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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4741 - στηρίζω

Transliteration
stērízō
Phonetics
stay-rid'-zo  
Word Origin
from a presumed derivative of (2476) (like (4731))
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
7:653,1085
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to make stable, place firmly, set fast, fix
  2. to strengthen, make firm
  3. to render constant, confirm, one's mind
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 530 ‑ אֱמֻנָה (em‑oo‑naw', em‑oo‑naw');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5324 ‑ נָצַב (naw‑tsab');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  5426 ‑ נְתַר (neth‑ar');  5564 ‑ סָמַךְ (saw‑mak');  5582 ‑ סָעַד (saw‑ad');  5596 ‑ שָׂפַח (saw‑fakh', saw‑fakh');  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  8551 ‑ תָּמַךְ (taw‑mak');  8628 ‑ תָּקַע (taw‑kah');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (13) NAS (14) HCS (13)
Luke 3
Romans 2
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Luke 3
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Luke 3
Romans 2
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Thessalonians 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
2 Peter 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAM-2S 4
V-AAN 3
V-AAO-3S 1
V-APN 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-RPI-3S 1
V-RPP-APM 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAM-2S 2
V-AAN 3
V-AAO-3S 1
V-APN 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-RPI-3S 1
V-RPP-APM 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAM-2S 2
V-AAN 3
V-AAO-3S 2
V-APN 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-RPI-3S 1
V-RPP-APM 1
NA WH
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAM-2S 2
V-AAN 5
V-AAO-3S 1
V-APN 2
V-FAI-3S 4
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-RPI-3S 2
V-RPP-APM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

στηρίζω,

E. Hipp. 1207, etc.: fut. -ίξω Hp. Morb. 4.52 (v.l.), 1 Peter 5:10, -ίσω LXX Si. 38.34, Jeremiah 17:5, -ιῶ ib. Si. 6.37, Jeremiah 24:6 : aor. ἐστήριξα Il. 4.443, Ep. στήριξα Hes. Th. 498; inf. στηρίξαι Od. 12.434, Gal. 19.192, PSI 5.452.3 (iv A.D.); part. στηρίξας Sor. 2.57; opt. στηρίξειεν Th. 2.49; ἐστήρισα LXX Genesis 27:37, App. BC 1.98; imper. στηρισάτω AP 14.72: Med., aor. ἐστηριξάμην Il. 21.242, Hp. Fract. 11, etc. (v. infr.); later -ισάμην LXX Is. 59.16, Plu. Eum. 11: fut. στηρίξομαι Philostr. VA 5.35: Pass., fut. στηριχθήσομαι Gal. UP 9.16: aor. ἐστηρίχθην Tyrt. 11.22, Hp. VC 3, Gal. 15.126: pf. ἐστήριγμαι Hes. Th. 779, Hp. Morb. 3.3, etc.; inf. ἐστηρίσθαι LXX 1 Ki. 26.19: plpf. ἐστήρικτο Il. 16.111, Hes. Sc. 218, etc. (Cf. στῆριγξ, σκηρίπτομαι ):

make fast, prop, fix, [ ἴριδας] ἐν νέφεϊ στήριξε sets rainbows in the cloud, Il. 11.28; οὐρανῷ ἐστήριξε κάρη, of Eris, 4.443; στηρίζειν αὐτὸ αὑτό φησι τὸ ἄπειρον (sc. Anaxagoras) Arist. Ph. 205b2, cf. Sor. 2.61; ς. σήματ' ἐν οὐρανῷ Arat. 10; so prob., [ λίθον] Ζεὺς στήριξε κατὰ χθονός he set the stone fast in the ground, Hes. Th. 498; βάσιν ἐστήριξαν Nic. Fr. 74.49; λίθον διορίζοντα ὅρους . . στηριχθῆναι ἐκέλευσαν OGI 769 (Palestine, iii/iv A.D. ).

2. support, σίτῳ τινά LXX Genesis 27:37; feed up a patient, Gal. 19.192; ς. τὴν δύναμιν εὐστομάχοις τροφαῖς Id. 18(2).34, cf. Aret. CA 1.1: metaph., confirm, establish, τὴν ἀρχήν App. BC 1.98; τοὺς ἀδελφούς Ev.Luke 22:32; 2 Thessalonians 2:17, 1 Peter 5:10; corroborate, Sor. 2.57 .

