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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #5461 - φωτίζω

Transliteration
phōtízō
Phonetics
fo-tid'-zo  
Word Origin
from (5457)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
9:310,1293
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to give light, to shine
  2. to enlighten, light up, illumine
  3. to bring to light, render evident
    1. to cause something to exist and thus come to light and become clear to all
  4. to enlighten, spiritually, imbue with saving knowledge
    1. to instruct, to inform, teach
    2. to give understanding to
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 215 ‑ אוֹר (ore);  224 ‑ אוּרִים (oo‑reem');  3384 ‑ יָרָא (yaw‑raw', yaw‑raw');  5050 ‑ נָגַהּ (naw‑gah');  5102 ‑ נָהַר (naw‑har');  5214 ‑ נִיר (neer);  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (11) NAS (12) HCS (11)
Luke 1
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 3
Luke 1
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 3
Luke 1
John 1
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-API-3S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APP-NPM 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-RPP-APM 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-API-3S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APP-NPM 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-PAI-3S 1
V-PAS-3S 1
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-API-3S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APP-NPM 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAS-3S 1
V-RPP-APM 1
NA WH
V-AAI-3S 1
V-AAN 1
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-API-3S 1
V-APP-APM 1
V-APP-NPM 1
V-FAI-3S 2
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAS-3S 1
V-RPP-APM 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

φωτίζω,

fut. φωτίσω 1 Corinthians 4:5 :

I. abs., shine, give light, ὁ ἄνθραξ [οὐ δύναται] φωτίζειν ὥσπερ ἡ φλόξ Thphr. Ign. 30, cf. Nic. Fr. 74.66.

II trans., illuminate, ὁ ἥλιος φ. τὸν κόσμον D.S. 3.48, cf. Plu. 2.931b (Pass.): Pass., τὸ φωτιζόμενον, opp. τὸ φωτίζον, ib.936b: opp. σκοτίζομαι, ib.1120e, cf. Luc. Luct. 2, Plot. 2.3.5; of a planet, Cat.Cod.Astr. 11(2).110; πεφωτισμέναι ἡμέραι Orph. Fr. 272.

2. bring to light, make known, τὴν ἑκατέρων αἵρεσιν Plb. 22.5.10, cf. 28.13.10; τὰ κρυπτὰ τοῦ σκότους 1 Corinthians 1:1-31.c., cf. 2 Timothy 1:10 : Pass., γράμματα ἑαλωκότα καὶ πεφωτισμένα Plb. 30.8.1; φωτισθέντος τοῦ θανάτου Id. 15.25.8.

3. enlighten, instruct, teach, φ. τινάς, πῶς.. LXX 2 Kings 17:28; φ. πάντας, τίς ἡ οἰκονομία Ephesians 3:9.

4. illuminate with spiritual light, ὁ ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ πεφωτισμένος Corp.Herm. 9.3, cf. 13.18 (Pass.). in a special sense, baptize, in Pass., Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 10:32.

5. throw light upon, illustrate, of commentators, Ὅμηρον D.L. 1.57.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 φωτίζω; future φωτίσω ( Revelation 22:5 L WH; 1 Corinthians 4:5), Attic φωτιῶ ( Revelation 22:5 G T Tr); 1aorist ἐφωτισα; perfect passive participle πεφωτισμενος; 1aorist passive ἐφοτίσθην;

1. intransitive, to give light, to shine ( Aristotle, Theophrastus, Plutarch, others; the Sept. for אור, Numbers 8:2, etc.): ἐπί τινα, Revelation 22:5 (Rom. WH brackets ἐπί).

2. transitive,

a. properly, to enlighten, light up, illumine: τινα, Luke 11:36: τήν πόλιν, Revelation 21:23 (ἀκτισι τόν κόσμον, of the sun, Diodorus 3,48; the Sept. for הֵאִיר); γῆ ἐφωτίσθη ἐκ τῆς δόξης ( A. V. was lightened) shone with his glory, Revelation 18:1.

b. to bring to light, render evident: τά κρυπτά τοῦ σκότους, 1 Corinthians 4:5; ( Ephesians 3:9 according to the reading of T L brackets WH text (but see c.)) (τήν αἵρεσιν τίνος, the preference, opinion, of one, Polybius 23,3, 10; τήν ἀλήθειαν, Epictetus diss. 1,4, 31; πεφωτισμενων τῶν πραγματον ὑπό τῆς ἀληθείας, Lucian, cal. non tem. cred. 32); to cause something to exist and thus to come to light and become clear to all: ζωήν καί ἀφθαρσίαν διά τοῦ εὐαγγελίου, opposed to καταργῆσαι τόν θάνατον, 2 Timothy 1:10.

c. by a use only Biblical and ecclesiastical, to enlighten spiritually, imbue with saving knowledge: τινα, John 1:9; with a saving knowledge of the gospel: hence, φωτισθέντες of those who have been made Christians, Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 10:32; followed by an indirect question Ephesians 3:9 (see b. above) ( Sirach 45:17; for הֵאִיר, Psalm 118:130 (Psalm 119:130>; for הורָה, to instruct, inform, teach, Judges 13:8, Alex.; 2 Kings 12:2; φωτιοῦσιν αὐτούς τό κρίμα τοῦ Θεοῦ τῆς γῆς, 2 Kings 17:27 (cf. 1 Kings 17:28; others)); to give understanding to: πεφωτίσμενοι τούς ὀφθαλμούς τῆς καρδίας ( Rec. διανοίας), as respects the eyes of your soul, Ephesians 1:18 ( Buttmann, § 145,6); ((cf. Sirach 31:20 ( Sirach 34:20), etc.)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

φωτίζω

(< φῶς ),

[in LXX for H215 hi, H3384 hi., etc.;]

1. intrans., to shine, give light (Arist., Plut., a1.): seq. ἐπί , Revelation 22:5.

