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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2219 - זָרָה

Transliteration
zârâh
Phonetics
zaw-raw'  
Word Origin
a primitive root [compare (02114)]
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
579
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to scatter, fan, cast away, winnow, disperse, compass, spread, be scattered, be dispersed

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to scatter

1a2) to fan, winnow

1b) (Niphal) to be scattered, be dispersed

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to scatter, disperse (intensive of Qal)

1c2) to winnow, sift

1d) (Pual) to be scattered, be spread out

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2513 ‑ καθαρός (kath‑ar‑os');  4204 ‑ πόρνη (por'‑nay);  4687 ‑ σπείρω (spi'‑ro);  3039 ‑ λικμάω (lik‑mah'‑o);  4650 ‑ σκορπίζω (skor‑pid'‑zo);  1614 ‑ ἐκτείνω (ek‑ti'‑no);  1289 ‑ διασπείρω (dee‑as‑pi'‑ro);  1287 ‑ διασκορπίζω (dee‑as‑kor‑pid'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (39) NAS (40) HCS (39)
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 1
Ruth 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 13
Zechariah 2
Malachi 1
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 1
Ruth 1
1 Kings 1
Job 2
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 13
Zechariah 2
Malachi 1
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Numbers 1
Ruth 1
1 Kings 1
Job 1
Psalms 3
Proverbs 4
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 13
Zechariah 3
Malachi 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-PPfs 1
v-Pi3ms 1
v-pPms 2
v-pc 1
v-pi1cs 3
v-pp1cs 5
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3cp 1
v-qPms 2
v-qc 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qvms 1
v-PPfs 1
v-Pi3ms 1
v-pPms 3
v-pc 1
v-pi1cs 3
v-pp1cs 5
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3cp 1
v-qPms 2
v-qc 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qvms 1
v-PPfs 1
v-Pi3ms 1
v-pPms 3
v-pc 1
v-pi1cs 3
v-pp1cs 5
v-pp2ms 1
v-pp3cp 1
v-qPms 2
v-qc 1
v-qi2ms 1
v-qvms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1158) rz (זר ZR) AC: Spread CO: ? AB: ?: The pictograph z represents the harvest. The r is the picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "harvest of heads". After the grain has been harvested and the heads of grain have been broken open, the heads are thrown into the wind where the chaff is blown away and the seed falls to the ground where they can be gathered.

A) rz (זר ZR) AC: Spread out CO: Span AB: ?: Something that is spread or scattered over a large area.

Nm) rz (זר ZR) - Spread out: Something that is spread or scattered over a large area. KJV (10): crown - Strongs: H2213 (זֵר)

Nf2) trz (זרת ZRT) - Span: The span of the fingers, often used as a measurement. KJV (7): span - Strongs: H2239 (זֶרֶת)

lbm) rizrz (זרזיר ZRZYR) - Zarziyr: An unknown animal. KJV (1): greyhound - Strongs: H2223 (זַרְזִיר)

B) rrz (זרר ZRR) AC: Sneeze CO: ? AB: ?: The spreading out of the breath.

V) rrz (זרר ZRR) - Sneeze: KJV (1): (vf: Piel) sneeze - Strongs: H2237 (זָרַר)

G) rez (זהר ZHR) AC: Warn CO: ? AB: ?

V) rez (זהר ZHR) - Warn: [Unknown connection to root; Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (23): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) warn, admonish, teach, shine, heed - Strongs: H2094 (זָהַר), H2095 (זְהַר)

E) arz (זרא ZRA) AC: ? CO: Vomit AB: ?: Something spread out.

V) arz (זרא ZRA) - Vomit: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) loathsome - Strongs: H2214 (זָרָא)

H) erz (זרה ZRH) AC: Scatter CO: Pitchfork AB: ?

V) erz (זרה ZRH) - Scatter: KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel) scatter, disperse, fan, spread, winnow, cast away, compass, strawed - Strongs: H2219 (זָרָה)

hm) erzm (מזרה MZRH) - Pitchfork: Used to scatter the grain in the wind. KJV (2): fan - Strongs: H4214 (מִזְרֶה)

km) erzm (מזרה MZRH) - Wind: A strong scattering wind. KJV (1): north - Strongs: H4215 (מְזָרִים)

I) rzf (וזר WZR) AC: Scatter CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) rzf (וזר WZR) - Scatter: KJV (1): strange - Strongs: H2054 (וָזָר)

J) rfz (זור ZWR) AC: Squeeze CO: ? AB: ?: When the grain is squeezed the seed inside comes out.

