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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1644 - גָּרַשׁ

Transliteration
gârash
Phonetics
gaw-rash'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
388
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to drive out, expel, cast out, drive away, divorce, put away, thrust away, trouble, cast up

1a) (Qal) to thrust out, cast out

1b) (Niphal) to be driven away, be tossed

1c) (Piel) to drive out, drive away

1d) (Pual) to be thrust out

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 853 ‑ ἀφανίζω (af‑an‑id'‑zo);  2831 ‑ κλυδωνίζομαι (kloo‑do‑nid'‑zom‑ahee);  683 ‑ ἀπωθέω (ap‑o‑theh'‑om‑ahee, ap‑o'‑thom‑ahee);  1544 ‑ ἐκβάλλω (ek‑bal'‑lo);  630 ‑ ἀπολύω (ap‑ol‑oo'‑o);  641 ‑ ἀπορίπτω (ap‑or‑hrip'‑to);  1546 ‑ ἐκβολή (ek‑bol‑ay');  1610 ‑ ἐκριζόω (ek‑rid‑zo'‑o);  1808 ‑ ἐξαίρω (ex‑ah'ee‑ro);  1821 ‑ ἐξαποστέλλω (ex‑ap‑os‑tel'‑lo);  3351 ‑ μετοικίζω (met‑oy‑kid'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (47) NAS (46) HCS (48)
Genesis 3
Exodus 11
Leviticus 3
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 2
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 11
Leviticus 3
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 2
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 1
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Zephaniah 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 12
Leviticus 3
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Joshua 2
Judges 5
1 Samuel 1
1 Kings 1
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 1
Isaiah 2
Ezekiel 3
Hosea 1
Amos 1
Jonah 1
Micah 1
Zephaniah 1
BYZ TIS TR
P-c 1
P-r 3
n-cms 1
n-p 1
v-Pi3mp 1
v-np1cs 1
v-pi2ms 1
v-pi3ms 2
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3fs 1
v-pvms 1
v-pw1cs 1
v-pw3fs 1
v-pw3mp 1
v-pw3ms 6
v-qsfs 4
v-qw3mp 2
P-c 1
P-r 3
n-cms 1
n-p 1
v-Pi3mp 1
v-np1cs 1
v-pi2ms 1
v-pi3ms 2
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3fs 1
v-pvms 2
v-pw1cs 1
v-pw3fs 1
v-pw3mp 1
v-pw3ms 7
v-qsfs 4
v-qw3mp 2
P-c 1
P-r 3
n-cms 1
n-p 1
v-Pi3mp 1
v-np1cs 1
v-pi2ms 1
v-pi3ms 2
v-pp1cs 1
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3fs 1
v-pvms 2
v-pw1cs 1
v-pw3fs 1
v-pw3mp 1
v-pw3ms 7
v-qsfs 4
v-qw3mp 2
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2089) src (גרסה GRSh) AC: Cast out CO: Pasture AB: ?: The land surrounding a city was inhabited by the lower class people or outcasts. This land is also covered with pastures for raising the flocks and herds of the city. [from: rc] (eng: graze - with the exchange of the z and sh)

V) src (גרסה GRSh) - Cast out: To drive, thrust or cast out or away. KJV (47): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel) drive, cast, thrust, put, divorce, expel, trouble - Strongs: H1644 (גָּרַשׁ)

Nm) src (גרסה GRSh) - Pasture: KJV (1): put - Strongs: H1645 (גֶּרֶשׁ)

Nf1) esrc (גרסהה GRShH) - Eviction: KJV (1): exaction - Strongs: H1646 (גְּרֻשָׁה)

hm) srcm (מגרסה MGRSh) - Pasture: KJV (1): suburb - Strongs: H4054 (מִגְרָשָׁה)

hf1) esrcm (מגרסהה MGRShH) - Pasture: KJV (111): suburb - Strongs: H4054 (מִגְרָשָׁה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [גָּרַשׁ] verb drive out, cast out (Late Hebrew id., Aramaic גְּרַשׁ Pa`el, Ithpe`el of divorce, MI19 ויגרשה) —