2. Trans.

(a) to illumine, enlighten (Diod., Plut., al.): c. acc, Luke 11:36, Revelation 21:23; pass., Revelation 18:1. Metaph., of spiritual enlightenment (Psalms 119:130, Sirach 45:17, al.): John 1:9, Ephesians 1:18; Ephesians 3:9, R, txt., Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 10:32;

(b) to bring to light, make known (Polyb.): 1 Corinthians 4:5, Ephesians 3:9, R, mg., 2 Timothy 1:10 (cf. Kennedy, Sources, 107 f.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this word in its widest sense of the ";terrestrial region,"; cf. P Leid G.14 (B.C. 181–143) ( = I : p. 42) κυριείαν τῶν [ ]πὸ τὸν οὐρανὸν χωρῶ [ν. In P Cairo Zen III. 59451.4 (iii/B.C.) it refers to exemption from compulsory labour κατὰ τὴν χώραν, ";throughout the country"; or ";district,"; and for a similar geographical sense we may refer to P Oxy IV. 709.8 (c. A.D. 50) τοὺς δὲ λοιποὺς τῆς κάτωι χώρας ν ̣[ομοὺς ] εἰς Ἀλεξανδρείαν, with reference to the Delta, and ib. X. 1274.8 (iii/A.D.) βασιλικῇ γραμματείᾳ Ἀλεξανδρέων χώρας,"; basilico-grammateus of the territory of the Alexandrians."; Note also the compd. in P Oxy VI. 936.5 (iii/A.D.) τὸ προσκύνημά σου ποιῶ παρὰ τοῖς ἐπιχωρίοις θεοῖς, ";I perform the act of worship on your behalf to the gods of the country"; (Edd.), a son to his father.

The thought of the ";country"; as opposed to the town (cf. Luk. 21:21, Joh. 4:35, Jas. 5:4) is seen in P Tebt II. 416.11 (iii/A.D.) μὴ οὖν ἀκούσῃς ἀνθ ̣ρ ̣ώπων ὅτι μέλλω μένιν ἐνθάδε, ἐν τ ̣[ ]χ ̣ι παραγείνομε πρ [ς ̣σ ̣ε, εἰς τὴν χώραν, ";do not therefore listen to people who say that I intend to remain here (in Alexandria) : I am coming speedily into the country to you"; (Edd.).

For the metaph. sense ";place,"; ";position,"; which does not occur in the NT, it is sufficient to cite P Oxy XII.1406.9 (A.D. 213–217) α ̣̓[παλλά ]ξεται καὶ εἰς ἄτιμον χώραν [καταστή ?]σεται, ";he shall be deprived of his rank and set in a position of dishonour"; (Edd.), ib. VI. 900.8 (A.D. 322) τοὺς ἐξ ἔθους ταύτην τὴν χώραν ἀποπληροῦντας, ";those who customarily discharge such services"; (Edd.), ib. XIV. 1626.9 (A.D. 325) χώραν μίαν ῥαβδούχου, ";the single post of ῥαβδοῦχος,"; ib. VIII. 1134.8 (A.D. 421) ἀποπληρῶν χώραν προνοητοῦ, ";discharging the function of an agent"; (Ed.).

MGr χώρα : see K. Dieterich in Rhein. Museum N.F. lix. (1904), p. 226 ff.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εφωτισεν εφώτισεν ἐφώτισεν εφωτισθη εφωτίσθη ἐφωτίσθη πεφωτισμενους πεφωτισμένους φωτιεί φωτιείς φωτιζει φωτιζεί φωτίζει φωτίζειν φωτίζεις φωτιζη φωτίζη φωτίζῃ φωτίζου φωτίζουσα φωτίζουσαν φωτίζουσι φωτίζουσιν φωτίζων φωτιούσιν φωτισαι φωτίσαι φωτισαντος φωτίσαντος φωτίσατε φωτισάτω φωτισει φωτίσει φωτισθεντας φωτισθέντας φωτισθεντες φωτισθέντες φωτισθήσεται φωτίσθητε φωτισμοίς φώτισον ephotisen ephōtisen ephṓtisen ephotisthe ephotísthe ephōtisthē ephōtísthē pephotismenous pephotisménous pephōtismenous pephōtisménous photisai photísai phōtisai phōtísai photisantos photísantos phōtisantos phōtísantos photisei photísei phōtisei phōtísei photisthentas photisthéntas phōtisthentas phōtisthéntas photisthentes photisthéntes phōtisthentes phōtisthéntes photize phōtizē photizei photízei phōtizei phōtízei phōtízēi

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