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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5010 - τάξις

Word Origin
from (5021)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. an arranging, arrangement
  2. order
    1. a fixed succession observing a fixed time
  3. due or right order, orderly condition
  4. the post, rank, or position which one holds in civic or other affairs
    1. since this position generally depends on one's talents, experience, resources
      1. character, fashion, quality, style
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1700 ‑ דִּבְרָה (dib‑raw');  2073 ‑ זְבֻל (ze‑bool', zeb‑ool');  4164 ‑ מוּצַק (moo‑tsak', moo‑tsawk');  4264 ‑ מַחֲנֶה (makh‑an‑eh');  4546 ‑ מְסִלָּה (mes‑il‑law');  4725 ‑ מְקֹמָה ((1,2) maw‑kome', (3,4) mek‑o‑mah');  6467 ‑ פֹּעַל (po'‑al);  7093 ‑ קֵץ (kates);  8452 ‑ תּוֹרָה (to‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (10) NAS (9) HCS (9)
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 6
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 5
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Colossians 1
Hebrews 6

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

τάξις, εως,

Ion. ιος, ἡ, (τάσσω)

arranging, arrangement: I in military sense: 1 drawing up in rank and file, order or disposition of an army, Th. 5.68 (init.), 7.5, etc.; τὰ ἀμφὶ τάξεις rules for it, tactics, X. An. 2.1.7; τ. καὶ ἀντίταξις Phld. Piet. 12.

2. battle array, order of battle, κατὰ τάξιν Hdt. 8.86; ἐν τάξει Th. 4.72, etc.; ἐς τάξιν καθίστασθαι, ἀνάγειν, ib. 93, Ar. Av. 400 (anap.); ἵνα μὴ διασπασθείη ἡ τ. Th. 5.70; of ships, ἀποπλῶσαι ἐκ τῆς τάξιος Hdt. 6.14.

3. a single rank or line of soldiers, ἐπὶ τάξιας ὀλίγας γίγνεσθαι to be drawn up a few lines deep, ib. 111, cf. 9.31; ἐλύθησαν αἱ τ. τῶν Περσῶν Pl. La. 191c.

4. body of soldiers, A. Pers. 298, S. OC 1311; esp. at Athens, the quota of infantry furnished by each φυλή (cf. ταξίαρχος 11), Lys. 16.16; but freq. of smaller bodies, company, X. An. 1.2.16, 6.5.11, etc.; ἱππέων τ. ib. 1.8.21; so of ships, squadron, A. Pers. 380: generally, band, company, φιλία γὰρ ἥδε τ., of the chorus, Id. Pr. 128 (lyr.); ἐμφανίσας μοι ἐν ᾗ ἔσομαι τάξει PCair.Zen. 409.6 (iii B.C.). esp. a contingent of 128 men, Ascl. Tact. 2.8, Arr. Tact. 10.2, Ael. Tact. 9.3. in late Gr., membership of the militia palatina (cf. ταξεώτης), Lib. Or. 27.17.

5. post or place in the line of battle, ἀξιεύμεθα ταύτης τῆς τ. Hdt. 9.26, cf. 27; ἐν τῇ τ. εἶχε ἑωυτόν Id. 1.82; μένειν ἐν τῇ ἑωυτοῦ τ. Id. 3.158; τ. φυλάξων E. Rh. 664; ἡ τ. φυλακτέα X. Cyr. 5.3.43; ᾗ ἕκαστος τὴν τ. εἶχεν Id. An. 4.3.29; τῆς πρώτης τ. τεταγμένος Lys. 14.11, cf. Th. 5.68 (fin.); ἐκλιπόντας τὴν τ. Hdt. 5.75, cf. 9.21; λείπειν τὴν τ. And. 1.74, Pl. Ap. 29a, D. 13.34, 15.32, Aeschin. 3.159, etc.; παραχωρεῖν τῆς τάξεως D. 3.36, etc.; but ἡγεμὼν ἔξω τάξεων officer on the unattached list, Arch.Pap. 3.188, cf. Sammelb. 599, OGI 69 (Coptos); so οἱ ἔξω τάξεως staff-officers, aides-de-camp, D.S. 19.22.