V) rfz (זור ZWR) - Strange: To be strange. One who is scattered abroad. KJV (77): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Participle) stranger, strange, estranged, gone, fanner, another - Strongs: H2114 (זוּר)

am) rfzm (מזור MZWR) - Snare: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): wound - Strongs: H4204 (מָזוֹר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [זָרָה] verb scatter, fan, winnow (Arabic cause to fly, scatter (of wind), winnow; Aramaic דְּרָא, ; Ethiopic

Qal Imperfect וַיִּ֫זֶר Exodus 32:20; 2 masculine singular תִּזְרֶה Ezekiel 5:2; suffix תִּזְרֵם Isaiah 30:22; Isaiah 41:16; וָאֶזְרֵם Jeremiah 15:7; Imperative זְרֵה Numbers 17:2; Infinitive לִזְרוֺת Jeremiah 4:11; Participle זֹרֶה Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24; —

1 scatter, the powder into which golden calf was ground Exodus 32:20 (E, object not expressed); with accusative (strange) fire from censers Numbers 17:2 (P); hair (symbolic act) Ezekiel 5:2; Isaiah 30:22.

2 fan, winnow, object גֹּרֶן הַשְּׂעוֺרִים Ruth 3:2; Isaiah 30:24 (where participle has indefinite subject), Isaiah 41:16 metaphor, object mountains and hills, figurative of winnowing; figurative fan, winnow, in purification Jeremiah 4:11 ("" לְהָכַ֑ר); in chastisement Jeremiah 15:7(בְּמִזְרֶה׳ז).

Niph`al Imperfect וַיִּזָּרוּ Ezekiel 36:19 be scattered, dispersed, of Israel; Infinitive בְּהִזָּרוֺתֵיכֶם Ezekiel 6:8 when ye shall be dispersed (on plural suffix Ew§ 259 b, but Co strike out י).

Pi`el Perfect suffix וְזֵרָם 1 Kings 14:15; זִרֵ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3, suffix זֵירִיתָ֫נוּ Psalm 44:12; וְזֵרִיתִ֫י Ezekiel 5:10 etc.; Infinitive זָרוֺת Ezekiel 20:23 etc.; —

1 (intensive of Qal) scatter, disperse, especially of peoples, with accusative (Israel and Judah) 1 Kings 14:15; Leviticus 26:33 (H), Psalm 44:12; Jeremiah 31:10; Ezekiel 5:10,12; Ezekiel 12:14,15; Ezekiel 20:23; Ezekiel 22:15 compare Zechariah 2:2; Zechariah 2:4 (twice in verse); Psalm 106:27; bones of Israel Ezekiel 6:5; people of Hazor Jeremiah 49:32; of Elam Jeremiah 49:36; of Babylon Jeremiah 51:2 (זָרִים = strangers ?); Egyptians Ezekiel 29:12; Ezekiel 30:26 + Ezekiel 30:23 (strike out Co, internal grounds); in General the wicked Proverbs 20:26; evil Proverbs 20:8; participle מְזָרִים = substantive scatterers, epithet of winds Job 37:9 (compare Qor 51:1); וְזֵרִיתִי מֶּרֶשׁ עלפֿניכם Malachi 2:3 scatter dung on your faces (token of shame and curse); figurative disperse knowledge (of lips) Proverbs 15:7.

2 winnow, sift (compare Qal 2) only figurative אָרְחִי וְרִבְעִי זֵרִ֑יתָ Psalm 139:3 my path and my couch thou siftest (Che; Ba ZMG 1887,607 measurest, determinest, whence זֶרֶת q. v.)

Pu`al be scattered,Imperfect יְזֹרֶה Job 18:15, subject גָּפְרִית followed by עַל; Participle feminine מְזֹרָה (agreeing with רָשֶׁ֑ת net) Proverbs 1:17.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

זָרָה fut. יִזְרֶה, apoc. יִזֶר

(1)  to scatter, to disperse (Arab. ذرى to disperse e.g. dust by the wind, II to winnow. Syr. and Chald. ܕܪܐ, דְּרָא. Kindred verbs, all of which have the sense of scattering, זָרַע, זָרַק, זָרַר No. II, also זָרַח Arab. دَرَأَ to sow. In the Indo-Germanic languages corresponding words are Sanscr. sri, to scatter, sĕro, and with the addition of p or t to the sibilant, Sanscr. stri, to spread out, στορέω, ftreuen, sterno; σπείρω, spargo, Goth. spreihan, Germ. fprühen, Spreu [English to strew]). Exodus 32:20; Numbers 17:2; Isaiah 30:22. Especially

(2) to winnow, Isaiah 30:24; Jeremiah 4:11; Ruth 3:2, הִנֵּה־הוּא זֹרֶה אֶת־גֹּרֶן הַשְּׂעֹרִים “behold he winnows his barn floor of barley.” Figuratively applied to the dispersion of enemies. Jeremiah 15:7; Isaiah 41:16; Ezekiel 5:2.

