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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #5531 - χράω

Transliteration
chráō
Phonetics
khrah'-o
Origin
probably the same as the base of (G5530)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to lend
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 3867 ‑ לָוָה (law‑vaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
Luke
1
NAS (1)
Luke
1
HCS (1)
Luke
1
BSB (1)
Luke
1
ESV (1)
Luke
1
WEB (1)
Luke
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

χράω

(A), used in only in aor. 2, fall upon, attack, assail, c. dat. pers., στυγερὸς δέ οἱ ἔχραε δαίμων Od. 5.396; τίς τοι κακὸς ἔχραε δαίμων; 10.64; so ἠϊθέοις οὐκ ἔστι τόσος πόνος, ὁππόσος ἡμῖν.. ἔχραε AP 5.296 (Agath.): cf. ἐπιχράω (B).

II c. acc. rei, inflict upon a person, κακὸν δέ οἱ ἔχραε κοῖτον Nic. Th. 315.

III c. inf., conceive a desire to.., τίπτε σὸς υἱὸς ἐμὸν ῥόον ἔχραε κήδειν ἐξ ἄλλων; why did he want (or needed he) to vex my stream of all others? Il. 21.369; μνηστῆρες.., οἳ τόδε δῶμα ἐχράετ' ἐσθιέμεν καὶ πινέμεν ye suitors.., who have become so eager to.., Od. 21.69. (For signfs. 1, 11, cf. ζαχρηής; for 111 perh. cf. χρή, κέχρημαι (χράω (B) C), χρῇ, χρῇς.)

χράω

(B). A. FORMS: contr. χρῇ S. El. 35, Ion. χρᾷ Hdt. 1.62 (also Luc. DMort. 3.2); inf. χρᾶν Hdt. 8.135 (also Luc. Alex. 19); Ion. part. χρέων h.Ap. 253, fem. χρέωσα Hdt. 7.111; χρείων Od. 8.79, h.Ap. 396: impf. ἔχραον Pi. O. 7.92 (v.l. ἔχρεον), A.R. 2.454; 3 sg. ἔχρη Tyrt. 3.3, Hermesian. 7.89, (ἐξ-) S. OC 87: fut. χρήσω h.Ap. 132, Hdt. 1.19, A. Ag. 1083: aor. ἔχρησα Hdt. 4.156, etc.: Pass., aor. ἐχρήσθην Id. 1.49, etc.: pf. κέχρησμαι (v.l. κέχρημαι) Id. 4.164, 7.141: plpf. ἐκέχρηστο (v.l. ἐκέχρητο) Id. 2.147, 151, 3.64, etc.: Med., χρῶμαι Th. 1.126, etc., Ion. χρέομαι Hdt., inf. χρέεσθαι 1.157 (χρᾶσθαι ib. 172); part. χρεώμενος 4.151: impf. 3 pl. ἐχρέωντο (v.l. ἐχρέοντο) 4.157, 5.82: fut. χρήσομαι Od. 10.492, etc. I in Act. of the gods and their oracles, proclaim, abs., χρείων μυθήσατο Φοῖβος 8.79: χρείων ἐκ δάφνης γυάλων ὕπο Παρνησοῖο h.Ap. 396: c. acc. rei, χρήσω ἀνθρώποισι Διὸς βουλήν ib. 132, cf. Thgn. 807, Pi.l.c., Plot. 2.9.9; ἡ Πυθίη οἱ χρᾷ τάδε Hdt. 1.55, cf. 4.155; χρῆσεν οἰκιστῆρα Βάττον proclaimed him the colonizer, Pi. P. 4.6; also in Trag., ὁ χρήσας A. Eu. 798; χρήσειν ἔοικεν ἀμφὶ τῶν αὑτῆς κακῶν Id. Ag. 1083; χρῇ μοι τοιαῦθ' ὁ Φοῖβος S. El. 35; σοὶ δ' οὐκ ἔχρησεν οὐδέν E. Hec. 1268; χ. φόνον Id. El. 1267: also c. acc. cogn., χ. χρησμόν Id. Ph. 409; ὑμνῳδίαν Id. Ion 681 (lyr.): c. inf.,

warn or direct by oracle, ἔχρησας ὥστε τὸν ξένον μητροκτονεῖν A. Eu. 202; without ὥστε, ib. 203; χρήσαντ' ἐμοὶ.. ἐκτὸς αἰτίας κακῆς εἶναι that I should be.., Id. Ch. 1030; c. inf. aor., Ar. V. 159: rare in Att. Prose, τάδε ὁ Ἀπόλλων ἔχρησεν IG 12.80.10; τὸν Ἀπόλλω ταύτην τὴν γῆν χρῆσαι οἰκεῖν Th. 2.102; τοῦ θεοῦ χρήσαντος Id. 5.32, cf. Lycurg. 99; ἔχρησεν ὁ θεός SIG 1044.5 (Halic., iv/iii B. C.); ὁ θεὸς ἔχρησε IG 42(1).122.78 (Epid., iv B. C.).

