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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4053 - περισσός

Transliteration
perissós
Phonetics
per-is-sos'  
Word Origin
from (4012) (in the sense of beyond)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
6:61,828
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. exceeding some number or measure or rank or need
    1. over and above, more than is necessary, superadded
      1. exceeding abundantly, supremely
      2. something further, more, much more than all, more plainly
    2. superior, extraordinary, surpassing, uncommon
      1. pre-eminence, superiority, advantage, more eminent, more remarkable, more excellent
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3499 ‑ יֶתֶר (yeh'‑ther);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (29) HCS (8)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
John 1
Romans 1
2 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
Matthew 5
Mark 4
Luke 2
John 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 6
Galatians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 2
Matthew 2
Mark 1
John 1
Romans 1
Ephesians 1
1 Thessalonians 2
BYZ TIS TR
A-ASF-C 3
A-ASM-C 1
A-ASN 2
A-ASN-C 10
A-DSF-C 1
A-NSN 3
A-NSN-C 1
A-ASF-C 3
A-ASN 2
A-DSF-C 1
A-GSN 1
A-NSN 3
ADV 3
A-ASF-C 3
A-ASM-C 1
A-ASN 2
A-ASN-C 10
A-DSF-C 1
A-GSN 5
A-NSN 3
A-NSN-C 1
NA WH
A-ASFC 3
A-ASMC 1
A-ASN 2
A-ASNC 6
A-DSFC 1
A-NSN 3
ADV 1
A-ASF-C 3
A-ASM-C 1
A-ASN 2
A-ASN-C 9
A-DSF-C 2
A-GSN 1
A-NSN 3
A-NSN-C 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

περισσός,

Att. περιττός, ή, όν, (from περί, as ἔπισσαι from ἐπί, μέτασσαι from μετά )

beyond the regular number or size, prodigious, δῶρα Hes. Th. 399 (never in Hom. ); μος Trag.Adesp. 458.3; στάθμα, dub.sens., v. ἕλκω B. 3.

2. out of the common, extraordinary, strange, ἔ τι περισσὸν εἰδείη if he has any signal knowledge, Thgn. 769; εἴ τι φρονεῖς καί τι περισσὸν ἔχεις Philisc.( PLG 2.327); π. λόγος S. OT 841; ἄγρα E. Ba. 1197 (lyr.); πάθος Id. Supp. 791 (lyr.); βίος οὐδὲν ἔχων π. ἀλλὰ πάντα σμικρά Antipho Soph. 51; οὐ γὰρ π. οὐδὲν οὐδ' ἔξω λόγου πέπονθας E. Hipp. 437; περισσότερα παθήματα Antipho 3.4.5; τὰ π. τῶν ἔργων καὶ τερατώδη Isoc. 12.77; ἴδια καὶ π . Id. 15.145; π. καὶ θαυμαστά Arist. EN 1141b6; πρᾶξις π . Id. Pol. 1312a27; οὐθὲν δὴ λέγοντες π. φαίνονταί τι λέγειν Id. Metaph. 1053b3; τί π. ποιεῖτε; Ev.Matthew 5:47; περιττοτάτη φύσις Arist. HA 531a9; συνανθρωπίζον . . πάντων περισσότατον, of the dog, Ath. 13.611c, cf. Clearch. 24; in Literature, striking, τὸ περιττόν, as a quality of οἱ τοῦ Σωκράτους λόγοι, Arist. Pol. 1265a11; τὰ σοφὰ καὶ τὰ π . refinements, Epicur. Fr. 409; opp. κοινὸς καὶ δημώδης, Longin. 40.2 (but also, elaborate, π. καὶ πεποιημένος Id. 3.4; in bad sense, far-fetched, D.H. Pomp. 2, Dem. 56 ).

