalent to far and wide, in widely separated places, Romans 1:8; (so ἐν παντί τῷ κόσμῳ, Colossians 1:6); τότε κόσμος, 2 Peter 3:6; the earth with its inhabitants: ζῆν ἐν κόσμῳ, opposed to the dead, Colossians 2:20 (λῃστής ἦν καί κλέπτης ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ, i. e. among those living on earth, Ev. Nicod. 26). By a usage foreign to secular authors,

5. the inhabitants of the world: θέατρον ἐγενήθημεν τῷ κόσμῳ καί ἀγγέλοις καί ἀνθρώποις, 1 Corinthians 4:9 ( Winer s Grammar, 127 (121)); particularly the inhabitants of the earth, men, the human race (first so in Sap. (e. g. Wisdom of Solomon 10:1>)): Matthew 13:38; Matthew 18:7; Mark 14:9; John 1:10,29 (John 1:36> L in brackets); John 3:16f; 6:33,51; 8:26; 12:47; 13:1; 14:31; 16:28; 17:6,21,23>; Romans 3:6,19; 1 Corinthians 1:27f (cf. Winer's Grammar, 189 (178)); 1 Corinthians 4:13; 5:10; 14:10>; 2 Corinthians 5:19; James 2:5 (cf. Winer's Grammar, as above); 1 John 2:2 (cf. Winer's Grammar, 577 (536)); ἀρχαῖος κόσμος, of the antediluvians, 2 Peter 2:5; γέννασθαι εἰς τόν κόσμον, John 16:21; ἔρχεσθαι εἰς τόν κόσμον ( John 9:39) and εἰς τόν κόσμον τοῦτον, to make its appearance or come into existence among men, spoken of the light which in Christ shone upon men, John 1:9; John 3:19, cf. 12:46; of the Messiah, John 6:14; John 11:27; of Jesus as the Messiah, John 9:39; John 16:28; John 18:37; 1 Timothy 1:15; also ἐισέρχεσθαι εἰς τόν κόσμον, Hebrews 10:5; of false teachers, 2 John 1:7 (yet here L T Tr WH ἐξέρχεσθαι εἰς τόν κόσμον; (so all texts in 1 John 4:1)); to invade, of evils coming into existence among men and beginning to exert their power: of sin and death, Romans 5:12 (of death, Wisdom of Solomon 2:24; Clement of Rome, 1 Corinthians 3,4 [ET]; of idolatry, Wisdom of Solomon 14:14). ἀποστέλλειν τινα εἰς τόν κόσμον, John 3:17; John 10:36; John 17:18; 1 John 4:9; φῶς τοῦ κόσμου, Matthew 5:14; John 8:12; John 9:5; σωτήρ τοῦ κόσμου, John 4:42; 1 John 4:14 (σωτηρία τοῦ κόσμου Wisdom of Solomon 6:26 (25); ἐλπίς τοῦ κόσμου, Wisdom of Solomon 14:6; πρωτόπλαστος πατήρ τοῦ κόσμου, of Adam, Wisdom of Solomon 10:1); στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου (see στοιχεῖον, 3,4); ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ, among men, John 16:33; John 17:13; Ephesians 2:12; ἐν κόσμῳ (see Winer's Grammar, 123 (117)), 1 Timothy 3:16; εἶναι ἐν τῷ κόσμου, to dwell among men, John 1:10; John 9:5; John 17:11,12 R G; 1 John 4:3; εἶναι ἐν κόσμῳ, to be present, Romans 5:13; ἐξελθεῖν, ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου, to withdraw from human society and seek an abode outside of it, 1 Corinthians 5:10; ἀναστρέφεσθαι ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ, to behave oneself, 2 Corinthians 1:12; likewise εἶναι ἐν τῷ κόσμου τούτῳ, 1 John 4:17. used specifically of the Gentiles collectively, Romans 11:12 (where it alternates with τά ἔθνη), 15; (the two in combination: τά ἔθνη τοῦ κόσμου, Luke 12:30). hyperbolically or loosely equivalent to the majority of men in a place, the multitude or mass (as we say the public): John 7:4; John 12:19 (here Tr marginal reading adds ὅλος, in brackets); John 14:19,22; 18:20>. equivalent to the entire number, ἀσεβῶν, 2 Peter 2:5.