II Pass., to be declared, proclaimed by an oracle, τίς οὖν ἐχρήσθη; E. Ion 792; mostly of the oracle delivered, τὰ ἐκ Δελφῶν οὕτω τῷ Κροίσῳ ἐχρήσθη Hdt. 1.49; τὰ χρηστήρια ταῦτά σφι ἐχρήσθη Id. 9.94; ἠπίως χρησθῆναι Id. 7.143; τὸ χρησθέν, τὰ χρησθέντα, the response, Id. 1.63, 7.178; ἐν Πυθῶνι χρησθὲν παλαίφατον Pi. O. 2.39; πεύθου τὰ χρησθέντ' S. OT 604; χρησθὲν αὐτῷ ἐν Νεμέᾳ τοῦτο παθεῖν since it was foretold him by an oracle that.. Th. 3.96; ἃ τοῦδ' ἐχρήσθη σώματος which were declared about it, S. OC 355; τὸν κεχρησμένον θάνατον Hdt. 4.164 (-χρημ- codd.); τοῦ κακοῦ τοῦ κεχρησμένου Id. 7.141 (v.l. -χρημ-): impers., c. inf., καί σφι ἐχρήσθη ἀνέμοισι εὔχεσθαι ib. 178: c. acc. et inf., ἐκέχρηστό σφι.. τοῦτον βασιλεύσειν Id. 2.147; c. inf. aor., Id. 7.220.

III Med., of the person to whom the response is given, consult a god or oracle, c. dat., ψυχῇ χρησόμενος Θηβαίου Τειρεσίαο Od. 10.492, 565; χ. θεῷ, χρηστηρίοισι, μαντηΐῳ, Hdt. 1.47, 53, 157; τῷ θεῷ Aeschin. 3.124; χ. μάντεσι Μούσαις Ar. Av. 724 (anap.), cf. Pl. Lg. 686a; ὅσοι μαντικὴν νομίζοντες οἰωνοῖς χρῶνται X. Mem. 1.1.3; χ. χρηστηρίῳ εἰ.. inquire at the oracle whether.., Hdt. 3.57: abs., ὑπέρβη λάϊνον οὐδὸν χρησόμενος Od. 8.81, cf. h.Ap. 252, 292; ἀπέστειλε ἄλλους χρησομένους Hdt. 1.46; οἱ χρώμενοι the consulters, E. Ph. 957; χρωμένῳ ἐν Δελφοῖς Th. 1.126; also χ. περὶ τοῦ πολέμου Hdt. 7.220, cf. 1.85, 4.150, 155, etc.; κεχρημένος having inquired of an oracle, Arist. Rh. 1398b33: c. inf., σωφρονεῖν κεχρημένον being divinely warned to be temperate, A. Pers. 829, cf. Marcellin. Vit. Thuc. 6: later simply, receive a divine revelation, Plot. 5.3.14. Hom. has the word in this sense only in Od.: the Act. only in pres. part. χρείων (fut. χρήσω h.Ap. 132): the Med. only in part. fut. χρησόμενος. furnish with a thing, in which sense the pres. was κίχρημι, D. 53.12, Plu. Pomp. 29; Cret. 3 sg. κίγχρητι Inscr.Cret. 1 xxiii 3 (Phaestus, ii B. C.); Delph. 3 sg. pres. subj. κιχρῇ Schwyzer 324.17 (iv B. C.): aor. χρέη ib.13; pres. part. κιχρέντε ib.adn. (rarely χρηννύναι, χρηννύω, Thphr. Char. 5.10, 10.13: Med., χρηννυόμεθα PCair.Zen. 304.4 (iii B. C.)): fut. χρήσω Hdt. 3.58: aor. ἔχρησα ibid., 6.89, Ar. Th. 219, X. Mem. 3.11.18, Lys. 19.24, IG 12.108.16, etc. (3 sg. written ἔκχρησεν IG 12(3).1350.4 (Thera)); imper. χρῆσον Ar. Ra. 1159, Pl. Com.205: pf. κέχρηκα Men. 461, 598, Plb. 29.21.6 (= D.S. 31.10): plpf. ἐκεχρήκει App. BC 2.29: Pass., pf. κέχρημαι (δια-) D. 27.11: Med., pres. κίχρᾰμαι Plu. 2.534b; inf. κίχρασθαι Thphr. Char. 30.20: impf. ἐκιχράμην AP 9.584.10: aor. ἐχρησάμην, imper. χρῆσαι E. El. 191 (lyr.), etc.: furnish the use of a thing, i.e. lend, usu. in a friendly way, δανείζω being the word applied to usurers (but χ. = δανείζω in Antipho Soph. 54), ll. cc.; οὐ δεδωκώς, ἀλλὰ χρήσας Arist. EN 1162b33, cf. LXX Exodus 11:3; ἡ πειρατικὴ δύναμις χρήσασα ταῖς βασιλικαῖς ὑπηρεσίαις ἑαυτήν Plu. Pomp. 24; χ. τὴν ἑαυτοῦ σχολήν τισι Id. Phil. 13; χ. τὰν χέρα, in the formula of manumission, IG 9(1).189, 194 (Tithora):