3. of persons, extraordinary, remarkable, esp. for great learning, π. ὢν ἀνήρ E. Hipp. 948; τοὺς . . π. καί τι πράσσοντας πλέον Id. Fr. 788; δυστυχεῖς εἶναι τοὺς π . Arist. Metaph. 983a2; π. γένος τῶν μελιττῶν Id. GA 760a4: freq. with the manner added, π. κατὰ φιλοσοφίαν Id. Pr. 953a10; περὶ τὸν ἄλλον βίον περιττότερος somewhat extravagant or eccentric, Id. Pol. 1267 b24; τῇ φύσει π . Id. HA 622b6; κάλλει Plu. Demetr. 2; ἐν ἅπασι Id. Dem. 3; τὴν ὥραν Alciphr. 1.12: c. inf., D.H. Comp. 18 .

4. c. gen., περισσὸς ἄλλων πρός τι beyond others in . ., S. El. 155; θύσει τοῦδε περισσότερα greater things than this, AP 6.321 (Leon. Alex. ); περιττότερος προφήτου one greater than . ., Ev.Matthew 11:9 .

II more than sufficient, superfluous, αἱ π. δαπάναι X. Mem. 3.6.6; περιττὸν ἔχειν to have a surplus, Id. An. 7.6.31; οἱ μὲν . . περιττὰ ἔχουσιν, οἱ δὲ οὐδὲ τὰ ἀναγκαῖα . . Id. Oec. 20.1: c. gen., τῶν ἀρκούντων περιττά more than sufficient, Id. Cyr. 8.2.21; τὰ π. τῶν ἱκανῶν Id. Hier. 1.19: freq. in military sense, οἱ π. ἱππεῖς the reserve horse, Id. Eq.Mag. 8.14; οἱ π. τῆς φυλακῆς ib. 7.7; π. σκηναί spare tents, Id. Cyr. 4.6.12 (but τοῖς περιττοῖς χρήσεσθαι their superior numbers, Id. An. 4.8.11, cf. Cyr. 6.3.20 ); τὸ π . the surplus, residue, Inscr. ap. eund. An. 5.3.13 (but τὸ π. τοῦ Ἰουδαίου the advantage of the Jew, Ep.Romans 3:1 ); Ἁρπυιῶν τὰ π . their leavings, AP 11.239 ( Lucill. ); τὸ π. τῆς ἡμέρας the remainder of the day, X.Ephesians 1:3; π. γράμματα supplementary provisions in a will, BGU 326ii9 (ii A.D.) .

2. in bad sense, superfluous, useless, οὐδέ τι τοῦ παντὸς κενεὸν πέλει οὐδὲ π . Emp. 13; μόχθος π . A. Pr. 385, cf. S. Ant. 780; π. κἀνόνητα σώματα Id. Aj. 758; βάρος π. γῆς ἀναστρωφώμενοι Id. Fr. 945; ἄχθος Id. El. 1241 (lyr.); τὰ γὰρ π. πανταχοῦ λυπήρ' ἔπη Id. Fr. 82; αὐδῶ σε μὴ περισσὰ κηρύσσειν A. Th. 1048; π. πάντες οὑν μέσῳ λόγοι E. Med. 819; π. φωνῶν Id. Supp. 459 .

3. excessive, extravagant, μηχανᾶσθαι περισσά commit extravagances, Hdt. 2.32; περισσὰ δρᾶν, πράσσειν, to be over -busy, S. Tr. 617, Ant. 68; π. φρονεῖν to be over -wise, E. Fr. 924 (anap.); ἡ π. αὕτη ἐπιμέλεια τοῦ σώματος Pl. R. 407b; μῆκος πολὺ λόγων π . Id. Lg. 645c; redundant, overdone, οἱ καρτεροὶ καὶ π. λόγοι Id. Ax. 365c, etc.; of dress, ἐσθὴς π . Plu. 2.615d; περισσοτέρα λύπη Cor. 2.7; τοῦ τὰ δέοντ' ἔχειν περιττὰ μισῶ I hate extravagance in comparison with moderation, Alex. 254, etc.

4. of persons, over-wise, over-curious, περισσὸς καὶ φρονῶν μέγα E. Hipp. 445, cf. Ba. 429 (lyr.); ὁ πολυπράγμων καὶ π . Plb. 9.1.4; τὴν περὶ τὸ σῶμα θεραπείαν ἀκριβὴς καὶ π . Plu. Cic. 8; so, of speakers, π. ἐν τοῖς λόγοις Δημοσθένης Aeschin. 1.119 .

