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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4335 - προσευχή

Transliteration
proseuchḗ
Phonetics
pros-yoo-khay'  
Word Origin
from (4336)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
2:807,279
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. prayer addressed to God
  2. a place set apart or suited for the offering of prayer
    1. a synagogue
    2. a place in the open air where the Jews were wont to pray, outside the cities, where they had no synagogue
      1. such places were situated upon the bank of a stream or the shore of a sea, where there was a supply of water for washing the hands before prayer
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 6963 ‑ קֹל (kole, kole);  8467 ‑ תְּחִנָּה (tekh‑in‑naw');  8605 ‑ תְּפִלָּה (tef‑il‑law');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (37) NAS (37) HCS (35)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 3
Acts 9
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
Philemon 2
James 1
1 Peter 2
Revelation 3
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 3
Acts 9
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
Philemon 2
James 1
1 Peter 2
Revelation 3
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
Acts 9
Romans 3
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
Philemon 2
1 Peter 2
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 3
N-ASF 1
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 11
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 6
N-NPF 4
N-NSF 3
N-APF 3
N-ASF 2
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 10
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 6
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 2
N-APF 3
N-ASF 1
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 11
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 6
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 3
NA WH
N-APF 3
N-ASF 2
N-DPF 6
N-DSF 9
N-GPF 5
N-GSF 6
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 2
PREP 1
N-APF 3
N-ASF 2
N-DPF 8
N-DSF 11
N-GPF 6
N-GSF 6
N-NPF 2
N-NSF 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

προσευχή, ἡ,

prayer, οἶκος προσευχῆς, of the Temple, LXX Is. 56.7; κατὰ τὰς κοινὰς ἡμῶν εὐχὰς καὶ προσευχάς BGU 1080.5 (iii A.D.) .

II place of prayer, sanctuary, chapel, IPE 12.176 ( Olbia ), 2.52 ( Panticapaeum ); esp. among the Jews. synagogue, PEnteux. 30.5 (iii B.C.), OGI 726 (Egypt, iii B.C. ), 96.6 (ibid., iii/ii B.C. ), al., PTeb. 86.18 (ii B.C.), Ph. 2.523, J. Vit. 54, Apion ap. eund. Revelation 2:2, Acts 16:13, Juv. 3.296.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

προσευχή, προσευχῆς, (προσεύχομαι), the Sept. for תְּפִלָּה, equivalent to εὐχή πρός τόν Θεόν (cf. πρός, IV.

1. prayer addressed to God: Matthew 17:21 (T WH omit; Tr brackets the verse); Matthew 21:22; Mark 9:29; Luke 22:45; Acts 3:1; Acts 6:4; Acts 10:31; Romans 12:12; 1 Corinthians 7:5; Colossians 4:2; plural, Acts 2:42; Acts 10:4; Romans 1:10 (9); Ephesians 1:16; Colossians 4:12; 1 Thessalonians 1:2; Philemon 1:4, 22; 1 Peter 3:7; 1 Peter 4:7; Revelation 5:8; Revelation 8:3, 4 (where ταῖς προσευχαῖς is a dative commodi, for, in aid of, the prayers (Winers Grammar, § 31, 6 c.; cf. Green, p. 101f)); οἶκος προσευχῆς, a house devoted to the offering of prayer to God, Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46 (Isaiah 56:7; 1 Macc. 7:37); προσευχή καί δέησις, Acts 1:14 Rec.; Ephesians 6:18; Philippians 4:6 (1 Kings 8:38; 2 Chronicles 6:29; 1 Macc. 7:37; on the distinction between the two words see δέησις); plural, 1 Timothy 2:1; 1 Timothy 5:5; προσευχή τοῦ Θεοῦ, prayer to God, Luke 6:12 (εὐχαριστία Θεοῦ, Wis. 16:28; cf. references in πίστις, 1 a.); πρός τόν Θεόν ὑπέρ (L T Tr WH περί) τίνος, Acts 12:5; plural Romans 15:30; προσευχή προσεύχεσθαι, a Hebraistic expression (cf. Winers Grammar, § 54, 3; (Buttmann, § 133, 22 a.)), to pray fervently, James 5:17.

