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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2219 - זָרָה

Transliteration
zârâh
Phonetics
zaw-raw'
Origin
a primitive root [compare (H2114)]
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
579
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to scatter, fan, cast away, winnow, disperse, compass, spread, be scattered, be dispersed

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to scatter

1a2) to fan, winnow

1b) (Niphal) to be scattered, be dispersed

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to scatter, disperse (intensive of Qal)

1c2) to winnow, sift

1d) (Pual) to be scattered, be spread out

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2513 ‑ καθαρός (kath‑ar‑os');  4204 ‑ πόρνη (por'‑nay);  4687 ‑ σπείρω (spi'‑ro);  3039 ‑ λικμάω (lik‑mah'‑o);  4650 ‑ σκορπίζω (skor‑pid'‑zo);  1614 ‑ ἐκτείνω (ek‑ti'‑no);  1289 ‑ διασπείρω (dee‑as‑pi'‑ro);  1287 ‑ διασκορπίζω (dee‑as‑kor‑pid'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (39)
Exodus
1
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Ruth
1
1 Kings
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
13
Zechariah
3
Malachi
1
NAS (41)
Exodus
1
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Ruth
1
1 Kings
1
Job
2
Psalms
3
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
7
Ezekiel
13
Zechariah
3
Malachi
1
HCS (39)
Exodus
1
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Ruth
1
1 Kings
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
13
Zechariah
3
Malachi
1
BSB (39)
Exodus
1
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Ruth
1
1 Kings
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
13
Zechariah
3
Malachi
1
ESV (36)
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Ruth
1
1 Kings
1
Job
1
Psalms
2
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
5
Ezekiel
13
Zechariah
3
Malachi
1
WEB (40)
Exodus
1
Leviticus
1
Numbers
1
Ruth
1
1 Kings
1
Job
1
Psalms
3
Proverbs
4
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
7
Ezekiel
13
Zechariah
3
Malachi
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1158) rz (זר ZR) AC: Spread CO: ? AB: ?: The pictograph z represents the harvest. The r is the picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "harvest of heads". After the grain has been harvested and the heads of grain have been broken open, the heads are thrown into the wind where the chaff is blown away and the seed falls to the ground where they can be gathered.

A) rz (זר ZR) AC: Spread out CO: Span AB: ?: Something that is spread or scattered over a large area.

Nm) rz (זר ZR) - Spread out: Something that is spread or scattered over a large area. KJV (10): crown - Strongs: H2213 (זֵר)

Nf2) trz (זרת ZRT) - Span: The span of the fingers, often used as a measurement. KJV (7): span - Strongs: H2239 (זֶרֶת)

lbm) rizrz (זרזיר ZRZYR) - Zarziyr: An unknown animal. KJV (1): greyhound - Strongs: H2223 (זַרְזִיר)

B) rrz (זרר ZRR) AC: Sneeze CO: ? AB: ?: The spreading out of the breath.

V) rrz (זרר ZRR) - Sneeze: KJV (1): (vf: Piel) sneeze - Strongs: H2237 (זָרַר)

G) rez (זהר ZHR) AC: Warn CO: ? AB: ?

V) rez (זהר ZHR) - Warn: [Unknown connection to root; Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (23): (vf: Niphal, Hiphil) warn, admonish, teach, shine, heed - Strongs: H2094 (זָהַר), H2095 (זְהַר)

E) arz (זרא ZRA) AC: ? CO: Vomit AB: ?: Something spread out.

V) arz (זרא ZRA) - Vomit: KJV (1): (vf: Paal) loathsome - Strongs: H2214 (זָרָא)

H) erz (זרה ZRH) AC: Scatter CO: Pitchfork AB: ?

V) erz (זרה ZRH) - Scatter: KJV (39): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual, Piel) scatter, disperse, fan, spread, winnow, cast away, compass, strawed - Strongs: H2219 (זָרָה)

hm) erzm (מזרה MZRH) - Pitchfork: Used to scatter the grain in the wind. KJV (2): fan - Strongs: H4214 (מִזְרֶה)

km) erzm (מזרה MZRH) - Wind: A strong scattering wind. KJV (1): north - Strongs: H4215 (מְזָרִים)

I) rzf (וזר WZR) AC: Scatter CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) rzf (וזר WZR) - Scatter: KJV (1): strange - Strongs: H2054 (וָזָר)

J) rfz (זור ZWR) AC: Squeeze CO: ? AB: ?: When the grain is squeezed the seed inside comes out.