Qal Imperfect וַיִּגְרְשׁוּ Isaiah 57:20; Infinitive suffix מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 below; Participle active גֹּרֵשׁ Exodus 34:11; passive feminine גְּרוּשָׁה Leviticus 21:7 4t.; — cast our, thrust out, ׳י, the Amorites Exodus 34:11 (J E; with מִמְּנֵי); waters, mire and dirt רֶפֶשׁוָטִיט Isaiah 57:20; passive only of divorced woman Leviticus 21:7 (followed by מֵאִישָׁהּ; elsewhere with אַלְמָנָה widow), Leviticus 21:14; Leviticus 22:13 (all H), Numbers 30:10 (P) Ezekiel 44:22. On מִגְרָשָׁהּ Ezekiel 36:5 as Aramaic Infinitive compare Ges§ 45 1.c. Kö i 166; Co strike out, on internal grounds, compare ᵐ5

Niph`al Perfect נִגְרָ֑שׁ Isaiah 57:20; 3 feminine singular וְנִגְרְשָׁה consecutive Amos 8:8; נִגְרַשְׁתִּי Jonah 2:5; — be driven away, followed by מִנֶּגֶד עֵינֶיךָ, i.e. from the presence of Yahweh Jonah 2:5; be driven, tossed, as the Nile Amos 8:8; of the sea Isaiah 57:20 rel. clause, אֲשֶׁר omitted, like the sea that is tossed.

Pi`el Perfect 3 feminine singular וְגֵרְשָׁה consecutive Exodus 23:28; גֵּרַשְׁתָּ Genesis 4:14, suffix 3 masculine plural וְגֵרַשְׁתָּמוֺ consecutive Exodus 23:31; וְגֵרַשְׁתִּ֫י Exodus 33:2, suffix גֵּרַשְׁתִּיהוּ Ezekiel 31:11 (so ᵑ7ᵑ9, not ᵐ5; compare Co's conjecture); וְגֵּרַשְׁתִּיו consecutive Numbers 22:11; 3 plural suffix גֵּרְשׁוּנִי 1 Samuel 26:19; Imperfect יְגָרֵשׁ Exodus 11:1, וַיְגָ֫רֶשׁ Genesis 3:24 6t.; suffix וַיְגָרֲשֵׁהוּ Psalm 34:1, יְגָָֽרֲשֵׁם Exodus 6:1; 2 masculine singular תְּגָרֵשׁ Psalm 80:9, וַתְּגָ֫רֶשׁ Joshua 24:12; אֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 2:3, וָָֽאֲגָרֵשׁ Judges 6:9; suffix 3 masculine singular אֲגָָֽרְשֶׁנּוּ Exodus 23:29,30; Numbers 22:6; אֲגָָֽרֲשֵׁם Hosea 9:15; וַיְגָָֽרֲשׁוּ Judges 11:2; יְגָָֽרֲשׁוּהָ Zephaniah 2:4, וַיְגָָֽרֲשׁוּם Exodus 2:17; 2 masculine plural תְּגָָֽרֲשׁוּן Micah 2:9, וַתְּגָָֽרֲשׁוּנִי Judges 11:7; Infinitive construct לְגָרֵשׁ 1 Chronicles 17:21 + "" 2 Samuel 7:23 Gei We Dr, for ᵑ0לארצך; לְגָָֽרֲשֵׁנוּ 2 Chronicles 20:11; absolute id. Exodus 11:1; Imperative גָּרֵשׁ Genesis 21:10; Proverbs 22:10; — drive out, away, Hexateuch all J E, including poem Deuteronomy 33; (׳י subject), Adam from garden Genesis 3:24 compare Cain Genesis 4:14 (followed by מִן local, & Song of Solomon 21t.), David (men subject) 1 Samuel 26:19, id. (Abimelech subject) Psalm 34:1 (title), Hagar (Abraham subject) Genesis 21:10 compare scorner, Proverbs 22:10 daughters of Reuel (subject shepherds) Exodus 2:17; Moses and Aaron from Pharaoh's presence (indefinite subject) Exodus 10:11; Gaal etc. (subject Zebul) Judges 9:41 (followed by מִן with Infinitive), Jephthah (Gil. subject) Judges 11:2,7; Abiathar (subject Solomon) 1 Kings 2:27 (followed by מִן with Infinitive) wicked from temple (׳י subject) Hosea 9:15; women from houses (nobles subject) Micah 2:9; often of Canaanites (hornet subject) Exodus 23:28; Joshua 24:12 compare Exodus 23:31 (Israel subject); also (׳י subject; compare MI19) Exodus 23:29,30; Exodus 33:2; Deuteronomy 33:27; Joshua 24:18; Judges 2:3; Judges 6:9; Psalm 78:55; Psalm 80:9; 1 Chronicles 17:21; of Israel from Egypt (subject Pharaoh) Exodus 6:1; Exodus 11:1 (twice in verse); from land of Moab (subject Balak) Numbers 22:6,11; Judah from Canaan (subject Moab & Ammon) 2 Chronicles 20:11; Egypt from her land (׳י subject) Ezekiel 31:11 (but compare text, above); Ashdod (indefinite subject) Zephaniah 2:4.