(3) to spread out generally, whence זֶרֶת a span.

Niphal to be scattered, Ezekiel 6:8, 36:19.

Piel זֵרָה

(1) to spread abroad, Proverbs 15:7, hence to scatter, to disperse, e.g. nations, Levit. 26:33 Ezekiel 5:10, 6:5 12:15 30:26 Proverbs 20:8, “a king … scatters away all evil with his look.”

(2) to winnow, Proverbs 20:26 and hence to winnow out, to shake out, and thus to examine thoroughly. Psalms 139:3, אָרְחִי וְרִבְעִי זֵרֵיתָ “thou hast searched me in my walking and in my lying down.” Jerome eventilasti. LXX. ἐξιχνίασας. (The figurative signification is found in the Arabic درى to know.)

Pual, to be scattered, Job 18:15 to be spread out, Proverbs 1:17. As to the form זֹרֶה Isaiah 30:24, which some place here, it is the participle of Kal used impersonally, and זֹרֶה Psalms 58:4, is from the root זוּר.

Derivatives, זֶרֶת, מִזְרֶה, מְזָרִים.

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List of Word Forms
אֱזָרֶ֔ה אֱזָרֶ֣ה אזרה בְּהִזָּרֽוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם בהזרותיכם וְֽזֵרִיתִ֖ים וְזֵ֣רִתִ֔ים וְזֵר֔וּהָ וְזֵרִ֤יתִי וְזֵרִיתִ֖יךְ וְזֵרִיתִ֖ם וְזֵרִיתִ֥י וְזֵרִיתִי֙ וְזֵרִתִ֥ים וְזֵרָ֖ם וַיִּ֙זֶר֙ וַיִּזָּר֖וּ וָאֶזְרֵ֥ם וּ֝לְזָרוֹתָ֗ם וּלְזָר֥וֹת ואזרם וזרוה וזריתי וזריתיך וזריתים וזריתם וזרם וזרתים ויזר ויזרו ולזרות ולזרותם זְרֵה־ זֵ֣רוּ זֵר֣וּ זֵרִ֑יתָ זֵרִיתָֽנוּ׃ זֹרֶ֛ה זֹרֶ֥ה זרה זרה־ זרו זרית זריתנו׃ יְזָ֣רוּ יְזֹרֶ֖ה יזרה יזרו לְזָרוֹתָֽהּ׃ לִזְר֖וֹת לזרות לזרותה׃ מְזָרֵ֤ה מְזָרֶ֖ה מְזָרֶ֣ה מְזֹרָ֣ה מזרה תִּזְרֵם֙ תִּזְרֶ֣ה תזרה תזרם ’ĕ·zā·reh ’ĕzāreh bə·hiz·zā·rō·w·ṯê·ḵem behizzaroteiChem bəhizzārōwṯêḵem ezaReh lə·zā·rō·w·ṯāh lezaroTah ləzārōwṯāh liz·rō·wṯ lizRot lizrōwṯ mə·zā·reh mə·zā·rêh mə·zō·rāh mezaReh məzāreh məzārêh mezoRah məzōrāh tiz·reh tiz·rêm tizreh tizRem tizrêm ū·lə·zā·rō·w·ṯām ū·lə·zā·rō·wṯ ulezaRot ulezaroTam ūləzārōwṯ ūləzārōwṯām vaezRem vaiYizer vaiyizzaRu vezeRam vezeriTi vezeriTich vezeriTim vezeRuha wā’ezrêm wā·’ez·rêm way·yi·zer way·yiz·zā·rū wayyizer wayyizzārū wə·zê·rām wə·zê·rî·ṯî wə·zê·rî·ṯîḵ wə·zê·ri·ṯîm wə·zê·rî·ṯim wə·zê·rî·ṯîm wə·zê·rū·hā wəzêrām wəzêrîṯî wəzêrîṯîḵ wəzêriṯîm wəzêrîṯim wəzêrîṯîm wəzêrūhā yə·zā·rū yə·zō·reh yeZaru yəzārū yezoReh yəzōreh zə·rêh- zê·rî·ṯā zê·rî·ṯā·nū zê·rū zereh zərêh- zeRita zêrîṯā zeriTanu zêrîṯānū zeRu zêrū zō·reh zoReh zōreh
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