2. a place set apart or suited for the offering of prayer; i. e.

a. a synagogue (see συναγωγή, 2 b.): 3Macc. 7:20 (according to the reading προσευχήν; see Grimm's Commentary at the passage); Philo in Flaccum § 6 (also § 14); leg. ad Gaium §§ 20, 43, 46; Juvenal, sat. 1, 3, 296; συνάγονται πάντες εἰς τήν προσευχήν, μέγιστον οἴκημα πολύν ὄχλον ἐπιδέξασθαι δυνάμενον, Josephus, Vita §54.

b. a place in the open air where the Jews were accustomed to pray, outside of those cities where they had no synagogue; such places were situated upon the bank of a stream or the shore of the sea, where there was a supply of water for washing the hands before prayer: Acts 16:13, 16; Josephus, Antiquities 14, 10, 23, cf. Epiphanius haer. 80, 1. Tertullian in his ad nationes 1, 13: makes mention of the orationes litorales of the Jews, and in his de jejuniis c. 16 says "Judaicum certe jejunium ubique celebratur, cure omissis templis per omne litus quocunque in aperto aliquando jam preces ad carlurn mittunt." (Josephus (c. Apion. 2, 2, 2) quotes Apion as representing Moses as offering αἴθριοι προσευχαί.) Cf. DeWette, Archäologie, § 242; (Schürer, Zeitgesch. § 27 vol. ii., p. 369ff). Not used by secular authors except in the passages cited above from Philo, Josephus, and Juvenal (to which add Cleomedes 71, 16; cf. Boeckh, Corpus inscriptions 2:1004 no. 2114 b. and 1005 no. 2114 bb. (A.D. 81), see Index under the word).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

προσ -ευχή , -ῆς ,

(< προσεύχομαι ),

[in LXX chiefly for H8605;]

1. prayer to God: Matthew 17:21 (WH, R, txt., om.) Matthew 21:22, Mark 9:29, Luke 22:45, Acts 3:1; Acts 6:4; Acts 10:31, Romans 12:12, 1 Corinthians 7:5, Colossians 4:2; pl., Acts 2:42; Acts 10:4, Romans 1:10, Ephesians 1:16 Colossians 4:12, 1 Thessalonians 1:2, Philemon 1:4; Philemon 1:22, 1 Peter 3:7; 1 Peter 4:7, Revelation 5:8; Revelation 8:3-4; οἶκος προσευχῆς , Matthew 21:13, Mark 11:17, Luke 19:46 (LXX); Papyri καὶ δέησις , Ephesians 6:18, Philippians 4:6; pl., 1 Timothy 2:1; 1 Timothy 5:5; Papyri τοῦ θεοῦ , prayer to God (ef. Wisdom of Solomon 16:28), Luke 6:12; πρὸς τ . θεόν , seq. ὑπέρ , Acts 12:5; pl., Romans 15:30; Hebraistically (B1., § 38, 3), προσευχῇ προσεύχεσθαι , James 5:17 (EV, prayed fervently).

2. a place of prayer: of a synagogue (3 Maccabees 7:20, v.l.; v. Charles, APOT, i, 173; for other exx., v. Kennedy, Sources, 114); of a place in the open (FlJ, Ant., xiv, 10, 23), Acts 16:13; Acts 16:16.†

SYN.: see δέησις G1162.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

literally ";fist"; (Suid : σύγκλεισις δακτύλων) : cf. the cognate pugnus, pungo. pitgio (Boisacq, p. 827). We are unable to throw any light from our sources on the difficult πυγμῇ of Mark 7:3 B, for which א substitutes πυκνά (Vg crebro), but we may quote Palladius Hist. Lausiaca c. 55 νίψασθαι τὰς χεῖρας καὶ τοὺς πόδας πυγμῇ ὕδατι ψυχροτάτῳ, to which our attention has been drawn. According to Schulthess (ZNTW xxi. (1922) p. 233) the expression is best explained as a lightening of the regular ritualistic washing, by a simple rubbing over with the hand, or a dry washing. For such a practice, under the name of חפף, he refers to Krauss Archäol. I. 210, 269 N. 6. The Islamic custom of ablution with dust or sand when water cannot be procured is described in Hughes’ Dict, of Islam s.v. ";Ablution"; or ";Tayammum.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
προσευχαι προσευχαί προσευχαὶ προσευχαις προσευχαίς προσευχαῖς προσευχας προσευχάς προσευχὰς προσευχη προσευχή προσευχὴ προσευχῇ προσευχην προσευχήν προσευχὴν προσευχης προσευχής προσευχῆς προσευχων προσευχών προσευχῶν proseuchai proseuchaí proseuchaì proseuchais proseuchaîs proseuchas proseuchás proseuchàs proseuche proseuchē proseuchḕ proseuchêi proseuchē̂i proseuchen proseuchēn proseuchḕn proseuches proseuchês proseuchēs proseuchē̂s proseuchon proseuchôn proseuchōn proseuchō̂n
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, December 9th, 2019
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