Med., borrow, τι E. El. 191 (lyr.), Thphr. Char. 30.20: abs., χρησαμένη γὰρ ἔνησα καὶ οὐκ ἔχω ἀνταποδοῦναι Batr. 186; πόδας χρήσας, ὄμματα χρησάμενος having lent feet and borrowed eyes, of a blind man carrying a lame one, Revelation 9:13 (Pl.Jun.), cf. Pl. Demod. 384b, 384c.

II = χρηματίζω 111, τοῦ χρέοντος γραμματέως CIG 2562.18 (s. v. l., Hierapytna). Med. χράομαι, Att. χρῶμαι, χρῇ prob. in Pl. Hp.Mi. 369a, χρῆται Ar. V. 1028 (anap.), etc. (also Trag., A. Ag. 953), χρώμεθα, χρῆσθε, χρῶνται, And. 4.6, Pl. La. 194c, Th. 1.70, etc.; Dor. χρέομαι Sophr. 126; Ion. χρᾶται Hdt. 1.132, al. (so in later Prose, Iamb. in Nic. p.28 P.); χρέεται v.l. in Hdt. 4.50; χρέονται Hp. Aër. 1; χρέωνται Hdt. 1.34, 4.108, al.; χρείωνται Heraclit. 104; opt. χρῴμην, χρῷο Pl. Cri. 45b, χρῷτο Gorg. Fr. 20, etc.; Ion. χρέοιτο Hp. Acut. 56; imper. χρῶ Democr. 270, Ar. Th. 212, Isoc. 1.34, Ion. χρέο Hp. Steril. 230, Hdt. 1.155 (v.l. χρέω, as in Hp. Acut. (Sp.) 62); 3 sg. Dor. χρηείσθω SIG 1009.7 (Chalcedon, iii/ii B. C.); 2 pl. χρῆσθε And. 1.11; 3 pl. χρήσθων Ar. Nu. 439 (s. v.l.; v. infr. 111.4b), Th. 5.18; χρώσθων IG 12.122.5; Dor. χρόνσθω Mnemos. 57.208 (Argos, vi B. C.); inf. Att. and Ion. χρῆσθαι IG 12.57.19, Ar. Av. 1040, Lys. 25.20, SIG 57.5 (Milet., v B. C.), IG 12(5).593 A 12 (Ceos, v B. C.); Ion. and Hellenistic χρᾶσθαι Hdt. 2.15, 3.20, al., IG 12(5).606.9 (Ceos, iv/iii B. C.), SIG 344.50 (Teos, iv B. C.), 1106.80 (Cos, iv/iii B. C.), PCair.Zen. 299.10 (iii B. C.), OGI 214.19 (Didyma, iii B. C.), IG 22.1325.24 (both forms in Phld. Rh. 1.66S. and Ph. Bel., χρῆσθαι 57.35, al., χρᾶσθαι 53.49, al.), Ion. χρέεσθαι as v.l. for χρῆσθαι Hdt. 1.21, 187, al. (χρῆσθαι ib. 153 codd.), so in Arc., IG 5 (2).514.14 (Lycosura, ii B. C.), Elean χρηῆσται Inscr.Olymp. 1.3 (vii/vi B. C.), Boeot. χρειεῖσθη IG 7.3169 (Orchom., iii B. C.); Locr. and Lacon. χρῆσται IG 9(1).334.19, 23 (Oeanthea, v B. C.), 5(1).1317.8 (Thalamae, iv/iii B. C.); part. Att. χρώμενος A. Eu. 655, IG 12.81.6, etc.; and Ion. χρεώμενος Il. 23.834 (as a dactyl), Hdt. 2.108, Hp. Acut. 18, Dor. χρείμενος SIG 395.4, 438.11 (both Delph., iii B. C.), Berl.Sitzb. 1927.156 (Cyrene), χρήμενος Riv.Fil. 58.472 (Gortyn, iii B. C.), χρεύμενος SIG 1166.3 (Dodona): impf. Att. ἐχρώμην Antipho 5.63, ἐχρῶ Ar. Ra. 111, And. 1.49, ἐχρῆτο Th. 1.130, etc.; pl., ἐχρώμεθα Lys. Fr. 29, ἐχρῶντο Antipho 6.28, etc.; Ion. ἐχρᾶτο Hdt. 2.173 (v.l. -ῆτο), 3.3, 129, al. (also found in Anaxipp. 1.9 codd. Ath.), ἐχρέωντο Hdt. 2.108, al.: but ἐχρῆτο 3.41 codd., Herod. 6.55, (προς-) Hp. Epid. 3.17. ά: fut. χρήσομαι S. Ph. 1133 (lyr.), etc.; also κεχρήσομαι Theoc. 16.73: aor. ἐχρησάμην S. OT 117, Th. 5.7, al.: pf. κέχρημαι (v. infr. 1): aor. ἐχρήσθην in pass. sense (v. infr. vii): in pf. κέχρημαι (with pres. sense) c. gen., desire, yearn after, the usual sense in , οὔτ' εὐνῆς πρόφασιν κεχρημένος (sc. αὐτῆς) οὔτε τευ ἄλλου Il. 19.262; νόστου κεχρημένον ἠδὲ γυναικός Od. 1.13; κομιδῆς κεχρημένοι ἄνδρες 14.124, cf. 17.421, 20.378, 22.50; μαντοσυνεων κεχρημένοι Emp. 112.10.