V) rfz (זור ZWR) - Strange: To be strange. One who is scattered abroad. KJV (77): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hophal, Participle) stranger, strange, estranged, gone, fanner, another - Strongs: H2114 (זוּר)

am) rfzm (מזור MZWR) - Snare: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): wound - Strongs: H4204 (מָזוֹר)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

זָרָה fut. יִזְרֶה, apoc. יִזֶר

(1)  to scatter, to disperse (Arab. ذرى to disperse e.g. dust by the wind, II to winnow. Syr. and Chald. ܕܪܐ, דְּרָא. Kindred verbs, all of which have the sense of scattering, זָרַע, זָרַק, זָרַר No. II, also זָרַח Arab. دَرَأَ to sow. In the Indo-Germanic languages corresponding words are Sanscr. sri, to scatter, sĕro, and with the addition of p or t to the sibilant, Sanscr. stri, to spread out, στορέω, ftreuen, sterno; σπείρω, spargo, Goth. spreihan, Germ. fprühen, Spreu [English to strew]). Exodus 32:20; Numbers 17:2; Isaiah 30:22. Especially

(2) to winnow, Isaiah 30:24; Jeremiah 4:11; Ruth 3:2, הִנֵּה־הוּא זֹרֶה אֶת־גֹּרֶן הַשְּׂעֹרִים “behold he winnows his barn floor of barley.” Figuratively applied to the dispersion of enemies. Jeremiah 15:7; Isaiah 41:16; Ezekiel 5:2.

(3) to spread out generally, whence זֶרֶת a span.

Niphal to be scattered, Ezekiel 6:8, 36:19.

Piel זֵרָה

(1) to spread abroad, Proverbs 15:7, hence to scatter, to disperse, e.g. nations, Levit. 26:33 Ezekiel 5:10, 6:5 12:15 30:26 Proverbs 20:8, “a king … scatters away all evil with his look.”

(2) to winnow, Proverbs 20:26 and hence to winnow out, to shake out, and thus to examine thoroughly. Psalms 139:3, אָרְחִי וְרִבְעִי זֵרֵיתָ “thou hast searched me in my walking and in my lying down.” Jerome eventilasti. LXX. ἐξιχνίασας. (The figurative signification is found in the Arabic درى to know.)

Pual, to be scattered, Job 18:15 to be spread out, Proverbs 1:17. As to the form זֹרֶה Isaiah 30:24, which some place here, it is the participle of Kal used impersonally, and זֹרֶה Psalms 58:4, is from the root זוּר.

Derivatives, זֶרֶת, מִזְרֶה, מְזָרִים.

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List of Word Forms
אֱזָרֶ֔ה אֱזָרֶ֣ה אזרה בְּהִזָּרֽוֹתֵיכֶ֖ם בהזרותיכם וְֽזֵרִיתִ֖ים וְזֵ֣רִתִ֔ים וְזֵר֔וּהָ וְזֵרִ֤יתִי וְזֵרִיתִ֖יךְ וְזֵרִיתִ֖ם וְזֵרִיתִ֥י וְזֵרִיתִי֙ וְזֵרִתִ֥ים וְזֵרָ֖ם וַיִּ֙זֶר֙ וַיִּזָּר֖וּ וָאֶזְרֵ֥ם וּ֝לְזָרוֹתָ֗ם וּלְזָר֥וֹת ואזרם וזרוה וזריתי וזריתיך וזריתים וזריתם וזרם וזרתים ויזר ויזרו ולזרות ולזרותם זְרֵה־ זֵ֣רוּ זֵר֣וּ זֵרִ֑יתָ זֵרִיתָֽנוּ׃ זֹרֶ֛ה זֹרֶ֥ה זרה זרה־ זרו זרית זריתנו׃ יְזָ֣רוּ יְזֹרֶ֖ה יזרה יזרו לְזָרוֹתָֽהּ׃ לִזְר֖וֹת לזרות לזרותה׃ מְזָרֵ֤ה מְזָרֶ֖ה מְזָרֶ֣ה מְזֹרָ֣ה מזרה תִּזְרֵם֙ תִּזְרֶ֣ה תזרה תזרם ’ĕ·zā·reh ’ĕzāreh bə·hiz·zā·rō·w·ṯê·ḵem behizzaroteiChem bəhizzārōwṯêḵem ezaReh lə·zā·rō·w·ṯāh lezaroTah ləzārōwṯāh liz·rō·wṯ lizRot lizrōwṯ mə·zā·reh mə·zā·rêh mə·zō·rāh mezaReh məzāreh məzārêh mezoRah məzōrāh tiz·reh tiz·rêm tizreh tizRem tizrêm ū·lə·zā·rō·w·ṯām ū·lə·zā·rō·wṯ ulezaRot ulezaroTam ūləzārōwṯ ūləzārōwṯām vaezRem vaiYizer vaiyizzaRu vezeRam vezeriTi vezeriTich vezeriTim vezeRuha wā’ezrêm wā·’ez·rêm way·yi·zer way·yiz·zā·rū wayyizer wayyizzārū wə·zê·rām wə·zê·rî·ṯî wə·zê·rî·ṯîḵ wə·zê·ri·ṯîm wə·zê·rî·ṯim wə·zê·rî·ṯîm wə·zê·rū·hā wəzêrām wəzêrîṯî wəzêrîṯîḵ wəzêriṯîm wəzêrîṯim wəzêrîṯîm wəzêrūhā yə·zā·rū yə·zō·reh yeZaru yəzārū yezoReh yəzōreh zə·rêh- zê·rî·ṯā zê·rî·ṯā·nū zê·rū zereh zərêh- zeRita zêrîṯā zeriTanu zêrîṯānū zeRu zêrū zō·reh zoReh zōreh
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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