6. "the ungodly multitude; the whole mass of men alienated from God, and therefore hostile to the cause of Christ" (cf. Winer's Grammar, 26): John 7:7; John 14:27 (John 17:27>); John 15:18f; 16:8,20,33; 17:9,14f, 25>; 1 Corinthians 1:21; 1 Corinthians 6:2; 1 Corinthians 11:32; 2 Corinthians 7:10; James 1:27; 1 Peter 5:9; 2 Peter 1:4; 2 Peter 2:20; 1 John 3:1,13; 1 John 4:5; 1 John 5:19; of the aggregate of ungodly and wicked men in O. T. times, Hebrews 11:38; in Noah's time, ibid. 7; with οὗτος added, Ephesians 2:2 (on which see αἰών, 3); εἶναι ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου and ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου τούτου (see εἰμί, V:3 rd.), John 8:23; John 15:19; John 17:14,16; 1 John 4:5; λαλεῖν ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου, to speak in accordance with the world's character and mode of thinking, 1 John 4:5; ἄρχων τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, i. e. the devil, John 12:31; John 14:30; John 16:11; ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ he that is operative in the world (also of the devil), 1 John 4:4; τό πνεῦμα τοῦ κόσμου 1 Corinthians 2:12; σοφία τοῦ κόσμου τούτου, 1 Corinthians 1:20 (here G L T Tr WH omit τούτου); 1 Corinthians 3:19. (τά στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου, Galatians 4:3; Colossians 2:8,20 (see 5 above, and στοιχεῖον, 3,4).)

7. "worldly affairs; the aggregate of things earthly; the whole circle of earthly goods, endowments, riches, advantages, pleasures, etc., which, although hollow and frail and fleeting, stir desire, seduce from God and are obstacles to the cause of Christ": Galatians 6:14; 1 John 2:16; 1 John 3:17; εἶναι ἐκ τοῦ κόσμου, to be of earthly origin and nature, John 18:36; somewhat differently in 1 John 2:16 (on which see εἰμί, V:3d.); κερδαίνειν τόν κόσμον ὅλον, Matthew 16:26; Mark 8:36; Luke 9:25; οἱ χρώμενοι τῷ κόσμῳ τούτῳ (critical text τόν κόσμον; see χράομαι, 2), 1 Corinthians 7:31 a; μέριμναν τά τοῦ κόσμου, 33 f; φίλος and φιλία τοῦ κόσμου, James 4:4; ἀγαπᾶν τόν κόσμον, 1 John 2:15; νικαν τόν κόσμον, the incentives to sin proceeding from the world, 1 John 5:4 f; the obstacles to God's cause, John 16:33; (cf. ἐλθέτω χάρις καί παρελθέτω κόσμος οὗτος, Teaching of the Twelve Apostles,

c. 10 [ET]).

8. any aggregate or general collection of particulars of any sort (cf. English a world of curses (Shakspere), etc.): κόσμος τῆς ἀδικίας, the sum of all iniquities, James 3:6; τοῦ πιστοῦ ὅλος κόσμος τῶν χρημάτων, τοῦ δέ ἀπίστου οὐδέ ὀβολός (a statement due to the Alex. translators), Proverbs 17:6. Among the N. T. writers no one uses κόσμος oftener than John; it occurs in Mark three times, in Luke's writings four times, and in the Apocalypse three tinms. Cf. Kreiss, Sur le sens du mot κόσμος dans le N. T. (Strasb. 1837); Düsterdieck on 1 John 2:15, pp. 247-259; Zezschwitz, Profangräcität u. Biblical Sprachgeist, p. 21ff; Diestel in Herzog xvii., p. 676ff; ( Trench, Synonyms, § lix.); on John's use of the word cf. Reuss, Histoire de la theologie chretienne au siecle apostolique, ii., p. 463ff (i. e. livre 7 chapter viii.); cf. his Johanneische Theologie, in the Beiträge zu den theol. Wissenschaften, Fasc. i., p. 29ff; (Westcott on John 1:10, 'Additional Note').

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κόσμος , -συ ,

[in LXX: Genesis 2:1, Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 17:3, Isaiah 24:21; Isaiah 40:26 (H6635), Exodus 33:5-6, Jeremiah 2:32; Jeremiah 4:30, Ezekiel 7:20; Ezekiel 16:11; Ezekiel 23:40 (H5716), Isaiah 61:10 (H3627), al., Wisdom of Solomon 2:24 and freq., Sirach 6:30, al;]

1. order (Hom., Plat., al.).

2. ornament, adornment, esp. of women (Hom., al.): 1 Peter 3:3.

3. Later, the world or universe, as an ordered system (Plat., al.): Acts 17:24, Romans 4:13, 1 Corinthians 3:22, Philippians 2:15, Hebrews 4:3, al.

4. In late writers only, the world, i.e. the earth (= ἡ οἰκουμένη , cf. Matthew 4:8 with Luke 4:5): Matthew 4:8, Mark 16:15, Colossians 2:20, 1 Timothy 6:7, al.; hence by meton.,

(a) of the human inhabitants of the world: Matthew 5:14; Matthew 13:38, Mark 14:9, John 1:10; John 4:42; John 12:47, Romans 3:6, 1 Corinthians 4:13, 2 Corinthians 5:19, 2 Peter 2:5, al.;

(b) of worldly affairs or possessions: Matthew 16:26, Mark 8:36, Luke 9:25, 1 Corinthians 7:31, 1 John 2:16, al.;

(c) in ethical sense, of the ungodly: John 7:7; John 14:17; John 14:27, 1 Corinthians 1:21, James 1:27, 1 John 4:4, al.;

(d) metaph.: ὁ κ . τῆς ἀδικίας , James 3:6.