Pu`al Perfect גֹּרְשׁוּ subject Israelites Exodus 12:39; Imperfect יְגֹרָ֑שׁוּ subject despised and miserable outcasts Job 30:5 both followed by מִן local

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

גָּרַשׁ prop. to drive, to thrust (like the Ch.). In Kal specially

(1) to expel, as people from a land, Exodus 34:11. But in this signification much more use is made of Piel. Used of inanimate things, Isaiah 57:20, “the wicked are like the troubled sea which cannot rest, וַיִּנְרְשׁוּ מֵימָיו רֶפֶשׁ וָטִיט whose waters cast forth mire and dirt.” Also to put away, to divorce a wife. Part. pass. גְּרוּשָׁה a (wife) put away, Leviticus 21:7, 14 Leviticus 21:14, 22:13 Numbers 30:10; Ezekiel 44:22.

(2) to plunder, to spoil; Ezekiel 36:5, לְמַעַן מִגְרַשָׁהּ לָבַז “that they may spoil it (the land) for prey;” מִגְרָשׁ is here an infinitive of the Aramean form. In the derivatives also

(3) to put forth fruit; see גֶּרֶשׁ, and

(4) to drive cattle to pasture; see מִגְּרָשׁ.

Piel גֵּרֵשׁ to expel, to drive out, with an accusat. of pers. Genesis 3:24, 4:14 21:10 and מִן of the place from which any one is driven, Exodus 11:1; Judges 11:7 גֵּרֵשׁ מִפְּנֵי פ׳ to drive out before one, i.e. so that thou mayest put him to flight, e. g. God, the Canaanites before Israel, Exodus 23:29, 31 Exodus 23:31; Judges 2:3.

Pual גֹּרַשׁ pass. Exodus 12:39.

Niphal

(1) to be expelled, Jonah 2:5.

(2) to be carried off by the violence of water, Amos 8:8, נִגְרְשָׁה וְנִשְׁקָה בִּיאוֹר מִצְרַיִם “it is carried off and inundated as by the river of Egypt.”

(3) to be driven, agitated, as the sea; Isaiah 57:20, יָם נִגְּרָשׁ “the troubled sea.”

Hence are derived מִגְרָשׁ and the words immediately following.