II generally, arrangement, order, ἡμερῶν τ. εἰς μηνῶν περιόδους Pl. Lg. 809d; ἡ τῶν ὅλων τ. X. Cyr. 8.7.22; disposition, τῆς ψυχῆς Gorg. Hel. 14: Rhet., disposition, opp. λέξις, Arist. Rh. 1414a29; ἡ τ. τοῦ λόγου Aeschin. 3.205, cf. D. 18.2, Sor. 1.18, Gal. Libr.Ord. 1; ὕστερον τῇ τ. D. 3.15, cf. Gal. 6.68, 16.533; ἐν τ. εἶναι, = μένειν, Pl. Tht. 153e; τ. καὶ ἠρεμία Arist. EE 1218a23; εἰ τὰ γυμνάσια ἔχοι τὴν τ. ἐνταῦθα Id. Pol. 1331a37; difft. from θέσις or mere position, Id. Ph. 188a24, Thphr. Sens. 60 (θέσεως τ. Gal. 6.194; τ. θέσεως is dub. l. in 16.709); ἡ κατὰ τ. τινὰ βασιλεία, opp. ἀόριστος τυραννίς, Arist. Rh. 1366a2; καὶ τοῦτο κατὰ τ., ἕως.. and so on, until.., Sor. 2.62.

2. order, regularity, εἰς τ. ἄγειν ἐκ τῆς ἀταξίας Pl. Ti. 30a; τ. καὶ κόσμος Id. Grg. 504a; οὔτε νόμος οὔτε τ. Id. Lg. 875c, cf. R. 587a; τ. περιόδου Epicur. Ephesians 2 p.42U.; διὰ τάξεως γίγνεσθαι Pl. Lg. 780a; τάξιν ἔχειν to be regular, Thphr. HP 3.9.6; ἐν τάξει in an orderly manner, Pl. Lg. 637e; so τάξει SIG 741.12 (Nysa, i B.C., rendering of Lat. ordine).

3. ordinance, κατὰ τὴν τ. τοῦ νόμου Pl. Lg. 925b; παρὰ τὴν τοῦ νομοθέτου τ. Id. Plt. 305c, etc. prescription, τὴν τοῦ λυσιτελοῦντος τοῖς σώμασι ποιεῖσθαι τ. Id. Plt. 294e; recipe, cj. in PHolm. 2.2.

4. τ. τοῦ φόρου assessment of tribute, X. Ath. 3.5, cf. IG 12.63.2, al.; τῶν ὀφειλημάτων περὶ τῆς πράξεως ib.57.13, cf. Lex ap. D. 24.45; τ. τῆς ὑδρείας a ration of water, Pl. Lg. 844b.

5. political order, constitution, τ. Κρητική, Λακωνική, etc., Arist. Pol. 1271b40, cf. Ath. 3.1, al.

III metaph. from 1.5, post, rank, position, station, ὑπὸ χθόνα τάξιν ἔχουσα A. Eu. 396 (lyr.); ἡ τῶν ἀκοντιζόντων τ. Antipho 3.2.7; ἰδία τοῦ βίου τ. Isoc. 6.2; ἀνὴρ τῆς πρώτης τ. CIG 2767.4 (Aphrodisias); οἰκέτου τ. D. 18.258, cf. PGnom. 43, 196 (ii A.D.), Mitteis Chr. 372 v 18 (ii A.D.); τ. ἔχοντος ἐν τῷ Μουσείῳ Sammelb. 6674.10 (ii A.D.); ἐν τῇ Θετταλῶν τάξει ranging herself with the T., D. 18.63; ἐν ἐχθροῦ τ. as an enemy, Id. 20.81, etc.; ἐν ἐπηρείας τάξει by way of insult, Id. 18.13; ἀδύνατον εἶχεν τ. occupied an impossible position, i.e. was unthinkable, Hyp. (?) Oxy. 1607.60; τὴν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν ἑλόμενον τάξιν πολιτεύεσθαι championship of your cause, D. 18.138, cf. Ephesians 3:15; ἐγὼ τὴν τῆς εὐνοίας τ... οὐκ ἔλιπον post of patriotism, Id. 18.173. order, class of men, X. Mem. 2.1.7; function, D. 13.19.

2. list, register, ὅπως ταγῇ αὐτοῦ τὸ ὄνομα ἐν τῇ τῶν τετελευτηκότων τ. Sammelb. 7359.15, cf. 7404.6, PSI 9.1064.38, 10.1141.10 (all ii A.D.); ἡ τ. τῶν κατοχίμων PTeb. 318.21 (ii A.D.); τ. λαογράφων PLond. 2.182b2 (ii A.D.).

3. account, ἰδίας τάξεως POxy. 61.8 (iii A.D.), cf. PLond. 3.1107.26, 30 (iii A.D.).

