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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3985 - πειράζω

Transliteration
peirázō
Phonetics
pi-rad'-zo  
Word Origin
from (3984)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
6:23,822
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to try whether a thing can be done
    1. to attempt, endeavour
  2. to try, make trial of, test: for the purpose of ascertaining his quantity, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself
    1. in a good sense
    2. in a bad sense, to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgments
    3. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin
      1. to solicit to sin, to tempt 1c
    4. of the temptations of the devil
    5. after the OT usage
      1. of God: to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith
      2. men are said to tempt God by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted
      3. by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were to give proof of his perfections.
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 5254 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (39) NAS (40) HCS (38)
Matthew 6
Mark 4
Luke 3
John 2
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 5
James 2
Revelation 3
Matthew 6
Mark 4
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 5
James 2
Revelation 3
Matthew 6
Mark 4
Luke 2
John 2
Acts 5
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
Hebrews 5
James 4
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAN 2
V-API-3P 1
V-APN 2
V-APP-NSM 1
V-APS-2P 1
V-APS-2S 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-PAI-2P 4
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-NPM 8
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-DPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 4
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAN 2
V-API-3P 1
V-APN 2
V-APP-NSM 1
V-APS-2P 1
V-APS-2S 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-2P 3
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-NPM 5
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-DPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 4
V-RPP-ASM 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 2
V-AAN 2
V-AMI-2S 1
V-API-3P 1
V-APN 2
V-APP-NSM 1
V-APS-2P 1
V-APS-2S 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-PAI-2P 4
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-NPM 6
V-PAP-NSM 4
V-PAS-3S 1
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-DPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 4
V-RPP-ASM 1
NA WH
V-APS-2S 1
V-AAI-2S 1
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAI-3S 3
V-AAN 2
V-API-3P 1
V-APN 3
V-APP-NSM 1
V-APS-2P 1
V-APS-2S 1
V-IAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-2P 3
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAM-2P 1
V-PAP-NPM 6
V-PAP-NSM 5
V-PAS-3S 2
V-PPI-1S 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-DPM 1
V-PPP-NSM 4
V-RPP-ASM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πειράζω,

(πεῖρα)

used by early authors only in pres. and impf., the other tenses being supplied by πειράω, -άομαι: Cret. fut. πειράξω GDI 5181: aor. 1 imper. πείρᾰσον AP 11.183 (Lucill.): aor. Pass. ἐπειράσθην LXX Wisdom of Solomon 11:9, Matthew 4:1 : pf. part. πεπειρασμένος Hebrews 4:15 :

make proof or trial of, c. gen., Od. 16.319.23.114: abs., 9.281.

2. c. inf., attempt to do, Plb. 2.6.9, Judges 6:39, Acts 16:7, Acts 24:6; π. τι attempt a thing, ἄλλος ἄλλην ἐπ' ἐμὲ πειράζει τέχνην Luc. Trag. 149, cf. S.E. M. 1.40; τόδε τόξον make trial of, Anacreont. 31.24: abs., make an attempt, Plb. Fr. 195.

3. Pass., ἤθη.. ἐν χρόνῳ πειράζεται are tried, proved, Men. Mon. 573; to be experienced, Phld. Sign. 32.

II c. acc. pers., try, tempt a person, put him to the test, LXX Genesis 22:1, al.; ἑαυτοὺς πειράζετε, εἰ.. 2 Corinthians 13:5, al.; τί πειράζετε τὸν Κύριον; LXX Exodus 17:2, cf. Acts 15:10; , al.

2. in bad sense, seek to seduce, tempt, Ἀθηναίην A.R. 3.10: abs., ὁ πειράζων the Tempter, 1 Thessalonians 3:5, etc.: Pass., to be sorely tried, πειραζομένη βασανίζομαι PLit.Lond. 52.5; στομακάκκῃ Str. 16.4.24; to be attacked, ὑποχύσει Alex.Aphr. Pr. 2.54; ἐπιληψίᾳ Cyran. 47; to be tempted to sin, Matthew 4:1, al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

πειράζω (a form found several times in Homer and Apoll. Rhod. and later prose, for πειράω (which see in Veitch) more common in the other Greek writings); imperfect ἐπείραζον; 1 aorist ἐπείρασα; passive, present πειράζομαι; 1 aorist ἐπειρασθην; perfect participle πεπειρασμενος (Hebrews 4:15; see πειράω, 1); 1 aorist middle 2 person singular ἐπειράσω (Revelation 2:2 Rec.); the Sept. for נִסָּה; to try, i. e.:

1. to try whether a thing can be done; to attempt, endeavor: with an infinitive, Acts 9:26 L T Tr WH; .

2. to try, make trial of, test: τινα, for the purpose of ascertaining his quality, or what he thinks, or how he will behave himself;

a. in a good sense: Matthew 22:35 (others refer this to b.); John 6:6; (2 Corinthians 13:5); Revelation 2:2.

b. in a bad sense: to test one maliciously, craftily to put to the proof his feelings or judgment, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18, 35; Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15; Luke 11:16; Luke 20:23 (where G T WH Tr text omit; Tr marginal reading brackets the words τί με πειράζετε); John 8:6.

c. to try or test one's faith, virtue, character, by enticement to sin; hence, according to the context equivalent to to solicit to sin, to tempt: James 1:13; Galatians 6:1; Revelation 2:10; of the temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1, 3; Mark 1:13; Luke 4:2; 1 Corinthians 7:5; 1 Thessalonians 3:5; hence, πειράζων, a substantive, Vulg. tentator, etc., the tempter: Matthew 4:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:5.