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List of Word Forms
אֲגָרְשֵׁ֑ם אֲגָרְשֶׁ֖נּוּ אֲגָרְשֶׁ֛נּוּ אֲגָרֵ֥שׁ אגרש אגרשם אגרשנו גְּרוּשָׁ֥ה גֵּרַ֨שְׁתָּ גֵּרַשְׁתִּֽהוּ׃ גֵרְשׁ֣וּנִי גָּ֣רֵֽשׁ גָּרֵ֛שׁ גֹרְשׁ֣וּ גֹרֵ֣שׁ גרושה גרש גרשו גרשוני גרשת גרשתהו׃ וְגֵֽרַשְׁתִּ֗י וְגֵרְשָׁ֗ה וְגֵרַשְׁתִּֽיו׃ וְגֵרַשְׁתָּ֖מוֹ וְנִגְרְשָׁ֥ה וַֽ֝יְגָרֲשֵׁ֗הוּ וַאֲגָרְשֶׁ֖נּוּ וַיְגָ֖רֶשׁ וַיְגָ֣רֶשׁ וַיְגָ֤רֶשׁ וַיְגָ֧רֶשׁ וַיְגָ֨רֶשׁ וַיְגָרְשׁ֑וּם וַיְגָרְשׁ֣וּ וַיִּגְרְשׁ֥וּ וַתְּגָ֤רֶשׁ וַתְּגָרְשׁ֖וּנִי וָאֲגָרֵ֤שׁ וּגְרוּשָׁ֑ה וּגְרוּשָׁ֔ה וּגְרוּשָׁ֗ה וּגְרוּשָׁה֙ ואגרש ואגרשנו וגרושה וגרשה וגרשתי וגרשתיו׃ וגרשתמו ויגרש ויגרשהו ויגרשו ויגרשום ונגרשה ותגרש ותגרשוני יְגָ֣רְשׁ֔וּהָ יְגָרְשֵׁ֖ם יְגָרֵ֥שׁ יְגֹרָ֑שׁוּ יגרש יגרשו יגרשוה יגרשם לְגָ֣רְשֵׁ֔נוּ לְגָרֵ֗שׁ לגרש לגרשנו נִגְרַ֖שְׁתִּי נִגְרָ֑שׁ נגרש נגרשתי תְּגָ֣רְשׁ֔וּן תְּגָרֵ֥שׁ תגרש תגרשון ’ă·ḡā·rə·šêm ’ă·ḡā·rə·šen·nū ’ă·ḡā·rêš ’ăḡārêš ’ăḡārəšêm ’ăḡārəšennū agaResh agareShem agareShennu gā·rêš gārêš gaResh gê·raš·tā gê·raš·ti·hū ḡê·rə·šū·nî gə·rū·šāh geRashta gerashTihu gêraštā gêraštihū gereShuni ḡêrəšūnî gərūšāh geruShah ḡō·rə·šū ḡō·rêš ḡōrêš goResh goreShu ḡōrəšū lə·ḡā·rə·šê·nū lə·ḡā·rêš ləḡārêš ləḡārəšênū legaResh leGareShenu niḡ·rāš niḡ·raš·tî niḡrāš nigRash nigRashti niḡraštî tə·ḡā·rə·šūn tə·ḡā·rêš təḡārêš tegaResh teGareShun təḡārəšūn ū·ḡə·rū·šāh ūḡərūšāh ugeruShah vaagaResh vaagareShennu vaiyigreShu vatteGaresh vattegareShuni vaygaraShehu vayGaresh vaygareShu vaygareShum vegerashTamov vegerashTi vegerashTiv vegereShah venigreShah wā’ăḡārêš wa’ăḡārəšennū wa·’ă·ḡā·rə·šen·nū wā·’ă·ḡā·rêš wat·tə·ḡā·rə·šū·nî wat·tə·ḡā·reš wattəḡāreš wattəḡārəšūnî way·ḡā·ră·šê·hū way·ḡā·rə·šū way·ḡā·rə·šūm way·ḡā·reš way·yiḡ·rə·šū wayḡārăšêhū wayḡāreš wayḡārəšū wayḡārəšūm wayyiḡrəšū wə·ḡê·raš·tā·mōw wə·ḡê·raš·tî wə·ḡê·raš·tîw wə·ḡê·rə·šāh wə·niḡ·rə·šāh wəḡêraštāmōw wəḡêraštî wəḡêraštîw wəḡêrəšāh wəniḡrəšāh yə·ḡā·rə·šêm yə·ḡā·rə·šū·hā yə·ḡā·rêš yə·ḡō·rā·šū yəḡārêš yəḡārəšêm yegaResh yegareShem yeGareShuha yəḡārəšūhā yegoRashu yəḡōrāšū
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Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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