3. Med., ground, establish for oneself, κόσμον ἑαῖς στηρίξατο βουλαῖς Orph. Fr. 299; πόδα ἐπὶ γαίης AP 14.72; πόντος στηρίξατο κῦμα νήνεμον settled its wave into a calm, ib.9.271 ( Apollonid. ). Pass. and Med., to be firmly set or fixed, stand fast, οὐδὲ πόδεσσιν εἶχε στηρίξασθαι he could not get a firm footing, Il. 21.242, cf. Plu. Eum. 11; οὐδαμῇ ἐστήρικτο Hes. Sc. 218; [ δώματα] κίοσιν ἀργυρέοισι πρὸς οὐρανὸν ἐστήρικται the house is lifted up to heaven on pillars, Id. Th. 779; ὀρθὴ δ' ἐς ὀρθὸν αἰθέρ' ἐστηρίζετο E. Ba. 1073; στηριχθεὶς ἐπὶ γῆς Tyrt. 11.22; πρὸς τῇ γῇ Arist. Mete. 376b23 (s.v.l.); ὅσοι ἐστηρίξαντο τῇ πτέρνῃ ἰσχυρῶς πηδήσαντες light heavily on it, Hp. Fract. 11, cf. Art. 86; ὕβον, ἐφ' οὗ ἐστήρικται τὸ ἄλλο σῶμα is steadied, Arist. HA 499a17; ἐστηριγμένα [ἔχειν] τὰ σπλάγχνα supported, opp. κρεμάμενα, Gal. 15.570; ἄμπελος κάμακι ς . AP 7.731 ( Leon. ); Ἀσκληπιὸν -ιζόμενον βάκτρῳ IG 42(1).88.9 (Epid., ii A.D. );

of the fixed stars, Arat. 230, 274, etc.; opp. ἀκοντίζεσθαι, Arist. Mu. 395b4; λίθος ἐστήρικται Call. Ap. 23; χάσμα μέγα ἐστ . Ev.Luke 16:26; of places, merely to be situated, D.P. 204 .

2. metaph., κακὸν κακῷ ἐστήρικτο evil was set upon evil, Il. 16.111; τί τοι χόλος ἐστήρικται; A.R. 4.816; δέκατος μεὶς οὐρανῷ ἐστήρικτο the tenth month was set in heaven, h.Merc. 11; of a person, ὅπου . . στηρίζει ποτέ wheresoever thou art tarrying, art settled, S. Aj. 194 (lyr.); ὅροι ἐστηριγμένοι fixed principles, Hero *Geom. 3.25; ἀνάγκη στηριχθῆναι τὸ ν must be firmly pronounced, D.H. Comp. 22 .

3. of diseases,= infr. 11.2, μέχρις ἂν [οἱ νοσοποιοὶ χυμοὶ] ἔν τινι τῶν ἀσθενεστέρων στηριχθῶσιν Gal. 15.126, cf. 789,855, Aret. SA 1.5 .

II Act. intr. in same sense, οὐδέ πῃ εἶχον . . στηρίξαι ποσὶν ἔμπεδον . . Od. 12.434; κῦμ' οὐρανῷ στηρίζον a wave rising up to heaven, E. Hipp. 1207: metaph., οὐρανῷ στηρίζον . . κλέος Id. Ba. 972; πρὸς οὐρανὸν καὶ γαῖαν ἐστήριξε φῶς ib. 1083, cf. Plu. Sull. 6 .

2. of diseases, fix, settle, determine to a particular part, ὁπότε εἰς τὴν καρδίαν στηρίξειεν (sc. ἡ νόσος ) Th. 2.49; ἐνταῦθα ς. ἡ νοῦσος Hp. Aph. 4.33; εἰ . . ἐς τὸ ὀστέον στηρίξειε τὸ βέλος Id. VC 12; cf. ??????James 2:1-26 .

3. of planetary phases, pause, stand still, Gem. 12.23, Plu. 2.76d, Theo Sm.p.147 H., Ptol. Tetr. 75, Vett.Val. 183.1, Paul.Al. G. 2.

