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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #4939 - σύντροφος

Word Origin
from (4862) and (5162) (in a passive sense)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. nourished with one
  2. brought up with one
  3. companion of one's childhood and youth
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Acts 1
Acts 1
Acts 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σύντροφ-ος, ον, brought up together with, τινι Hdt. 1.99; ὦ Κύπριδι.. καὶ Χάρισι.. ξύντροφε Διαλλαγή Ar. Ach. 989 (lyr.); also c. gen., foster-brother, οἱ μόθακες ς. Λακεδαιμονίων Phylarch. 43 J.; ς. τοῦ βασιλέως Σελεύκου, etc., OGI 247.2 (Delos, ii B.C.), al., Plb. 5.9.4, 32.15.10; and in Com. phrase, τηγάνων ς. μειρακύλλια Eub. 75.2; freq. of domestic animals, ς. τοῖσι ἀνθρώποισι Hdt. 2.65; τοῖς θηρίοις πόθος τῶν ς. X. Mem. 2.3.4; ἔστι [λέων] πρὸς τὰ ς. καὶ συνήθη σφόδρα φιλοπαίγμων Arist. HA 629b11; κυνίδιον ς. Plu. Aem. 10; ὄρνις Luc. Lex. 6: abs., τὸ ς. γένος bred up with me, says Ajax of the Athenians, S. Aj. 861; of like habits with oneself, Pl. Lg. 949c: freq. in Inscrr. and Pap., SIG 798.6(Cyzicus, i A.D.), etc.; Ζωτίκῳ συντρόφῳ his foster-brother, CIG 3109 (Teos), cf. 3142.3 (Smyrna), 3268 (ibid.), BGU 1058.50 (i B.C.); cf. συντρόφη: — τὸ ς., = cross συντροφία 1.1, Arist. EN 1161b34.

2. generally, living with, τοῖς φονεῦσι S. El. 1190; ξ. ὄμμα the eye or presence of a companion, Id. Ph. 171 (lyr.); used to a thing, ς. ὤν (sc. ἀνάγκαις) E. IT 1119 (lyr.); γυμνασίῳ Plu. 2.130c; φιλοσοφίᾳ, πενίᾳ, κολακείᾳ, Luc. Nigr. 12, 15: c. gen., ς. τῆς τόλμης Plb. 1.74.9; ἁρμονίης, μέθας, AP 7.26,423 (both Antip. Sid.).

3. of things, habitual, νόσημα Hp. Aër. 7; ἢν μὴ ἐκ παιδίου σύντροφος ᾖ [ἡ νοῦσος ] Id. Morb.Sacr. 10; οὐκέτι συντρόφοις ὀργαῖς ἔμπεδος S. Aj. 639 (lyr.); τὰ ξ. everyday evils, Th. 2.50; τὸ τῆς πάλαι ποτὲ φύσεως ς. the congenital property of nature, Pl. Plt. 273b; πῦρ τὸ ς. innate heat, Hp. de Arte 12; ς. τινί natural to, χυμῷ Id. Off. 11; φάρμακον ς. ἐπιτέγξει Id. Fract. 29; ἡ ς. τισὶ φιλοπρωτία Phld. Rh. 2.158 S.; τὸ ἐναντιώτατον [πρόσωπον] οὐδὲ ς. ἡμῖν ὑπάρχον the opposite face (that of the dying patient) not being familiar to us, Gal. 18(2).25; τῇ Ἑλλάδι πενίη αἰεὶ ς. Hdt. 7.102: c. gen., κτύπος φωτὸς σύντροφος his habitual cry, S. Ph. 203 (lyr.), cf. σύντροπος. Adv., -φως ἔχειν c. dat., to be suitable, Hp. Fract. 32.

II Act., joint-herd, fellow-herdsman, τῆς ἀγέλης Pl. Plt. 267e.

2. τοῖς ὕδασι ς. τῶν ἀναβλαστανόντων assisting in nourishing.., Pl. Lg. 845d.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

σύντροφος, συντροφου, (συντρέφω) (from Herodotus down), "nourished with one (Vulg. collactaneus (English foster-brother)); brought up with one; universally, companion of one's childhood and youth": τίνος (of some prince or king), Acts 13:1. (1 Macc. 1:6; 2 Macc. 9:29; Polybius 5, 9, 4; Diodorus 1, 53; Josephus, b. j. 1, 10, 9; Aelian v. h. 12, 26.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σύν -τροφος , -ον ,

(< συντρέφομαι , to be brought up together),

[in LXX: 1 Kings 12:24, 1 Maccabees 1:6 R, 2 Maccabees 9:29*;]

1. prop., one nourished or brought up with, a foster-brother: Acts 13:1 EV.

2. In Hellenistic usage, as a court term, an intimate friend of a king (v. Deiss., BS, 305, 310 f.): Acts 13:1 (cf. also MM, xxiv).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This strong word which AV renders ";infallible proof"; in Acts 1:3 may be illustrated by an Ephesian inscr. Syll 656 ( =.3 867).37 (c. A.D. 160), where it is mentioned as μέγιστον τεκμήριον of the σεβασμός accorded to the goddess Artemis that a month is named after her. Cf. also ib. 929 ( = .3 685).84 (B.C. 139) μέγιστον καὶ ἰσχυρότατον τεκμήριον, and P Tor I. 1iv. 11 (B.C. 116) μέγα τι συμβάλλεσθαι τεκμήριον, also viii. 32. In another Ptolemaic papyrus P Giss I. 39.9 (B.C. 204–181) τεκμήριον stands beside ὅρκος.

The editors render P Ryl II. 159.15 (A.D. 31–2) ἵν᾽ ὑπάρχωσι τῇ [Ταχόιτι αἱ παραχωρούμεναι ἄ ]ρουραι σὺν τοῖς ἄλλοις τε ̣[κμηρίοις. . ., ";in order that the arurae ceded may appertain to Tachois with all other titles"; (i.e. ";title-deeds";), but in their note they cite the parallel formula P Oxy III. 504.15 (early ii/A.D.) σὺν τοῖς ἄλλοις σημίοι ̣[ς, where the σημεῖα may possibly refer to ";boundary-marks."; It may be added that, according to Hobart p. 184, ";Galen expressly speaks of the medical distinction between τεκμήριον —demonstrative evidence—and σημεῖον, stating that rhetoricians as well as physicians had examined the evidence.";

For the verb τεκμαίρομαι, see P Ryl II. 74.5 (A.D. 133–5) where a prefect declares that time will not permit his carrying out two purposes—τεκμαίρομαι τὸν χρόνον οὐ ̣[χ ἱκανὸν εἶναι εἰ ]ς ἀμφότερα.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συντροφος σύντροφος συντροχασή suntrophos syntrophos sýntrophos
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