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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #538 - ἀπατάω

Word Origin
of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to cheat, beguile, deceive
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2926 ‑ טָלַל (taw‑lal');  5377 ‑ נָשָׁא (naw‑shaw');  5496 ‑ סוּת (sooth);  6601 ‑ פָּתָה (paw‑thaw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Ephesians 1
1 Timothy 1
James 1
Ephesians 1
1 Timothy 1
James 1
Ephesians 1
1 Timothy 1
James 1
V-API-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-API-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-API-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 1
V-API-3S 1
V-PAM-3S 2

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπᾰτάω [ᾰπ ],

late Ion. ἀπασχολ-έω Luc. Syr.D. 27 (Pass.): impf. ἠπάτων E. El. 938, Ion. ἐξ-απάτασκον Orac. in Ar. Pax 1070: fut. -ήσω: aor. ἠπάτησα, Ion. ἀπ- Il. 9.344, S. Tr. 500 (lyr.): pf. ἠπάτηκα Id. Ph. 929: Pass., fut. ἀπατηθήσομαι Arist. APr. 67a38, cf. (ἐξ-) Pl. Cra. 436b, Aeschin. 2.123; also in Med. form ἀπατήσομαι Pl. Phdr. 262a, (ἐξ-) X. An. 7.3.3: aor. ἠπατήθην Pl. Cri. 52e: pf. ἠπάτημαι Th. 5.46, etc.: (ἀπάτη):

cheat, deceive, Il. 19.97, Od. 17.139, etc.;

cheat one's hopes, Hes. Op. 462; οἷ' ἠπάτηκας S. Ph. 929; κλέμματα.. ἂ τὸν πολέμιον ἀπατήσας Th. 5.9: abs.,

to be deceptive or fallacious, Arist. Rh. 1376b28:

Pass., to be self-deceived, mistaken, Pi. Fr. 182, S. OT 594, Pl. Phdr. 262a, etc.; ἔγνωκα.. φωτὸς ἠπατημένη S. Aj. 807; τί γὰρ οὐκ.. ἔρχεται ἀγγελίας ἀπατώμενον;

comes not belied by the result? Id. El. 170; ἀ. περί τι Arist. Rh. 1368b22; περί τινος Id. Sens. 442b8; ἀ. ταύτην τὴν ἀπάτην Id. AP 0.74a6; also ἀπατᾶσθαι ὡς..

to be deceived into thinking that.., Pl. Prt. 323a. The compd. ἐξαπατάω is more common, esp. in Hdt. and Att. Prose; the simple Verb is used in LXX Genesis 3:13, al., but not by Plb., and is rare in later Greek, Plu. 2.15d.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἀπατάω, ἀπάτω; 1 aorist passive ἠπατήθην; (ἀπάτη); from Homer down; to cheat, deceive, beguile: τήν καρδίαν αὐτοῦ (R T Tr WH marginal reading, αὑτοῦ G, ἑαυτοῦ L WH text), James 1:26; τινα τίνι, one with a thing, Ephesians 5:6; passive 1 Timothy 2:14 (where L T Tr WH ἐξαπατηθεῖσα), cf. Genesis 3:13. (Compare: ἐξαπατάω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπατάω , -

(< ἀπάτη ),

[in LXX for H6601, H5377 hi., etc.;]

to deceive: c. acc, James 1:26; c. acc pers., dat. rei, Ephesians 5:6; pass., 1 Timothy 2:14 (on its infrequency in late writers, v. MM, VGT, s.v.; cf. ἐξαπατάω ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

PSI II. 152.24 (ii/A.D.) may show ἠπάτ [ων in a fragmentary line at the end, with practically no context : ψεῦδος occurs a line higher up. It is surprising that this is the only citation we can make. The verb is absent from Polybius and only occurs twice in Plutarch, but is fairly frequent in LXX, and found in early Christian writers. It was evidently falling into disuse in most quarters.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απατά απατατω απατάτω ἀπατάτω απατηθείσα απατηθής απατηθήσεται απατήσαί απατήσει απατήσεις απατήση απάτησον απατήσω απατων απατών ἀπατῶν ηπατηθη ηπατήθη ἠπατήθη ηπατήθην ηπάτησάν ηπάτησας ηπάτησάς ηπάτησε ηπάτησεν apatato apatatō apatáto apatátō apaton apatôn apatōn apatō̂n epatethe epatḗthe ēpatēthē ēpatḗthē
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, October 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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