4. metaph., ἐπὶ δόγματος ς . hold fast to an opinion, D.L. 2.136 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

στηρίζω; future στηριξω (as in the best Greek writings), and στηρίσω (in 2 Thessalonians 3:3 manuscript Vat., as in Jeremiah 17:5; στηριῶ, Jeremiah 3:12; Jeremiah 24:6; Ezekiel 14:8; Sir. 6:37 (see references below)); 1 aorist ἐστήριξα, and ἐστήρισα (στήρισον, Luke 22:32 L T Tr WH; Revelation 3:2 G L T Tr WH, as in Judges 19:5, 8; Ezekiel 6:2; Proverbs 15:25, etc.; cf. (WHs Appendix, p. 170); Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Sprchl. i., p. 372; Buttmann, 36 (32); Kühner, § 343, i., p. 910; (Veitch, under the word)); passive, perfect ἐστηριγμαι; 1 aorist ἐστηρίχθην; (στῆριγξ a support; akin to στερεός, which see, στερρός, and German stärken; cf. Curtius, § 222); from Homer down;

a. to make stable, place firmly, set fast, fix: ἐστήρικται (χάσμα), is fixed, Luke 16:26; στηρίζω τό πρόσωπον, to set one's face steadfastly, keep the face turned (Ezekiel 6:2; Ezekiel 13:17; Ezekiel 15:7; etc.) τοῦ πορεύεσθαι εἰς with an accusative of place, a Hebrew expression (see πρόσωπον, 1 b. (and cf. Buttmann, § 140, 16 δ.; Winer's Grammar, 33)), Luke 9:51.

b. to strengthen, make firm; tropically (not so in secular authors) to render constant, confirm, one's mind (A. V. establish): τινα, Luke 22:32; (Acts 18:23 where R G ἐπιστηρίζων); Romans 1:11; Romans 16:25; 1 Thessalonians 3:2; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 1 Peter 5:10 (here Rec. has 1 aorist optative 3 person singular στηρίξαι); Revelation 3:2; τήν καρδίαν τίνος, 1 Thessalonians 3:13; James 5:8; τινα ἐν τίνι, 2 Thessalonians 2:17; 2 Peter 1:12. (Compare: ἐπιστηρίζω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

στηρίζω ,

[in LXX for H5564, H7760, etc.;]

to fix, set fast, make fast: Luke 16:26; τ . πρόσωτον (Ezekiel 6:2; Ezekiel 13:17, al.; v. Dalman, Words, 30 f.), Luke 9:51. Metaph., to confirm, establish: c., acc, Luke 22:32, Acts 18:23, Romans 1:11; Romans 16:25, 1 Thessalonians 3:2; 1 Thessalonians 3:13, 2 Thessalonians 3:3, James 5:8, 1 Peter 5:10, Revelation 3:2; id. seq. ἐν , 2 Thessalonians 2:17, 2 Peter 1:12.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";suffer together"; (Romans 8:17, 1 Corinthians 12:26) : cf. P Oxy VI. 904.7 (v/A.D.) μὴ υἱὸν δυνάμενον ἅμα μοι συνπαθῖν, and the epitaph of a pantomime Kaibel 608.3 (ii/iii A.D.) συνπάσχων κείνοις [οἷσ ]περ κεινεῖτο προσώποις. See also Cic. ad Atticum xii. II. Atticae hilaritatem libenter audio; commotiunculis συμπάσχω.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ἐπιστηρίζων εστηριγμένα εστηριγμέναι εστηριγμένη εστηριγμένος εστηριγμενους εστηριγμένους ἐστηριγμένους εστήριζον εστήρικα εστηρικται εστήρικται ἐστήρικται εστήριξα εστήριξε εστηρίσατο εστήρισε εστηρισεν ἐστήρισεν εστιβίζου εστιμίσατο στήριζει στηριζων στηρίζων στηριξαι στηρίξαι στηριξατε στηρίξατε στηριξει στηρίξει στήριξον στήριξόν στηρίσαι στηρίσατέ στηρίσει στηρισον στήρισον στηρίσω στηριχθηναι στηριχθήναι στηριχθῆναι στηριχθήσονται στηριώ στιβαρούς στιβαρώς στίβι episterizon episterízon epistērizōn epistērízōn esterigmenous esterigménous estērigmenous estērigménous esteriktai estēriktai estḗriktai esterisen estērisen estḗrisen sterichthenai sterichthênai stērichthēnai stērichthē̂nai sterison stērison stḗrison sterixai steríxai stērixai stēríxai sterixate steríxate stērixate stēríxate sterixei steríxei stērixei stēríxei
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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