5. as a term of praise, subtle, acute, ἀκριβὴς καὶ π. διάνοια Arist. Top. 141b13 .

III Arith., ἀριθμὸς π . an odd, uneven number, opp. ἄρτιος, Epich. 170.7, Philol. 5, Pl. Prt. 356e, etc.; π. ἡμέραι Hp. Aph. 4.61; τὸ π. καὶ τὸ ἄρτιον the nature of odd and even, Pl. Grg. 451c, etc.; π. χῶραι the odd places in a verse, Heph. 5.1; ἀρτιάκις π. ἀριθμός a number divisible by an odd number an even number of times, as 2, 6, 10, Euc. 7 Def. 9. περισσότεροι more in number, extra, Carnead. ap. S.E. M. 9.140 . περιττόν, τό, = στρύχνος μανικός, θρύον 11, Thphr. HP 9.11.6; περισσόν Dsc. 4.73; περίσκον Orib. 12.8.56 . Adv. περισσῶς extraordinarily, exceedingly, θεοσεβέεες π. ἐόντες Hdt. 2.37; ἐπαινέσεται π . E. Ba. 1197 (lyr.); π. παῖδας ἐκδιδάσκεσθαι to have them educated overmuch, Id. Med. 295; περιττοτέρως τῶν ἄλλων far above all others, Isoc. 3.44; περισσότερον τοῦ ἑνός Luc. Pr.Im. 14; also περισσά Pi. N. 7.43, E. Hec. 579, etc.

2. remarkably, περισσότερον τῶν ἄλλων θάψαι τινά more sumptuously, Hdt. 2.129; οἴκησις π. ἐσκευασμένη Plb. 1.29.7; περιττότατα ἔχειν to be most remarkable, Arist. HA 589a31; κοσμουμένη π. καὶ σεμνῶς Plu. 2.145e; περισσότατα ἀνθρώπων θρησκεύειν in the most singular way, D.C. 37.17; ἡδέως καὶ π . in an uncommon manner, D.H. Comp. 3; εἰπεῖν στρογγύλως καὶ π . Id. Is. 20; ἰδίως καὶ π . Plu. Thes. 19; τὰ καινῶς ἱστορούμενα καὶ π . Id. 2.30d.

3. abundantly, ἐχέτω π. τῆς κρόκης Alciphr. 3.41 .

4. with a neg., οὐδὲν περισσὸν τούτων nothing more than or beyond these, Antipho 3.4.6; οὐδὲν τῶν ἄλλων περιττότερον πραγματεύεσθαι Pl. Revelation 20:1-15 c; οὐδὲν π. ἢ εἰ . . no otherwise than if . ., Id. Smp. 219c; περισσόν alone, furthermore, LXX Ecclesiastes 12:12,al.

5. τὰ περισσά in vain, AP 12.182 ( Strat. ). II ἐκ περιττοῦ superfluously, uselessly, Pl. Prt. 338c, Sph. 265e; but ὑπερέχειν ἐκ π . to be far superior, Id. Lg. 734d, cf. 802d; ἡ κάμινος ἐκαύθη ἐκ π . Thd. Daniel 3:22; ἐκ π. χρησάμενος τῇ παρρησίᾳ Luc. Pro Merc.Cond. 13; cf. ὑπερεκπερισσοῦ .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

περισσός, περισσή, περισσόν (from περί, which see III. 2), from Hesiod down, the Sept. for יותֵר, יֶתֶר, etc.; exceeding some number or measure or rank or need;

