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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4595 - σήπω

Word Origin
apparently a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to make corrupt, to destroy
  2. to become corrupt, corrupted, rotten
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3615 ‑ כָּלָה (kaw‑law');  4743 ‑ מָקַק (maw‑kak');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
James 1
James 1
James 1
V-2RAI-3S 1
V-2RAI-3S 1
V-2RAI-3S 1
V-2RAI-3S 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σήπω, A. Ch. 995, Pl. Ti. 84d, etc.: fut. σήψω A. Fr. 275: aor. ἔσηψα ( δι- ) Ael. NA 9.62: make rotten or putrid, A. Fr. l.c.; of a serpent's poison, A. Ch. l.c.; of the sting of the σήψ, Ael. NA 16.40 . soak hides, δέρματα ς . Supp.Epigr. 3.18 (Athens, v B.C. ).

2. metaph., corrupt, waste, αἱ ἡσυχίαι σήπουσι καὶ ἀπολλύασι Pl. Tht. 153c; ς. τὰ τῆς πόλεως πράγματα D.H. 11.37 .

II mostly in Pass. ( pf. σέσηπα being used in pass. sense, Il. 2.135, E. El. 319, ( κατα- ) Ar. Pl. 1035, ( ἀπο- ) X. An. 4.5.12 ), fut. σᾰπήσομαι Gal. 7.397, ( κατα- ) Pl. Phd. 86b, ( ἀπο- ) Hp. Prorrh. 2.1: aor. ἐσάπην [ ] Hes. Sc. 152, Hdt. 2.41, 3.66, Pl. Phd. 80d; σαπήῃ ( κατα- ), Ep. subj. for σαπῇ, Il. 19.27: pf. σέσημμαι prob. in POxy. 1449.51 (iii A.D.): rot, moulder, of dead bodies, χρὼς σήπεται Il. 24.414, cf. 19.27, Hdt. 2.41; περὶ ῥινοῖο σαπείσης Hes. Sc. 152; of wood, δοῦρα σέσηπε Il. 2.135; τριήρης ὑπὸ τερηδόνων σαπεῖσα Ar. Eq. 1308 .

2. of live flesh, mortify, ὁ μηρὸς ἐσάπη Hdt. 3.66; σφακελίσαντος τοῦ μηροῦ καὶ σαπέντος Id. 6.136, cf. Pl. Phd. 80d; αἷμα σέσηπεν E. El. 319; promote coction or formation of 'laudable' pus, in Act., Hp. Morb. 1.6, 28 .

3. of water, Id. Aër. 8; οἶνος . . σαπὲν ἐν ξύλῳ ὕδωρ Emp. 81 .

4. of the food rejected after digestion, Arist. Mete. 381b12, al.; cf. σηπτός, σῆψις 11 .

5. metaph., ς. ὑπὸ τῆς ἡδονῆς Men. 23; ὁ πλοῦτος ὑμῶν σέσηπε Ep.Jac. 5.2 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σήπω: from Homer down; to make corrupt; in the Bible also to destroy, Job 40:7 (12); passive, to become corrupt or rotten; 2 perfect active σέσηπα, to (have become i. e. to) be corrupted (cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii., p. 82): πλοῦτος σέσηπεν, has perished, James 5:2.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σήπω ,

[in LXX; Psalms 38:5 (H4743 ni.), Job 33:21 (H3615) Job 40:7, Sirach 14:19, al.;]

to make corrupt: 2 pf. act, with mid, sense (v. M, Pr., 154), σέσηπεν , has perished, become corrupted, James 5:2.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";stain,"; is confined in the NT to James 3:6, Judges 1:23 : cf. Sap 15:4 and Test. xii. patr. Aser ii. 7 ὁ πλεονεκτῶν. . . τὴν ψυχὴν σπιλοῖ, καὶ τὸ σῶμα λαμπρύνει.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσάπησαν σαπήσεται σαπώσιν σέσηπε σεσηπεν σέσηπεν σεσηπότα σήψον sesepen sesēpen sésepen sésēpen
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