2. to be in want of, lack, τοῦ κεχρημένοι; S. Ph. 1264, cf. E. IA 382 (troch.); [ βορᾶς] κεχρημένοι Id. Cyc. 98; οὐ πόνων κεχρήμεθα Id. Med. 334; τίνος κέχρησθε, γυναῖκες; Theoc. 26.18: fut., ὃς ἐμεῦ κεχρήσετ' ἀοιδοῦ Id. 16.73; χρήσομεθα εἰς τὰ ἔργα καὶ ὁδοῦ.. καὶ ὕδατος we shall need.., SIG 1182.12 (Ephes., iii B. C.): freq. abs. in part. κεχρημένος, lacking, needy, Od. 14.155, 17.347, Hes. Op. 317, 500, E. Supp. 327, Pl. Lg. 717c: but κεχρηόσι δαίτης is f.l. for κεχαρηόσι in Nic. Fr. 70.18.

3. pf. and plpf. κέχρημαι, κεχρήμην, in pres. and impf. sense, c. dat., enjoy, have, φρεσὶ γὰρ κέχρητ' ἀγαθῇσι (ν) Od. 3.266, 14.421, 16.398; αὕτη (sc. ἡ χώρη) ὕδασι κάλλιστα κέχρηται Hp. Aër. 12; ἡ καταδεεστέροις τούτοις (sc. τοῖς εἴδεσι) κεχρημένη τραγῳδία Arist. Po. 1450a32, cf. a13, b33; ἄλλαις, μικραῖς διαφοραῖς, Id. Metaph. 1042b31, Phgn. 809a8; ὑγροτέραις σαρξί ib. b11; θριξὶ ξανθαῖς ib. 25; καθαρωτάτῳ.. αἵματι Id. Resp. 477a21; τῶν.. πλαγίαις ταῖς ῥάβδοις κεχρημένων (sc. ἰχθύων) Id. Fr. 295; εὐγενείᾳ κεχρημένος IG 42(1).83.10 (Epid., i A. D.); σφαιρικῷ ὄγκῳ PLit.Lond. 167.25 (ii/iii A. D.), cf. κεχρημένως (Addenda); so in pres., χρῶνται δειλαῖς φρεσὶ, δαίμονι δ' ἐσθλῷ Thgn. 161; μέρη τραγῳδίας, οἷς ὡς εἴδεσι δεῖ χρῆσθαι, πρότερον εἴπομεν Arist. Po. 1452b14, cf. 1458b14. II use, pres. once in Hom., abs., ἑξει μιν καὶ πέντε περιπλομένους ἐνιαυτοὺς χρεώμενος Il. 23.834: later mostly c. dat. (for acc. v. infr. VI), ἀκμαζούσῃ τῇ ῥώμῃ τῶν χειρῶν χρώμενος Antipho 4.3.3; ἐσθῆτι τοιῇδε χρέωνται Hdt. 1.195, cf. 202, Ar. Ra. 1061 (anap.); διφασίοισι γράμμασι χ. Hdt. 2.36; τοῖσιοὐνόμασι τῶν θεῶν ib. 52; πλατυτέροισι ἐχρέ

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

χράω , κίχρημι ,

[in LXX for H3867, etc.;]

to lend: Luke 11:5.†

κίχρημι , see χράω .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
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χρησον χρῆσόν chreson chrêsón chrēson chrē̂són
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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