1. over and above, more than is necessary, superadded: τό περισσόν τούτων, what is added to (A. V. more than; cf. Buttmann, § 132, 21 Rem.) these, Matthew 5:37; ἐκ περισσοῦ, exceedingly, beyond measure, Mark 6:51 (WH omits; Tr brackets ἐκ περισσοῦ); Mark 14:31 Rec.; ὑπέρ ἐκ περισσοῦ (written as one word ὑπερεκπερισσοῦ (which see)), exceeding abundantly, supremely, Ephesians 3:20 (cf. Buttmann, as above); 1 Thessalonians 3:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:13 (R G WH text); περισσόν μοι ἐστιν, it is superfluous for me, 2 Corinthians 9:1; περισσόν ἔχειν, to have abundance, John 10:10 (οἱ μέν ... περισσά ἔχουσιν, οἱ δέ οὐδέ τά ἀναγκαῖά δύνανται πορίζεσθαι, Xenophon, oec. 20, 1); neuter comparitive περισσότερον τί, something further, more, Luke 12:4 (L Tr marginal reading περισσόν); περισσότερον, the more, Luke 12:48; (περισσότερον πάντων, etc. much more than all etc. Mark 12:33 T Tr text WH); adverbially, somewhat more (R. V. somewhat abundantly), 2 Corinthians 10:8; (Vulg. abundantius (A. V. more abundantly)) i. e. more plainly, Hebrews 6:17; μᾶλλον περισσότερον, much more, Mark 7:36; περισσότερον πάντων, more (abundantly) than all, 1 Corinthians 15:10; with an adjective it forms a periphrasis for the comparitive περισσότερον κατάδηλόν, more (abundantly) evident, Hebrews 7:15 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 35, 1).

2. superior, extraordinary, surpassing, uncommon: Matthew 5:47 (A. V. more than others); τό περισσόν, as a substantive, pre-eminence, superiority, advantage, Romans 3:1; comparitive περισσότερος, more eminent, more remarkable (οὐκ ἔσῃ περισσότερος, Genesis 49:3 Symm.; περιττοτερος φρονήσει, Plutarch, mor., p. 57 f. de adulatore etc. 14): Matthew 11:9; Luke 7:26, although in each passage περισσότερον can also be taken as neuter (something) more excellent (Vulg. plus (R. V. much more than etc.)); with substantives: περισσότερον κρίμα, i. e. a severer, heavier judgment, Matthew 23:14-13Rec.; Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47; τιμή, greater honor, more (abundant) honor, 1 Corinthians 12:23{a} (1 Corinthians 12:24; εὐσχημοσύνη, 1 Corinthians 12:23b); λύπη, 2 Corinthians 2:7.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

περισσός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX for H3499 and cogn. forms;]

1. more than sufficient, over and above, abundant: John 10:10, 2 Corinthians 9:1; c. gen. (a popular substitute for πλειών , Bl., § 11, 3.4), Matthew 5:37; id. c. ellips. gen., Matthew 5:47 (EV, more than others; but v. infr.); εκ περισσοῦ , Mark 6:51, Rec., T. (on ὑπὲρ ὲκ Papyri, see ὑπερεκπερισσοῦ ). Compar. neut., -ότερον : Luke 12:4; Luke 12:48; c. gen., Mark 12:33; adverbially (cf. περισσῶς ), more abundantly, 2 Corinthians 10:8, Hebrews 6:17; Hebrews 7:15; c. gen., Papyri πάντων , 1 Corinthians 15:10; pleonast., μᾶλλον Papyri, Mark 7:36.

2. out of the common, pre-eminent, superior: Matthew 5:47 (Thayer, s.v., but v. supr.); τὸ Papyri, as subst., Romans 3:1; compar., -ότερος , c. gen., Matthew 11:9, Luke 7:26; c. subst., Mark 12:40, Luke 20:47, 1 Corinthians 12:23-24, 2 Corinthians 2:7.†

*† εκ -περισσῶς ,

adv.,

more exceedingly: Mark 14:31 (of. ὑπερπερ -).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
περισσά περισσάς περισσή περισσοί περισσον περισσόν περισσὸν περισσοτερα περισσοτέρα περισσοτέρᾳ περισσοτεραν περισσοτέραν περισσοτερον περισσότερον περισσότερόν περισσου περισσού περισσοῦ perisson perissón perissòn perissotera perissotérāi perissoteran perissotéran perissoteron perissóteron perissóterón perissou perissoû
Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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