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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4595 - σήπω

Transliteration
sḗpō
Phonetics
say'-po  
Word Origin
apparently a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:94,1000
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to make corrupt, to destroy
  2. to become corrupt, corrupted, rotten
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3615 ‑ כָּלָה (kaw‑law');  4743 ‑ מָקַק (maw‑kak');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
James 1
James 1
James 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-2RAI-3S 1
V-2RAI-3S 1
V-2RAI-3S 1
NA WH
V-2RAI-3S 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σήπω, A. Ch. 995, Pl. Ti. 84d, etc.: fut. σήψω A. Fr. 275: aor. ἔσηψα ( δι- ) Ael. NA 9.62: make rotten or putrid, A. Fr. l.c.; of a serpent's poison, A. Ch. l.c.; of the sting of the σήψ, Ael. NA 16.40 . soak hides, δέρματα ς . Supp.Epigr. 3.18 (Athens, v B.C. ).

2. metaph., corrupt, waste, αἱ ἡσυχίαι σήπουσι καὶ ἀπολλύασι Pl. Tht. 153c; ς. τὰ τῆς πόλεως πράγματα D.H. 11.37 .

II mostly in Pass. ( pf. σέσηπα being used in pass. sense, Il. 2.135, E. El. 319, ( κατα- ) Ar. Pl. 1035, ( ἀπο- ) X. An. 4.5.12 ), fut. σᾰπήσομαι Gal. 7.397, ( κατα- ) Pl. Phd. 86b, ( ἀπο- ) Hp. Prorrh. 2.1: aor. ἐσάπην [ ] Hes. Sc. 152, Hdt. 2.41, 3.66, Pl. Phd. 80d; σαπήῃ ( κατα- ), Ep. subj. for σαπῇ, Il. 19.27: pf. σέσημμαι prob. in POxy. 1449.51 (iii A.D.): rot, moulder, of dead bodies, χρὼς σήπεται Il. 24.414, cf. 19.27, Hdt. 2.41; περὶ ῥινοῖο σαπείσης Hes. Sc. 152; of wood, δοῦρα σέσηπε Il. 2.135; τριήρης ὑπὸ τερηδόνων σαπεῖσα Ar. Eq. 1308 .

2. of live flesh, mortify, ὁ μηρὸς ἐσάπη Hdt. 3.66; σφακελίσαντος τοῦ μηροῦ καὶ σαπέντος Id. 6.136, cf. Pl. Phd. 80d; αἷμα σέσηπεν E. El. 319; promote coction or formation of 'laudable' pus, in Act., Hp. Morb. 1.6, 28 .

3. of water, Id. Aër. 8; οἶνος . . σαπὲν ἐν ξύλῳ ὕδωρ Emp. 81 .

4. of the food rejected after digestion, Arist. Mete. 381b12, al.; cf. σηπτός, σῆψις 11 .

5. metaph., ς. ὑπὸ τῆς ἡδονῆς Men. 23; ὁ πλοῦτος ὑμῶν σέσηπε Ep.Jac. 5.2 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σήπω: from Homer down; to make corrupt; in the Bible also to destroy, Job 40:7 (12); passive, to become corrupt or rotten; 2 perfect active σέσηπα, to (have become i. e. to) be corrupted (cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Spr. ii., p. 82): πλοῦτος σέσηπεν, has perished, James 5:2.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σήπω ,

[in LXX; Psalms 38:5 (H4743 ni.), Job 33:21 (H3615) Job 40:7, Sirach 14:19, al.;]

to make corrupt: 2 pf. act, with mid, sense (v. M, Pr., 154), σέσηπεν , has perished, become corrupted, James 5:2.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";stain,"; is confined in the NT to James 3:6, Judges 1:23 : cf. Sap 15:4 and Test. xii. patr. Aser ii. 7 ὁ πλεονεκτῶν. . . τὴν ψυχὴν σπιλοῖ, καὶ τὸ σῶμα λαμπρύνει.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εσάπησαν σαπήσεται σαπώσιν σέσηπε σεσηπεν σέσηπεν σεσηπότα σήψον sesepen sesēpen sésepen sésēpen
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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