d. After the O. T. usage α. of God; to inflict evils upon one in order to prove his character and the steadfastness of his faith: 1 Corinthians 10:13; Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15 (see πειράω); (where see WH's Appendix); Revelation 3:10 (Genesis 22:1; Exodus 20:20; Deuteronomy 8:2; Wis. 3:5 Wis. 11:10(); Judith 8:25f). β. Men are said πειράζειν τόν Θεόν — by exhibitions of distrust, as though they wished to try whether he is not justly distrusted; by impious or wicked conduct to test God's justice and patience, and to challenge him, as it were, to give proof of his perfections: Acts 15:10; Hebrews 3:9 R G (Exodus 17:2, 7; Numbers 14:22; Psalm 77:41 (), ; (), etc.; cf. Grimm, Exgt. Hdb. on Sap., p. 49); namely, τόν Χριστόν (L T Tr text WH τόν κύριον), 1 Corinthians 10:9 (but L marginal reading T WH marginal reading ἐξεπείρασαν); τό κυρίου, Acts 5:9; absolutely πειράζειν ἐν δοιμασια (see δοκιμασία), Hebrews 3:9 L T Tr WH. (On πειράζω (as compared with δοκιμάζω), see Trench, § lxxiv.; cf. Cremer, under the word. Compare: ἐξπειράζω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πειράζω ,

poët. and late prose form of πειράω , q.v.,

[in LXX for H5254 pi.;]

1. to make proof of (Hom.).

2. to try, attempt (Luc., Polyb., c. inf. (v. M, Pr., 205; B1., § 69, 4), Acts 9:26; Acts 16:7; Acts 24:6.

3. In LXX and NT, like Heb. H5254, c. acc pers., to test, try, prove;

(a) in a good sense : John 6:6, 2 Corinthians 13:5, Hebrews 11:17, Revelation 2:2; esp. of trials and afflictions sent or permitted by God (Genesis 22:1, Exodus 20:20, Wisdom of Solomon 3:5, al.), 1 Corinthians 10:13, Hebrews 2:18; Hebrews 4:15; Hebrews 11:17; Hebrews 11:37, Revelation 3:10;

(b) in a bad sense (Apoll. Rhod., 3, 10): of the attempts made to ensnare Jesus in his speech, Matthew 16:1; Matthew 19:3; Matthew 22:18; Matthew 22:35 Mark 8:11; Mark 10:2; Mark 12:15, Luke 11:16, John 8:6; of temptation to sin, to tempt, James 1:13-14 (v. Hort, in l), Galatians 6:1, Revelation 2:10; esp. of temptations of the devil, Matthew 4:1; Matthew 4:3 Mark 1:13, Luke 4:2, 1 Corinthians 7:5, 1 Thessalonians 3:5; ὁ πειράζων , the tempter, Matthew 4:3, 1 Thessalonians 3:5;

(c) in bad sense also (Exodus 17:2; Exodus 17:7, Numbers 14:22, al.), of distrustful testing, trying or challenging of God: Acts 15:10, 1 Corinthians 10:9 (WH, mg., ἐξεπείρασαν ), Hebrews 3:9; τ . πνεῦμα Κυρίου , Acts 5:9 (of. ἐκ -πειράζω ).†

SYN.: δοκιμάζω G1381, q.v.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

πιέζω (see s.v. πιάζω) is found in Luke 6:38 with the original meaning ";press down"; : cf. Micah 6:15 πιέσεις ἐλαίαν, and Syll 422 (= .3 904).7 (iv/A.D.) μ ]ήτε ὁ βουλόμενος κεχρῆσθαι δι᾽ ἄγνοιαν [ὑπ ]ὸ τῆς ἀπειρίας πιεζείσθω. In ib. 587.304 (B.C. 329–8) the subst. πιεστήρ, which Dittenberger says means elsewhere torcular vel prelum, seems to have the force of μοχλός (";crowbar"; ), but the root meaning of pressing is still preserved. Πιέζω contains a reduced form of ἐπί and ἕζομαι : cf. πινυτός from ἐπί and the root of νό ϝ ος (Boisacq Dict. Etym. pp. 782, 785).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επειραζεν ἐπείραζεν επειραζον επείραζον ἐπείραζον επείρασα επειρασαν επείρασαν επείρασάν ἐπείρασαν επειρασας επείρασας ἐπείρασας επείρασε επειρασεν επείρασεν ἐπείρασεν επειρασθησαν επειράσθησαν ἐπειράσθησαν επειράτο επειρώντο πειραζει πειράζει πειράζειν πειραζεται πειράζεται πειραζετε πειράζετε πειραζη πειράζη πειράζῃ πειραζομαι πειράζομαι πειραζομενοις πειραζομένοις πειραζομενος πειραζόμενος πειραζοντες πειράζοντες πειραζων πειράζων πειρασαι πειράσαι πειράση πειρασθεις πειρασθείς πειρασθηναι πειρασθήναι πειρασθῆναι πειρασθης πειρασθής πειρασθῇς πειρασθητε πειρασθήτε πειρασθῆτε πείρασον πείρασόν πειράσω πεπειραμένον πεπειρασμενον πεπειρασμένον epeirasan epeírasan epeirasas epeírasas epeirasen epeírasen epeirasthesan epeirasthēsan epeirásthesan epeirásthēsan epeirazen epeírazen epeirazon epeírazon peirasai peirásai peirastheis peirastheís peirasthêis peirasthē̂is peirasthenai peirasthênai peirasthēnai peirasthē̂nai peirasthes peirasthēs peirasthete peirasthête peirasthēte peirasthē̂te peiraze peirazē peirazei peirázei peirázēi peirazetai peirázetai peirazete peirázete peirazomai peirázomai peirazomenois peirazoménois peirazomenos peirazómenos peirazon peirazōn peirázon peirázōn peirazontes peirázontes pepeirasmenon pepeirasménon
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, July 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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