4. payment, ib. 966.3 (iv A.D., cf. Arch.Pap. 4.533).

5. category of land, κατοικικὴ τ. BGU 379.12 (i A.D.), cf. Wilcken Chr. 341.15 (ii A.D.), etc. reduction of hernia by manipulation, Gal. 14.781. degree of heating power in drugs, Id. 11.571,787, cf. Gorg. Hel. 14. treatise, ἐν τῇ ὑστέρᾳ τ. Ps.-Democr. ap. Zos.Alch. p.153 B. fixed point of time, term, κατ' ἐνιαυτὸν ἢ κατά τινα ἄλλην τ. ἢ χρόνον Arist. Pol. 1261a34; end (or perh. date fixed for the end), μέχρι τάξεως αὐτῆς τῆς τρύγης Sammelb. 5810.15 (iv A.D.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

τάξις, τάξεως, (τάσσω), from Aeschylus and Herodotus down;

1. an arranging, arrangement.

2. order, i. e. a fixed succession observing also a fixed time: Luke 1:8.

3. due or right order: κατά τάξιν, in order, 1 Corinthians 14:40; orderly condition, Colossians 2:5 (some give it here a military sense, 'orderly array', see στερέωμα, c.).

4. the post, rank, or position which one holds in civil or other affairs; and since this position generally depends on one's talents, experience, resources, τάξις becomes equivalent to character, fashion, quality, style, (2 Macc. 9:18 2Macc. 1:19; οὐ γάρ ἱστορίας, ἀλλά κουρεακης λαλιᾶς ἐμοί δοκοῦσι τάξιν ἔχειν, Polybius 3, 20, 5): κατά τήν τάξιν (for which in Hebrews 7:15 we have κατά τήν ὁμοιότητα) Μελχισέδεκ, after the manner of the priesthood (A. V. order) of Melchizedek (according to the Sept. of Psalm 109:5 () עַל־דִּבְרָתִי), Hebrews 5:6, 10; Hebrews 6:20; Hebrews 7:11, 17, 21 (where T Tr WH omit the phrase).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

τάξις , -εως ,

(< τάσσω ),

[in LXX: Job 38:12 (H4725), Psalms 110:4 (H1700), 2 Maccabees 9:18, al.;]

1. an arranging, hence, in military sense, disposition of an army, battle array (Thuc., al.).

2. arrangement, order (Plat., al): Luke 1:8.

3. due order: Colossians 2:5 (ICC, in l); κατὰ τάξιν , 1 Corinthians 14:40.

4. office, order (for exx., v. MM, xxiv): Hebrews 5:6 (LXX), Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 6:20; Hebrews 7:11; Hebrews 7:17 (LXX).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";a bringing forth,"; and hence ";offspring,"; and metaph. ";interest,"; ";usury,"; because it multiplies or ";breeds"; money (the lexicons compare Shakespeare’s Merck. of Venice I. 3 ";breed of barren metal";). This metaph. usage occurs in the NT in Matthew 25:27, Luke 19:23, and can be readily illustrated from the Κοινή, e.g. P Eleph 27a..21 (iii/B.C.) τετάγμεθα τὸ ἀργύριον καὶ τοὺς τόκους ἐπὶ τὴν βασιλικὴν τράπεζαν, P Grenf II. 18.17 (B.C. 127) τόκους διδράχμους τῆς μνᾶς τὸν μῆνα ἕκαστον, i.e. interest at 2 % a month (cf. s.v. δίδραχμον), BGU IV. 1171.21 (i/B.C.) τοὺς ὀφειλομένους τόκους, P Tebt II. 384.18 (A.D. 10) ̣ν ̣τὶ τῶν τούτων τόκων, ";in return for the (remission of) interest upon this sum"; (Edd.), P Bilabel 35.5 (A.D. 87) με κ [υρίαν εἶναι ] δραχμῶν κ ̄ καὶ τὸν τόκον (cf..10), and P Oxy I. 114.4 (ii/iii A.D.) πεπλήρωκα τὸν τόκον μέχρι τοῦ Ἔπειφ πρὸς στατῆρα τῆς μνᾶς, ";I have paid the interest up to Epeiph, at the rate of a stater per mina"; (Edd.). In the LXX τόκος renders ךְ, ";oppression,"; by transliteration, as in Psa. 71꞉14 [MT Psalms 72:14].


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ταξει τάξει τάξεως ταξιν τάξιν τάξις taxei táxei taxin táxin
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