SYN.: αἰών G165), q.v. (cf. also Dalman, Words, 162 ff.; Tr., Syn., § lix; Westc., additional note on John 1:10; DB, iv, 938 ff.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Interesting exx. of ὁ κόσμος, ";the world,"; are afforded by OGIS 458.40 (c. B.C. 9) (= Priene 105), where the birthday of the divine Augustus is referred to as the beginning of good news to the world—ἦρξεν δὲ τῶι κόσμωι τῶν δι᾽ αὐτὸν εὐανγελί [ων ἡ γενέθλιος ] τοῦ θεοῦ, and Syll 376.31 where, on the occasion of the proclamation of the freedom of all the Greeks at the Isthmian games in A.D. 67, the Emperor Nero is described as ὁ τοῦ παντὸς κόσμου κύριος Νέρων. With the hyperbolical usage in Romans 1:8 we may compare a sepulchral inscr. from Egypt, in which a certain Seratus states that he lies between mother and brother—ὧν καὶ ἡ σωφροσύνη κατὰ τὸν κόσμον λελάληται (Archiv v. p. 169, No. 24.8) : see also P Lond 981.10 (iv/A.D.) (= III. p. 242, Chrest. I. p. 157) ἡ γὰρ εὐφημία σου, πάτερ, περιεκύκλωσεν τὸν κ [όσ ]μον ὅλον ὡς ἀγαθὸν πατέρα —a letter to a bishop. Other exx. of the word are OGIS 56.48 (iii/B.C.) μετελθεῖν εἰς τὸν ἀέναον κόσμον, and PSI III. 157.39 (an astrological song—iii/A.D. ?) where κόσμος = οὐρανός (cf. Genesis 2:1, Deuteronomy 4:19). For the plur. = ";magistrates,"; see OGIS 270.10 (mid. ii/B.C.) ἐπιμ [ε ]λὲς γενέσθω τοῖς κόσμοις, ὅπως κορυχθῇ, and for the collective sing. in the same sense see the exx. collected by Dittenberger Syll 427 n..1 : cf. also the use of the compd. εὐκοσμός in ib. 737.94 (c. A.D. 175) of ";magistrate collegii constitutus ad ordinem et decorem in conventibus sodalium conservandum"; (Dittenberger).

For the word = ";adornment,"; as in 1 Peter 3:3, see P Eleph I.4 (B.C. 311–10) (= Selections , p. 2) εἱματισμὸν καὶ κόσμον (δραχμὰς) α, with reference to a bride’s trousseau, PSI III. 240.12 (ii/A.D.) γυνα [ι ]κεῖον κόσμον, OGIS 531.13 (A.D. 215) κατασκευάσας τὸν ναὸν μετὰ παντὸς τοῦ κόσμου, and the good parallel to the Petrine passage in Menander Γνῶμαι 92 γυναικὶ κόσμος ὁ τρόπος οὐ τὰ χρυσια. Add, as arising from this usage, such instances as P Tebt I. 45.20 (B.C. 113) a complaint against certain persons who—οὐδενὶ κόσμωι χρησάμενοι συντρίψαντες τὴν παρόδιον θύραν, ";throwing off all restraint knocked down the street door,"; similarly ib. 47.12 (B.C. 113), P Oxy VI. 909.29 (A.D. 225) τ ̣ο ̣, ν ̣ [κ ]όσμον τῶν τόπων, of setting a vineyard in order, and ib. 1467.11 (A.D. 263) καὶ αὐτὴ τοίνυν τῷ μὲν κόσμῳ τῆς εὐπαιδείας ἐυτυχήσασα, ";accordingly I too, fortunately possessing the honour of being blessed with children"; (Edd.)—a petition from a woman claiming the right to act without a guardian in virtue of her possession of three children and ability to write. See also the compd. κοσμοποίησις in P Oxy III. 498.30 (a contract with stone-cutters—ii/A.D.) οὐδεμίας πρὸς ἡμ [ᾶς ] οὔσης κ ̣[ο ]σμοπ [ο ]ιήσεως, ";no ornamentation being required of us."; On the ";evil"; sense of κόσμος, which must be Jewish in origin, see Hort’s notes on James 1:27; James 3:6 : in the latter passage, it should be noted, Carr (Exp VII. viii. p. 318 ff.) prefers to understand by ὁ κόσμος, ";the ornament"; or ";the embellishment"; of unrighteousness. For the curious phrase πρὸ (or ἀπὸ) καταβολῆς κόσμου, which is employed by six writers in the NT, Hort (ad 1 Peter 1:20) can find no nearer parallel from profane sources than Plutarch Moralia ii. 956 A τὸ ἐξ ἀρχῆς καὶ ἅμα τῇ πρώτῃ καταβολῇ τῶν ἀνθρώπων.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κοσμον κόσμον κοσμος κόσμος κοσμου κόσμου κοσμω κόσμω κόσμῳ κοσύμβοι κοσύμβους κοσυμβωτόν κοτύλαι κοτύλην κοτύλης κοτυλών kosmo kosmō kósmoi kósmōi kosmon kósmon kosmos kósmos kosmou kósmou

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